Question about 1994 Jeep Cherokee
What does this mean? "Cooling fan relay circuit open or shorted
electric fan works when air conditioning is on.....
was told the electric fan is just for air con and does not go on
any other condition..is this true?
No its not true,the cooling fan comes on when the coolant temp reaches a certain point it closes the switch in the temp sensor wich in turn closes the relay and powers the cooling fan,the reason it comes on with the A/C is that it's wired to bypass the temp sensor and associated relay because the A/C compressor forces the motor to work harder and the coolant temp to rise significantly faster,the relay needs to be replaced or you will overheat the motor and possibly cause serious damage.
Posted on May 30, 2009
Was able to find a code, code 35, radiator fan relay circuit open or shorted. was not able to find a code for cooling fan. if that's what you have then you should be able to replace that relay. in either case if the relay were shorted the fan would run all the time, at least unless the short made the circuit blow a fuse. if it were open it would not run at all. don't think i buy the idea that the fan inside your vehicle only runs for a/c, when you turn the selector to defrost the cabin air goes the a/c dryer to help clear humidity in the air in the car and so remove moisture from inside the windows. so even when you don't turn on the a/c the car uses an a/c function. hope that helps
Posted on May 30, 2009
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Posted on Jan 02, 2017
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Cooling Fan Relay 1 Control Circuit
What does that mean? This is a generic powertrain diagnostic trouble code (DTC), which means it covers all makes/models, 1996-newer. However, specific troubleshooting steps will vary depending on the vehicle.
If your vehicle's check engine light comes on and after pulling the code you find a P0480 displayed, if refers to the engine cooling fan circuit. It is a generic code applying to all OBD II (on board diagnostics) vehicles.
While you are driving, air in sufficient quantity is passing through the radiator effectively cooling the engine. When you bring the car to a stop no air is passing through the radiator and the engine begins to increase in temperature.
The PCM (powertrain control module) senses the increase in engine temperature through the CTS (coolant temperature sensor) located near the thermostat. When the temperature reaches about 223-degrees F (value depends on make/model/engine), the PCM will command the cooling fan relay to turn on the fan. It does so by supplying the ground to the relay.
There is a problem within this circuit causing the fan to fail to operate allowing the engine to overheat while sitting still or driving at a slow speed. When the PCM attempts to activate the fan and senses the command and the result do not match, the code is set.
NOTE: P0480 speaks of the basic circuit, however codes P0481, and P0482 relate to the same problem with the only difference is they relate to the different fan speed relays.
Symptoms Symptoms may include:
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Trouble Code: P1491 You PCM does not sense current to radiator fan when it turns it on. Is the fan coming on or not? Usually not when you have this code. Problem can be with the fuse, relay, wiring or fan itself. First check the fuse. If good, next try swapping the relay with another one in the engine compartment relay box, such as the horn relay.
Let the car warm up and see if the fan will come on. If yes, get a new relay. If not, either use a test light to see if there is voltage at the fan connector when the engine is on and hot, or else test the fan motor by hotwiring it to the battery. If none of this works, please get back to me for how to troubleshoot the wiring.
Radiator Fan Control Relay Circuit Malfunction
Radiator fan control relay circuit is open or shorted to ground Radiator fan control relay circuit is open (test power to IGN) Radiator fan control relay is damaged or has failed PCM has failed
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