Question about 1995 Pontiac Firebird

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Wires to air pump has no power. all others are ok.

I tested the wires for the air pump and I have no power, all other wires controlling other functions have power. need help please!!!!!!

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Air pump with wires???

Posted on Nov 17, 2013

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3 Answers

Secondary air injection pump not working. Checked voltage on it and got 2.81 volts. put 12 volts on it and pump worked


the air injection pump has a relay in the power distribution box that is controlled by the computer. it gets 12 volts when the relay is closed. the relay can be bad

Mar 29, 2015 | Lincoln Cars & Trucks

2 Answers

Check engine light on secondary air pump not working. works with 12 volts but is it suppose to be less then 12 volts?


12 volts. there is a relay that supplies 12 volts to the pump when closed. this relay is in the power distribution box.

Mar 28, 2015 | Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Dtc2257


This is an air pump code, the pump more than likely has failed. If you are not familar with relays, electrionics, mechanics I suggest bring it to local Technician to test/repair

If you are confident to try this on your own, this is what will be required to do. You will need wiring diagram : First try replacing the air pump relay (relay 2) in the Battery Junction Box (BJB). And check that fuse 4 & 9 are both good. If both are ok you will need to remove the air pump relay - With Key On Engine Off, check for battery voltage (B+) to be present at terminal 30 from fuse 4 of the BJB. Check terminal 86 to be B+ from fuse 9 of the BJB, through the power hold relay. Gain access to the bottom of the BJB and check for B+ on the black with green stripe wire for terminal 85 of the air pump relay. If voltage is present, ground wire to check for relay activation and air pump to run, repair circuit to air pump as needed. If pump runs, backprobe the Black/Green wire at terminal 17 of connector C175B of the Powertrain Control Module . Jump terminal to ground to check for air pump operation. If pump runs, check for bad connection in connector or replace faulty PCM as required

Jan 23, 2014 | 2005 Ford Focus

1 Answer

Secondary air ignition malfuction


This code can set for more than the pump not running. It could be a sensor issue that reads it, too high of pressure, just to name a few.

Circuit/System Verification
Verify that DTC P0412, P0418, P2430-P2433, P2440, or P2444 are not set.
* If any of the DTCs are set, perform those diagnostics first.
Ignition ON, command the AIR Pump Relay ON and OFF with a scan tool. The AIR pump should turn ON and OFF.
* If the AIR pump does not turn ON or OFF, refer to Secondary Air Injection Pump Malfunction
Command the AIR Solenoid ON and OFF with a scan tool. The AIR solenoid valve should click with each command.
* If the AIR solenoid valve does operate as specified, refer to Secondary Air Injection Solenoid Valve Malfunction.
Engine running, command the AIR Pump Relay ON with a scan tool while observing the AIR Pressure Sensor parameter. The reading should be 15-20 kPa above the BARO reading.
* If less than the specified range, refer to Secondary Air Injection System Pressure Low.
* If greater than the specified range, refer to Secondary Air Injection System Pressure High.
Engine running, command the AIR System ON while observing the AIR Pressure Sensor parameter. The reading should be 7-10 kPa above BARO.
* If less than the specified range, refer to Secondary Air Injection System Pressure Low.
* If greater than the specified range, refer to Secondary Air Injection System Pressure High.
Operate the vehicle within the Conditions for Running the DTC to verify the DTC does not reset. You may also operate the vehicle within the conditions that you observed from the Freeze Frame/Failure Records data.

Circuit/System Testing
Secondary Air Injection Pump Malfunction

Ignition OFF, disconnect the AIR pump relay.
Ignition ON, verify that a test lamp does not illuminate between the controlled output circuit terminal 87 and ground.
* If the test lamp illuminates, test the controlled output circuit for a short to voltage.
Verify that a test lamp illuminates between the AIR pump relay coil ignition circuit terminal 85 and ground.
* If the test lamp does not illuminate, test the ignition circuit for a short to ground or an open/high resistance. If the circuit tests normal and the ignition circuit fuse is open, replace the AIR pump relay and/or the AIR solenoid relay.
Verify that a test lamp illuminates between the AIR pump relay switch B+ circuit terminal 30 and ground.
* If the test lamp does not illuminate, test the B+ circuit for a short to ground or an open/high resistance. If the circuit tests normal and the B+ circuit fuse is open, test the controlled output circuit for a short to ground.
Ignition OFF, disconnect the harness connector at the AIR pump.
Test for less than 2 ohms between the AIR pump ground circuit terminal B and ground.
* If greater than the specified range, test the ground circuit for an open/high resistance.
Connect the harness connector at the AIR pump.
Connect the J 36169-HD with a 60A fuse between the AIR pump relay switch B+ circuit terminal 30 and the controlled output circuit terminal 87. Verify the AIR pump is activated.
* If the AIR pump does not activate, test the controlled output circuit for an open/high resistance. If the circuit tests normal, test or replace the AIR pump.
Remove the J 36169-HD jumper wire.
Connect a test lamp between the AIR pump relay coil ignition circuit terminal 85 and the AIR pump relay control circuit terminal 86.
Ignition ON, command the AIR Pump Relay ON and OFF with a scan tool. The test lamp should turn ON and OFF when changing between the commanded states.
* If the test lamp is always ON, test the AIR pump relay control circuit for a short to ground. If the circuit tests normal, replace the ECM.
* If the test lamp is always OFF, test the AIR pump relay control circuit for a short to voltage or an open/high resistance. If the circuit tests normal, replace the ECM.
If all circuits test normal, replace the AIR pump relay.

Secondary Air Injection Solenoid Malfunction
Ignition OFF, disconnect the AIR solenoid relay.
Ignition ON, verify that a test lamp does not illuminate between the controlled output circuit terminal 87 and ground.
* If the test lamp illuminates, test the controlled output circuit for a short to voltage.
Verify that a test lamp illuminates between the AIR solenoid relay coil ignition circuit terminal 86 and ground.
* If the test lamp does not illuminate, test the ignition circuit for a short to ground or an open/high resistance. If the circuit tests normal and the ignition circuit fuse is open, replace the AIR solenoid relay and/or the AIR pump relay.
Verify that a test lamp illuminates between the AIR solenoid relay switch B+ circuit terminal 30 and ground.
* If the test lamp does not illuminate, test the B+ circuit for a short to ground or an open/high resistance. If the circuit tests normal and the B+ circuit fuse is open, test the controlled output circuit for a short to ground.
Ignition OFF, disconnect the harness connector at the AIR solenoid.
Test for less than 2 ohms between the AIR solenoid valve ground circuit terminal 4 and ground.
* If greater than the specified range, test the ground circuit for an open/high resistance.
Connect the harness connector at the secondary AIR solenoid.
Connect a 15A fused jumper wire between the AIR solenoid relay switch B+ circuit terminal 30 and the controlled output circuit terminal 87. Verify the AIR solenoid valve is activated.
* If the AIR solenoid valve does not activate, test the controlled output circuit for an open/high resistance. If the circuit tests normal, test or replace the AIR solenoid.
Remove the 15A fused jumper wire.
Connect a test lamp between the AIR solenoid relay coil ignition circuit terminal 86 and the relay coil control circuit terminal 85.
Ignition ON, command the AIR Solenoid ON and OFF with a scan tool. The test lamp should turn ON and OFF when changing between the commanded states.
* If the test lamp is always ON, test the control circuit for a short to ground. If the circuit tests normal, replace the ECM.
* If the test lamp is always OFF, test the control circuit for a short to voltage or an open/high resistance. If the circuit tests normal, replace the ECM.
If all circuits test normal, replace the AIR solenoid relay.

Secondary Air Injection System Pressure Low
Engine running, inspect for exhaust leaks between the AIR solenoid valve and the catalytic converter.
* If an exhaust leak is detected, repair as necessary.
Ignition OFF, disconnect the AIR pump relay.
Engine running, connect the J 36169-HD with a 60A fuse between the AIR pump relay switch B+ circuit terminal 30 and the controlled output circuit terminal 87. Verify the AIR Pressure Sensor parameter is not 15-20 kPa above BARO.
* If 15-20 kPa above BARO, replace the AIR pump relay.
Ignition OFF, remove the J 36169-HD jumper wire and connect the AIR pump relay.
Remove the air inlet hose at the AIR pump.
Engine running, command the AIR System ON while observing the AIR Pressure Sensor parameter. Verify the reading is not 7-10 kPa above BARO.
* If 7-10 kPa above BARO, the AIR pump inlet hose/pipe assembly is restricted. Remove the restriction or replace the hose/pipe assembly.
Ignition OFF, disconnect the hose at the AIR pump outlet.
Disconnect the hose at the AIR solenoid valve inlet.
Install a length of standard 1 inch I.D. (25.4 mm) hose from the AIR pump outlet to the AIR solenoid valve inlet.
Engine running, command the AIR System ON while observing the AIR Pressure Sensor parameter. Verify the reading is not 7-10 kPa above BARO.
* If 7-10 kPa above BARO, test/inspect AIR pump outlet hoses/pipes for leaks or restrictions.
Test all AIR pump wiring and connections for less than 2 ohms. If the wiring and connections test normal and the hoses/pipes are OK, replace the AIR pump.

Secondary Air Injection System Pressure High
Ignition OFF, remove the AIR solenoid valve.
Connect the AIR pump outlet pipe/hose at the AIR solenoid valve.
Connect the AIR solenoid valve harness at the AIR solenoid valve.
Engine running, command the AIR system ON while observing the AIR Pressure Sensor parameter. The reading should be less than 11 kPa above BARO.
* If greater than the specified value, replace the AIR solenoid valve.
Inspect the AIR solenoid valve gaskets for proper alignment. If normal, test/inspect the AIR solenoid valve outlet pipe, exhaust manifold, and cylinder head for a restriction.

This issue and its repair may be under GM warranty. I think it would be worth your time to check at the dealer.

Hope helps.

Jan 06, 2012 | 2004 Buick Rainier

1 Answer

06/12/11 new question (2000 Buick LaSabre) The code P0410 keeps coming on. I know from your other answer its the secondary air injection malfunction. I have checked and run the air pump out of the...


Did you check to see if there is power getting to the pump? Did you check the air pump fuse? Do you have any power at the relay that you replaced? Is there any power at the combination valve? Is the computer able to ground the relay? Is the computer able to open the combination valve? Did the relay check bad? If not, why did you replace it?

The only way to effectively check the entire air pump system is with a scanner. You can perform continuity tests on every wire, but you cannot verify proper operation without a scanner. You must command the air pump on with the scanner and check to see if power is getting to the pump. Without the scanner there is no way to tell if the computer is even able to operate the relay so the pump can get the power it needs. There is most likely a broken wire or bad connector somewhere, but the only way to find this without a scanner would be to physically inspect every wire in the system manually and just hope and pray that the computer is actually sending the signal to the relay. (You will not know if it is a computer malfunction unless you physically eliminate EVERYTHING else.)

DTC P0410 sets when the PCM commands the air pump on and the combination valve open and there is no change in the oxygen sensor voltage. The problem can be in the air pump circuits, the combination valve circuits, The combination valve itself, the air pump itelf (not likely if you can get it to run with a jumper) a faulty PCM, or even rarely but possibly, clogged-up ports in the exhaust manifold. Again, a scanner is required to verify the operation of the circuits as well as to verify that the problem is fixed after repairs are made.

Please also review this article:

What Else Could Be Wrong?

Jun 13, 2011 | 2000 Buick LeSabre

2 Answers

Not hearing fuel pump coming on. Checked relay, ok, Have power (using test light) to far right (standing behind car) wire (there are 5 wires counting the ground). I think I should have power to the...


Your fuel pump is powered by the GREEN fuse link in the fuse link holder. If you have 2 terminals (both WHITE/BLACK wires) at the fuel pump relay that is HOT all the time (even with the key OFF) then this fuse link is OK. There are no other fuses to be concerned with.

There is also a "Fuel Pump Control Unit" located on the left rear quarter panel, behind the "B" pillar. (See Picture)


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May 17, 2011 | 1993 Nissan 300ZX

1 Answer

Code p2257


Trouble Code: P2257 - Secondary Air Injection (AIR) System Control A Circuit Low

Possible Causes:
* Open B+ circuit * Open VPWR circuit * Open voltage circuit between the AIR relay and the secondary AIR pump * Damaged AIR relay
It is most likely either a hose or line that fell off, broke or is kinked, or a bad A.I.R. pump. What you can do is unplug the A.I.R. pump connector. Ground the black wire and, with a 30 amp fused jumper wire, apply battery voltage to the white wire.

If the pump runs, then chances are the pump is good and the problem is with a hose. If not, then the A.I.R. pump will need to be replaced.

Other, this is the same DTC code that P1413 - Secondary Air Injection System Monitor Circuit Low, in Mustang, this solve...

First off I'm glad to see you've done your homework. You are correct, the PCM is not seeing the pump turn on, and thats whats causing your code. The only thing you got wrong is that the CCRM does not control the Air Pump. There is a seperate solid state relay located near the air filter that controls the pump.

You will first need to check this relay for Power and check its grounds. First check the black and yellow wire. If this has twelve volts then check the ground. If its good then the relay is most likely bad if your only getting 7v at the pump.
You can see in the diagram that the PCM just monitors the power going to the pump. If the white wire to the pump has 12v then the pcm is happy.

Here are the schematics to help you. This is not a common problem with this vehicle, so I am sorry I cannot give you a precise answer. You will need to do more testing.

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We hope this information helps you solve your concern. Keep in touch.

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