Question about 1995 Volvo 850

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Pulled Codes Volvo 1995 850 Need Help

I pulled the codes on my 95 Volvo 850 GLT 5-Speed and I got the following:

512 - short term fuel mixture too rich
121 - Mass Airflow Sensor absent or faulty
223 - Idle air control valve absent or faulty

any suggestions? Im mostly wondering about the 512 code and why that would occur. Ive been told its from a bad O2 sensor


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  • blondetamadr May 22, 2009

    Just got another code pulled:
    113 - short term fuel mixture too weak

    what would cause that?


  • blondetamadr May 22, 2009

    well I have a site that tells me what the codes mean so I know what the problem is. I just want to know what went wrong and how to fix it

  • blondetamadr May 23, 2009

    I removed the IAC and completely cleaned it with carb and choke cleaner as well as electrical cleaner because it evaporates so fast. Im still thinking its the O2 sensor because of how rich the engine is running. It literally went through a gallon of fuel while it was at 1500 RPM for a little over 10 minutes. MAF would make sense though. My mom's MAF sensor went out and it would sometimes ilde rough and would cut out at times.
    I was trying to figure out if the IAC was bad; the parts moved just fine when I shook it in my hand, I could feel the spring working. How do you know if its bad.
    I also tried cleaning my O2 sensor before all of this happened as well as my MAF sensor and then this happened. So it could be a combination of a poorly functioning O2 sensor and a semi-working MAF sensor that's causing my problems


  • blondetamadr May 25, 2009

    I ordered Bosch MAF and O2 sensors so I hope they fix the problem. If not, hey, I have a new MAF and O2 sensor so Ill at least get better MPG :)

  • yadayada
    yadayada May 11, 2010

    Volvo uses there own Volvo unique codes and therefore there is no info avail outside of the dealer on the troubleshooting, so u might as well bite the bullet and take it in.

  • Patricia Edwards Aug 09, 2013

    Considering prices charged by Valvo, 240,00 miles on a 2003 auto. Guess I'll pass on the dealership. .

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I would lean toward the MAF sensor they were known for going bad, which would cause all these codes. It wouldn't hurt to take the IAC off and spray it out with carb cleaner and some WD40, just to cover your bases. Both these units were made by Bosch and the MAF failed alot more often then the IAC.

Posted on May 23, 2009

  • ENSANE1970 May 23, 2009

    If you want to test that IAC, there are 3 pins in the connector you can put a ground on the center pin and apply 12 volts to the outside pins, one at a time. If the vane inside switches back and forth when you alternately touch the pins, the IAC is fine.

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