Question about 1999 Chevrolet S-10 Pickup

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1999 Chevrolet S-10 Check Engine Light

I have a 1999 S-10, 2.2L, 5-speed, extended cab. I have had both oxygen sensors and the catalytic converter replaced. The first oxygen sensor was replaced Mar 2005, the catalytic converter was replaced Oct 2005, and the second oxygen sensor was replaced Mar 2008. I have 166,000 miles on the truck. The Check Engine light keeps coming back on. I have taken it to my local mechanic to read the Fault Codes, and it stated (the last time) that the catalyst levels were out of tolerance). I asked him to reset the light, and I drove only about 140 miles before the Check Engine light came back on. I have noticed (on occasion) that the vehicle is hard to crank. Can you help me?
The last code was 0420 (Catalyst emissions below threshold). I have tried carburetor cleaner/gas additives.

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  • mojiry Apr 17, 2009

    i have the same problem on my 2001 s10 2.2. flashing won't solve the running rich problem your experencing. it will just allow it to keep running rich without lighting up. also you run the risk of boiling your transmission fluid from your down pipe glowing red hot from all the gas its dumping!!!!!! i know this by rebuilding mine twice!!!!!! tomorrow i am taking mine in for a complete engine diagnosis, not a scanner wich told me to replace my cat. converter and o2 sensors twice!!! i did and my down pipe too. i'll let you know.

  • Jay Maechtlen
    Jay Maechtlen Jan 13, 2014

    if it doesn't start easily, then you have other problems. Can be thermostat (too cool causes problems) or tune-up stuff, almost anything that keeps the engine from running properly. If it is using oil, that can kill the converter, too.

  • Jay Maechtlen
    Jay Maechtlen Jan 14, 2014

    Remember, you have a lot of years on that converter - the original ran 6 years, the replacement now has 7 years on it. So it could be bad. But check the other stuff first, get it running well.

  • Jay Maechtlen
    Jay Maechtlen Jan 14, 2014

    oops - hate posting to old thread!

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YEAH MAN I KNOW WHAT YOU ME, THOSE DARN COMPUTER ARE WAY TO SMART.. THERES NOTHING WRONG, BUT YOU CAN TAKE THE TRUCK TO A GM DEALER AND THEY CAN FLASH THE COMPTUER, BUT THE ONLY DOWNFALL IS THAT THE CHECK ENGINE LIGHT WILL NEVER WORK AGAIN.. SO ITS YOUR CALL..GOOD LUCK KEITH..

Posted on Mar 12, 2009

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1 Answer

How many o2 sensors are on a 1999 Silverado 5.3


The 1999 5.3 V8 engine had 4 oxygen sensors. There are two catalytic converters on this engine, one on the driver side of the engine, and one on the passenger side of the engine. This is important to know, as the number of oxygen sensors is directly related to the number of catalytic converters on the vehicle. Driver side is referred to as Bank 1, passenger side is referred to as Bank 2. This is very important to know when looking up replacement oxygen sensors. There is one oxygen sensor in front of, or before the catalytic converter, usually referred to as a pre-catalyst O2 sensor. There is also one behind, or after the catalytic converter, usually referred to as a post-catalyst oxygen sensor. So, you have two oxygen sensors on Bank 1, and two oxygen sensors on Bank 2, for a grand total of 4 oxygen sensors.

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The catalytic converter has an oxygen sensor in front and behind it. When the vehicle is warm and running in closed loop mode, the upstream oxygen sensor waveform reading should fluctuate. The downstream O2 sensor reading should be fairly steady. Typically the P0420 code triggers the Check Engine Light if the readings of the two sensors are similar. This is indicative of (among other things) a converter that is not working as efficiently as it should be (according to specs). It is part of the vehicle emissions system.

You will likely not notice any drivability problems, although there may be symptoms.

A code P0420 may mean that one or more of the following has happened:
Leaded fuel was used where unleaded was called for
An oxygen sensor is not reading (functioning) properly
The engine coolant temperature sensor is not working properly
Damaged or leaking exhaust manifold / catalytic converter / exhaust pipe
******** spark timing
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Some suggested steps for troubleshooting a P0420 error code include:
Check for exhaust leaks at the manifold, pipes, catalytic converter. Repair as required.
Use a scope to diagnose the oxygen sensor operation (Tip: The oxygen sensor in front of the catalytic converter normally has a fluctuating waveform. The waveform of the sensor behind the converter should be more steady).
Inspect the downstream heated oxygen sensor (HO2), replace if necessary
Replace the catalytic converter

One thing to note is that many vehicle manufacturers offer a longer warranty on emissions-related parts. So if you have a newer car but it's out of it's bumper-to-bumper warranty, there still may be warranty on this type of problem. Many manufacturers give a five year, unlimited mileage warranty on these items. It's worth checking into.

Additional details could find asking in OBD Codes - Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Hope helps (remember to rate and leave an testimonial about this free answer).

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P0422 Buick - Catalyst below threshold.

Catalytic converter is clogged or out of medium.

Replace it.


ACTUAL DIAGNOSTIC:

Fault Code Definition
Code P0422 indicates that the Bank 1 Main Catalytic Converter's emissions efficiency has fallen below the minimum allowable limit. This threshold is tracked by a Catalyst Monitoring Oxygen Sensor located on or near the outlet of the Catalytic Converter.

Symptoms

* Check Engine Light will illuminate
* In many cases, no abnormal symptoms may be noticed

Common Problems That Trigger the P0422 Code

* Defective Catalytic Converter
* Engine misfires have damaged the Catalytic Converter
* Internal engine damage resulting in high oil consumption and/or a leaking Head gasket has damaged the Catalytic Converter

Common Misdiagnoses

* Oxygen Sensors are replaced when the real problem is a damaged Catalyst
* Catalyst is replaced when the real problem is internal engine damage, which is producing elevated emissions levels
* Catalyst is replaced when a misfiring engine is the real problem



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3 Answers

My check engine light came the code is p0420


Technical Description

Catalyst System Efficiency Below Threshold (Bank 1)
What does that mean?

The catalytic converter has an oxygen sensor in front and behind it. When the vehicle is warm and running in closed loop mode, the upstream oxygen sensor waveform reading should fluctuate. The downstream O2 sensor reading should be fairly steady. Typically the P0420 code triggers the Check Engine Light if the readings of the two sensors are similar. This is indicative of (among other things) a converter that is not working as efficiently as it should be (according to specs). It is part of the vehicle emissions system.
Symptoms

You will likely not notice any drivability problems, although there may be symptoms.
Causes

A code P0420 may mean that one or more of the following has happened:

* Leaded fuel was used where unleaded was called for
* An oxygen sensor is not reading (functioning) properly
* The engine coolant temperature sensor is not working properly
* Damaged or leaking exhaust manifold / catalytic converter / exhaust pipe
* Retarded spark timing
* The oxygen sensors in front and behind the converter are reporting too similar of readings

Possible Solutions

Some suggested steps for troubleshooting a P0420 error code include:

* Check for exhaust leaks at the manifold, pipes, catalytic converter. Repair as required.
* Use a scope to diagnose the oxygen sensor operation (Tip: The oxygen sensor in front of the catalytic converter normally has a fluctuating waveform. The waveform of the sensor behind the converter should be more steady).
* Inspect the downstream heated oxygen sensor (HO2), replace if necessary
* Replace the catalytic converter

One thing to note is that many vehicle manufacturers offer a longer warranty on emissions-related parts. So if you have a newer car but it's out of it's bumper-to-bumper warranty, there still may be warranty on this type of problem. Many manufacturers give a five year, unlimited mileage warranty on these items. It's worth checking into.

Thanks for using FixYa - a 4 THUMBS rating is appreciated for answering your FREE question

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1 Answer

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Catalytic converter is clogged or out of medium.

Replace it.


ACTUAL DIAGNOSTIC:

Fault Code Definition
Code P0422 indicates that the Bank 1 Main Catalytic Converter's emissions efficiency has fallen below the minimum allowable limit. This threshold is tracked by a Catalyst Monitoring Oxygen Sensor located on or near the outlet of the Catalytic Converter.

Symptoms

* Check Engine Light will illuminate
* In many cases, no abnormal symptoms may be noticed

Common Problems That Trigger the P0422 Code

* Defective Catalytic Converter
* Engine misfires have damaged the Catalytic Converter
* Internal engine damage resulting in high oil consumption and/or a leaking Head gasket has damaged the Catalytic Converter

Common Misdiagnoses

* Oxygen Sensors are replaced when the real problem is a damaged Catalyst
* Catalyst is replaced when the real problem is internal engine damage, which is producing elevated emissions levels
* Catalyst is replaced when a misfiring engine is the real problem



Thanks for using FixYa - a 4 THUMBS rating is appreciated for answering your FREE question.

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Oxygen sensor


right in front of the catalytic converter

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