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Oxygen is produced during photosynthesis - Cars & Trucks

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Location of code p1137 on 01 alero


catalytic converter .
In order to control emissions, a catalytic converter converts any harmful exhaust emissions into harmless water vapor and carbon dioxide.
The powertrain control module (PCM) has the capability to monitor this process by using a rear-heated oxygen sensor (HO2S 2). The HO2S 2 , located in the exhaust stream past the catalytic converter, produces an output signal which indicates the storage capacity of the catalyst. This in turn indicates the catalysts ability to convert the exhaust emissions effectively. If the catalyst is functioning properly, the HO2S 2 signal will be far less active than the signal produced by the front oxygen sensor (O2S 1).

Feb 12, 2017 | 2001 Oldsmobile Alero

1 Answer

A definition of photosynthesis


photosynthesis
?f??t?(?)?s?n??s?s/
noun

  1. the process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize nutrients from carbon dioxide and water. Photosynthesis in plants generally involves the green pigment chlorophyll and generates oxygen as a by-product.
definition of photosynthesis Google Search

Dec 12, 2016 | Cars & Trucks

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What is the real meaning of light dependent reaction? Explain what it is? Please.


light reaction (redirected from Light-dependent reaction)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia. light reaction n. Any of the chemical reactions that take place as part of the first stage of photosynthesis and require the presence of light, by which energy captured from light is converted to chemical energy in the form of ATP. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2011 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved. light reaction n (Botany) botany the stage of photosynthesis during which light energy is absorbed by chlorophyll and transformed into chemical energy stored in ATP. Compare dark reaction Collins English Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


Light dependent reactions

Apr 28, 2016 | Cars & Trucks

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Plants produce oxygen as a waste product of photosynthesis


In most cases, yes. Anoxygenic photosynthesis consume carbon dioxide but does not produce oxygen.

Nov 13, 2014 | Cars & Trucks

2 Answers

Need a pic or diagram of location of Bank 2 sensor location on a 2004 Acura TL 3.2


Oxygen Sensor-I don't have a location of the Bank 2 sensor, so you'll have to guess on it by determining how many sensors you have by inspecting the exhaust system from the exhaust manifold down to the catalytic converter and past the catalytic converter which is downstream. Anything before the catalytic converter is upstream.
Do you have a code that describes which O2 sensor is not responding correctly?

Test/Replace
  • The sensor is threaded into the exhaust manifold.
  • It can be difficult to remove unless a special anti-seize compound is coated onto its threads.
  • Torque the sensor to 30 foot-pounds using a special socket.
  • A sensor that is too loose or a cracked exhaust manifold can result in a lean signal to the computer.
  • Check the vents in the thimble of a replacement O2 sensor.
  • There should be the same number of holes and they should face clockwise or counterclockwise like the ones on the original sensor.
  • Installing the wrong sensor can result in slower cross counts.

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Operation
Although the oxygen sensor is termed a sensor, in actuality it is a galvanic battery. The oxygen sensor compares the potential difference between the ambient oxygen content around the exhaust and the oxygen content present in the exhaust stream. When the exhaust sample is lean, there is more oxygen in the exhaust as compared to the atmosphere. When the exhaust sample is rich, there is less oxygen content in the exhaust as compared to the atmosphere. The greater the difference between ambient oxygen and exhaust oxygen content, the greater the voltage produced.
For the oxygen sensor(s) to operate properly, it has to reach an operating temperature of approximately 600°F before a consistent voltage potential can be generated.
The Engine Management System (EMS) determines the state of readiness of the oxygen sensors by supplying a bias voltage of approximately 400 - 500mVDC to the oxygen sensor. As the sensor begins to warm up, the voltage produced increases due to rich exhaust mixtures commanded by the EMS. When the EMS senses a return voltage greater than the bias voltage, the computer will command the fuel mixture lean. When the output voltage from the sensor drops below bias voltage levels, the computer will command a rich mixture again. When the EMS determines that the O2 sensor has responded properly and within a predetermined amount of time, it will begin using the sensor as an input to adjust fuel trim.
Many Oxygen sensors used in OBD 2 engine management systems incorporate heaters. These heaters raise the sensors up to operating temperature quickly. The sooner the oxygen sensor gets to operating temperature, the sooner the EMS can maintain closer control over emissions, economy and performance. The oxygen sensor provides the computer with necessary information to maintain favorable operating conditions for the catalytic converter. The role of the catalytic converter is to store oxygen for the reduction of HC, CO and NOx emissions. The oxygen sensor input is used by the EMS to protect the catalytic converter by cycling the air/fuel mixture rich and lean. This provides adequate oxygen for storage while maintaining cool enough operating temperatures to prevent catalyst damage.
In addition to controlling the converters operating conditions for emissions control, the computer uses the oxygen sensors to tailor fuel trim providing a balance between fuel economy and performance.
Abnormal sensor activity has a profound effect on pulse-width and fuel trim strategies. Sensor values that indicate lean conditions will cause the computer to command changes in short term fuel strategies. Conditions such as secondary misfires create excessive HC levels. This also produces high oxygen levels in the exhaust. The oxygen sensor will sense only the increased oxygen content and input to the computer will be below bias voltage levels. The computer will respond by commanding additional fuel.
OBD 2 vehicles use oxygen sensors downstream of the converter(s) to monitor the efficiency of the catalyst. When the catalyst performs properly, available oxygen is used resulting in low levels oxygen in the exhaust sample. While downstream oxygen sensors are constructed the same as upstream oxygen sensors, the values that they generate are different. With relatively richer mixtures present around the downstream oxygen sensor, voltage inputs to the computer will be above the 450mV bias voltage. If the catalyst is operating effectively, the downstream oxygen sensor will cycle when the catalyst is flooded with oxygen. Typical values from the downstream oxygen sensor(s) are between 550- 900mV at idle.
While the downstream oxygen sensor is used to monitor catalyst efficiency, the upstream sensor has a pronounced effect on performance. Lean oxygen sensor values will result in an increase in pulse-width, excessive emissions, surging, hesitation, and potentially catalyst damage. Additional fuel can cause the catalyst temperatures to rise due to an afterburner effect in the converter. The oxygen sensor is the only post combustion input to the EMS. Other malfunctioning systems affect its operation.
Improper rich indications will cause lean operating conditions that may result in loss of power, hesitation, surging, poor idle quality and possibly converter damage. Sensors that do not switch properly, or are lazy do not provide accurate information to allow the computer to properly maintain the air/fuel mixture. Faulty heaters do not allow the sensors to reach operating temperature fast enough and the vehicle may remain in open loop for longer periods of time. Malfunctioning heaters also allow the sensors to cool down during periods of extended idle.
A faulty oxygen sensor due to loose connections, bad grounds, high resistance in the circuit, or opens in the circuit can cause the following symptoms.
Related Symptoms
  • Surging at idle
  • Unstable idle
  • Running rough off idle
  • Hesitation
  • Stumble
  • Chuggle
  • Poor fuel economy
  • Spark knock
  • Stalling on acceleration
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Oct 15, 2010 | 2004 Acura TL

1 Answer

What is nissan quest code p0138/p0139


P0138 - Oxygen Sensor Circuit High Voltage (Bank1, Sensor2)

P0139 - Oxygen Sensor Circuit Slow Response (Bank1, Sensor2)

The Heated Oxygen Sensor (1 or 2) located rear of catalytic converter produces an output signal relative to oxygen storage capacity of catalytic converter. Ho2S 2 signal is less active than signal produced by front oxygen sensor. This code sets when HO2 Sensor voltage is greater than 999 mV for more than 2 minutes (time depends on model. Could be as high as 4 minutes)

Symptoms: There may be no noticeable symptoms except for MIL illumination. Possible high fuel pressure can over rich the system.

Causes: A code P0138 may mean that one or more of the following has happened:
* Faulty O2 sensor
* Short to battery voltage in O2 sensor signal circuit
* High fuel pressure (not as likely)

Here are some potential solutions:
* Replace O2 sensor
* Repair short to battery voltage in o2 sensor signal circuit

Hope helps (remember to rate this answer).

Oct 11, 2010 | 2002 Nissan Quest

2 Answers

Broker wire to my O2 sensor


Try to trace the white wire that leads to the o2 sensor by unwrapping the harness that is in the vicinity of the o2 sensor. Try to fiind the wire that way. That's the way an electrical shop would do it. Resplice the wires together. You've done most of the hard work. Good luck to you. Tprev.gif next.gif --- Oxygen (O2) Sensor OPERATION All Fuel Systems Fig. 1: A standard oxygen (O2) sensor, as shown, is used in all fuel injection system covered in this manual 86734gb4.gif
Fig. 2: On non-turbocharged engines, the oxygen sensor (arrow) is mounted in the exhaust manifold 86734p07.jpg
The oxygen (O2) sensor is a device which produces an electrical voltage when exposed to the oxygen present in the exhaust gases. The sensor is mounted in the exhaust manifold or turbocharger outlet and is electrically heated internally for faster switching when the engine is running. When there is a large amount of oxygen present (lean mixture), the sensor produces a low voltage. When there is a lesser amount present (rich mixture) it produces a higher voltage. By monitoring the oxygen content and converting it to electrical voltage, the sensor acts as a rich-lean switch. The voltage is transmitted to the engine controller which changes the fuel injector's pulse width. The injector changes the mixture.

Jul 05, 2010 | 1990 Dodge Shadow

1 Answer

Where exactly is the front O2 sensor on a 1999 S70?


For 1998 Volvo V70 2.4L MFI DOHC 5cyl the Oxygen Sensor is located under vehicle, center, below front seating area, mounted in top of exhaust pipe.

The oxygen sensor produces a voltage within 0 and 1 volt. When there is a large amount of oxygen present (lean mixture), the sensor produces a low voltage (less than 0.4v). When there is a lesser amount present (rich mixture) it produces a higher voltage (0.6-1.0v).The stoichiometric or correct fuel to air ratio will read between 0.4 and 0.6v. By monitoring the oxygen content and converting it to electrical voltage, the sensor acts as a rich-lean switch. The voltage is transmitted to the engine controller. The controller signals the power module to trigger the fuel injector.

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Hope this helped (remmeber comment and rated this).

Apr 06, 2010 | 1998 Volvo V70

1 Answer

O2 Sensor on a 1996 Cadillac Eldorado


Hello mrsalbert, my name is JShreader. Thank you for choosing fixya.com

Depending on which oxygen sensor you are looking for...there are several of them throughout the Exhaust System. I will start out by giving you a brief description of what and oxygen sensor is, and they're general purpose.

DESCRIPTION
Four Heated Oxygen Sensors (HO2S) are mounted in the exhaust system where they monitor the oxygen content in the exhaust stream. There is an oxygen sensor mounted in each exhaust manifold and one on each end of the catalytic converter. the oxygen sensor located in the front exhaust manifold is the Bank 2 Sensor 1 (Front) sensor. The oxygen sensor located in the rear exhaust manifold is the Bank 1 Sensor 1 (Rear) sensor. The oxygen sensor located in the Y-pipe ahead of the catalytic converter is the Bank 1 Sensor 2 (Pre-converter) sensor. The oxygen sensor located in the catalytic converter outlet is the Bank 1 Sensor 3 (Post-converter) sensor.

OPERATION
An oxygen sensor acts like a battery because it creates its own signal voltage once it reaches operating temperature. This voltage is produced when the oxygen content in the exhaust stream is different than the oxygen content in the atmosphere. A lean condition (high oxygen content in exhaust) will produce a low voltage (near 0 volts) and a rich condition (low oxygen content in exhaust) will produce a high voltage (near one volt). The PCM provides a reference signal voltage (0.45 volt) and a ground to the sensor. The PCM reference voltage is necessary because the oxygen sensors do not provide their own voltage until they reach operating temperature.

HEATING ELEMENT
the oxygen sensors also incorporate a heating element inside of the sensor housing. This heating element is energized with the ignition On and allows the sensors to reach operating temperatures quickly. The PCM can then use oxygen sensor information sooner after engine start-up.

PCM INPUTS
The PCM uses oxygen sensor information during Closed Loop operation to constantly adjust fuel control to reduce exhaust emissions. Because the oxygen sensors provide information sooner after engine start-up, exhaust emissions are reduced. Faulty oxygen sensors will cause various driveability conditions and will set a DTC.

That being said...I uploaded a .pdf for you of pictures showing the locations of ALL the oxygen Sensors on your Vehicle. You can download it by clicking HERE.

I hope this helps you. If you have any more questions or need any more diagrams, please don't hesitate to ask...Thanks again, JShreader!

Apr 01, 2009 | 1996 Cadillac Eldorado

1 Answer

95 gmc jimmy engine codes


9141 does not exist I will assume it is DTC P0141 HO2S Heater Performance Bank 1 Sensor 2

The VCM has the capability to monitor this process by using the Heated Oxygen Sensor (HO2S Bank 1, Sensor 2). The HO2S (Bank 1, Sensor 2), located in the exhaust stream before the catalytic converter, produces an output signal which indicates the storage capacity of the catalyst; this in turn indicates the catalysts ability to convert the exhaust emissions effectively. If the catalyst is functioning properly, the HO2S signal will be far less active than the signal produced by the Heated Oxygen Sensor (Bank 1, Sensor 1).
When the HO2S temperature measures below 360°C (600°F), the sensor will not produce any voltage and will behave like an open circuit. This will result in an Open Loop operation.
The HO2S heater provides for a faster sensor warm-up which allows the sensor to become active in a shorter period of time and remain active during long extended idle. The DTC P0141 determines if the HO2S is functioning properly by checking the response time of the sensor. This DTC is a type B DTC.

Dec 05, 2008 | 1995 GMC Jimmy

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