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Posted on Jan 02, 2017
SOURCE: cam timing
I received this explanation for the 1800 Subaru Leone (same vehicle i think) from another forum. Have yet to make use of it but I hope it helps.
Find top dead centre of Crankshaft. (there are 3 timing marks close together, the middle one is TDC). If you are still unsure then remove number one spark plug and insert a long small screw driver down the hole with the piston near the top of it's stroke. As you rock the engine over back and forth you will feel TDC with the screw driver. By tracing the number one cylinder plucg lead back the distributor cap and then removing the cap you should be able to see if the engine is at number one in the firing sequence.
Rotate the drivers side camshaft
Now rotate the crankshaft one hole turn till the 3 marks are re-aligned.
Now rotate the passenger side camshaft until the hole in the sprocket lines up the the slot in the top of the cam cover. Put belt on.
Rotate the crankshaft 2 whole turns and double check that the sprockets still line up to their respective marks.
Posted on Nov 30, 2008
SOURCE: volvo timing
you cant tell and the procedure to reset them is so coplicated that even while at volvo university the teacher had to explain it to us several times and then show us. go to volvo dealer and ask if they would print that procedure for you [a little money will help because they dont have to do it and most wont]
Posted on Apr 25, 2010
You should be able to get this info form the shop that rebuilt the head, or you can go on-line to one of the parts stores web sites and get this info. good luck.
Posted on Jan 03, 2011
SOURCE: timing belt broke on car
The #1 piston must be at the top (Top Dead Center or TDC). Having said that it is still possible to get it wrong because the crankshaft turns twice to every 1 turn of the camshaft. Watch your valves as you turn the engine. The correct TDC occurs when the intake valve closes as you near the top and as you go past the exhaust valve starts to open. If the reverse is happening then your car will not start.
If you have an interference engine the timing must be done separately, the block with #1 at the top and the head with the valves opening in the right sequence before you place the head on the block. Otherwise you run a substansial risk of bending a valve or 2. If you already have the head on the car and discover the timing is wrong, remove the head before you try to correct it. A call to the dealer will confirm or deny the fact of whether it is interference or not. You should also send the head to a local rebuilder if it is to be checked for bent valves, before you put it back together. If you don't it will run like **** if it starts.
Hope this helps.
Posted on Feb 01, 2011
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