Question about 2001 Chevrolet Silverado 1500

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01 Chevy Silverado 4 X 4 not working. 4WD light

01 Chevy Silverado 4 X 4 not working. 4WD light flashes, transfer case solenoid changes, front axle does not. Replaced actuator, still not working.

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  • dan_johns567 May 12, 2009

    It is electric. Not sure which wires to check. That's why I replaced tor.

  • billie ramos
    billie ramos May 11, 2010

    is it a termal actuator, or a electric?



    check to see if there is current going to the actuator.....

  • Anonymous Mar 21, 2014

    A code comes up on my 2004 chevy silverado that shows a throttle actuator

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Having the same exact problem but with my 1999 escalade. Thought it was the actuator bought a new one installed it transfer case would engage but front end wouldnt lock. Took it out of housing left it plugged in got a friend to go through all the 4wd for me and the plunger never moved out the actuator. Checked my wiring harness which is a four prong ann it had one hot prong like it is suppose to. Traced wires even replaced dash switch same problem. Taking it to local dealership tom to have it checked for codes. I was told it could be the transfercase actuator even though its workin that actuator is what sends power to the front to engage the actuator to lock the differential.

Posted on Sep 16, 2009

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1 Answer

4wd service light in dash just came on. cannot put into 4wd.


There are actuators on the front axle and the transfer case, check them both.

Feb 10, 2014 | 2000 Chevrolet Silverado 1500

1 Answer

99 Chevrolet silverado z71... 4wd won't work


on the 1999 silverado the transfer case has an actuator motor to engage from high to low range ,for 4wd there is an actuator motor on the front axle, had same problem in my 98 changed and works perfect

Apr 15, 2012 | 1999 Chevrolet Silverado 1500

2 Answers

Got. A 2003 f150 4x4 got problems with 4 wheel drive locking in and stay in drive shaft turning front wheels not


Operationally vacuum shifts the front axle between 2WD and 4WD mode. The GEM ( Generic Electronics Module ) applies ground to the solenoid needed for the mode selected on the switch ( for ESOF ) or when the transfer case shift lever is moved ( MSOF ).The contact plates in the transfer case signal the GEM that the transfer case is engaged, and the Vacuum solenoids need to be activated ( either 2WD to 4WD or 4WD to 2WD ).

Lift and support the front of the truck so the front wheels are off the ground ( take safety precautions, chock wheels, jack stands, etc )
Key on, engage 4x4 and try to turn the front drive shaft.
- If it turns it is a problem with the transfer case.
- If it doesn't it is a front axle engagement problem ( this is what you seem to have, the transfer case is engaged and will drive the front shaft mine was a key on engine off test ).

- If the front drive shaft does not turn :
•With the truck running ( with front wheel back on the ground ), switch from 2WD to 4WD and back again, the vacuum shift motor should move the lever on the front axle.
sscullys_185.jpg
-- If the vacuum shift motor does not move:
1.Check for vacuum on the lines while shifting between modes. Pink vacuum line is 2WD mode, Light Blue vacuum line is 4WD.
2.Check the fuses for the 4WD system and the solenoids.
3.Check the vacuum lines from the vacuum shift motor to the solenoids on the firewall.
sscullys_187.jpg
4.Check the vacuum lines from the solenoids to the vacuum reservoir box behind the battery.
5.Check the vacuum reservoir box for cracks.
6.Typical solution is the vacuum lines ( to the solenoids or to the vacuum shift motor ) are cracked or the vacuum shift motor has a cracked diaphragm and has water in it.
7.Could be the shift plate contacts in the transfer case are corroded / not making good contact, and not activating the solenoids.
sscullys_186.jpg

Usually the case is cracked vacuum lines from the solenoids, the next common is a cracked vacuum reservoir box, and 1 time I have seen the mount for the vacuum disconnect motor broken ( motor floating free so it could not push against the axle )
sscullys_188.jpg

Aug 28, 2011 | 2003 Ford F150 Regular Cab

1 Answer

I can not get power to the motor to engage my front axle on my 4x4.


Power as in 12 V DC ? if yes, you are not in the correct area, the front axle is locked in and out of 4x4 mode with vacuum.

Operationally vacuum shifts the front axle between 2WD and 4WD mode. The GEM ( Generic Electronics Module ) applies ground to the solenoid needed for the mode selected on the switch ( for ESOF ) or when the transfer case shift lever is moved ( MSOF ).The contact plates in the transfer case signal the GEM that the transfer case is engaged, and the Vacuum solenoids need to be activated ( either 2WD to 4WD or 4WD to 2WD ).


Lift and support the front of the truck so the front wheels are off the ground ( take safety precautions, chock wheels, jack stands, etc )
Key on, engage 4x4 and try to turn the front drive shaft.
- If it turns it is a problem with the transfer case.
- If it doesn't it is a front axle engagement problem.

- If the front drive shaft does not turn :
•With the truck running ( with front wheel back on the ground ), switch from 2WD to 4WD and back again, the vacuum shift motor should move the lever on the front axle.
sscullys_200.jpg
Item #10 in this diagram
sscullys_10.gif
-- If the vacuum shift motor does not move:
1.Check for vacuum on the lines while shifting between modes. Pink vacuum line is 2WD mode, Light Blue vacuum line is 4WD.
2.Check the fuses for the 4WD system and the solenoids.
3.Check the vacuum lines from the vacuum shift motor to the solenoids on the firewall.
4.Check the vacuum lines from the solenoids to the vacuum reservoir box behind the battery.
5.Check the vacuum reservoir box for cracks.
6.Typical solution is the vacuum lines ( to the solenoids or to the vacuum shift motor ) are cracked or the vacuum shift motor has a cracked diaphragm and has water in it.
7.Could be the shift plate contacts in the transfer case are corroded / not making good contact, and not activating the solenoids.
sscullys_199.jpg

- If the front drive shaft turns:
For ESOF system
-- Check the fuses for the transfer case, engine compartment fuse panel, 17 & Cab fuse panel fuses 13 and 23 ( verify with owners manual, 97-97 & 99-03 MY can be slightly different on some items ).
-- Try hitting the transfer case with a dead blow hammer ( do not use a metal hammer, it can damage the transfer case ) to see if the transfer case shift motor is hung up .
-- Check the transfer case connector, to make sure the connector pins are clean and making good contact.
For MSOF systems
-- Check that the shift linkage on the transfer case is moving when the lever is moved from 2W to 4H and 4L.

Jul 30, 2011 | 2000 Ford F150 Flareside SuperCab

1 Answer

I have a 2002 ford f150 xlt fx4 4.6l engine. 2 door reg cab. i have a 4 wheel drive shift lever. the 4 wheel will only engage on rare occasion and only after pulling into 4 low then to 2 high then back...


For the 2002 MY ( this is in the 2006 Section, just want to call it out to others that might find the solution, this does not apply to the 2006 MY )

Operationally vacuum shifts the front axle between 2WD and 4WD mode. The GEM ( Generic Electronics Module ) applies ground to the solenoid needed for the mode selected on the switch ( for ESOF ) or when the transfer case shift lever is moved ( MSOF ).The contact plates in the transfer case signal the GEM that the transfer case is engaged, and the Vacuum solenoids need to be activated ( either 2WD to 4WD or 4WD to 2WD ).


Lift and support the front of the truck so the front wheels are off the ground ( take safety precautions, chock wheels, jack stands, etc )
Key on, engage 4x4 and try to turn the front drive shaft.
- If it turns it is a problem with the transfer case.
- If it doesn't it is a front axle engagement problem.

- If the front drive shaft does not turn :
•With the truck running ( with front wheel back on the ground ), switch from 2WD to 4WD and back again, the vacuum shift motor should move the lever on the front axle.
{ picture of shift motor }
-- If the vacuum shift motor does not move:
1.Check for vacuum on the lines while shifting between modes. Pink vacuum line is 2WD mode, Light Blue vacuum line is 4WD.
2.Check the fuses for the 4WD system and the solenoids.
3.Check the vacuum lines from the vacuum shift motor to the solenoids on the firewall.
4.Check the vacuum lines from the solenoids to the vacuum reservoir box behind the battery.
5.Check the vacuum reservoir box for cracks.
6.Typical solution is the vacuum lines ( to the solenoids or to the vacuum shift motor ) are cracked or the vacuum shift motor has a cracked diaphragm and has water in it.
7.Could be the shift plate contacts in the transfer case are corroded / not making good contact, and not activating the solenoids.
sscullys_148.jpg

- If the front drive shaft turns:
For MSOF systems
-- Check that the shift linkage on the transfer case is moving when the lever is moved from 2W to 4H and 4L.

I am going to take a SWAG that it is 1 of 2 places, both cases the front drive shaft is locking into place.

1. The front vacuum shift motor is not moving ( vacuum or vacuum line issue ).
2. The contact plates for the shift motor are not making contact and are not signalling the GEM that the transfer case state has been changed.

I'd start with the front axle off the ground test, and see which way to go, before you start repalcing items.

Mar 27, 2011 | 2006 Ford F-150

1 Answer

4x4 not working on my 2002 chevy blazer ls 4.3l replaced the in dash switch and the tcm and the encoder motor what eles can be the issue when it went out it clicked when i switched into 4x4 then down the...


Is the switch lit up , light flashing ? Did you have the system checked for DTC'S - diagnostic trouble codes . Should have had this done before replacing parts . TCM ? your replaced the transmission control module ? Or the transfer case shift control module ? If no codes ,check B+ power and grounds for the control module . Find a wiring diagram so you know which wires are what etc.....Videos on youtube on basic automotive electrical testing , testing inputs an outputs for control modules . This system can set a number of codes !
DTC B2725
DTC C0300
DTC C0305
DTC C0308
DTC C0309
DTC C0310
DTC C0315
DTC C0323
DTC C0324
DTC C0327
DTC C0362
DTC C0367
DTC C0374
DTC C0376
DTC C0387
DTC C0550
DTC C0611

The front axle control circuit consists of a Front Drive Axle Clutch Solenoid which is electronically controlled by the transfer case shift control module. This solenoid opens and closes a vacuum control valve allowing vacuum to apply and release a clutch pack inside the front axle housing. The transfer case shift control module determines whether or not the clutch pack has been applied or released based on a signal from the front axle switch mounted on the front axle housing assembly. The front axle is normally locked or engaged during AUTO 4WD, 4WD HI, and 4WD LO modes. The front axle is unlocked or disengaged only during 2 HI or neutral modes.

The NVG 236/246 transfer case features a 4 button shift control switch located on the instrument panel. When the vehicle has the ignition key in the RUN position, the transfer case shift control module starts monitoring the transfer case shift control switch to determine if the driver desires a new mode/gear position. At a single press of the transfer case shift control switch, the lamp of the new desired position will begin flashing to inform the driver that the transfer case shift control module has received the request for a new mode/gear position. The lamp will continue to flash until all shifting criteria has been met and the new mode/gear position has been reached, or has been engaged. Once the new mode/gear position is fully active, the switch indicator lamp for the new position will remain ON constantly.

The NVG 233 transfer case features a 3 button shift control switch, located on the instrument panel. When the ignition is in the RUN position, the transfer case shift control module starts monitoring the transfer case shift control switch, to determine if a new mode/gear position has been selected. At a single press of the transfer case shift control switch, the lamp of the new position begins flashing to inform the driver that the transfer case shift control module has received the request for a new mode/gear position. The lamp continues to flash until all shifting criteria has been met and the new mode/gear position has been reached, or has engaged. Once the new mode/gear position is fully active, the switch indicator lamp for the new position remains ON constantly.

Which 4X4 system does your's have ? Three or four button ?

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Jul 04, 2017 | 2002 Chevrolet Blazer

2 Answers

Front axle does not engage. Push 4hi or 4lo button, transfer case motor engages front drive shaft, front diferential actuator extends, but no 4 wheel drive. What do I check next?


There may be vacuum lines running down to the hubs. If so check them for vacuum when engaging and dis-engaging 4 wheel. If you can't feel any vacuum, trace lines, and check for leaks.

Dec 13, 2010 | 2002 Chevrolet Silverado 1500HD

3 Answers

The four wheel drive quit working while driving in 4 wheel high on a back road. The truck is a 1991 Chevy Silverado CK 2500. The front axle drive light on the floor shifter does not light up when...


Does the vehicle still have 4 wheel drive... or is it just the light that isn't working. I don't mean to insult you, I'm just asking if that's the case. You may just have a burnt out light. Most of these lever shift transfer cases are pretty straight forward, they either work, or they're so busted up inside that they make terrible noise.

Nov 10, 2009 | 1991 Chevrolet K2500

2 Answers

1998 Chevy S10 front axle will not engage when put into 4 wheel


Normal thing that happens as long as onone (worked) on it, is the vacume hose going to the engage sevevo under the battery box has fell of on either end or is brocken on the way there. Then the once or now leaky battery acid ate up this same servo. then the cable going to the front axel breaks sticks falls off or even someone needing one climbed under your truck while parked somewhere to get one to replace their brokeen one now you don't have one then theaxel engage arm or gearset is damaged

Aug 16, 2009 | 1998 Chevrolet S-10 Pickup

1 Answer

1996 truck. 4wd light comes on sometimes but front axle doesnt lock in


On the front axle is an electronic solenoid that plunges in or out to engage or disengage the front drive axle for 4x4 operation.There is also a corresponding switch on the transfer case.I would replace the switch and the front axle solenoid.Over the years,i have applied this repair to dozens of Chevy trucks with successful results.There is also a GM Technical Service Bulletin on the transfer case switch,as it has been known to accidentally command the front axle into 4x4 mode at interstate speeds and completely wipe out the front axle.Good luck.

Jul 19, 2008 | Chevrolet Silverado 1500 Cars & Trucks

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