DTC P0452 - FTP (Fuel Tank Pressure) sensor circuit low voltage
The Powertrain Control Module (PCM) monitors the Fuel Tank Pressure
(FTP) sensor signal in order to detect vacuum decay and excess vacuum
during the enhanced Evaporative Emission (EVAP) diagnostic. The PCM
supplies a 5-volt reference and ground to the sensor. The FTP sensor
signal voltage increases when the fuel tank pressure decreases. Negative
pressure or vacuum indicates high voltage. The FTP sensor signal
voltage decreases when the fuel tank pressure increases. Positive
pressure indicates low voltage. This DTC sets when the FTP sensor signal
goes below a predetermined value.Circuit Description
The Fuel Tank Pressure Sensor responds to changes in the fuel tank pressure or vacuum. This information is used in order to detect vacuum decay or an excessive vacuum during the EVAP diagnostic routing. The fuel tank pressure sensor signal voltage to the VCM varies from a minimum of about 0.1 volts with pressure in the fuel tank to above 4.0 volts with a high vacuum in the fuel tank.
The Fuel Tank Pressure sensor display on the scan tool has an auto zero feature which occurs at each ignition cycle and is corrected according to the barometric pressure. Because of this, the Fuel Tank Pressure sensor display may not accurately reflect the actual output of the sensor or the conditions within the fuel tank.
The Fuel Tank Pressure Sensor diagnosis table is intended to isolate and diagnose the electrical problems with the sensor wiring or the sensor.Conditions for Running the DTC
The ignition switch is in the RUN position.Conditions for Setting the DTC
The fuel tank pressure sensor voltage is less than 0.1 volt for more than 5 seconds.Action Taken When the DTC Sets
The VCM turns ON the MIL after 2 consecutive driving cycles with the fault active.Conditions for Clearing the MIL/DTC
* The Control Module turns OFF the MIL after X trips when the test has Run and Passed.
* A history DTC will clear if no fault conditions have been detected for 40 warm-up cycles (coolant temperature has risen 22°C (40°F) from the start-up coolant temperature and the Engine Coolant Temperature is more than 70°C (158°F) during the same ignition cycle).
* Use the scan tool Clear Information function.Diagnostic Aids
1. Inspect the Control Module harness connectors for the following conditions:
* Improper mating
* Broken locks
* Improperly formed
* Damaged terminals
2. Inspect the wiring harness for damage. If the harness appears to be OK, observe the Fuel Tank Pressure sensor display on the scan tool while moving the connectors and the wiring harnesses related to the sensor. A change in the display will indicate the location of the fault.Test Description
The number(s) below refer to the step number(s) on the diagnostic table.
If the VCM recognizes the high signal voltage, the VCM and the wiring are fine.