Question about 1995 Pontiac Grand Am

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How to bleed rack after installing a new one and how to tell if pump is good

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  • Robert Ployer Apr 30, 2013

    thanks but i have already done that alot so im guessing that would make the pump bad

  • Jeremy W.
    Jeremy W. Apr 30, 2013

    your probably right. Rack and pinions generally just dont quite working. If there was a lack of power steering it is usually the pump not the rack.

  • Robert Ployer Apr 30, 2013

    thanks brother i kind of new that but wasnt 100% sure well off to parts store and again thanks if there is anything i can do for you hit me up at wwjdfomeandyou@yahoo.com

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  • Pontiac Master
  • 5,332 Answers

Simple add fluid to the power steering reservoir. Start the vehicle and add fluid as necessary. Turn the wheel all the way to the right. Add fluid as necessary. turn the wheel all the way to the left. repeat several times. All the air should be out after the third or forth time.

Posted on Apr 30, 2013

Testimonial: "i have done that several times so i guess the pump is bad as i bought this car they told me some1 replaced pump but it seems to be bad then if no power steering then if im correct."

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1 Answer

Installed new pump and rack. How do I bleed the system?


Most people will tell you to turn the wheel full left and full right and hold it there for a few seconds with the engine running. Bad advice. At full turn, the pump can output over 2,000-psi. and can burst a power steering line or internal seal. With the car off the ground and engine off, turn the wheels full left and right. Then start it up. If it still whines and produces bubbles in the reservoir. Get a hand vacuum pump and pull a vacuum on the reservoir. That does it every time.
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Why do my steering wheel shake really fast right to left after installing a rack and pinion and power steering pump?


did you bleed the air out of the power steering lines -
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Troubleshooting power steering after pump, rack &pinion have been replaced


I would say you have a defective power steering pump since the rack is replaced. You did bleed the air out right? Raise the front wheels off the ground and slowly turn the wheels left to right and see if the air is bled out of the system. There is not "reset button"

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1 Answer

Whining noise from power steering pump, have ftted new pump noise still there


It is possible that your PS fluid is the wrong type or has broken down. There are differences in the composition, not all PS fluids are alike. Chrysler, for instance uses something different than Ford and the pumps will whine and fail if the wrong fluid is used. This may be true with Mercedes.

Check with Mercedes for specs for your requirements. It is possible that the rack and pinion which moves the front wheels has issues and is either leaking internally or is binding. Binding requires the pump to work harder. The output of your new pump can be pressure tested as well as the rack and pinion.

A transmission shop would have hydraulic testing gauges or Mercedes will. It may be cheaper to try and bleed the old fluid out of the system, front wheel off the ground. Then disconnect line to rack and pinion and work rack side to side to bleed fluid. Then install new fluid and see if it helped.

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1 Answer

Change the racket pion


To change the rack and pinion on your Monte Carlo you must first jack, or lift the car up off the ground, and remove the front wheels and tires.remove any plastic shrouds that block you from the bottom of the car.then you will need a Tie rod separator they make different types.You remove the tie rods from the front spindles.Trying not to damage the rubber on the tie rod ends that is what holds the grease inside for lubrication.then, if you look at the power steering hoses. these should come directly from the pump.loosen both the pressure, and the return hoses and remove from the rack. you will need a fairly large oil drain pan to catch any leaks that may happen. If you look where the steering shaft comes from the passenger compartment down to the rack. it must be removed from the rack, Note; center the steering wheel before removal of the new rack.Then the rack should have some mounting fasteners holding it to the chassis. when you replace this part,The new rack does not come with the tie rod ends that you had removed earlier from the outer ends of this part at the wheels. the old ones will need to be removed from the old rack and reinstalled back on the new rack.NOTE; to get these tie rod ends fairly close back to the same location,after you break them loose, you count the number of turns to remove these from the old rack. this has to be done to be able to get the front wheels back in close alignment and remember this count. because you replace these on the new rack and the count that you had coming off is the number of turns to put these back on the new rack. and tighten these down good.This rack may have to come out the sideways, or it may have to be got out by removing something that may be blocking removal. just look real close and see if there is a clear area it can come out.When you Install this new rack and pinion you mount the rack and install the hoses refill your power steering pump with fresh fluid. and check for any leaks. and before you install the hoses replace the o rings if there is any to make sure you have a good seal at your connections. then hook up your steering shaft to the new rack and check to see if you are still in alignment( steering wheel)after you hook up the tie rod ends and the new rack is mounted securely. double check your fluid level in the pump.you should get all the air out of the system, by cranking the engine and turn the steering wheel right and left all the way to the lock. ( or the stop) until you dont hear anymore noise from the system. it may take driving a little while before the noise is gone completely . Keep checking your pump fluid level while you are bleeding the air out of the system. and also keep your eyes on the areas where the hoses that you removed and replaced for any leaks that may be a problem.also when you install any fluid lines,always start them with care. make sure not to cross thread these lines. start them with your fingers first. then you should have the car alignment checked at a alignment shop, or a tire store. this is to make sure you have no alignment issues. and for a few days keep your fluid level checked.

Oct 30, 2011 | 1997 Chevrolet Monte Carlo

1 Answer

I changed the rack and p/s pump have bleed the air from the system on my 1996 ford explorer awd 5.0 and now when turning the steering wheel pulls back the opposite way you are turning.


You had the truck aligned after you
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If possible, and it should not be,
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1 Answer

I have had to replace the power steering pump on my 2001 windstar 3 times and it still "growls" when when turning. My mechanic said that I might have to replace the rack and pinion assembly. He...


new pumps will make noise for a while after install ive had some make noise up to 500 miles after install-just makesure youve move wheel side to side many times thats helps to bleed

Jan 08, 2011 | 2001 Ford Windstar

1 Answer

Replaced power steering pump, rack and pinion, hoses are clean. Yet there is STILL a loud whining noise. I'm losing my mind!!


it has air in the system bleed till gone some times it hell to bleed but after bleeding still whining could have damage rack or pump.

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1 Answer

Replace rack/pinion


The book calls for about 5 hours labor with a lift, air tools, and experience. It's a tough job. Here are a few tips, Take the lines loose from the rack; not the pump. With the tires off, Remove the nuts from the outer tie rods.Run the nuts back on the tie rods stud and hit the steering knuckle where the tie rod's stud goes through.This will free the stud. Remove the steering shaft from the rack.(take the bolt all the way out.Remove rack mounting bolts. Twist,pull ****,and fight the rack out the side of the car with the most room. The new rack will have inner tie rods already installed. Make sure the new rack is centered.(Turn left then right count the turns then center same # of turns from left to right). Count the threads or measure from the outer tie rod's jam nut to the last thread on the inner tie rod.(you can leave the jam nut in place and take the outer tie rod off and measure from the jam nut to the end of the rod.)Install the outer tie rods. Replace rack in car. hook up steering shaft.Bolt up rack. Hook up lines. Add fluid and work rack back and forth to bleed air. recheck fluid. Have it aligned. (or just take it to a shop.This job is going to be a nightmare!!!)

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