We just had an alignment done on this 2001 Lincoln Town Car and they forgot to put the shims in. The tie rod end now looks to be broken, I was just wondering if not putting the shims on could have caused this problem?
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disconnect the tie rods, the steering column knuckle, remove p/s lines, loosen left side only frame bolts, may need to shim the frame from the chassis, pull it out. reverse to install, before start make sure the you replace it with the right rack, see if it has a speed control or not, and align the car when done.
There is a cotter pin that you remove first. Unbolt the tie rod end to where it attaches to the vehicle. You will the need to use a tie rod end separtor to separate it from the knuckle. It is a U kind of tool that you hammer in and it will separate it for you. You will understand what I mean when you see the tool. Next you take two wrenches, one that fits on the flat part of the tie rod end itself ( close to the nut you will see one the treaded bar it is attached to. Take the other wrench and turn the nut on the treaded part of the bar that the tir rod end is attached to. Loosen the bolt, it just needs to be loose so you can turn the tie rod end around. Now that it is loose "unscrew the tie rod end from the treaded bar. Remember to count how many times you turn the tie rod end so you turn it the same amount of turns when you put the new one on. Reassemble in the oposite order remebering to turn that tie rod end the same amount of turns. Make sure that the bolt attached to the treaded bar that the tie rod end screws on is good and tight against the tie rod end so it stays put. I would still think about getting an alighnment and would replace both right and left tie rod ends. I hope this helped and good luck
Depends on how much needs to be replaced. I had my front end done last month at NTB Woodlands, TX. I had shocks, struts, ball joints (everything but tie rods) $1200.00. Mine is a 1997 Towncar. The tie rods were fine. I also put Michelins back on the car and it changed the ride to almost new and also takes the strain off the front end. I will never buy different tires again. The other tires were hard and actually caused wear and tear on the front end. Do some research and you will find alot of information. Cathy (Spring TX)
When does the squeak occur? When turning, over bumps, rough pavement? From the limited description i would say the most likely cause for your concern is a dry out outer tie rod end or ball joint. They aren't greasable so they would have to be replaced and the front end aligned to get rid of the noise.
to change a tierod on 2001 malibu, jackup and remove front tire, next locate the nut holding tierod on tire side, remove cotter pin and loosen but do not remove the castle nut from the tie-rod end ball joint stud. then install a small puller and break loose the tie-rod end from the steering knuckle. remove nut and detach tie-rod end. (I forgot to mention before taking tie-rod end off of vehicle,loosen the tie-rod end jam nut and mark the position of the tie-rod end on the threaded portion of the tie-rod. you can also count the number of turns to take off so you can put it back on.) make sure the new tie-rod end is aligned with the mark you made on the threads of the tie-rod. have the alignment checked or adjusted after you have installed tie-rod end. if in doubt you can go to any auto parts store and buy a haynes manual for your vehicle, they are based on a complete vehicle teardown. the cost is only about 20.00.
#3 is the inner tie rod and it is simply screwed into each end of the steering rack. Raise and support the car remove the wheel and you should see where it is connected to the outer tie rod. There is a lock nut that you'll need to loosen slightly to get the tie rod off. You will need to get a wheel alignment once done but by slightly loosening the lock nut, you have a good reference of how it should be once done. Once loose, you should be able to turn the tie rod by using a wrench on the flattened area on the rod. Once disconnected from the outer tie rod end, you should be able to remove the dust boot covering the inner tie rod connection. Mine came right apart so hope you have no problems. After you have it out, here is where the loosened locknut comes into play. Put the new and old tie rod side by side, line up the ends that attach to the rack and pinion then mark the new rod so you know how far to put the lock nut on the new tie rod. Simply tightly screw the new one onto the rack and pinion put the boot back, screw on the lock nut to the mark then attach the tie rod to the outer tie rod end up to the lock nut then tighten the lock nut against the outer end. Get the tire back on, lower the car and Voila, done. Now go get an alignment.
This job is normally done in a shop however it can be done in the driveway as well but not as easily. I assume you are replacing all four rod ends. Before removing the tie rod assemblies, First loosen the adjusting nuts on the sleeves that lock the assembly adjustment length. Free up but do not change the adjustment of the sleeves. The tie rods have a tapered portion that goes into the track rod and the wheel steering knuckle that need to be split apart after removing the retaining nut. This splitting can be done with a puller made for the job or something called a crows foot which is a wedge shaped fork that you hammer on to split the tie rod end taper from the track rod or knuckle. These tools can be rented. The fork is about $12 Once you have the tie rod assemblies off and on the bench, carefully measure the total length of the tie rod assemblies. Screw out the tie rod ends counting the turns and screw in the new ends the same number of turns. You will see that one of the ends is right hand thread and the other a left hand thread. Install the assemblies back on the car, first making sure the tapered area of all parts are very clean. Pull the nuts up to at least 30 foot pounds of torque ( 1 foot wrench pulled to thirty pounds force) or best to the manufacturers specification. Now measure the total length of the tie rods. and make them the same length as those you took off. If there is a difference in the lengths, split the difference in the numbers and make the lengths exactly equal. Lock up the adjusting sleeve nuts. Make sure the tie rods are locked in a position that they are free to swivel their full rotational potential. You are now finished except for alignment. Take the car immediately to an alignment shop and get at least the toe in set. This is what changes when doing this job. You must get this done or you will wipe out your front tires very quickly. Good Luck