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1998 s10 odometer/gear select display only work in the on position

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Posted on Jan 02, 2017

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SOURCE: 1999 blazer odometer/gear select displays only work when key in "on" position and not running

Those are real common problems in those older blazers ..instrument cluster

Posted on Nov 30, 2012

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Doesnanyone have a diagram showing where the wires on a speedometer connect to? I need to see if i pulled it on accident. And fuel gauge. Im learning so pictures are easier. Thx 2001 chevy tahoe


The speedometer gauge is controlled by information sent over the class 2 data bus from the PCM/ECM - engine computer . There is a VSS - vehicle speed sensor mounted on the transmission , this VSS is a input to the engine computer .
Speedometer
The IPC displays the vehicle speed based on the vehicle speed signal from the PCM. The IPC- instrument panel cluster receives the vehicle speed signal via a discreet wire. The IPC uses the vehicle speed signal circuit (4000 pulses/mile) from the PCM in order to calculate the vehicle speed. The speedometer defaults to 0 km/h (0 mph) if a malfunction in the vehicle speed signal circuit (4000 pulses/mile) exists.
Is the whole instrument cluster dead ?
Fuel Gauge
The IPC displays the fuel level as determined by the PCM. The IPC receives a class 2 message from the PCM indicating the fuel level percent. The fuel gauge defaults to empty if:
• The PCM detects a malfunction in the fuel level sensor circuit.
• The IPC detects a loss of class 2 communications with the PCM.
When the fuel level is less than a pre-determined value, the low fuel indicator illuminates.
Reviewing the fuel system description will further explain how the system functions. Refer to:
• Fuel System Description in Engine Controls - 4.3 L
• Fuel System Description in Engine Controls - 4.8 L, 5.3 L and 6.0 L
• Fuel System Description in Engine Controls - 6.6 L
• Fuel System Description in Engine Controls - 8.1 L
Hourmeter
The IPC can display the accumulated engine run time hours using the VF display when the cluster is in the LOCK or ACC position. The IPC stores the accumulated engine run time hours in a non-volatile format. The accumulated hours will not change if the battery was disconnected or removed. When the ignition is OFF and the trip reset switch is pushed in and held for more than 4 seconds, the IPC will display the accumulated hours for 30 seconds. The hourmeter will reset to 0.0 when 10,000 hours are accumulated.
Odometer
The IPC contains a season odometer and a trip odometer. Momentarily press the trip/reset switch on the IPC in order to toggle between the season odometer and the trip odometer. Press the trip/reset switch for greater than 2 seconds, while the trip odometer is displayed, in order to reset the trip odometer. The IPC displays the vehicle mileage and trip mileage as determined by the IPC. The IPC calculates the mileage based on the vehicle speed signal circuit from the PCM. The odometer will display 'error' if an internal IPC memory failure is detected. The odometer can be configured to display either miles or kilometers.
PRNDL Display
The IPC displays the selected gear position as determined by the PCM. The IPC receives a class 2 message from the PCM indicating the gear position. The PRNDL display blanks if:
• The PCM detects a malfunction in the transmission range switch circuit.
• The IPC receives a class 2 message indicating the park position and the column park switch indicates a position other than park (open input).
• The IPC detects a loss of class 2 communications with the PCM.
GM had problems with stepper motors that control the needle position .
Your best bet buy a used instrument cluster from the auto slavage yard .

Apr 30, 2017 | Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

My mph, gas, and temp gauges are not working


That's why you don't let you husband work on your car ! Unless he does it for a living .. For MPH there is a VSS - vehicle speed sensor , for the gas there is a sending unit in the fuel tank, for the temp. gauge there is a temp. sensor located in coolant stream on the engine .You more then likely need to have you instrument cluster repaired . GM had a problem with step motors inside the instrument cluster . A step motor is what controls the individual gauge. The sensors are all inputs to the PCM - powertrain control module (engine computer ) .
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
The IPC displays the engine coolant temperature as determined by the PCM. The IPC receives a class 2 message from the PCM indicating the engine coolant temperature. The engine coolant temperature gage defaults to C or below if:
?€¢
The PCM detects a malfunction in the engine coolant temperature sensor circuit.


?€¢
The IPC detects a loss of class 2 communications with the PCM.

Fuel Gage
The IPC displays the fuel level as determined by the PCM. The IPC receives a class 2 message from the PCM indicating the fuel level percent. The fuel gage defaults to empty if:
?€¢
The PCM detects a malfunction in the fuel level sensor circuit.


?€¢
The IPC detects a loss of class 2 communications with the PCM.

When the fuel level is less than 14% (84ohms), the low fuel indicator illuminates.
Odometer
The IPC contains a season odometer and a trip odometer. Momentarily press the trip select/reset switch in order to toggle between the season odometer and the trip odometer. Press the trip select/reset switch for greater than 1.5 seconds, while the trip odometer is displayed, in order to reset the trip odometer. The IPC displays the vehicle mileage and trip mileage as determined by the IPC. The IPC calculates the mileage based on the vehicle speed information from the PCM. The odometer will display 'error' if an internal IPC memory failure is detected.
PRNDL Display
The IPC displays the selected gear position as determined by the PCM. The IPC receives a class 2 message from the PCM indicating the gear position. The PRNDL display shall flash all gear positions if:
?€¢
The PCM detects a malfunction in the transmission range switch circuit.


?€¢
The IPC detects a loss of class 2 communications with the PCM.

Speedometer
The IPC displays the vehicle speed based on the information from the PCM. The PCM converts the data from the vehicle speed sensor to a 4000 pulses per mile signal. The IPC uses the vehicle speed signal circuit from the PCM in order to calculate the vehicle speed. The speedometer defaults to 0 mph (0 kph) if a malfunction in the vehicle speed sensor circuit exists.
Tachometer
The IPC displays the engine speed as determined by the PCM. The IPC receives a class 2 message from the PCM indicating the engine speed. The tachometer will default to 0 rpm if:
?€¢
The PCM detects a malfunction in the engine speed sensor circuit.


?€¢
The IPC detects a loss of class 2 communications with the PCM.

May 22, 2016 | 2002 Buick Century

1 Answer

Shift indicator lights up but does not display which gear I am in.


Odometer/Gear Shifter (PRNDL) Display FIX - GMC/Chevy ...

? 4:15
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-PQ-x11Vjng
Jan 24, 2012 - Uploaded by EricTehRedneck
Odometer/Gear Shifter (PRNDL) Display FIX - GMC/Chevy ...grease, it does in fact help insulate electrical connections but imnot sure lithium would help. .... i have a 2000 Chevy Astro van the park indicator goes out when you start ... volts but now the battery light stays on and the transmission will not shift ...

GM Electronic Gear Indicator and Tripometer Odometer ...

? 5:47
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jTQIVS_uB4g
Aug 11, 2010 - Uploaded by zcomputerwiz
Didn't light up anymore. ... Symptoms: PRND321 and Tripometer/Odometer no longer light. ... 2002 which the odometer and shift indicator do not work no more. ... But before taking the dash out I would like to know how to remove those .... Instrument cluster gear select blank screen solder fix Chevrolet GM ...

Repair the odometer/PRND321 LCD display on a '99-'06 ...

www.instructables.com/.../Repair-the-odometergear-select-L...

InstructablesIn this Instructable, I will show you how to repair odometer/gear select ... Repair the

Feb 09, 2016 | 1998 Chevrolet Blazer

1 Answer

Odometer and gear display flashes quickly, especially when driving


It could be due to the electrical board fuses going bad. I had to replace one for my odometer/gear indicator not long ago on my '98 Century. For some reason it's a common problem for Buicks. If you go to YouTube and type in "odometer repair" there is a video that will show you how to do it,if in fact that is the problem. But the gear shift indicator and odometer are all tied in to the same circuit. If you do try to fix,it really helps to have someone else there to hold the fuses steady whenever you are soldering the new ones in.

Mar 05, 2015 | 1998 Buick Century

1 Answer

1999 blazer odometer/gear select displays only work when key in "on" position and not running


Those are real common problems in those older blazers ..instrument cluster

Nov 30, 2012 | 1999 Chevrolet Blazer

1 Answer

Odometer display light is not working so I have no ideal what my mileage is . All other displays on the dash work fine


I have 2 centurys and you cant see milage or what gear in either one. I have read you have to send the dash display in for repair, do a search to find who to send it to

Aug 08, 2010 | 1998 Buick Century

2 Answers

I have a 1998 buick century and the odometer and gear


This is a very common problem. I too have this going on. I found a Edmunds Forum and a poster has a fix, at least for him. Link: http://townhall-talk.edmunds.com/WebX?14@@.ef22120/307#MSG307 and see if this is your problem too. I ordered a new headlight switch. Its an easy replacement too. Remove the left side dash panel, two screws and the 20 pin connector. Hope this helps.

Jan 04, 2010 | 1998 Buick Century

2 Answers

1995 Cougar Odometer/trip-meter inop


Section 13-01: Instrument Cluster—Conventional 1995 Thunderbird, Cougar Workshop Manual REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION Instrument Cluster Removal and Installation
  1. Disconnect battery ground cable (14301) .
  1. Remove screws holding instrument panel reinforcement (017A28) .
  1. Remove screws holding instrument panel lower shield (045G02) .
  1. Remove fasteners holding steering wheel column as outlined in Section 11-04 . Gently lower steering column.
  1. Remove fasteners holding the instrument panel finish panel (044D70) and gently pry off.



  1. Remove four instrument cluster retaining screws. (Do not remove screws from the instrument cluster main lens (10887) and instrument cluster mask (10890) ).
  1. Slide the instrument cluster (10849) to the right of the instrument panel opening and unhook the instrument panel harness from the back of the instrument cluster .
  1. Remove the instrument cluster from the instrument panel (04320) .
-----------------------
Speedometer/Odometer Federal law requires that the odometer in any replacement speedometer (17255) must register the same mileage as that registered in the removed speedometer . Since the speedometer mileage cannot be reset on this unit, affix odometer sticker to driver's door pillar and record original vehicle mileage. Removal
  1. Disconnect battery ground cable (14301) .
  1. Remove the instrument cluster (10849) as outlined.
  1. Remove seven screws retaining the instrument cluster mask (10890) and instrument cluster main lens (10887) .
  1. Remove speedometer assembly.
Installation
  1. Position the speedometer assembly to the instrument cluster back plate (10848) and install.
  1. Position the instrument cluster mask and instrument cluster main lens to the instrument cluster back plate and install the seven retaining screws.
  1. Install the instrument cluster as outlined.
  1. Connect battery ground cable and check the operation of the speedometer .
please rate if this helps

Mar 24, 2009 | 1994 Mercury Cougar

1 Answer

Digital display cluster


Chevy is known for using a cheap grade of wiring harnesses that corrode over time and short out. my 93 s10 blazer had a bad wire in the transmission harness resulting in only 2nd and 3rd gear and wouldnt shift by itself, i dont know if im right but something to check into.

Aug 08, 2008 | 1993 Chevrolet S-10 Blazer

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