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Cams moved after taking timing belt off

Need to find where cylinders need to be at and camshafts

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Where is vct solenoid


Hi there:A code P0012 refers to the VVT (Variable Valve Timing) or VCT (Variable Camshaft Timing) components and the car's PCM (Powertrain Control Module, also called an ECM).
That consists of a few different components but the P0012 DTC specifically refers to the camshaft (cam) timing. In this case, if the cam timing is over-********, the engine light will be illluminated and the code will be set. The "A" camshaft is either the intake, left, or front camshaft.


A P0012 DTC trouble code may be caused by one or more of the following:

- Incorrect camshaft timing

- Wiring problems (harness/wiring) in intake timing control valve control solenoid system

- Continuous oil flow to VCT piston chamber

- Failed timing valve control solenoid (stuck open)



On Ford, the VCT solenoid is located at top of cylinder head underneath the valve cover and goes around one camshaft. You will need to remove the valve cover, the timing cover, then remove the timing belt, the camshaft sprockets, and finally the camshafts to remove the vct solenoid as it goes around the camshaft. You can use 2001-2003 models with same engine.



VCT or Variable Cam Timing solenoid is a device used in modern engines to change camshaft position timing in relevance to engine speed and engine timing allowing the engine to produce more horsepower without adding excessive overlap to the camshaft design.


The way the VCT Solenoid works is as follows:
The VCT solenoid works with oil pressure, it receives a signal from the ECM when the camshaft needs to be rotated either in the advanced mode or ******** mode depending on engine load and speed.The VCT solenoid is able to accomplish that by altering the oil flow in the passages that lead to the cam phaser(s), there are passages to advance the valve timing ( open the valves earlier), and passages that direct the oil to ****** the valve timing ( open them later)

The purpose of the VCT or Variable Cam Timing system is to allow the engine to move larger volumes of air in and out of the cylinders to generate maximum horsepower.
Vehicles with DOHC ( Dual Overhead Cam ) engines usually have two VCT solenoids mounted in each cylinder head, one for each camshaft, allowing the Engine Control Computer to activate each VCT timing mechanism in each Camshaft separately.
NOTE: The Cam phaser is mounted on the front of the camshaft(s) it is driven by the engine's timing chain or timing belt depending on the engine's design.



Hope this helps; also keep in mind that your feedback is important and I`ll appreciate your time and consideration if you leave some testimonial comment about this answer.

Thank you for using FixYa, have a nice day.

Jun 20, 2012 | Cars & Trucks

2 Answers

Need timing gear marks for 2004 Kia Sadona 3.5L engine



Removal & Installation

3.5L Engine

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions at the beginning of this section.
  2. Record the radio anti theft code data.
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Negative battery cable Engine cover Accessory drive belts Idler pulley Crankshaft pulley Power steering pump pulley Belt tensioner pulley Upper and lower timing belt covers
  4. Support the engine with a floor jack and remove the engine mount.
  5. Rotate the engine to align the camshaft sprocket timing marks with the cylinder head cover timing marks.

    0996b43f8022cb71.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

    Fig. Timing belt routing and timing marks-3.5L Engine

  6. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Auto tensioner Timing belt

    0996b43f8022cb72.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

    Fig. Timing belt and related components-3.5L Engine


To install:
  1. Ensure that the engine is set to Top Dead Center (TDC).
  2. Prepare the auto tensioner for installation by compressing it in a vise and installing a retaining pin.
  3. Install the timing belt in the following order:
    1. Crankshaft sprocket
    2. Idler pulley
    3. Left bank exhaust camshaft sprocket
    4. Left bank intake camshaft sprocket
    5. Water pump pulley
    6. Right bank intake camshaft sprocket
    7. Right bank exhaust camshaft sprocket
    8. Tensioner pulley

  4. Install the auto tensioner. Do not remove the retaining pin at this time.
  5. Check that the crankshaft and camshaft timing marks are aligned correctly.
  6. Rotate the crankshaft 1 / 4 turn Counterclockwise .
  7. Rotate the crankshaft 1 / 4 turn Clockwise to return the engine to TDC.
  8. Loosen the tensioner pulley center bolt.
  9. Apply 44 inch lbs. (5 Nm) torque to the tensioner pulley as shown and tighten the center bolt to 32-41 ft. lbs. (43-55 Nm).

    0996b43f8022cb73.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

    Fig. Adjusting the tensioner pulley-3.5L Engine

  10. Remove the auto tensioner retaining pin.
  11. Rotate the crankshaft 2 revolutions Clockwise , then wait 5 minutes for the auto tensioner to adjust.
  12. Measure the auto tensioner rod as shown. If the measurement is not 3.8-4.5 mm, then repeat the belt tensioning procedure.

    0996b43f8022cb74.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

    Fig. Measuring the auto tensioner rod-3.5L Engine

  13. When the auto tensioner measurement is correct, install or connect the following:

    Engine mount Upper and lower timing belt covers Belt tensioner pulley Power steering pump pulley Crankshaft pulley Idler pulley Accessory drive belts Engine cover Negative battery cable
  14. Reprogram the radio anti theft codes.

    Kia_Sedona_2002-2006
    Timing Chain, Sprockets, Front Cover & Seal

    Print


    Removal & Installation

    3.8L Engine

    1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions at the beginning of this section.
    2. Record the radio anti theft code data.
    3. Remove the engine from the vehicle.
    4. Remove the drive belt. Remove the power steering pump. Remove the air conditioning compressor.
    5. Remove the alternator. Remove the drive belt idler. Remove the drive belt tensioner. Remove the water pump pulley. Remove the intake manifold.
    6. Remove the connector bracket from the left cylinder head cover. Disconnect the right ignition coil connector, condenser connector and remove the bracket.
    7. Remove the left cylinder head cover retaining bolts. Remove the cylinder head cover from the engine.
    8. Remove the right cylinder head cover retaining bolts. Remove the cylinder head cover from the engine.
    9. Set the No. 1 cylinder to TDC on the compression stroke. Turn the crankshaft pulley and align its groove with the timing mark T of the lower timing chain cover.
    10. Check that the mark of the camshaft timing sprockets are in straight line positioning on the cylinder head surface. If not rotate the crankshaft 360 degrees. Do not rotate the engine counterclockwise.
    11. Remove the oil pan. Remove the crankshaft damper pulley. Remove the timing chain cover.
      NOTE Be careful not to damage the contact surfaces of the cylinder block, cylinder head and timing chain cover. Before removing the timing chain, mark the right and left timing chains with an identification mark based on the location of the sprocket because the identification mark on the chain for TDC can be erased.
    12. After compressing the timing chain tensioner, install a set pin. Remove the right cam to cam guide. Remove the right timing chain auto tensioner and timing chain tensioner arm.
    13. Remove the oil pump chain cover. Remove the oil pump chain tensioner assembly. Remove the oil pump chain guide. Remove the right timing chain.
    14. Remove the right timing chain guide. Remove the oil pump chain sprocket and oil pump chain. Remove the crankshaft sprocket, oil pump and camshaft drive gear.
    15. Remove the left cam to cam guide. Remove the left timing chain auto tensioner and timing chain tensioner arm. Remove the left timing chain.
    16. Remove the left timing chain guide. Remove the crankshaft sprocket and left camshaft drive. Remove the tensioner adapter assembly.

      0996b43f8020193b.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

      Fig. Timing chain and related components-3.8L Engine


    To install:
    1. Check the camshaft and crankshaft sprockets for wear and damage, replace as required.
    2. Inspect the tensioner arm and chain guide for wear and damage, replace as required.
    3. Check that the tensioner pin moves smoothly when the ratchet pawl is released with a thin rod.
    4. The key of the crankshaft should be aligned with the timing mark of the timing chain cover. This indicates that the piston is at TDC on the compression stroke.
    5. Install the tensioner adapter assembly. Install the crankshaft sprocket and left camshaft drive.
    6. Install the left timing chain guide and torque the retaining bolts 14-18 ft. lbs.
    7. Install the left timing chain. Be sure to install the chain with no slack between the camshaft and the crankshaft (crankshaft sprocket, timing chain guide, exhaust camshaft sprocket, intake camshaft sprocket). The timing mark of each sprocket should be matched with the timing mark (color ink) of the timing chain at installation of the timing chain.

      0996b43f80201924.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

      Fig. Left timing chain markings and installation: (D) exhaust camshaft sprocket (C) intake camshaft sprocket-3.8L Engine

    8. Install the left timing chain tensioner arm and torque the retaining bolts 14-16 ft. lbs.
    9. Install the left timing chain tensioner and torque the retaining bolts 7-9 ft. lbs.
    10. Install the left cam to cam guide and torque the retaining bolts 7-9 ft. lbs.
    11. Install the crankshaft sprocket, oil pump and right camshaft drive.
    12. Install the oil pump chain and oil pump sprocket. Torque the retaining bolt to 14-16 ft. lbs.
    13. Install the right timing chain guide. Torque the retaining bolts to 14-18 ft. lbs.
    14. Install the right timing chain. Be sure to install the chain with no slack between the camshaft and the crankshaft (crankshaft sprocket, intake camshaft sprocket, exhaust camshaft sprocket). The timing mark of each sprocket should be matched with the timing mark (color ink) of the timing chain at installation of the timing chain.

      0996b43f80201925.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

      Fig. Right timing chain markings and installation: (C) exhaust camshaft sprocket (B) intake camshaft sprocket-3.8L Engine

    15. Install the right timing chain tensioner arm. Torque the retaining bolts to 14-17 ft. lbs.
    16. Install the right timing chain auto tensioner. Torque the retaining bolts to 7-9 ft. lbs.
    17. Install the right cam to cam guide and torque the retaining bolts to 7-9 ft. lbs.
    18. Install the oil pump chain guide. Torque the retaining bolts to 7-9 ft. lbs.
    19. Install the oil pump tensioner assembly. Torque the retaining bolts to 7-9 ft. lbs.
    20. Pull out the pins on both the left and right hydraulic tensioners. Install the oil pump chain cover.
    21. Rotate the crankshaft two revolutions in the clockwise direction. Confirm the timing mark. Be sure to rotate the crankshaft in the clockwise direction.
    22. Apply sealant on the chain cover and on the cylinder head, cylinder block, and lower oil pan. Be sure these parts are free of engine oil and dirt.
      NOTE Before assembling the timing chain cover, the liquid sealant TB1217H should be applied on the gap between the cylinder head and block. The part must be assembled with five minutes after the sealant is applied.


      0996b43f80201926.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

      Fig. Sealant application (1 inch bead width)-3.8L Engine

    23. Apply sealant on the chain cover.
      NOTE The liquid sealant TB1217H should be applied on the gap between the cylinder head and block. The part must be assembled with five minutes after the sealant is applied.


      0996b43f80201927.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

      Fig. Timing cover sealant application-3.8L Engine

    24. Install a new gasket to the timing case cover.
      NOTE It is important that the dowel pins on the cylinder block and holes on the timing chain cover should be used as a reference in order to assemble the timing chain cover in the correct position.


      0996b43f80201928.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

      Fig. Timing cover gasket installation (A) gaskets-3.8L Engine

    25. Install the timing chain cover. Torque the retaining bolts in the proper sequence and to specification. The engine should not be started for at least thirty minutes after timing chain cover assembly.

      0996b43f80201929.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

      Fig. Timing cover bolt torque sequence and specification-3.8L Engine

    26. Install the timing case cover oil seal.
    27. Continue the installation in the reverse order of the removal procedure.

May 19, 2012 | 2004 Kia Sedona

1 Answer

We just replaced a torn timing belt and crank position sensor on my 03 lancer. the engine will not fire. how do we set the timing points? I cannot find a repair manual for this year lancer anywhere.


With the belt off and the tensioner pulley pushed back, you will need to set cylinder 1 (far passenger side) to top dead center. There is a mark on the block you can see just behind the crankshaft gear that needs to be aligned to the mark on the crankshaft gear. CAUTION NOT TO TURN THE CAM PULLEY TOO FAR IF ANY PISTONS ARE AT TDC, they will contact the piston on this motor. turn the crankshaft gear forward or backward 1/4 turn off of TDC when you move the cam pully. Once this is done, you will need to set the camshaft pulley to a poorly designed mark on the cylinder head. (it is the corner point of the casting for the cylinder head, it forms a triangle at about the 10:00 position when looking at the cam pulley). Install your belt, it will be tight even with the tensioner pulled back so making sure it doesn't cause either of the gears to move off their marks. Once it on recheck the timing marks upper (cam) and lower (crank), release the tensioner, put your other belt on and you're done. http://www.mivec.co.nz/tech/4G9x_Engine_Manual.pdf

Dec 17, 2010 | 2003 Mitsubishi Lancer

1 Answer

How do you set the timming on a 2.3 when your putting the new timming belt on


The IGNITION timing on your Ranger is computer-controlled and is not adjustable.


Should the camshaft drive belt/timing belt jump timing by a tooth or two, the engine could still run; but very poorly. To visually check for correct timing of the crankshaft, auxiliary shaft, and the camshaft follow this procedure:
There is an access plug provided in the cam drive belt cover so that the camshaft timing cam be checked without moving the drive belt cover.
  1. Remove the access plug.
  2. Turn the crankshaft until the timing marks on the crankshaft indicate TDC.
  3. Make sure that the timing mark on the camshaft drive sprocket is aligned with the pointer on the inner belt cover.

Never turn the crankshaft of any of the overhead cam engines in the opposite direction of normal rotation. Backward rotation of the crankshaft may cause the timing belt to slip and alter the timing.
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

See Figures 1, 2 and 3


0996b43f80211842.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

Fig. Fig. 1: Timing belt cover on the 2.3L and 2.5L engine


0996b43f80211843.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

Fig. Fig. 2: Timing belt assembly on the 2.3L and 2.5L engine


0996b43f80211844.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

Fig. Fig. 3: Releasing the timing belt tensioner using a special tool

  1. Rotate the engine so that No. 1 cylinder is at TDC on the compression stroke. Check that the timing marks are aligned on the camshaft and crankshaft pulleys. An access plug is provided in the cam belt cover so that the camshaft timing can be checked without removal of the cover or any other parts. Set the crankshaft to TDC by aligning the timing mark on the crank pulley with the TDC mark on the belt cover. Look through the access hole in the belt cover to make sure that the timing mark on the cam drive sprocket is lined up with the pointer on the inner belt cover.

Always turn the engine in the normal direction of rotation. Backward rotation may cause the timing belt to jump time, due to the arrangement of the belt tensioner.
  1. Drain cooling system. Remove the upper radiator hose as necessary. Remove the fan blade and water pump pulley bolts.


Dec 11, 2010 | 1995 Ford Ranger Supercab

1 Answer

How to set the time belt?


4 Cylinder diesel(4JX1) :
1 - Timing mark
2 - Cam pulley
3 - HP Oil pump pulley
4 - Tensioner pulley


suzman_0.jpg

6 Cylinder petrol:
Align crank(C) timing notch mark (1) to oil pump mark.
Align cam pulley(L+R) marks(3) to cylinder head marks
The cam belt has 3 marks, 2 lines and one mark that is actually a row of dots. Align the dots to the crank pulley groove mark(2) and align the other 2 lines to the cam pulley marks. Using a clothes peg to hold the belt to the cam pulleys works wonders to keep it in place while fitting. Please note the arrows on the belt and have them point in the direction of rotation - right to left side of engine
W - water pump pulley
I - Idler pulley
T - Tensioner pulley.

If for some reason you need to realign the cams on each bank :
Standing in front of the car and starting from YOUR left , looking at the cams you should see RE, RI, LI, LE on each of the camshafts.(R for right bank, L for left bank, I for intake and E for exhaust) Right bank camshafts are marked with one dot, left bank with 2 dots on the shaft itself. To align the camshafts to each other each cam shaft gear has a mark on it. Draw an imaginary line between the centre of the camshaft and the centre of the pulley. The alignment mark should be between the two along this imaginary line. The result will be that RI an RE will be at the top of each gear. The same with the left bank.


suzman_2.jpg

Nov 08, 2010 | 1998 Isuzu Rodeo

1 Answer

Looking for cam timing mark on diesel 2l motor?


If you don't know what your cam timing mark is and the cam belt is off, make sure that the crankshaft is on Top Dead Centre (TDC). Turn it clockwise using the pully bolt until the timing marks lign up. If you feel any resistance, go back a little and move the cam shaft about 45 degrees as the piston is making contact with a valve. Carry on with the crankshaft until it is right. Take the rocker cover off and turn the camshaft until the inlet and exhaust valves on the rear cylinder are both opening an equal amount. You will see the camshaft lobes pushing them open. If you feel too much resistance move the crankshaft around a little to let the valves clear the pistons, then move the crankshaft back. If you look at the front cylinder, you will see that both valves are fully closed. This is TDC. See if you can find a mark and what it is lining up with. When you have reassembled everything, using a spanner on the crankshaft nut, turn the engine over clockwise for two full revolutions and if it turns without locking up (pistons touching valves) and all the timing marks still line up you can start it up. If your pump timing is still correct, you should be done. Don't run the engine with the rocker cover off or you will get oil everywhere.

Feb 19, 2010 | 1985 Toyota 4Runner

2 Answers

Replaced water pump and now i need to know how to reset timing


I hop you are replacing the belt and tensioner/ idler pulleys. the crank pulley has a notch approx 12'oclock. the cams will be marked rear cam "I" and front cam "E" .. put both letters at 12 o clock. there should be a notch at the top of the cover for the cams at 12 o clock. thats all there is to it. to tension the belt, after you have it all timed up. put some tension on it, tighten tensioner bolt, turn the engine 2 revolutions, then double check your marks, push down with you thumb between the cam sprokets with 20 lbs of force, the belt should delfect about 10MM if its too loose, loosen the tensione rbolt an dturn it tighter a little more an dck tension again. If you get it too tight it will whine and wear the cam journals, too loose and timing will not be correct.

Sep 18, 2009 | 2001 Kia Sephia

1 Answer

2001 Passat 1.8T brook the time belt


Sometimes you must install the timing cover temporarily with the crank pulley to ensure you are at true Top Dead Center line up the notch on the pulley with the pointer on the timing belt cover or pointer on crankshaft cover I had a problem with a dual cam Honda in which the marks on the engine block where slightly off. you must ensure that both intake valves and exhaust valves are shut one cylinder #1 by turning the cams in the appropriate direction, from your description of the situation it sounds like when it runs poorley it is off by one tooth, when you move forward a tooth it runs but poorly make sure you are moving both cams if equipped with dual cam, both cams should be in the exact same visual location in other words all valves completly shut, be careful not to move lower shaft after lining up the crank pulley to cover pointer marks, after resetting turn the engine over two full turns then recheck all markers.

Aug 03, 2009 | 2001 Volkswagen Passat

1 Answer

How do you align the camshaft & crankshaft timing marks 1.9


This is the same as a Ford Escort 1.9, the #1 cylinder should be all the way up. To confirm- the crak shift mark should be on zero which is Crank Shift Center- THe camshift sproket should align with the headmark. Make sure both marks don't move. Align the belt- not too tight , not to loose

Jul 12, 2009 | 1995 Mercury Tracer

4 Answers

Car won't start can you help?


The pistons may be shot. If not this then the head geasket may have gone.

May 19, 2009 | 1992 Eagle Talon

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