Question about 2004 Kia Spectra

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How do i smoke test my evaporative control system of a P0455

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Unless you have a "smoke machine", you are probably not going to be able to do it. If the code says evap leak, start by checking the fuel cap, make sure its tight...

Posted on Nov 18, 2013

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SOURCE: Code: P0455 Evaporative Emission Control

start by removing and replacing your gas cap
also unhook the battery for a few minutes to reset the computer.
If this does not work there may be a vacuum leak in one of the hoses going,coming from
emissions canister

Posted on Nov 29, 2010

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2006 hyundai elantra Po441 code always on and p 04 55 comes on once in a while I changed purge valve hard to start after putting like 10 dollars in tank changed charcoal canister also


P0455 - OBD-II Trouble Code OBD II Fault Code
  • OBD II P0455
Fault Code Definition
  • Evaporative System Malfunction, Gross Leak
Symptoms
  • Check Engine Light will illuminate
  • In most cases, there are no adverse conditions noticed by the driver
  • In some cases, there may be a noticeable fuel odor caused by the release of fuel vapors
Common Problems That Trigger the P0455 Code
  • Missing fuel cap
  • Defective or damaged fuel cap
  • Distorted or damaged Fuel Tank Filler Neck
  • Torn or punctured Evaporative system hose(s)
  • Defective Fuel Tank Sending Unit gasket or seal
  • Split or damaged Carbon Canister
  • Defective Evaporative Vent Valve and/or Evaporative Purge Valve
  • Defective or damaged fuel tank
  • Defective Fuel Tank Pressure Sensor
Common Misdiagnoses
  • Fuel cap
  • Evaporative Purge Valve
  • Evaporative Vent Valve
Polluting Gases Expelled
  • HCs (Hydrocarbons): Unburned droplets of raw fuel that smell, affect breathing, and contribute to smog
The Basics
The evaporative control (EVAP) system captures any raw fuel evaporating from the fuel storage system (e.g. the fuel tank, filler neck, and fuel cap). Under precise operating conditions-dictated by engine temperature, speed, and load-the EVAP system stores and purges these captured fuel vapors back into the combustion process.

Want to Learn More?
The EVAP system is designed not only to capture, store, and purge any raw fuel vapors that leak from areas in the Fuel Storage system, but also to run a series of self-tests that confirm or deny the operational and vapor holding ability of the system. This is an important task because at least 20 percent of vehicle-produced air pollution originates from malfunctioning Vehicle Fuel Storage systems.
There are many ways to "leak test" the EVAP system, but most perform the leak test when the vehicle is sitting (like over night) or during the initial start-up after the vehicle has been sitting over night. The EVAP system's operational performance is also tracked by the Powertrain Computer by reading the change in the oxygen sensor voltages and short term fuel trim whenever the stored vapors are released or "purged" back into the combustion process. These values should indicate that fuel is being added to the system and that the overall mixture is getting richer. The purging process occurs when the vehicle is under acceleration, which is when most vehicles require additional fuel.

P0455 Diagnostic Theory for Shops and Technicians
The P0455 code indicates that there is a large leak in the EVAP system, but this is somewhat misleading. What the code really indicates is that the EVAP system will not create a significant vacuum when it performs its leak test, as monitored by the Fuel Tank Pressure Sensor.
Here is how the evaporative leak test is performed by the Powertrain Computer:
  1. When the leak test is performed, the vehicle must have been sitting for at least four to eight hours so that the engine temperature and outside air temperature are identical. There must also be between 15 and 85 percent fuel in the tank-this is to provide a baseline for the test since gasoline and diesel are volatile fluids that expand and vaporize easily with warm temperatures.
  2. When the leak test initiates, the Vapor Canister Vent Valve is closed to prevent any fresh air from entering the EVAP system.
  3. The Purge Valve is opened, which allows the engine to create a vacuum in the EVAP system.
  4. After a specified time interval-usually about ten seconds-the Purge Valve is shut off and the vacuum level in the system is measured by the Fuel Tank Pressure Sensor.
  5. Finally, a countdown initiates, which measures the rate at which the vacuum decays in the system. If the vacuum decays much faster than the specified rate or if no amount of vacuum is reached on two consecutive tests, then the Powertrain Computer will fail the EVAP system for a gross leak and trigger the P0455 code.
Common Tests for the Evaporative System
  • The P0455 code is somewhat misleading because the problem may not be a large/gross leak at all. Many systems trigger this code if there is no EVAP flow detected, which is tracked by changes in Short Term Fuel Trim and Fuel Tank Pressure Sensor data. For example, if the Purge Valve is shorted and never closes, it can trigger a P0455. Be ready to think outside of the box when tracking down the cause of a P0455.
  • Retrieve the code and write down the freeze frame information to be used as a baseline to test and verify any repair.
  • Perform a pressurized smoke test. During the test, perform a careful and close examination of the visible hoses, fuel filler neck, installed filler cap, fuel tank, vent valve, purge valve, and vapor holding canister. Open the Throttle Body to make sure there isn't an internal leak that is flowing smoke into the intake manifold. (Be sure to close off the vent valve during the smoke test! If possible, use tape so you don't overwork the electrical portion of the Vent Solenoid by having it energized for too long.)
  • Run an additional smoke test while using the scan tool live data stream feature with the Fuel Tank Pressure Sensor PID in plain view. As the test inserts smoke into the fuel storage system, the Fuel Tank Pressure readings should increase. If the pressure readings do not increase, the system will think that no pressure or vacuum is being created when the EVAP monitor is performed when, in fact, there is a pressure/vacuum being created that Fuel Tank Pressure Sensor is unable to read. The Fuel Tank Pressure Sensor is the primary feedback sensor that the Powertrain Computer relies on for the leak test data each time the EVAP monitor is run.
  • Inspect and test the fuel cap to determine how well it fits onto the Fuel Tank Filler Neck. If the cap will not seal or hold vacuum/pressure, then it can trigger the P0455 code.
  • Verify that the Purge Valve and the Vent Valve work properly and hold vacuum for a sustained amount of time-at least thirty to sixty seconds. If either one of these valves function improperly, the system will not develop and/or hold the proper amount of vacuum. You may have to remove and bench test them. Also be sure to measure the electrical resistance of the solenoids to be sure they are in spec.
  • If all the components seem to function properly, then perform another smoke test of the entire EVAP system, but this time, use your sense of smell. Go around the entire system to see if you can smell any fuel odor. In some cases, the smoke will exit in a manner that is invisible, but there will be evidence of a fuel odor that will lead you to the problem area. This area may be completely hidden by the frame, fuel tank, etc.
  • If all tests fail, clear all the codes and perform a drive cycle test drive to make sure that the code re-sets are what are the freeze frame data points are referring to.
Watch the very good video on the repair of P0441
How to diagnose code P0441 on Hyundai

Sep 20, 2016 | 2006 Hyundai Elantra

1 Answer

EVAP Emission Control System Leak (large)


Hi there:

DTC P0455 - Evaporative Emission (EVAP) System Large Leak Detected


When you start your truck. The computer sends a signal to the fuel tank vent valve to close off the fuel tank vapor system... Now, when the vent solenoid is commanded closed, the computer believes that the vapor system is now completely sealed up. The computer now looks at the fuel tank pressure sensor and measures the pressure inside of the tank.



Once the reading is taken, the computer will command the "purge solenoid" to open and pull a vacuum on the fuel tank.



If the computer does not see the pressure sensor reading change, it then assumes that the fuel cap was left off because it sees a fuel vapor leak.



The system will then retest itself after a period of time and if the same results are found, the assumption is that the customer would have already checked/replaced the missing fuel cap and there must be a bigger problem.



CONDITIONS FOR RUNNING THE DTC

Before the powertrain control module (PCM) can report DTC P0455 failed, DTC P0496 must run and pass.


DTCs P0106, P0107, P0108, P0112, P0113, P0116, P0117, P0118, P0120, P0121, P0122, P0123, P0125, P0131, P0132, P0133, P0134, P0135, P0136, P0137, P0138, P0140, P0141, P0151, P0152, P0153, P0154, P0155, P0156, P0157, P0158, P0160, P0161, P0220, P0442, P0443, P0449, P0451, P0452, P0453, P0454, P0464, P0496, P0502, P0503, P1111, P1112, P1114, P1115, P1121, P1122, P1125, P2135 are not set.


The engine is running.
The ignition voltage is between 10-18 volts .
The barometric pressure (BARO) is more than 75 kPa .
The fuel level is between 15-85 percent .
The engine coolant temperature (ECT) is between 4-65 degrees C (39-149 degrees F) .
The intake air temperature (IAT) is between 4-75 degrees C (39-167 degrees F) .
The start-up ECT and IAT are within 9 degrees C (16 degrees F) of each other.
DTC P0455 runs once per cold start.


CONDITIONS FOR SETTING THE DTC
The EVAP system is not able to achieve or maintain vacuum during the diagnostic test.


DIAGNOSTIC AIDS
To help locate intermittent leaks, use the J 41413-200 Evaporative Emission System Tester (EEST) to introduce smoke into the EVAP system. Move all EVAP components while observing smoke with the J 41413-SPT High Intensity White Light. Introducing smoke in 15-second intervals will allow less pressure into the EVAP system. When the system is less pressurized, the smoke will sometimes escape in a more condensed manner.


A temporary blockage in the EVAP canister purge solenoid valve, purge pipe, or EVAP canister could cause an intermittent condition. Inspect and repair any restriction in the EVAP system.


To improve the visibility of the smoke exiting the EVAP system, observe the suspected leak area from different angles with the J 41413-SPT.


Reviewing the Failure Records vehicle mileage since the diagnostic test last failed may help determine how often the condition that caused the DTC to be set occurs. This may assist in diagnosing the condition.


For intermittent conditions, refer to Testing for Intermittent Conditions and Poor Connections.


Hope this helps; also keep in mind that your feedback is important and I'll appreciate your time and consideration if you leave some testimonial comment about this answer.

Thank you for using Fixya, and have a nice day.

Jul 06, 2012 | 2006 Mazda 5

1 Answer

Po455 code coming up on my scanner


Hi there:DTC P0455 - Evaporative Emission (EVAP) System Large Leak Detected

The control module tests the evaporative emission (EVAP) system for a large leak. The control module monitors the fuel tank pressure (FTP) sensor signal to determine the EVAP system vacuum level. When the conditions for running are met, the control module commands the EVAP canister purge solenoid valve open and the EVAP canister vent solenoid valve closed. This allows engine vacuum to enter the EVAP system. At a calibrated time, or vacuum level, the control module commands the EVAP canister purge solenoid valve closed, sealing the system, and monitors the FTP sensor input in order to determine the EVAP system vacuum level. If the system is unable to achieve the calibrated vacuum level, or the vacuum level decreases too rapidly, this DTC sets.
The table illustrates the relationship between the ON and OFF states, and the Open or Closed states of the EVAP canister purge and vent solenoid valves.

This diagnostic procedure supports the following DTC:

CONDITIONS FOR RUNNING THE DTCBefore the powertrain control module (PCM) can report DTC P0455 failed, DTC P0496 must run and pass.DTCs P0106, P0107, P0108, P0112, P0113, P0116, P0117, P0118, P0120, P0121, P0122, P0123, P0125, P0131, P0132, P0133, P0134, P0135, P0136, P0137, P0138, P0140, P0141, P0151, P0152, P0153, P0154, P0155, P0156, P0157, P0158, P0160, P0161, P0220, P0442, P0443, P0449, P0451, P0452, P0453, P0454, P0464, P0496, P0502, P0503, P1111, P1112, P1114, P1115, P1121, P1122, P1125, P2135 are not set.The engine is running.The ignition voltage is between 10-18 volts .The barometric pressure (BARO) is more than 75 kPa .The fuel level is between 15-85 percent .The engine coolant temperature (ECT) is between 4-65 degrees C (39-149 degrees F) .The intake air temperature (IAT) is between 4-75 degrees C (39-167 degrees F) .The start-up ECT and IAT are within 9 degrees C (16 degrees F) of each other.DTC P0455 runs once per cold start.

CONDITIONS FOR SETTING THE DTC The EVAP system is not able to achieve or maintain vacuum during the diagnostic test.

ACTION TAKEN WHEN THE DTC SETSThe control module illuminates the malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) on the second consecutive ignition cycle that the diagnostic runs and fails.The control module records the operating conditions at the time the diagnostic fails. The first time the diagnostic fails, the control module stores this information in the Failure Records. If the diagnostic reports a failure on the second consecutive ignition cycle, the control module records the operating conditions at the time of the failure. The control module writes the operating conditions to the Freeze Frame and updates the Failure Records.

CONDITIONS FOR CLEARING THE MIL/DTCThe control module turns OFF the malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) after 3 consecutive ignition cycles that the diagnostic runs and does not fail.A current DTC, Last Test Failed, clears when the diagnostic runs and passes.
A history DTC clears after 40 consecutive warm-up cycles, if no failures are reported by this or any other emission related diagnostic.Clear the MIL and the DTC with a scan tool.

DIAGNOSTIC AIDSTo help locate intermittent leaks, use the J 41413-200 Evaporative Emission System Tester (EEST) to introduce smoke into the EVAP system. Move all EVAP components while observing smoke with the J 41413-SPT High Intensity White Light. Introducing smoke in 15-second intervals will allow less pressure into the EVAP system. When the system is less pressurized, the smoke will sometimes escape in a more condensed manner.
A temporary blockage in the EVAP canister purge solenoid valve, purge pipe, or EVAP canister could cause an intermittent condition. Inspect and repair any restriction in the EVAP system.
To improve the visibility of the smoke exiting the EVAP system, observe the suspected leak area from different angles with the J 41413-SPT.Reviewing the Failure Records vehicle mileage since the diagnostic test last failed may help determine how often the condition that caused the DTC to be set occurs. This may assist in diagnosing the condition.For intermittent conditions, refer to Testing for Intermittent Conditions and Poor Connections. See: Diagrams\Diagnostic Aids

TEST DESCRIPTIONNumbers below refer to the step numbers on the diagnostic table.
Introducing smoke in 15-second intervals may allow smaller leak areas to be more noticeable. When the system is less pressurized, the smoke will sometimes escape in a more condensed manner.This step verifies proper operation of the FTP sensor.A normal operating FTP sensor should increase above 5 inches of H2O and stop between 6-7 inches of H2O.
Fig: 01Fig. 02Fig. 03

Hope this helps.

Mar 30, 2012 | Chevrolet Silverado 1500 Cars & Trucks

2 Answers

What does check engine code P-0455 and P-1684 mean?


P1684 - Battery Disconnected Within Last 50 Starts

P0455 - Evaporative Emission Control System Leak Detected (no purge flow or large leak)
This indicates a fuel vapor leak or lack of purge flow in the EVAP control system. It means a large leak has been detected. The (EVAP) emission control system prevents the escape of fuel vapors from a vehicle's fuel system. Fuel vapors are routed by hoses to a charcoal canister for storage. Later, when the engine is running a purge control valve opens allowing intake vacuum to siphon the fuel vapors into the engine.

Symptoms: You likely won't notice any drivability problems.

Causes: A code p0455 most likely means one or more of the following has happened:
A loose or improperly affixed gas cap
A non-conforming gas cap (i.e. not factory/original brand)
Other leak or damaged piece in EVAP system

Possible Solutions: With a p0455, the most common repair is to:
Remove and reinstall the gas cap, clear the codes, and drive for a day and see if the codes come back.
Otherwise, replace the gas cap, and/or
Inspect the EVAP system for cuts/holes in tubes/hoses (you may hear a vacuum noise or smell fuel), repair if necessary


Test and check it. Hope this helps.

Jun 07, 2011 | 2002 Chrysler PT Cruiser

2 Answers

What is p 0455 mean?


P0455 Evaporative emmission control leak (gross leak). Here is the main possiblity the gas cap is out, or you filled up the fuel tank with the car running, because its a large leak you can visually inspect the fuel refill hose, If you have a shop that can inspect this for you they can find it .

Apr 27, 2011 | 2004 Suzuki Forenza

1 Answer

I have a 2007 Chey silverado, and the two codes came up, P0449, and P0455. i know one is a large leak in the emissions system and not sure what the other one is. Should i get it hooked up to a fogger or...


  • P0449 - Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Vent Solenoid Control Circuit
  • P0455 - Evaporative Emission (EVAP) System Leak Detected

  • Many times this is caused by the canister vent solenoid. You can definitely hook the smoke to it but quite often is just that particular solenoid malfunctioning.

    Jan 12, 2011 | Chevrolet Chevy Cars & Trucks

    2 Answers

    I have a 2006 Chevy Tahoe...codes reported are P0449 and P0455....replaced fuel cap but did not solve problem....what are my next steps without spending tons of money at a dealership? Thanks


    There may be an emissions leak but a very common issue is the canister vent valve. Make sure if you contact your local dealership that you have your vehicles vin number available.
  • P0449 - Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Vent Solenoid Control Circuit
  • P0455 - Evaporative Emission (EVAP) System Leak Detected
  • Dec 28, 2010 | 2006 Chevrolet Tahoe

    2 Answers

    What does po440 on a 2003 saturn vue mean with a service engine soon light on


    That is a problem in the evaporative emission control system.
    Could be anything causing it
    Clogged filter in the charcoal canister
    A leak in one of the vacuum lines
    The purge valve not working,,,etc.
    The best thing is to take it and have it checked out, they might have to do a smoke test to find the problem.
    All they do is inject smoke into the system, if there is a leak the smoke will come out of it. All it takes is a pin hole in these emission systems to screw it all up.

    Aug 13, 2010 | 2003 Saturn VUE

    2 Answers

    Have a P0455 code on it and would appreciate if some one could tell me possible causes.


    There is a bad vacuum leak somewhere in the emmisions evaporative system. Check all the vacuum hoses for cracks and good connections.
    If you can't find any, take it and have a smoke test done on it, that will reveal where the leak is.

    Dec 31, 2009 | 2001 Ford Explorer

    1 Answer

    Check engine light is on for emission evaporator failure-large


    P0455 - EVAP Control System Leak Detected (No Purge Flow or Large Leak) The PCM monitors the complete EVAP control system for no purge flow, the presence of a large fuel vapor leak or multiple small fuel vapor leaks. The system failure occurs when no purge flow (attributed to fuel vapor blockages or restrictions), a large fuel vapor leak or multiple fuel vapor leaks are detected by the EVAP running loss monitor test with the engine running (but not at idle).
    • After-market EVAP hardware (such as fuel filler cap) non-conforming to required specifications
    • Disconnected or cracked fuel EVAP canister tube, EVAP canister purge outlet tube or EVAP return tube
    • EVAP canister purge valve stuck closed
    • Damaged EVAP canister
    • Damaged or missing fuel filler cap
    • Insufficient fuel filler cap installation
    • Loose fuel vapor hose/tube connections to EVAP system components
    • Blockages or restrictions in fuel vapor hoses/tubes (items also listed under disconnections or cracks)
    • Fuel vapor control valve tube assembly or fuel vapor vent valve assembly blocked
    • Canister vent (CV) solenoid stuck open
    • Mechanically inoperative fuel tank pressure (FTP) sensor
    Check for audible vacuum noise or significant fuel odor in the engine compartment or near the EVAP canister and fuel tank. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- HX43 DTC P0457: CHECK FOR MISSING OR LEAKING FUEL FILLER CAP
    • Check for missing fuel filler cap.
    • Check for loose fuel filler cap.
    • Check for possible cross-thread fuel filler cap condition.
    Is a fault present concerning the proper installation of the fuel filler cap? Yes No REPLACE cross-threaded or damaged fuel filler cap. RECONNECT and TIGHTEN the fuel filler cap only one eighth turn so that the cap initially clicks by sound or touch. CLEAR Continuous Memory DTCs. COMPLETE an Evaporative Emission Running Loss Monitor Repair Verification Drive Cycle (refer to Section 2 , Drive Cycles). RERUN Quick Test . If DTC P0455 or P0457 is present, Go to HX44 . CLEAR Continuous Memory DTCs. COMPLETE an Evaporative Emission Running Loss Monitor Repair Verification Drive Cycle (refer to Section 2 , Drive Cycles). RERUN Quick Test .

    For DTC P0455 still present: Go to HX44 .

    Otherwise, INFORM the vehicle owner that it is important and necessary to immediately install the fuel filler cap after every refueling event. HX44 DTC P0455: VISUAL INSPECTION FOR SUBSTANTIAL EVAPORATIVE EMISSION SYSTEM LEAKS
    • Check for missing fuel filler cap. If the cap is loose DO NOT DISTURB EVAP system.
    • Verify that both the input port vacuum hose and EVAP return tube are attached to the EVAP canister purge valve. Note: If the EVAP canister-CV solenoid assembly is not accessible during this pinpoint test step, GO to Evaporative Emissions, Section 303-13 in the Workshop Manual for removal and installation instructions.
    • Verify that the CV solenoid is properly seated on the EVAP canister (if possible).
    • Visually inspect for disconnected or cracked fuel vapor hoses/tubes between the intake manifold, the EVAP canister purge valve, the EVAP canister, the fuel vapor vent valve assembly and if applicable the fuel vapor control valve tube assembly.
    • Check for damage to the fuel filler pipe and the fuel tank.
    Is a fault indicated? Yes No CONNECT or REPLACE fuel vapor hoses/tubes as required. REPLACE damaged EVAP system components (fuel filler pipe, fuel vapor vent valve assembly, fuel vapor control valve tube assembly, EVAP canister purge valve, FTP sensor and EVAP canister-CV solenoid assembly) as necessary. REFER to Evaporative Emissions, Section 303-13 in the Workshop Manual for removal and installation instructions. GO to HX45 . GO to HX45 . HX45 DTC P1443 and P0455: CHECK FOR EVAPORATIVE EMISSION SYSTEM LEAKS
      Note: When checking for leaks or blockages in the EVAP system, energize (close) the canister vent (CV) solenoid through the scan tool for a maximum of nine minutes per pinpoint test step. Then de-energize the CV solenoid prior to performing the subsequent pinpoint test step. This is done to assure proper closing of the solenoid.
    • Disconnect and plug the EVAP return tube (EVAP canister purge valve to intake manifold) at the intake manifold vacuum source.
    • Connect scan tool.
    • Key on, engine off.
    • Access VPWR PID. If the voltage is not 12 volts or greater, GO to HX61 .
    • Locate evaporative test port [marked EVAPORATIVE SERVICE PORT DO NOT USE UNREGULATED PRESSURE ABOVE 6.89 kPa (1 PSI)] near EVAP canister purge valve or EVAP canister.
    • If vehicle is not equipped with the evaporative test port, GO to HX50 .
    • Install the Rotunda Evaporative Emission System Leak Tester 310-F007 (134-00056) or equivalent at the evaporative test port.
    • Close CV solenoid by accessing Output Test Mode on the scan tool.
    • Select ALL OFF mode and push START button.
    • Regulate the nitrogen or argon gas pressure on the tester to 3.48 kPa (14 in-H 2 O).
    • Follow the instructions that come with the EVAP System Leak Tester and pressurize the EVAP system.
    • Perform the EVAP system leak test.
    Does the pressure on the EVAP system stay above 1.99 kPa (8 in-H 2 O) and pass the leak test? Yes No GO to HX46 . REMOVE the EVAP System Leak Tester from the evaporative test port and REINSTALL the test port cap. GO to HX50 .

    Apr 15, 2009 | 1999 Lincoln Town Car

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