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Where is the cam shaft sensor? - 1998 Volkswagen Cabrio

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Hi. it is behind the camshaft pulley bolted to the head.

Posted on Nov 20, 2013

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Posted on Jan 02, 2017

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CMP - Cam shaft Position Sensor


<p><b><span>3.2) <span> </span><u>CMP - Cam shaft Position </u>(sensor)<u> </u></span></b><br /> <p><b><u><br /></u></b><br /> <p><b><span>What is it?</span></b><span><span> </span>This electrical device is very similar in concept to the crank position sensor (above) in that it detects the position of the rotation of a shaft, in this instance the cam shaft.<span> </span>It is the cam shaft signal that indicates to the ECU that cylinder one is at top dead centre at compression and in the process provides the ECU with the timing reference for fuel injection.<span> </span>The cam shaft sensor provides extra information, to that of the crank sensor, to fine tune timed events such as injection and spark delivery.</span><br /> <p><span> </span><br /> <p><b><span>Where is it located?</span></b><span> The location of this device depends on the design and age of engine.<span> </span>On many modern overhead cam shaft engines the cam shaft sensor is located either on the end, or to the side of the end, of the cam shaft housing.<span> </span>On older pushrod engines the cam sensor is found where the distributor would once have been located.<span> </span>This type sensor assembly makes use of the distributor shaft meshing directly, at its bottom end, with a gear on the cam within the engine block.<span> </span>In this respect the distributor shaft is just an extension of the cam shaft.<span> </span>On the top end of this distributor shaft is a magnetic armature.<span> </span>The cam shaft sensor, that measures the movement of this armature, is located in the cover and uses either magnetic or 'Hall effect' pickup modules.<span> </span></span><br /> <p><b><span> </span></b><br /> <p><b><span>How does it work?</span></b><span><span> </span>The sensor detects the position of a magnet or set of teeth on the gear on the end of the cam.<span> </span>An electrical waveform output signal is sent to the ECU as the cam turns.<span> </span>The cam sensor tells the ECU that cylinder 1 is at TDC on its compression stroke prior to ignition. <span> </span>The cam sensor ensures the correct timing of the fuel injection cycle.<span> </span>If the timing belt ever jumps a tooth on the cam the lack of agreement between the respective signals from the cam and crank sensors is indicated as an error condition by the ECU. </span><br /> <p><b><u><span><span> </span></span></u></b><br /> <p><b><u><span>Symptoms of faulty cam sensor</span></u></b><br /> <p><b><span>Associated OBD2 error codes DTCs: <span> </span>P0341 - P0349; P1345</span></b><br /> <p><b><span> </span></b><br /> <ul> <li><b><span>Hesitant acceleration - </span></b><span>miss-timing of fuel injection due to a faulty CMP can cause intermittent loss of power.<b></b></span></li> <li><b><span>Starting difficulty/failure.<span> </span></span></b><span>If the faulty CMP timing problems are severe they may cause the engine not fire at all, or to fire and then stall, or stall at some random time without warning.<b></b></span></li> <li><b><span>Hot engine stall and failure to restart - </span></b><span>Sometimes the fault of the CSS only manifests itself when the engine is hot.<span> </span>Over time thermal stress can cause cracking and can weaken electrical junctions within the CMP.<span> </span>The CMP may work well at cold start up but can then cause a hot running engine to stop with little chance of restart whilst the engine is still hot;<span> </span>once cooled the down the engine may readily restart and again run for a limited period until hot.</span></li></ul> <p><b><u><span>Note </span></u></b><span>The cam sensor body often protrudes into the cam shaft gallery and when it's 'o' ring seal<span> </span>becomes age hardened, engine oil may leak back into the sensor electrical socket plug connector causing errors due to interruption of signal. </span><br /> <p><b><span> </span></b><br /> <p><b><span>How to check? </span></b><span>It is not technically<b> </b>easy<b> </b>to determine that the CMP is at fault and, like the crank sensor, may require the use of an oscilloscope.<span> </span>If it is part of a sophisticated on board diagnostics system its failure may be logged as a specific error code in the ECU. Due to the variability problems with engine running are often experienced well before any error codes are set by the ECU.</span><br /> <p><span> </span><br /> <p><span><span> </span>2 pin socket (magnetic - sine wave output).<span> </span>One pin is 'ground' the other is 'signal'.<span> </span>A voltmeter set to 2 volts AC should measure a signal in the 0.2 to 2 volts range on the 'signal' pin.</span><br /> <p><span><span> </span>3 pin socket (Hall effect, magneto - square wave form output).<span> </span>One pin is 'reference' (5volts), one pin is 'ground' and the third pin is 'signal'.<span> </span>A DC voltage should be detectable in the 0.5 to 1.5 volt range from the 'signal' pin.</span><br /> <p><span>It is important that the voltage measurement take place at start up when the engine is cold and again, 20 minutes later, when the engine has fully warmed up to operating temperature. Often the voltage output from faulty sensors declines with temperature rise.</span><br /> <p><span> </span><br /> <p><b><span>How to fix?<span> </span></span></b><span>If the CMP failure is due oil leakage into the electrical connector then a thorough clean and a renewal of the oil seal on the CMP may correct the situation.<span> </span>It can be a wise precaution to change the connecting cable as oil migration beneath the insulation may possibly contaminate components at some distance to the CMP.<span> </span></span><br /> <p><span>If the CMP has an internal fault then it must be replaced.</span><br />

on Jul 22, 2011 | Mercedes-Benz E-Class Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

If my vct timming sensor is faulty will it stop my au xr6 from running


cam shaft and crank shaft position sensors both have to work. sometimes a cam shaft sensor fault can be traced to a broken timing belt.

Dec 13, 2014 | Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Where is my camshaft position sensor located on a 2008 chevy aveo


It should be located between the cam shafts. If you remove the Beauty Cover (( that's what they call the cover across the top of the motor. )) And then the Valve Cover. The Cam Sensor will be sitting between the Cam Shafts. Closer to the Intake Cam Shaft.

Aug 16, 2014 | Cars & Trucks

2 Answers

Pcm?


PCM= Powertrain Control Module. It is the brains of the car, it reads the sensor in put from all sensors including the cam shaft position sensor

May 14, 2014 | 2004 Toyota 4Runner

1 Answer

Engine light came on...reading states its my cam shaft sensor, but dealer states 1997 grand cherokees 6 cyl. dont have a cam shaft sensor...What can it be then? if reading staes its a cam shaft?


Your cam sensor is inside the distributor. Problem is they list it as a Stator, not a sensor. on newer models, the sensor replaces the entire distributor. To remove it, you need to take the distributor out of the engine and remove the center shaft etc.

Apr 12, 2011 | 1997 Jeep Grand Cherokee

1 Answer

I would like to know if the cam sensor and the crank shaft sensor are one of the same or two different items


They are two different items. The cam sensor reports the position of the cam shaft(s) which operate the valves. The crank shaft sensor reports the position of the crank shaft, ie the position of the pistons.

May 19, 2010 | 1998 Chevrolet Malibu

1 Answer

Cam shaft sensor


You always need to check the wiring system when you get a code and not just throw parts at it,I'm sorry this happened to you.

Dec 23, 2009 | 1996 Dodge Grand Caravan

1 Answer

Crank shaft sensor? is this the same as cam shaft


no each one has its own job,
crank sensor is counting crank shaft rpms
cam sensor is counting cam shaft rpms
is there any lights coming on just as this is happening?
i think you should have the fuel pressure checked when it dies out,you need at least 50psi at fuel rail

Dec 08, 2009 | 2002 Chevrolet TrailBlazer

2 Answers

Cam shaft sensor replaced


the crankshaft sensor needs to be replaced.you could have purchased a faulty sensor,

Jun 12, 2009 | 2004 Dodge Stratus

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