Question about 1998 Lincoln Mark VIII

1 Answer

Air ride suspension system failure.

I checked cab and engine comparment fuses,I remote powered the air compressor pump. I checked the relay mounted close to the air compressor pump and am not getting a trigger signal to the relay.

My question is, where is the trigger signal to the air pump relay generated from? Is it the cpu, or does it have its own control module or what ever. There are several modules in the trunk including the ecm. Where is the logic for the air ride system perfomed.

I took it to Haidlen Ford dealership in Oakdale CA. for diagnoses. They said the pump was burned out, possibly becuase of a leak in the system which possibly caused the compressor to run continuously. I don't think they know what they're doing, the compressor works fine when remotely powered. Plus they wanted $1000.00 to R&R it. I found a compressor for 1/3 the price they wanted and when it didn't work after I replaced it, I began some trouble shooting of my own.

I realy think it's a computer or control module problem, but will consider your advice.

Also what do you think I should do about the dealership misdiagnoses. I mean I don't think they did any diag. on it. They charged me $95.00 to instruct me to buy a pump I didn't need!

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There should be a switch to the right side in the trunk. It will be clearly marked so you cant miss it. Make sure its on, that will fix it. It sometimes goes off when ever you get something fixed, I think it acts like a circuit breaker.

Posted on Sep 11, 2009

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2 Answers

I dont have power going to my air ride pump? What could it be


Fuse , relay maybe.
Fuse #109 50 amp . under hood fuse/relay box .

Air Suspension Compressor Relay, 4.6L C1000
Near right headlamp
Air Suspension Compressor Relay, 5.4L C1000
Near right headlamp

Feb 19, 2017 | Cars & Trucks

2 Answers

Rear suspension will deflate but why won't it inflate?


That could work , You mite be able to test the sensor in question with ohm meter . Test the front one an see what the resistance is ,then check the back one. I don't know what it should be with out looking it up in the service info . You could also check to see if the sensor is getting power from the control module , an see if there is a return input to the module .
There are a few DTC'S this able to set !
Air Suspension Control Module Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Index
Air Suspension Control Module Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Index DTCs Description Source Action B1318 Battery Voltage Low Air Suspension Control Module Go To Pinpoint Test C . B1342 Air Suspension Control Module Air Suspension Control Module INSTALL a new air suspension control module. REFER to Module-Air Suspension Control . SET the front ride height. REFER to Air Suspension Initialization (Clear DTC B2140). CLEAR the DTCs. REPEAT the self-test. B1485 Brake Pedal Input Circuit Battery Short Air Suspension Control Module RERUN On-Demand Self-Test. MAKE SURE that the brake pedal is not pressed. If DTC is returned again, REPAIR brake pedal position (BPP) circuitry. B1566 Door Ajar Circuit Short to Ground Air Suspension Control Module Go To Pinpoint Test D . B2140 Initialization Failure (Vehicle Ride Height Not Programmed) Air Suspension Control Module REFER to Air Suspension Initialization (Clear DTC B2140). C1439 Vehicle Acceleration EEC-V Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module Go To Pinpoint Test E . C1724 Air Suspension Height Sensor Power Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module Go To Pinpoint Test F . C1726 Air Suspension Pneumatic Failure Air Suspension Control Module Go To Pinpoint Test G . C1760 Air Suspension Height Sensor High Signal Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module Go To Pinpoint Test H . C1770 Air Suspension Vent Solenoid Output Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module Go To Pinpoint Test I . C1790 Air Suspension LR Air Spring Solenoid Output Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module Go To Pinpoint Test J . C1795 Air Suspension RR Air Spring Solenoid Output Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module Go To Pinpoint Test K . C1830 Air Suspension Compressor Relay Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module Go To Pinpoint Test L . C1917 Steering Electronic Variable Orifice (EEVO) Out-of-Range Fault Air Suspension Control Module Go To Pinpoint Test Q .
  • Uneven vehicle height
  • Circuitry.
  • Rear pneumatic fault.
  • Air compressor assembly.
  • Air suspension control module.
  • Go To Pinpoint Test I .

Nov 06, 2015 | 2002 Lincoln Navigator

2 Answers

On a 2004 Lincoln Navigator the check air suspension light came on. there are no leaks on the lines but the car bounces on the smallest of bumps. Is there a relay or something that has gone bad?


There is a relay an there is a control module that controls everything in the air suspension system an ride height sensors an related wiring ! The control module can have diagnostic trouble codes stored in it's memory as to what the problem could be ! Here are some of the basics to check !
Inspection and Verification
  1. Verify the customer concern.
  1. NOTE: If the door ajar indicator is illuminated when all doors, liftgate, and liftgate glass are closed, the air suspension will not work correctly. Repair door ajar indicator; refer to Section 413-01 . Visually inspect for obvious signs of mechanical and electrical damage.


Visual Inspection Chart Mechanical Electrical
  • Restricted suspension movement
  • Excessive vehicle load
  • Cut, severed, crimped air line(s)
  • Unmounted height sensor(s)
  • Damaged front air spring(s)
  • Damaged rear air spring(s)
  • Central junction box (CJB) fuses 11 (10) (later built vehicles), 20 (30A), fuse 27 (5A), and fuse 111 (50A)
  • Loose, corroded, or disconnected connectors
  • Air suspension service switch is in the OFF position
  • Damaged solenoid valve(s)/height sensor(s)
  1. If the inspection reveals an obvious concern that can be readily repaired, correct the concern before continuing with Inspection and Verification.
  1. NOTE: The 4WAS module is also referred to as the Vehicle Dynamic Module (VDM). If the concern remains after the inspection, use the scan tool connected to the data link connector (DLC) to retrieve continuous diagnostic trouble codes (DTCs) and to execute On-Demand Self Test diagnostics for the 4WAS module.
    • If the On-Demand Self Test is passed and no DTCs are retrieved, GO to Symptom Chart to continue diagnostics.
    • If DTCs are retrieved, go to the 4WAS Module Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Index in this section.
    • If the 4WAS module cannot be accessed by the scan tool, Go To Pinpoint Test A .
Wheel Air Suspension (4WAS) Module Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Index NOTE: Repair all other DTCs before C1725 and C1726. Repair DTCs C1990 and C1991 last. DTCs Description Source Action B1317 Battery voltage high 4WAS module Go To Pinpoint Test C . B1318 Battery voltage low 4WAS module Go To Pinpoint Test C . B1342 ECU is defective 4WAS module INSTALL a new 4WAS module. REFER to Air Suspension Control Module . SET the ride height. REFER to Ride Height Adjustments . CARRY OUT the pneumatic test. TEST the system for normal operation. B1566 Door circuit failure 4WAS module REFER to the Symptom Chart. B2477 VAPS II steering assist curve not complete 4WAS module REFER to Section 211-00 . C1445 Vehicle speed signal circuit failure 4WAS module GO to Symptom Chart . C1724 Air suspension height sensor power circuit failure 4WAS module Go To Pinpoint Test D . C1725 Air suspension front pneumatic failure 4WAS module Go To Pinpoint Test E . C1726 Air suspension rear pneumatic failure 4WAS module Go To Pinpoint Test E . C1760 Air suspension rear height sensor signal circuit failure 4WAS module Go To Pinpoint Test F . C1770 Air suspension vent solenoid output circuit failure 4WAS module Go To Pinpoint Test G . C1790 Air suspension LR air spring/shock solenoid output circuit failure 4WAS module Go To Pinpoint Test H . C1795 Air suspension RR air spring/shock solenoid output circuit failure 4WAS module Go To Pinpoint Test H . C1830 Air suspension compressor relay circuit failure 4WAS module Go To Pinpoint Test I . C1840 Air suspension disable switch circuit failure 4WAS module Go To Pinpoint Test J . C1873 Air suspension RF air spring solenoid output circuit failure 4WAS module Go To Pinpoint Test H . C1877 Air suspension LF air spring solenoid output circuit failure 4WAS module Go To Pinpoint Test H . C1881 Air suspension RF height sensor circuit failure 4WAS module Go To Pinpoint Test F . C1889 Air suspension LF height sensor circuit failure 4WAS module Go To Pinpoint Test F . C1897 Steering VAPS circuit loop failure 4WAS module REFER to Section 211-00 . U1950 UBP communication bus fault 4WAS module REFER to Section 418-00 . C1964 Air suspension compressor actual run time exceeded allowed run time 4WAS module Allow the air compressor to cool down. CLEAR the DTC. REPEAT the self-test. C1990 New control module initialization (requires ride height calibration and pneumatic test pass) 4WAS module REFER to "Clearing DTC C1990 or C1991". C1991 Plant ride height setting and/or tests incomplete 4WAS module REFER to "Clearing DTC C1990 or C1991". U2235 4x4 mode status invalid 4x4 control module REFER to Section 418-00 . U2306 Transmission PRNDL indicator or vehicle speed signal invalid Instrument Cluster (IC) REFER to Section 418-00 . This is a very complex system ,you need a factory scan tool or one that is equal to it ! It could be a fuse a wiring issue a sensor or the module , relay etc... You may want to take this to a ASE repair facility or the dealer !

Aug 05, 2015 | 2004 Lincoln Navigator Luxury

1 Answer

How do i get the on bored compressor to work on my 2003 Hummer H2


There is a lot involved in is air ride suspension system ! A 60a Fuse in the under hood fuse block Marked VSES / ECAS .This is the power for the compressor . There is a air suspension control module , Ride height switch , Fuse in the I / P fuse block 4 WD 15a supply's B+ to ride height switch . There is a electronically controlled air suspension relay that the control module energizes to send power to turn on the compressor.

This system can an will store DTC"S in the control module !
Diagnostic Starting Point - Air Suspension
Begin the system diagnosis with the Diagnostic System Check - Air Suspension . The Diagnostic System Check will provide the following information:
?€¢
The identification of the control module(s) which command the system.


?€¢
The identification of any stored diagnostic trouble codes (DTCs) and their status.

The use of the Diagnostic System Check will identify the correct procedure for diagnosing the system and where the procedure is located.
If you don't know about this stuff , I strongly suggest you take it to a repair shop ! Do you know about electrical circuits , relay's fuse's ? Do you know how to use a volt meter, read a wiring diagram. The first thing to do would be hook up a scan tool ,not a code reader. This system can set several DTC'S -diagnostic trouble codes.
DTC B2795 DTC C0563 DTC C0569 DTC C0626 DTC C0631 DTC C0660 DTC C0696 DTC C0702 DTC C0707 DTC C0711 DTC C0712 DTC C0713 DTC C0716 DTC C0717
You need to be able to test for B+ at different points in the wiring !

Mar 15, 2015 | 2003 Hummer H2

2 Answers

I have a 99 expedition, air ride suspension went out. Changed the air compressor and still will not air up. Checked the relay and seems to be working. One other time this happened and friend changed a...


Your best bet take it an have it diagnosed ! This is computer controlled an may have DTC'S - diagnostic trouble codes stored !
C1724 Air Suspension Height Sensor Power Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test F . C1726 Air Suspension Rear Pneumatic Failure Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test G . C1760 Air Suspension Rear Height Sensor High Signal Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test H . C1770 Air Suspension Vent Solenoid Output Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test I . C1790 Air Suspension LR Air Spring Solenoid Output Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test J . C1795 Air Suspension RR Air Spring Solenoid Output Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test K . C1830 Air Suspension Compressor Relay Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test L
Symptom Chart Condition Possible Sources Action
  • No communication with the air suspension control module
  • CJB Fuse 4 (15A), 6 (5A) and 20 (5A).
  • Circuitry.
  • Air suspension control module.
  • Air suspension switch.
  • GO to Pinpoint Test A .

You replaced a part that you probably didn't need !
  • The compressor is inoperative
  • BJB Fuse 109 (50A).
  • Air compressor assembly.
  • Circuitry.
  • Air suspension relay.
  • GO to Pinpoint Test Q .

There is a lot to this system an guessing as to what the problem is ,isn't the way to fix it.
Measure the voltage between air compressor relay C1000 Pin A, Circuit 1053 (LB/PK), harness side and ground.
  • Is the voltage greater than 10 volts?
Yes GO to Q3 .

No REPAIR the circuit. CLEAR the DTCs. REPEAT the self-test.
Measure the resistance between air compressor C1000 Pin B, Circuit 538 (GY/RD), harness side and air compressor assembly C194M Pin 4, Circuit 538 (GY/RD), harness side.
  • Is the resistance less than 5 ohms?
Yes GO to Q4 .

No REPAIR the circuit. CLEAR the DTCs. REPEAT the self-test.
Air Suspension Height Sensor
One air suspension height sensor is mounted on the vehicle. The air suspension height sensor sends a voltage signal to the air suspension control module. The output ranges from approximately 4.75 volts at minimum height (when the vehicle is low or in full jounce), to 0.25 volts at maximum height (when the vehicle is high or in full rebound). The air suspension height sensor has a useable range of 80 mm (3.2 in) compared to total suspension travel of 200-250 mm (8 to 10 in) at the wheel. Therefore, the air suspension height sensor is mounted to the suspension at a point where full rear suspension travel at the wheel is relative to 80 mm (3.2 in) of travel at the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension height sensor is attached between the No. 5 frame crossmember (upper socket) and the panhard rod (lower socket). Replace the air suspension height sensor as a unit.
When the air suspension height sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is lower than trim under normal driving conditions, the air compressor will turn on and pump compressed air to the air springs. When the sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is raised above trim under normal driving conditions, this will cause the air to be vented from the air springs to lower the vehicle back to its trim height level.
Compressor Relay
The compressor relay is energized by the air suspension control module to allow high current to flow from the battery to the compressor motor.
  • A solid state relay is used in the air suspension system for air compressor control. The relay incorporates a custom power metal oxide semi-conductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) and ceramic hybrid circuitry. The relay switches high current loads in response to low power signals and is controlled by the logic of the air suspension control module.
  • Air Suspension Control Module
    NOTE: The 4WAS air suspension control module is used for the RAS system. The internal processor recognizes external circuitry to determine if it is installed in a 4WAS or a RAS equipped vehicle.
    NOTE: The air suspension control module is calibrated with information from the air suspension height sensor. A new or exchanged air suspension control module requires a ride height adjustment calibration process to be performed.
    The air suspension control module controls the air compressor motor (through a solid state relay), and the air spring solenoids. The air suspension control module also provides power to the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension control module controls vehicle height adjustments by monitoring the air suspension height sensor, vehicle speed, a steering sensor, acceleration input, the door ajar signal, transfer case signals, and the brake pedal position (BPP) switch. The air suspension control module also conducts all fail-safe and diagnostic strategies and contains self-test and communication software for testing the vehicle and related components.
    The air suspension control module monitors and controls the air suspension system through a 32-pin two-way connector. The air suspension control module is keyed so that the air suspension control module cannot be plugged into an incorrect harness. There are two sides of the harness connection to the air suspension control module. Each is uniquely colored and keyed to prevent reversing the connections.

Jun 09, 2017 | 2000 Ford Expedition

1 Answer

Rear suppenion low to the ground


There is an air compressor mountedmabove the rear suspension. The fuse for the air ride suspension is located behind the trunk rear trim panel. There is a level sensor on the rear control arm. If fuse is good, check for power at plug feeding compressor, compressor failure common. With suspesion at low position, sensor should send power to compressor. if no power suspect height sensor. Check relay for power and operation although failure rare.

Dec 25, 2009 | 1999 Cadillac DeVille

1 Answer

Ihave problem whit the light pop in the dash the air ride is on all teh time,i am look the manual an try turn the suicht on and off of the trunc is not work


Hi Alejandropen

Your Check Suspension light has come on for a reason and turning the on/off button will not remove this problem.

If your compressor does not come on

Go through the basics with the system starting with its power. Check the fuses for it in the engine bay fuse box.
Also fuse 1 and 4 in the car fuse box locate dnear trunk release.

Replace if blown and see if system works.


Checking compressor

Pull out the relay for the air suspension in the fuse box in the engine bay.
Pin 30 is the one located directly under the fuses above it.

Pin 30
Pin 86 -------- Pin 85
PIN 87

Put a peice of wire between 30 and 87 the compressor should come to life IF its workings, dont hold this bridge in for long just breifly to hear it come on then stop it.

If this works try switching the Horn relay to the Air suspension one and see if it comes alive.

If this does not work and all the fuses are ok, You have a problem with the air compressor and need to pull it out for testing or replacement.

If this works you may have an issue with the suspension controller.

Hope this helps

Dec 19, 2009 | 1991 Lincoln Town Car

3 Answers

The rear suspension air bags no work


start here

The air suspension system is designed to improve ride, handling and general vehicle performance for static, on-road and off-road driving condition:
  • Ride is improved by using an air type spring (the soft ride is inherent).
  • Handling is improved by maintaining constant vehicle attitude.
The system consists of unique rear air springs, air compressor, air lines, air spring solenoids, height sensor, air suspension control module, attachments and associated signals derived from both driver and road inputs. With these components and signals, the air suspension control module commands changes in vehicle height that are necessary for the load leveling features.
The load leveling feature rear air suspension (RAS) systems shall automatically make adjustments in vehicle height so that the vehicle is always at trim height and constant front-to-rear vehicle attitudes are maintained over the expected load range of the vehicle. Adjustments in height that are necessary to correct height differences between the vehicle's left and right sides for RAS system shall be restricted to what can be reliably achieved with one air suspension height sensor.
The system uses one air suspension height sensor, a steering sensor, generic electronic module (GEM) transfer case inputs, and other vehicle sensors to measure driver and road inputs. The system changes vehicle height using an air compressor, two air lines, and the use of an air spring with an air spring solenoid.
The air suspension system holds vehicle height when the rear hatch or any door is opened. The system stores rear vehicle height the moment any open door is detected. The system then maintains this height regardless of the addition or removal of a load. The system will return to its commanded height when all doors are closed and the vehicle speed exceeds 16 km/h (10 mph).
Air Suspension Switch
The air suspension switch is located behind the RH kick panel on a mounting bracket. The switch interrupts power to the air suspension control module.
The air suspension switch supplies a signal to the air suspension control module. Without the air suspension control module receiving this signal the load leveling system is inoperative and will not react when rear of the vehicle is raised or lowered. If the air suspension system is disabled by turning off air suspension switch, a "CHECK SUSP" will appear in the RH corner of the instrument cluster with the ignition in the run position.
Air Compressor
The RAS air compressor:
  • Is not interchangeable with four wheel air suspension (4WAS) compressor.
  • Consists of the compressor and vent solenoid; neither are replaceable as individual items.
  • Is mounted in the engine compartment between the washer fluid bottle and headlamp (RH front corner).
  • Is a single cylinder electric motor driven unit that provides pressurized air as required.
  • Is powered by a solid state relay, controlled by the air suspension control module.
  • Passes pressurized air through the compressor air drier that contains silica gel (a drying agent). Moisture is then removed from the compressor air drier when vented air passes out of the system during vent operation.
  • Air drier has a single port and is not interchangeable with 4WAS compressor air drier.
  • Air drier may be replaced separately.
  • Incorporates a snorkle that may be replaced separately.
The vent solenoid:
  • Allows air to escape from the system during venting actions.
  • Is located in the air compressor cylinder head.
  • Has a 160 psi internal relief valve.
  • Shares a common electrical connector with the air compressor motor.
  • Is enclosed in the cylinder head casting, which forms an integral valve housing that allows the valve tip to enter the pressurized side of the system.
  • Has an O-ring seal that prevents air leakage past the valve tip.
  • Opens when the air suspension control module determines lowering is required.
  • Provides an escape route for pressurized air that opens when system pressures exceed safe operating levels.
  • Is replaced with the air compressor as a unit.
Air Spring
RAS vehicles use air springs in the rear. The air springs provide a varying spring rate proportional to the systems air pressure and volume. The air suspension system regulates the air pressure in each air spring by compressing and venting the system air. Increasing air pressure (compressing) raises the rear of the vehicle while decreasing air pressure (venting) lowers the rear of the vehicle. Vehicle height is maintained by the addition and removal of air in each air spring through an air spring solenoid installed in the upper spring cap and energized through the air suspension control module.
The air springs are mounted between the axle spring seats and the frame upper spring seats.
The two air springs replace the conventional rear coil springs.
Air Suspension Height Sensor
When the air suspension height sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is lower than trim under normal driving conditions, the air compressor will turn on and pump compressed air to the air springs. When the sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is raised above trim under normal driving conditions, this will cause the air to be vented from the air springs to lower the vehicle back to its trim height level.
One air suspension height sensor is mounted on the vehicle. The air suspension height sensor sends a voltage signal to the air suspension control module. The output ranges from approximately 4.75 volts at minimum height (when the vehicle is low or in full jounce), to 0.25 volts at maximum height (when the vehicle is high or in full rebound). The air suspension height sensor has a useable range of 80 mm (3 in) compared to total suspension travel of 200-250 mm (8 to 10 in) at the wheel. Therefore, the air suspension height sensor is mounted to the suspension at a point where full rear suspension travel at the wheel is relative to 80 mm of travel at the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension height sensor is attached between the No. 5 frame crossmember (upper socket) and the panhard rod (lower socket). Replace the air suspension height sensor as a unit.
Compressor Relay
The compressor relay is energized by the air suspension control module to allow high current to flow from the battery to the compressor motor.
  • A solid state relay is used in the air suspension system for air compressor control. The relay incorporates a custom power metal oxide semi-conductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) and ceramic hybrid circuitry. The relay switches high current loads in response to low power signals and is controlled by the logic of the air suspension control module.
Air Suspension Control Module
NOTE: The 4WAS air suspension control module is used for the RAS system. The internal processor recognizes external circuitry to determine if it is installed in a 4WAS or a RAS equipped vehicle.
NOTE: The air suspension control module is calibrated with information from the air suspension height sensor. A new or exchanged air suspension control module requires a ride height adjustment calibration process to be performed.
The air suspension control module controls the air compressor motor (through a solid state relay), and the air spring solenoids. The air suspension control module also provides power to the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension control module controls vehicle height adjustments by monitoring the air suspension height sensor, vehicle speed, a steering sensor, acceleration input, the door ajar signal, transfer case signals, and the brake pedal position (BPP) switch. The air suspension control module also conducts all fail-safe and diagnostic strategies and contains self-test and communication software for testing of the vehicle and related components.
The air suspension control module is mounted in the passenger compartment inside the instrument panel above the radio and temperature controls.
The air suspension control module monitors and controls the air suspension system through a 32-pin two-way connector. The air suspension control module is keyed so that the air suspension control module cannot be plugged into an incorrect harness. There are two sides of the harness connection to the air suspension control module. Each is uniquely colored and keyed to prevent reversing the connections.
Air Suspension Diagnostic Connector
The air suspension diagnostic connector is used to aid the technician in diagnosing the air suspension system. It is also used to vent the system of compressed air when air suspension system components need to be repaired or replaced. The air suspension diagnostic connector is located under steering column.

Oct 02, 2009 | 1998 Ford Expedition

3 Answers

No power to rear bags its down but wont air up bags dont seem cracked unplugged connector no power I tried resetting still no power


is switch on?
The air suspension switch and bracket is mounted below the RH side of the instrument panel.

Dealer can run diagnostic test with scan tool for fault codes.
----------

The air suspension system is designed to improve ride, handling and general vehicle performance for static, on-road and off-road driving conditions:
  • Ride is improved by using an air type spring (the soft ride is inherent).
  • Handling is improved by maintaining constant vehicle attitude.
The system consists of unique rear air springs, the air compressor, air lines, air spring solenoids, height sensor, air suspension control module, attachments and associated signals derived from both driver and road inputs. With these components and signals, the air suspension control module commands changes in vehicle height that are necessary for the load leveling features.
The load leveling feature rear air suspension (RAS) systems shall automatically make adjustments in vehicle height so that the vehicle is always at trim height and constant front-to-rear vehicle attitudes are maintained over the expected load range of the vehicle. Adjustments in height that are necessary to correct height differences between the vehicle's left and right sides for the RAS system shall be restricted to what can be reliably achieved with one air suspension height sensor.
The system uses one air suspension height sensor, a steering sensor, generic electronic module (GEM) and other vehicle sensors to measure driver and road inputs. The system changes vehicle height using an air compressor, two air lines and the use of air springs with air spring solenoids.
The air suspension system holds vehicle height when the rear hatch or any door is opened. The system stores rear vehicle height the moment any open door is detected. The system then maintains this height regardless of the addition or removal of a load. The system will return to its commanded height when all doors are closed or the vehicle speed exceeds 16 km/h (10 mph).
------------------------------------
Air Spring
RAS vehicles use air springs in the rear. The air springs provide a varying spring rate proportional to the systems air pressure and volume. The air suspension system regulates the air pressure in each air spring by compressing and venting the system air. Increasing air pressure (compressing) raises the rear of the vehicle while decreasing air pressure (venting) lowers the rear of the vehicle. Vehicle height is maintained by the addition and removal of air in each air spring through an air spring solenoid installed in the upper spring cap and energized through the air suspension control module.
The two air springs support the conventional rear leaf coil springs.
Air Suspension Height Sensor
One air suspension height sensor is mounted on the vehicle. The air suspension height sensor sends a voltage signal to the air suspension control module. The output ranges from approximately 4.75 volts at minimum height (when the vehicle is low or in full jounce), to 0.25 volts at maximum height (when the vehicle is high or in full rebound). The air suspension height sensor has a useable range of 80 mm (3.2 in) compared to total suspension travel of 200-250 mm (8 to 10 in) at the wheel. Therefore, the air suspension height sensor is mounted to the suspension at a point where full rear suspension travel at the wheel is relative to 80 mm (3.2 in) of travel at the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension height sensor is attached between the No. 5 frame crossmember (upper socket) and the panhard rod (lower socket).
When the air suspension height sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is lower than trim under normal driving conditions, the air compressor will turn on and pump compressed air to the air springs. When the sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is raised above trim under normal driving conditions, this will cause the air to be vented from the air springs to lower the vehicle back to its trim height level.
Compressor Relay
The compressor relay is energized by the air suspension control module to allow high current to flow from the battery to the compressor motor.
  • A solid state relay is used in the air suspension system for air compressor control. The relay incorporates a custom power metal oxide semi-conductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) and ceramic hybrid circuitry. The relay switches high current loads in response to low power signals and is controlled by the logic of the air suspension control module.
Air Suspension Control Module
NOTE: The 4WAS air suspension control module is used for the RAS system. The internal processor recognizes external circuitry to determine if it is installed in a 4WAS or a RAS equipped vehicle.
NOTE: The air suspension control module is calibrated with information from the air suspension height sensor. A new or exchanged air suspension control module requires a ride height adjustment calibration process to be performed.
The air suspension control module controls the air compressor motor (through a solid state relay), and the air spring solenoids. The air suspension control module also provides power to the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension control module controls vehicle height adjustments by monitoring the air suspension height sensor, vehicle speed, a steering sensor, acceleration input, the door ajar signal, transfer case signals, and the brake pedal position (BPP) switch. The air suspension control module also conducts all fail-safe and diagnostic strategies and contains self-test and communication software for testing the vehicle and related components.
The air suspension control module monitors and controls the air suspension system through a 32-pin two-way connector. The air suspension control module is keyed so that the air suspension control module cannot be plugged into an incorrect harness. There are two sides of the harness connection to the air suspension control module. Each is uniquely colored and keyed to prevent reversing the connections.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Visual Inspection Chart Mechanical Electrical
  • Restricted suspension movement
  • Excessive vehicle load
  • Cut, severed or crimped air line(s)
  • Unmounted height sensor
  • Damaged air spring(s)
  • Open fuses:
    • Central junction box (CJB) Fuse 4 (15A), 6 (5A) and 20 (5A)
    • Battery junction box (BJB) Fuse 109 (50A)
  • Loose, corroded or disconnected connectors
  • Air suspension switch is in the OFF position
  • Damaged solenoid valve(s)


-----------------------------------------------------------
  • The compressor is inoperative
  • BJB Fuse 109 (50A).
  • Air compressor assembly.
  • Circuitry.
  • Air suspension relay.

Apr 30, 2009 | 2000 Ford Expedition

3 Answers

Rear air suspension compressor not engaging.


what year? here's 2003 rear air only info, not 4 wheel air.

you have a fuse panel in truck and 1 under hood.




Visual Inspection Chart Mechanical Electrical
  • Restricted suspension movement
  • Excessive vehicle load
  • Cut, severed or crimped air line(s)
  • Unmounted height sensor
  • Damaged air spring(s)
  • Open fuses:
    • Central junction box (CJB) Fuse 4 (15A), 6 (5A) and 20 (5A)
    • Battery junction box (BJB) Fuse 109 (50A)
  • Loose, corroded or disconnected connectors
  • Air suspension switch is in the OFF position
  • Damaged solenoid valve(s)

  • compressor is inoperative
  • BJB Fuse 109 (50A).
  • Air compressor assembly.
  • Circuitry.
  • Air suspension relay.
  • Go To Pinpoint Test P .



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The system consists of unique rear air springs, the air compressor, air lines, air spring solenoids, height sensor, air suspension control module, attachments and associated signals derived from both driver and road inputs. With these components and signals, the air suspension control module commands changes in vehicle height that are necessary for the load leveling features.
The load leveling feature rear air suspension (RAS) systems shall automatically make adjustments in vehicle height so that the vehicle is always at trim height and constant front-to-rear vehicle attitudes are maintained over the expected load range of the vehicle. Adjustments in height that are necessary to correct height differences between the vehicle's left and right sides for the RAS system shall be restricted to what can be reliably achieved with one air suspension height sensor.
The system uses one air suspension height sensor, a steering sensor, generic electronic module (GEM) and other vehicle sensors to measure driver and road inputs. The system changes vehicle height using an air compressor, two air lines and the use of air springs with air spring solenoids.

Air Suspension Switch
The air suspension switch supplies power to the air suspension control module. Without the air suspension control module receiving this power, the load leveling system is inoperative and will not react when the rear of the vehicle is raised or lowered. If the air suspension system is disabled by turning off the air suspension switch, a "CHECK SUSP" will appear in the RH corner of the instrument cluster with the ignition in the run position.
Air Compressor
The RAS air compressor:
  • consists of the compressor and vent solenoid; neither are replaceable as individual items.
  • is a single cylinder electric motor driven unit that provides pressurized air as required.
  • is powered by a solid state relay which is controlled by the air suspension control module.
  • passes pressurized air through the compressor air drier that contains silica gel (a drying agent). Moisture is then removed from the compressor air drier when vented air passes out of the system during vent operation.
  • air drier has a single port.
  • air drier may be replaced separately.
  • incorporates a snorkel that may be replaced separately.
The vent solenoid:
  • allows air to escape from the system during venting actions.
  • is part of the air compressor cylinder head.
  • has a 1,103 kPa (160 psi) internal relief valve.
  • shares a common electrical connector with the air compressor motor.
  • is enclosed in the cylinder head casting, which forms an integral valve housing that allows the valve tip to enter the pressurized side of the system.
  • has an O-ring seal that prevents air leakage past the valve tip.
  • opens when the air suspension control module determines lowering is required.
  • provides an escape route for pressurized air that opens when system pressures exceed safe operating levels.
  • is replaced with the air compressor as a unit.
Air Spring
RAS vehicles use air springs in the rear. The air springs provide a varying spring rate proportional to the systems air pressure and volume. The air suspension system regulates the air pressure in each air spring by compressing and venting the system air. Increasing air pressure (compressing) raises the rear of the vehicle while decreasing air pressure (venting) lowers the rear of the vehicle. Vehicle height is maintained by the addition and removal of air in each air spring through an air spring solenoid installed in the upper spring cap and energized through the air suspension control module.
The two air springs support the conventional rear leaf coil springs.
Air Suspension Height Sensor
One air suspension height sensor is mounted on the vehicle. The air suspension height sensor sends a voltage signal to the air suspension control module. The output ranges from approximately 4.75 volts at minimum height (when the vehicle is low or in full jounce), to 0.25 volts at maximum height (when the vehicle is high or in full rebound). The air suspension height sensor has a useable range of 80 mm (3.2 in) compared to total suspension travel of 200-250 mm (8 to 10 in) at the wheel. Therefore, the air suspension height sensor is mounted to the suspension at a point where full rear suspension travel at the wheel is relative to 80 mm (3.2 in) of travel at the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension height sensor is attached between the No. 5 frame crossmember (upper socket) and the panhard rod (lower socket).
When the air suspension height sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is lower than trim under normal driving conditions, the air compressor will turn on and pump compressed air to the air springs. When the sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is raised above trim under normal driving conditions, this will cause the air to be vented from the air springs to lower the vehicle back to its trim height level.
Compressor Relay
The compressor relay is energized by the air suspension control module to allow high current to flow from the battery to the compressor motor.
  • A solid state relay is used in the air suspension system for air compressor control. The relay incorporates a custom power metal oxide semi-conductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) and ceramic hybrid circuitry. The relay switches high current loads in response to low power signals and is controlled by the logic of the air suspension control module.
Air Suspension Control Module
NOTE: The 4WAS air suspension control module is used for the RAS system. The internal processor recognizes external circuitry to determine if it is installed in a 4WAS or a RAS equipped vehicle.
NOTE: The air suspension control module is calibrated with information from the air suspension height sensor. A new or exchanged air suspension control module requires a ride height adjustment calibration process to be performed.
The air suspension control module controls the air compressor motor (through a solid state relay), and the air spring solenoids. The air suspension control module also provides power to the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension control module controls vehicle height adjustments by monitoring the air suspension height sensor, vehicle speed, a steering sensor, acceleration input, the door ajar signal, transfer case signals, and the brake pedal position (BPP) switch. The air suspension control module also conducts all fail-safe and diagnostic strategies and contains self-test and communication software for testing the vehicle and related components.
The air suspension control module monitors and controls the air suspension system through a 32-pin two-way connector. The air suspension control module is keyed so that the air suspension control module cannot be plugged into an incorrect harness. There are two sides of the harness connection to the air suspension control module. Each is uniquely colored and keyed to prevent reversing the connections.
Solenoid Valve, Air Spring
s2j~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif WARNING: Never rotate an air spring solenoid valve to the release slot in the end cap fitting until all pressurized air has escaped from the spring to prevent damage or injury.
The air spring solenoid:
  • allows air to enter and exit the air spring during leveling operations.
  • is electrically operated and controlled by the air suspension control module.
  • is only installed as a unit.

Apr 18, 2009 | 2003 Lincoln Navigator

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