Question about 1999 Ford F250 Regular Cab

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2004 f250 won't shift into 4wd low range.

Shifts into high range fine. Nothing happens when turn electronic selector to low range.

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I'm pretty sure the truck has to be at a complete stop with the transmission in neutral before it will accept your low range input selection. Unlike 4wd high.

Posted on Jan 28, 2009

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Posted on Jan 02, 2017

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2002 ford ranger - Where is the 4x4 actuator located


On the transfer case
Transfer Case - Electronic Shift
The four-wheel drive electronic shift-on-the-fly feature electrically shifts the vehicle transfer case between 2WD, 4WD HIGH, and 4WD LOW. The system mode is selected by the operator through the mode select switch (MSS) on the instrument panel. The operator is informed which mode the system is in by two instrument cluster indicators: one for 4WD HIGH which appears as 4WD, and one for 4WD LOW, which appears as 4WD LOW. Shifts into 4WD HIGH can be made at any speed. When shifting into 4WD HIGH with the vehicle stationary, tooth blockage may occur preventing shift completion. When the vehicle is driven above 8 km/h (5 mph) the shift will complete. When shifting in or out of 4WD LOW, the four-wheel drive (4WD) control module requires that the vehicle speed be less than 5 km/h (3 mph), the brake pedal be applied, and the transmission be in NEUTRAL (automatic transmission) or the clutch pedal be depressed (manual transmission).
The gearmotor encoder assembly is mounted externally on the transfer case. It drives a rotary cam which moves the mode fork and range fork within the transfer case between the 4WD HIGH, 4WD LOW, and 2WD range positions.
The four-wheel drive (4WD) control module controls the gearmotor encoder assembly that shifts between 4WD HIGH, 4WD LOW, and 2WD modes.

Mar 17, 2017 | Ford Cars & Trucks

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F150 4wd will not engage


Manual shift or Four-Wheel Drive Systems - Electronic Shift I'm assuming you have electronic shift because you refer to relay clicking behind the instrument panel . Principles of Operation Transfer Case - Electronic Shift
The four-wheel drive, electronic shift-on-the-fly feature electrically shifts the vehicle transfer case between 2WD, 4X4 HIGH, and 4X4 LOW. The system mode is selected by the operator through the mode select switch (MSS) on the instrument panel. The operator is informed which mode the system is in by two instrument cluster indicators, one for 4X4 HIGH which is 4X4, and one for 4X4 LOW which is LOW RANGE (in 4X4 LOW both the lamps are on). Shifts into 4X4 HIGH can be made at any speed. When shifting into 4X4 HIGH with the vehicle stationary, tooth blockage may occur, preventing shift completion. When the vehicle is driven above 8 km/h (5mph) the shift will complete. When shifting in or out of 4X4 LOW, the generic electronic module (GEM) requires that the vehicle speed be less than 5 km/h (3 mph), the brake pedal be applied, and the transmission in NEUTRAL (automatic transmission) or the clutch pedal be depressed (manual transmission). (The digital transmission range [TR] sensor informs the GEM when the automatic transmission is in the NEUTRAL range position.)
The gearmotor encoder assembly is mounted externally on the transfer case. It drives a rotary cam which moves the mode fork and the range fork within the transfer case between the 4X4 HIGH, 4X4 LOW, and 2WD range positions.
The GEM uses two relays to control the gearmotor encoder assembly shift between 4X4 HIGH, 4X4 LOW, and 2WD modes. The GEM controls the pulse vacuum hublock (PVH) solenoid which supplies engagement and disengagement vacuum to control the hublocks.
The GEM accomplishes shifts by interpreting inputs from:
  • mode select switch (MSS)
  • vehicle speed signal (transmitted from the ABS system)
  • gearmotor encoder plate position
  • brake pedal switch
  • digital transmission range (TR) sensor (automatic transmission)
  • clutch pedal position (CPP) switch (manual transmission)
  • ignition switch
Based on these inputs, the GEM controls the shifts into 2WD, 4X4 HIGH, or 4X4 LOW with the following outputs:
  • low to high relay (clockwise)
  • high to low relay (counterclockwise)
  • pulse vacuum hublock (PVH) solenoid
  • gearmotor encoder assembly
The electronic shift-on-the-fly (ESOF) system has a feature which allows the driver to override the vacuum operated hublocks. When the front hublocks are manually turned to the LOCK position, the hublocks are locked at all times, overriding the vacuum operated system. If the front hublocks are manually turned to the AUTO position, the hublocks can only be locked by turning the MSS to 4X4 HIGH or 4X4 LOW position.
Do you know what DTC'S - diagnostic trouble code's are ?
GEM Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Index
GEM Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Index DTC Description Source Action C1728 Transfer Case Unable to Transition Between 2H and 4H GEM CARRY OUT the electronic shift function test. REFER to Function Test - Electronic Shift in this section. C1729 Transfer Case Unable to Transition Between 4H and 4L GEM CARRY OUT the electronic shift function test. REFER to Function Test - Electronic Shift in this section. P0500 Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS) Malfunction GEM GO to Pinpoint Test F . P1804 Transmission 4-Wheel Drive High Indicator Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test H . P1808 Transmission 4-Wheel Drive Low Indicator Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test I . P1812 Transmission 4-Wheel Drive Mode Select Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test E . P1815 Transmission 4-Wheel Drive Mode Select Short Circuit to Ground GEM GO to Pinpoint Test E . P1819 Transmission Park/Neutral Position Switch Short Circuit to Ground GEM GO to Pinpoint Test F . P1820 Transmission Transfer Case Clockwise Shift Relay Coil Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test E . P1822 Transmission Transfer Case Clockwise Shift Relay Coil Short to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test E . P1828 Transfer Case Counterclockwise Shift Relay Coil Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test E . P1830 Transmission Transfer Case Counterclockwise Shift Relay Coil Short Circuit to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test E . P1832 Transmission Transfer Case Differential Lockup Solenoid Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test G . P1834 Transmission Transfer Case Differential Lockup Solenoid Short Circuit to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test G . P1865 Transmission Transfer Case Contact Plate Power Short to Ground GEM GO to Pinpoint Test E . P1866 Transmission Transfer Case System Concern - Servicing Required GEM CARRY OUT the electronic shift function test. REFER to Function Test - Electronic Shift in this section. P1867 Transmission Transfer Case Contact Plate General Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test E . P1876 Transmission Transfer Case 2-Wheel Drive Solenoid Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test G . P1877 Transmission Transfer Case 2-Wheel Drive Solenoid Circuit Short to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test G .
Your best bet , take it to a qualified repair shop .

Jan 07, 2018 | 2000 Ford F250 Super Duty Crew Cabs

1 Answer

89 bronco ii won't go into 4x4 or low range


ON LEVEL GROUND
With the transmission selector in "park", start the motor.
With your foot on the brake pedal (steady-constant pressure), move the transmission selector gear to neutral- then turn the 4 X 4 selector knob to 4-wheel drive high. Wait for the 4 X 4 engagement.
Once it is in 4-wheel drive high, with the transmission selector still in neutral, quickly pump the brake peddle twice, keeping you foot on the brake pedal on the second pump, turn the 4 X 4 selector knob from high range to low range. The transfer case should then change from 4-wheel drive high to low.
Electronics being what they are, you sometimes have to repeat the process. You may even have to inch forward or backward.
[I have an '01 Excursion and an '05 F250 with 4 X 4 on the fly...I miss my '97 F250 with the manual 4 X 4 shift on-the-floor!]
Anyway, check the fuse panel for any blown fuses.
Double check to make sure that the problem is not just blown 4 X 4 lights on the instrument cluster. With the nob turned to 4-wheel drive, have a second person- a spotter, check to see if the drive shaft to the transfer case is moving. If it isn't, you have to delve into the troubleshooting process.
Check the solenoids, vacuum hoses, vacuum actuator, and transmission range sensor on the transfer case. .

Nov 27, 2013 | 1989 Ford Bronco II

1 Answer

How do I turn 4wd on?


    • 1 Start your Dodge truck's engine.
    • 2 Turn the electronic transfer case from "2WD" to "4WD Lock" to engage the high range 4WD, if the dodge truck is equipped with an electronic transfer case; otherwise, shift the transfer case lever from "2H" to "4H." The electronic transfer case is located on the instrument panel and is marked with "2WD," "4WD Lock" and 4WD Low." The lever-equipped transfer case is located to the right of your leg and is marked with "2H," "4H" and "4L."
    • 3 Shift the transmission into "Neutral" while the vehicle is either stopped or rolling at 2 to 3 mph to begin engaging in the low range 4WD. Turn the electronic transfer case to "4WD Low," if the Dodge truck is equipped with an electronic transfer case; otherwise, shift the transfer case lever from "2H" or "4H" to "4L."
    Tips & Warnings
    • Indicator lights will come on and alert you that your vehicle is in either the high or low range of 4WD.
    • Do not engage in the low range of 4WD drive if the transmission is in gear; you must shift to "Neutral" first.
    • Many Dodge trucks allow you to shift from 2-wheel drive to the high range of 4WD at up to 55 mph--consult your truck's manual to ensure that this is possible. Do not exceed 55 mph while engaged in the high range of 4WD. Do not exceed 25 mph while engaged in the low range of 4WD.
    • Do not engage in 4WD unless you are on slipper or rocky roads.

Sep 02, 2011 | 2005 Dodge Dakota

1 Answer

I own a 1999 Expedition that I used the 4wd High on 2 dayss ago and never used the 4wd Low at all. As I got home a put it back into AWD and parked it. Two mornings later I climbed into it to take my...


This is very strange because of How the low range is engaged. I drive a 1999 F150 4x4 which has the same dash and controls for the 4x4 as your Expedition. I do know that the fan control switch is unfortunately the same shape and very close to the 4x4 switch. It is easy to grab the wrong knob and turn the wrong thing than was intended.

My initial impression is if it is possible, your girl could have reached over to move the fan switch and actual grabbed the 4x4 switch instead. Or you were warming up the Expedition and meant to turn up the fan and instead turned the 4x4 switch to Low. Or a backpack she was moving with schoolbooks could have hit the switch. What puzzles me is that to go into Low range, you need a foot on the Brake and simultaneously need the gearshift in Neutral and the 4x4 selector in Low. That is 3 things to make the low range happen.

Even if your foot was on the Brake and the sensors caught the gearshift going through Neutral on its travel to Park, the 4x4 Selector would have to be in Low. There is one problem you can have with the 4x4 Selector.***The Selector has 3 Resistors and a LED bulb.***

You stated the Selector switch was good. This would mean there were 3 different Voltages under the vehicle. Sometimes when the LED bulb burns out, it shifts the Voltage out of range for the Servo, and although the Selector says one thing, the Voltage at the Servo has the wrong value for that function. Since the dash light and the Servo agree on Low, it would seem the Selector is out of sync with the other 2 parts.

I hope my solution is very helpful in solving your problem.

Mar 26, 2011 | 1999 Ford Expedition

2 Answers

Manual Transmission seems to be stuck in low range. Transfer case in 2wd high range, however when transmission is shifted to 5th gear still only going 25 mph at 4000pm. Clutch seems to be engaging and...


The transfer case is stuck in the low range. If manual shift try shifting from low to high several times to see if free up. If electronic, check all fuses and make sure you hear transfer case change range. Do this by shifting with key on engine off. If no change refer to qualified transmission mechanic.

Dec 25, 2009 | 1990 Ford F250

3 Answers

Ford f250 four wheel drive electric selector problem. Will not shift out of four wheel low.


i have 2006 f250 4x4 will not engage unless i lock in hubs. once hubs locked in i can engage 4x4 by using electronic selector. why will it not engage when hubs are in auto and electronic selector is on 4high

Dec 21, 2008 | 2006 Ford F-250 Super Duty

1 Answer

No 4wd high range


checkunder the battery pan there is a bellows type of thing acid got on mine and ate the connection up i replaced this unit and 4wd worked by the way u only have 2wd low the transfer case has shifted the the trannie output to low range rear tires will spin not the front the cable that broke shifts a fork in the front pig 2 get the front wheeles engauged not a master tech it happened to me bout 4 years ago

Dec 01, 2008 | 1995 Chevrolet Blazer

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