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Re: need to add oil to the steering wheel system
1st of all, it's not oil, you need power steering fluid. Don't put anything else in it or you'll mess it up. 2nd, how do you know you need fluid? If you found the power steering pump and unscrewed the cap and looked inside, you've done 90% of the work already. Now just add POWER STEERING FLUID a little at a time and then screw the cap back on. Then take the cap back out and look at the stick that's on the cap. There is a line on the stick that tells you the correct fluid level. DO NOT OVERFILL is probably stamped on the cap as well. Heed this warning or you have a mess.
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to bleed power steering, with front wheels off ground slightly with front wheels pointing straight ahead.engine off. remove power steering filler cap.add power steering until fluid level stop dropping,wait couple minutes and wait, add fluid until level stay at full cold mark on power steering cap dip stick. dont over fill.when fluid level stop dropping, start vechicle,let it idle few minutes. see if fluid level drop if so add more fluid full cold mark.then turn steering all the way to left and right with out hitting a stop.turn steering wheel several times, then turn front wheels pointing forward check power steering fluid level.if power steering fluid level stop dropping air should be out of system, if steering turning wheel dont turn smoothly and power steering fluid look light tan color air getting in the system.check all power steering lines to rack and power steering pump for leaks.be sure you replaced all the power steering lines with new o rings if not you will get a leak.if you find a leak, you need to fix the leak and bleed system again.dont drive vechicle if your steering dont feel right,have vechicle towed to a garage.
Section 11-00: Steering System-Service
1999 Taurus, Sable Workshop Manual
Purging Power Steering System of Air
NOTE: If the air is not purged from the power steering system correctly, a second customer concern or pump failure could result. This condition can only occur on pre-delivery vehicles with evidence of aerated fluid or vehicles that have had steering component repair.
A whine noise heard from the power steering pump may be caused by air in the system. The following procedure must be performed whenever any of the following are performed:
All power steering noise complaints with evidence of aerated fluid on pre-delivery vehicles only, prior to any component repair.
After any power steering system component (for example, gear or hose) has been replaced and the noise is heard.
Fluid Level Top-Off Procedure
Check and fill pump reservoir to dipstick full cold or remote reservoir center mark.
Disable ignition by removing Fuse 10 in the fuse junction panel.
Crank engine 30 seconds, check fluid level and add if required.
NOTE: Do not hold steering wheel on stops.
Crank engine 30 seconds while cycling the steering wheel lock to lock.
Check fluid level and add fluid if required.
Air Purge with Vacuum External Source Procedure - 3.0L (2V) Engine, Flex Fuel and 3.4L SHO Engine
Tightly insert the rubber stopper of the air evacuator assembly into pump reservoir.
Reinstall Fuse 10 used to disable ignition and start vehicle.
Apply 20-25 in-Hg (85-88 kPa) maximum vacuum for minimum of three minutes at idle; maintain maximum vacuum with vacuum source.
Release vacuum and remove vacuum source.
Add fluid to full warm or reservoir center mark.
Reinstall vacuum source and apply 20-25 in-Hg (85-88 kPa) vacuum.
NOTE: Do not hold steering wheel on stops.
Cycle steering wheel from lock to lock every 30 seconds for approximately 5 minutes.
Shut engine off, release vacuum and remove vacuum source.
Add Motorcraft MERCON Multi-Purpose (ATF) Transmission Fluid if necessary and install dipstick or reservoir cap.
NOTE: Do not hold steering wheel on stops.
Start engine and cycle steering wheel from lock to lock every 30 seconds for approximately 5 minutes.
Check for oil leaks at all connections.
In severe cases it may be necessary to repeat air purge with vacuum source procedure.
Air Purge with Vacuum External Source Procedure - 3.0L (2V) and 3.0L (4V)
Add Motorcraft MERCON® Multi-purpose (ATF) Transmission Fluid XT-2-QDX or MERCON® equivalent to approximately 2.5 cm (1 in) (make a mark) above the top of the supply line.
Tightly insert the rubber stopper of the air evacuator assembly into the pump reservoir.
Apply 85-88 kPa (20-25 in-Hg) maximum vacuum for a minimum of three minutes.
Add Motorcraft MERCON® Multi-purpose (ATF) Transmission Fluid XT-2-QDX or MERCON® equivalent until the level is at the marked point.
Repeat Steps 3 and 4 until the fluid level stabilizes.
Check reservoir level and add Motorcraft MERCON® Multi-purpose (ATF) Transmission Fluid XT-2-QDX or MERCON® equivalent to the FULL WARM (MAX) mark.
Install the number 10 fuse in the fuse junction panel. Start the engine.
NOTE: The front wheels must be off the floor during lock-to-lock rotation of the steering wheel.
NOTE: Do not hold the steering wheel on stops.
Reinstall the vacuum source and apply 85-88 kPa (20-25 in-Hg) maximum vacuum and cycle the steering wheel from lock-to-lock every thirty seconds for a minimum of 5 minutes.
Shut the engine off, release the vacuum and remove the vacuum source.
Add Motorcraft MERCON® Multi-purpose (ATF) Transmission Fluid XT-2-QDX or MERCON® equivalent to the FULL WARM (MAX) level. Install the dipstick or reservoir cap.
NOTE: Do not hold the steering wheel on stops.
NOTE: In severe cases, it may be necessary to repeat air purge with vacuum source procedure.
Start the engine and cycle the steering wheel from lock-to-lock every thirty seconds for approximately five minutes.
YOU HAVE AIR IN THE POWER STEERING SYSTEM.YOU NEED TO BLEED POWER STEERING PUMP FIRST BEFORE DRIVING VECHICLE.CHECK POWER STEERING FLUID LEVEL ADD MORE POWER STEERING UNTIL REACH FULL COLD MARK..RAISE VECHICLE FRONT WHEELS OFF THE GROUND.START ENGINE LET IT IDLE WHILE TURNING STEERING WHEEL LEFT TO RIGHT NON STOP DONT LOCK OR STOP STEERING WHEEL KEEP TURNING IT SEVERAL TIMES CHECK POWER STEERING FLUID IF LOW ADD UNTIL YOU GET COLD MARK ON DIP STICK DONT OVER FILL POWER STEERING PUMP BLOW A SEAL.IF POWER STEERING FLUID LOOK TAN COLOR SYSTEM FULL OF AIR.TURN OFF IGNITION LET CAR SET FOR A WHILE CHECK FLUID LEVEL.IF STEERING WHEEL FEEL STIFF HARD TURNING DONT DRIVE CAR UNTIL YOU HAVE NORMAL STEERING.IF STILL HAVE AIR IN SYSTEM BLEED SYSTEM UNTIL AIR IS OUT.
HEY DO THIS,YOU NEED TO BLEED SYSTEM. TO BLEED POWER STEERING SYSTEM.TO DO THIS.FILL THE POWER STEERING RESERVOIR TO COLD FULL MARK ON DIP STICK.WAIT A FEW MINITES,FLUID LEVEL DROP ADD MORE FLUID UNTIL REACH COLD MARK ON THE DIP STICK..WAIT FEW MINUTES.START ENGINE LET IT RUN FOR 2 OR 3 SECONDS.TURN OFF ENGINE CHECK POWER STEERING FLUID ADD MORE FLUID.DO THIS UNTIL FLUID LEVEL STOP DROPPING.WHEN FLUID LEVEL STOP DROPPING.SAFELY RAISE FRONT OF THE VECHICLE UNTIL FRONT WHEELS DONT TOUCH THE GROUND.START ENGINE UP.TURN THE STEERING WHEEL GENTLY FROM STOP TO STOP,CHECK THE RESERVOIR FLUID LEVEL LOOKS GOOD TURN OFF ENGINE LOWER VECHICLE .LOWER VECHICLE TO GROUND. LET VECHICLE SET FOR 2 MINUTES CHECK POWER STEERING FLUID LEVEL.IF STILL LOW ADD LITTLE MORE.TO THE COLD FULL MARK ON DIP STICK. DONT OVER FILL BECAUSE FLUID LEVEL RISES WHEN IT GET HOT.WHEN DONE IF STEERING WHEEL STILL FEEL HARD TO TURN YOU SEE AIR BUBBLES IN FLUID THATS WHEN FLUID HAS A TAN LOOKING COLOR WAIT 5 MINUTES AND.REPEAT THE BLEEDING PROCESS. DONT DRIVE OR OPERATE VECHICLE ON HIGHWAY UNTIL POWER STEERING HAS NORMAL OPERATION.
Look inside the reservoir while the car is running and see if it is low. If it is turn the car off and add power steering fluid. You can purchase at a gas station or parts house. Some people use transmission fluid but it is not a good Idea because it can cetch on fire if you have leak in your power steering system. You can look for leaks when you have someone steer the car fom side to side. Make sure you turn the wheel tight so the whinng is at it's loudest. Check your power steering hoses and rack and pinion,etc. Hope this helps leave a comment.
Your problem could be a pressure side hose that has a rupture that only leaks in extreme conditions. Inspect to replace with new to repair problem. First make sure you have removed the pump caps off of the hose fittings. If ok, it appears you may have a stuck valve in the rack assembly. Replacing the rack should solve your problem.-------The new pump should be self-bleeding by turning the wheels left and right. Let sit over night to release air bubbles, recheck fluid level.------Check the tension of the drive belts on the pump, as they may be loose.The power steering pump and reservoir is located on the front of the engine driven by one of the fan belts. There is a removable cap on the top with a dipstick attached. With the engine off, fill this up to the full mark with power steering fluid. Replace the cap, start the engine and check for leaks. On the back of the pump are two hoses either one could be leaking.REPAIR PROCEDURE: 1. Wipe the power steering cap and area free of dirt. Remove the power steering cap.
2. Use a siphon pump to remove as much fluid as possible from the power steering fluid reservoir.
3. With a helper in the vehicle, raise the vehicle on an appropriate hoist.
WARNING :POWER STEERING FLUID, ENGINE PARTS, AND THE EXHAUST SYSTEM MAY BE EXTREMELY HOT IF THE ENGINE HAS BEEN RUNNING. DO NOT START ENGINE WITH ANY LOOSE OR DISCONNECTED HOSES. DO NOT ALLOW HOSES OR POWER STEERING FLUID TO TOUCH HOT EXHAUST MANI FOLD OR CATALYST.4. Locate the power steering cooler attached to the crossmember support plate. Slide back the clamp and disconnect one of the two power steering return hoses at the power steering oil cooler and drain fluid in an appropriate container. 5. Have the helper turn the steering wheel back and forth quickly several times to force as much fluid as possible from the steering gear. 6. Reconnect the hose at the oil cooler using the original clamp. 7. Lower vehicle so the vehicle tires are not contacting the ground.9. For proper fluid fill and bleeding air from the power steering system:
a. Fill the power steering reservoir to the top of the fill range using Mopar power steering fluid (ATF+4) p/n 05013458AA.
b. With the engine OFF and the vehicles tires off the ground, slowly turn the steering wheel back and forth (lock to lock) slowly 20 times to force fluid into the steering gear.
c. Fill the power steering reservoir to the top of the fill range.
d. Start engine and let run for a few seconds, then turn oft engine.
e. Check fluid level and add if necessary.
f. Start engine, and slowly turn the steering wheel lightly contacting the left and right stops.
g. Stop the engine and check fluid level. Add fluid if necessary.
h. Lower vehicle, start engine and slowly turn steering wheel lock-to-lock.
I. Stop engine and check fluid level. Add fluid if necessary.
j. If fluid is extremely foamy, allow vehicle to stabilize a few minutes, then repeat steps "i" and "j" until the fluid level remains constant after running the engine and turning the steering wheel from lock to lock.
10. Inform the vehicle owner/operator that a steering vibration may be noted for a few hundred miles until the air is completely removed from the steering system.This will help. Thanks please keep updated.please do rate the
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you have to bleed the system...might have air trapped inside...jack up the front end off the ground (both wheels) and turn wheel side to side a couple of times, this may rid the trapped air..then recheck level, turn wheel side to side when on ground to see if its better, add more fluid if needed, and repeat...sometimes just driving the car for a few days might also work out the air...but that a long shot!
this sounds like an issue with the power steering rack and pinion unit, poss one of the internal O ring seals leaks when cold, try using LUCAS oils power steering conditioner, it is the only one I know of that really works, also I would recommend you flush the power steering fluid before you add this product.