Question about 1999 Ford F250 Regular Cab

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2001 f250 won't shift into 4wd high using the dash panel button. can manually lock hubs. how do i diagnose whether the transfer case shift motor is actually getting power, or if the motor itself is defective and needs to be replaced.

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  • Anonymous Mar 29, 2014

    4wd heard bang lost 4wd manual shift transfer case

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You can use a test light to see if you are getting power to your shift actuator by unplugging actuator and testing for power at your wires while someone activates your switch,if you have power then should be a bad actuator.

Posted on Feb 25, 2009

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3 Answers

Why doesn't my 4x4 work


Do you have mechanical-shift four wheel drive,or electronic-shift, 4WD system ? Any lights lit on the dash ?
The electronic-shift, 4WD system consists of the following components:
  • Transfer case (For transfer case repair procedures, refer to Section 308-07B ).
  • 4WD control module (For 4WD control module installation, refer to 4WD control module in this section.)
  • Mode select switch (MSS)
  • Gearmotor encoder assembly
  • Automatic locking hubs (hub locks)
  • Pulse vacuum hub lock (PVH) solenoid and vacuum lines
  • The mechanical-shift four wheel drive (4WD) system consists of the following components:
  • Transfer case (For transfer case repair procedures, refer to Section 308-07B ).
  • Transfer case shift lever
  • Manual locking hubs
  • 4x4 indicators
  • Shift linkage (hub locks)

Dec 12, 2014 | 2003 Ford F250 Super Duty Crew Cab

1 Answer

2003 ford f250 superduty 4x4 don't work no indicator light on dash changed4x4 switch module what next?


Check for codes. Usually part stores do it for free. here is how it works.
Principles of Operation

Electronic Shift on the Fly (ESOF) System

The electronic shift on the fly (ESOF) system is an electronic shift system that allows the operator to choose between 2 different 4x4 modes as well as 2-wheel drive. The operator can switch between 2H and 4H mode at speeds up to 88 km/h (55 mph). To engage or disengage 4L, the 4x4 generic electronic module (GEM) requires that the vehicle speed be less than 5 km/h (3 mph), the brake pedal depressed and the transmission in NEUTRAL (or clutch pedal applied on manual transmission vehicles). This system contains pulse vacuum hublocks (PVH). The selector on the hublock, when turned fully counterclockwise to the AUTO position, engages/disengages the hub depending on the driver-selected 4x4 mode of operation. The hublocks also contain a manual override. When the selector is rotated fully clockwise to the LOCK position, the 4x4 vacuum and electronic system used for coupling the front axle to the wheel is bypassed.

The transfer case is equipped with a dual-cone synchronous clutch. This clutch is used to synchronize the front driveline to the rear. All other internals operate in the same manner as the manual shift system. When the mode select switch (MSS) on the instrument panel is turned, the 4x4 module powers the transfer case motor, which activates a shift fork and engages the clutch. When the shift motor reaches the desired position, as determined by the encoder position inputs to the 4x4 module, power to the shift motor is removed. When the transfer case front and rear output shafts are synchronized, the lockup collar mechanically engages the mainshaft hub to the drive sprocket. At this point, the front axle PVHs are engaged. Instrument cluster "4x4" and "Low Range" indicator operation is controlled via hardwired outputs from the 4x4 module.

Electronic Shift Transfer Case

The New Venture Gear NV 273 electronic shift transfer case is a 3-piece aluminium design. The unit transfers engine power from the transmission to the front and rear axles. Under normal driving conditions the unit is in 2-wheel drive high (2H), but when desired, the operator may shift into 4-wheel drive high (4H) or 4-wheel drive low (4L). The transfer case is shifted electronically. The unit is lubricated by a positive displacement fluid pump that channels fluid flow through holes in the mainshaft.

The encoder assembly used for mode indication is of a Hall-Effect type. The system uses a total of 4 independent transistors for mode recognition. Each transistor is associated with a specific range of motor movement. When the circuit to each transistor is closed, a ground path to any of the A, B, C or D encoder pins is accomplished. When the circuit to each transistor is open, the connection to any of the A, B, C, or D encoder pins is pulled to voltage. Mode indication is "decoded" by the 4x4 module based on the varying combinations of signals coming from the transistors.

Hublock Operation

With the hublocks in the Auto position, the 4x4 ESOP system uses timed vacuum sequences to lock and unlock the wheel ends when switching the instrument panel MSS between 2WD and 4x4 modes. A high vacuum level (222 mm or 8.75 in. Hg and greater) is applied to the hublocks to lock the internal spring mechanism that engages (locks) the hublocks for 4x4 mode, and a lower vacuum level (114 to 184 mm or 5.9 to 7.1 in. Hg) is applied to unlock the spring mechanism that disengages (unlocks) the hublocks for 2WD mode. The vacuum signals are supplied to the hublocks by system components, including the 4WD control module or GEM, wiring harness, solenoid, vacuum harness and vacuum seals. As a first step in service, eliminate obvious items such as loose wiring connections, loose vacuum connections or damaged vacuum lines.

Dec 12, 2014 | 2003 Ford F250

1 Answer

99 kia sportage 4wd doesn't work so i install the manual warn hubs on. car still doesn't work in 4wd mode. But when i shift it down to 4wd mode now it makes a weird noise from back bottom of car,...


dont worry about vac hoses as they are redundant with manual lock. i changed to manual and all fine so definately back differential or transfer case

Aug 10, 2011 | 1999 Kia Sportage

1 Answer

Transfer case grinds truck only runs in 4wheel low nothing in 4wheel high or 2wheel drive


Manual or electronic t case?

Section 07-07: Transfer Case, 4x4 System, Service 1994 Bronco/Econoline/F-Series Workshop Manual
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION Electronic Shift Operation The transfer case is equipped with a magnetic clutch, similar to an air conditioning compressor clutch, which is located inside the transfer case adjacent to the lockup collar. The clutch is used to spin up the front drive system from zero to vehicle speed in milliseconds. This spin-up allows the shift between 2-high and 4-high to be made at vehicle speeds listed in the vehicle owner's guide. The spin up engages the front lock hubs. When the transfer case rear and front output shafts reach synchronous speed, the spring-loaded lockup collar mechanically engages the mainshaft hub to the chain drive sprocket and the magnetic clutch is then deactivated. Shifts between 4-high and 4-low can only occur with the transmission safety switches closed. The vehicle's speed must also be within specified limits as determined by the transfer case speed sensor (3 mph or under). Electronic Shift Control System
This system consists of a two-switch control system, an electronic control module, an electric shift motor (7G360) with an integral shift position sensor, and a speed sensor. Switch Control System
There are two control switches located on the upper right corner of the instrument panel for fingertip shift control. The two switches are mounted horizontally and are identified as "4x4" and "LOW RANGE". Two indicator bar lamps are located in the instrument cluster.

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When either of the two switches on the instrument panel control are depressed, the first thing that happens is that the electronic control module receives input from the transfer case shift position sensor to verify what position the transfer case is in (2H, 4H or 4L). Next, the electronic control module looks at the speed sensor and the park/neutral position switch or clutch pedal position switch (depending on transmission type). If all conditions are correct to allow the desired shift, the electronic control module will tell the electric shift motor to execute the shift. After the shift has been made and the electric shift motor is off, the control module again looks at the shift position sensor to make sure the proper shift has been accomplished. Finally, the dash indicator light and the pushbutton light on the control panel will be illuminated by a signal from the electronic control module indicating the desired function has been completed.
Electronic Control Module
The electronic control module, located on the passenger side, controls the operation of the transfer case in response to inputs to the pushbutton control by the vehicle operator, the speed sensor, shift position sensor and the park/neutral position switch. Speed Sensor
The speed sensor, mounted on the rear of the transfer case , tells the electronic control module the speed of the vehicle to allow range shifts (in or out of 4L) to occur. Shift Position Sensor
The shift position sensor, an integral part of the electric shift motor , tells the electronic control module the shift position of the transfer case . Electric Shift Motor
The electric shift motor , mounted externally at the rear of the transfer case , drives a rotary helical cam which moves the 2W-4W shift fork and 4H-4L reduction shift fork to the selected vehicle drive position.

Nov 12, 2010 | 1994 Ford F250 Supercab

1 Answer

1999 siverado 4wd problem..started having problems coming out of 4wd, pushed 2wd dash indicator said 2wd but not in any gear. put in park, got grinding gear sound shut off engine restarted 2wd active now....


sounds like it might be an encoder moter, but the best thing you can do is take it to a good transmission shop so they can hook up their reader and find out for sure

Feb 06, 2010 | 1999 Chevrolet Silverado 1500

2 Answers

Front end will not lock in in 4x4 transfer case is in & dash lite shows 4x4 but front wheels don;t lock in


Ok, this is probably going to sound greek if you have no automotive experiance, so here goes:

There are 2 possibilities I can think of at the moment depending on your 4wd system, however there are several things that can cause this

If you have a Push button 4wd (you push a button or turn a knob) the system engages using actuators or sylinoids meening you turn the 4wd on, the switch sends power to the selector option (high and low) and the 4wd light on the dash. the selector determines where the actuator/silenoid engages (either high or low) in the transfer case. However the actuator or silenoid can be faulty and yet the system will say 4wd is on because the switches still sending power to the 4x4 light

The next setup is the manual linkage set up, and given the year of your kia I doubt you have this setup However I am going to go through it anyway.

With a maual linkage setup you engage the trasfer case maualy using the 4wd shifter. Ironically on newer manual shift 4wd systems the dash light is still triggered electrically by location of the shifter not what is going on in the transfer case (Ah a flaw in the design) So if you linkage is loose/bent/damaged or somehow disconnected your 4wd wont engage but the light will still show that it is! Hope this helps

Jan 30, 2010 | 1999 Kia Sportage

2 Answers

4wd does not work


Electronic Shift On the Fly (ESOF) Operation
The ESOF system is an electronic shift 4x4 system that allows the operator to choose between two different 4x4 modes as well as 2-wheel drive. The operator can switch between 2WD and 4WD HIGH mode at speed. To engage or disengage LOW Range, the vehicle speed must be less than 5 kph, the brake depressed, and the transmission must be in NEUTRAL.

The transfer case is equipped with an electromagnetic clutch which is located inside the case. This clutch is used to spin up the front drive-line when shifting from 2WD to 4x4 High mode at speed. When the control switch on the instrument panel is turned, the generic electronic module (GEM) recognizes that a shift has been requested and activates the electromagnetic clutch and the relays which power the transfer case shift motor. When the shift motor reaches the desired position as determined by the contact plate position inputs to the GEM, power to the shift relays and motors will be removed. When the transfer case front and rear output shafts are synchronized, the spring loaded lockup collar mechanically engages the main-shaft hub to the drive sprocket. Finally, the front axle collar is engaged and the electromagnetic clutch is deactivated.

Shift Between 2WD and 4x4 HIGH:
Shifts between 2WD and 4x4 HIGH can be made at speed. Listed below are the inputs and outputs needed by the GEM to execute a change between any of these modes.

Feature Inputs:
*4WD Mode Switch (Various resistances).
*Contact Plate Position Inputs A, B, C, D (grounded when closed, open circuit when open).

Feature Outputs:
*4x4 Shift Motor Relay Outputs
*Transfer Case Clutch Relay (grounded when relay is on, open circuit when relay is off).
*4x2/4x4 Vacuum Solenoid (grounded when activated, open circuit when deactivated).
*Cluster Indicators (ground when activated, open circuit when deactivated).

Shifting Into/Out of 4WD LOW:
When shifting into or out of 4WD LOW, the GEM requires that the vehicle speed be less than 5 kph, the brake is applied, and the transmission is in NEUTRAL.

Feature Inputs:
*4WD Mode Switch (Various resistances).
*Contact Plate Position Inputs A, B, C, D (grounded when closed, open circuit when open).
*VSS Sensor (Sinusoid Signal: 0.7V-20V, 2.2 Hz/mph).
Brake Input (battery voltage when brake is depress, open circuit when not activated).
*Transmission Range Sensor (grounded when transmission is in NEUTRAL, open circuit otherwise).
8Start/Clutch Depressed Input

Feature Outputs:
*4x4 Shift Motor Relay Outputs
*4x2/4x4 Vacuum Solenoid (grounded when activated, open circuit when deactivated).
*Cluster Indicators (grounded when activated, open circuit when deactivated).

4WD Mode Switch
A rotary switch allows the vehicle operator to choose between 2WD, 4WD HIGH, and 4WD LOW modes of 4x4 operation.

GEM Module
The Generic Electronic Module (GEM) controls the operation of the 4x4 system

Vehicle Speed Sensor
The vehicle speed sensor (VSS), mounted in the rear of the transfer case, informs the GEM of the vehicle speed.

Transfer Case Shift Motor Sense Plates

The shift motor sense plate, an integral part of the electric shift motor, informs the GEM to the positions of the transfer case

Transmission Range Sensor
Located on the left side of the transmission, this sensor informs the GEM when the transmission is in the NEUTRAL position.

Electric Shift Motor
The electric shift motor, mounted externally at the rear of the transfer case, drives a rotary cam which moves the mode fork and range fork within the transfer case to select between the 2WD, 4WD HIGH, and 4WD LOW positions.

4x4/4x2 Vacuum Solenoids
These two solenoids are attached to the upper RH side of the engine compartment dash, and alternately route vacuum to the vacuum motor which engages/disengages the center axle disconnect collar in the front axle assembly.

4x4 Shift Motor Relay
A module containing two relays which under the control of the GEM, shift the transfer case shift motor between the 2WD, 4WD HIGH, and 4WD LOW modes.

Transfer Case Clutch Relay
An electromechanical relay is used to activate the transfer case clutch within the transfer case.

Good luck and hope this helps,but start with the simple and check the fuses and wire harness. Both white/light blue stripe wires should have 12V in run. The GEM will ground the left side (closest to engine) solenoid to disengage the front axle. It will ground the the right side solenoid (closest to fender) to engage the front axle. If the GEM doesn't see Neutral it will not let the truck come out of 4Lo. If the GEM had water leaking on it it may well be the root of the problem. The shift motor only has power when the GEM sends it a signal to move the shift lever. Once the shift is completed the motor shuts off. There are 2 wires that control the shift motor. A yellow and an orange. The GEM alternates between 12v and Ground to these wires to control which way the motor turns. The GEM uses the transfer case shift relay module to control the power to the motor. There are contact plates inside the shift motor assembly that indicate the position that the shift lever is in. This is what the GEM used to know what the T-case is doing. Any one of these components can fail.







Jan 10, 2010 | 2002 Ford Explorer

1 Answer

How does my 4x4 push button locker work in my 1989 chevy K1500?


That depends a lot on how your truck is equipped. GM uses several different 4 wheel systems including AWD, Part-Time 4WD, Full-Time 4WD, and ON-Demand AWD. Then there is another version used on some trucks that is a combination of 4WD and On Demand AWD. - it gets a little confusing but each system as slightly different charachteristics.

Genericly speaking, if you have the push-buttons on your dash that say "4-HI", "4-LO", and "2HI" and/or Auto-4WD , the transfer case has an electronicly-controlled stepper motor which shifts the transfer case into the selected mode. An electric solenoid/actuator then engages/disengages the front differential for 2-Wheel or 4-Wheel modes. One push of the button and it shifts the transfer case and engages the front differential.

That's much easier than the old days when you had to stop the truck, get out (Sometimes in the middle of a big mud hole) and lock the front hubs then get back in and play with the lever in the floor to get the transfer case to shift into the desired mode.

Oct 22, 2009 | 1999 Chevrolet Silverado 1500

1 Answer

When i try to shift into 4wd it grinds or clinks but no engage


the transfer case motor is electric, the hubs are operated by vacuum.

Mar 14, 2009 | 1998 Ford F250 SuperCab

2 Answers

Transder case not enganing


it can be done but it is a pain in the ***.....its like converting from an automatic to a stick......its a pian but could be done.

Dec 22, 2008 | 1992 Ford F250

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