Question about 1999 Toyota Avalon

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No ground at steering wheel and column shaft.

Where is the steering wheel/column shaft ground connection? The steering wheel/column shaft sometimes is grounded and sometimes not. Thanks.

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  • Toyota Master
  • 1,861 Answers

You have a very common problem.
I see this quite a bit. The horn quits because of the ground is lost. There is a new column that fixes this issue, but it is expensive.
All you have to do is find the body ground [point on the left side of the dash, behind the left kick panel. There are several whit with black tracer wires that are connected under a bolt. Just run a wire from there to a spot on the column, and bolt it on.
Problem fixed. Easy to do.

Posted on Jan 16, 2009

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How to replace steering wheel position sensor on a 2006 Cadillac DTS?


Manual Steering Column with JL4) or
Steering Wheel Position Sensor Replacement (Power Steering Column with JL4) ?
Preliminary Procedure Remove the intermediate steering shaft. Refer to Intermediate Steering Shaft Replacement .
1
Steering Angle Sensor Adapter
2
Steering Wheel Position Sensor
Procedure Disconnect any electrical connectors as needed.
Tip
If reusing, secure the old steering wheel position sensor before removing it for proper alignment upon reinstallation. Refer to Steering Wheel Position Sensor Centering .

Callout

Component Name
Notice: Secure the steering wheel utilizing a strap to prevent rotation. Locking of the steering column will prevent damage and a possible malfunction of the SIR system. The steering wheel must be secured in position before disconnecting the following components:
?€¢
The steering column
?€¢
The intermediate shaft
?€¢
The steering gear

After disconnecting these components, do not move the front tires and wheels. Failure to follow these procedures may cause improper alignment of some components during installation and result in possible damage to the SIR coil.
Preliminary Procedure Remove the steering column. Refer to Steering Column Replacement .
1
Intermediate Steering Shaft Bolt
Procedure Remove the steering column boot seal in order to access the intermediate steering shaft bolt.
2
Intermediate Steering Shaft Nut
Notice: Refer to Fastener Notice in the Preface section.
Tighten
47 N?·m (35 lb ft)
3
Intermediate Steering Shaft
Tip
?€¢
If necessary, scribe location marks between the intermediate steering shaft and the steering column and the intermediate steering shaft and the steering gear to mark their alignment before removing.
?€¢
If replacing the intermediate steering shaft, transfer any scribe marks from the old one to the new one.

Callout

Component Name
Notice: Secure the steering wheel utilizing a strap to prevent rotation. Locking of the steering column will prevent damage and a possible malfunction of the SIR system. The steering wheel must be secured in position before disconnecting the following components:
?€¢
The steering column
?€¢
The intermediate shaft
?€¢
The steering gear

After disconnecting these components, do not move the front tires and wheels. Failure to follow these procedures may cause improper alignment of some components during installation and result in possible damage to the SIR coil.
Preliminary Procedures

  1. Remove the left side instrument panel insulator panel. Refer to Instrument Panel Insulator Panel Replacement - Left Side .
  2. Remove the driver knee bolster. Refer to Driver Knee Bolster Replacement .
  3. Disconnect the intermediate steering shaft from the steering gear. Refer to Steering Gear Replacement .
1
Steering Column Nut (Qty: 4)
Notice: Refer to Title not found in the Preface section.
Tighten
25 N?·m (18 lb ft)
2
Steering Column
Procedure
  • Disconnect any electrical connectors as needed.
  • If equipped with AN3, disconnect the automatic transmission range selector cable. Refer to Automatic Transmission Range Selector Cable Replacement - Column .
  • Transfer any parts as needed.
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    Remove steering wheel on 85 dodge diplomat


    Disconnect the negative battery terminal. Remove the horn pad on the steering wheel-Phillips head screws from the back side of wheel. Then loosen the nut on the steering wheel center. Mark the steering wheel to column shaft position, so the wheel goes back in exact same position on the shaft. You may need a steering wheel puller to get the wheel off the shaft, not always, but sometimes the wheel is on pretty tight. Do not hammer on the wheel to get it off, use a puller if needed. These pullers are at parts stores and not expensive.

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    99 GMC JIMMY. STEERING LOCKS DOWN SOMETIMES AFTER 1/4 TURN OF STEERING WHEEL. CHANGED PS PUMP, CHANGED STEERING GEAR BOX, CHANGED DRAG LINK, CHANGED BALL JOINTS, NO SIGN OF PHYSICAL BINDING WHAT IS...


    Could be steering shaft on bottom of column that connects column to gearbox. Rag joint or u-joints on shaft are dry or seized. Try spraying rubber rag joint & u-joints on steering shaft with a good penetrating oil like PB Blaster. Work steering wheel all the way to left,spray, then turn all the way to right & spray some more.

    Mar 21, 2011 | 2000 GMC Sierra

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    My rack and pion is leaking , how do i replace


    To Remove:
    1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions at the beginning of this section. NOTE: The wheels of the vehicle must be straight ahead and the steering column in the LOCK position before disconnecting the steering column or intermediate shaft from the steering gear. Failure to do so will cause the SIR coil assembly (clock spring) to become uncentered, which may cause damage to the assembly.
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    3. Raise and support the vehicle.
    4. Remove the tires and wheels.
    5. Remove the power steering gear heat shield.
    6. Remove or disconnect the following: CAUTION
      Failure to disconnect the intermediate shaft from the rack and pinion stub shaft can result in damage to the steering gear and/or intermediate shaft. This damage can cause loss of steering control, which could result in personal injury.
      • Intermediate shaft lower pinch bolt and coupling from gear
      • Pressure and return pipes from the gear
      • Electrical connector, if equipped
        Stabilizer shaft links at lower control arms
      • Remove the left stabilizer shaft insulator.
      • Rotate the stabilizer shaft to access steering gear bolts.
      • The outer tie rod retaining nuts.
      • Using J24319-B separate the outer tie rods from the steering knuckles.
      • Rack and pinion attaching bolts
      • Rack and pinion assembly through the left wheel opening.
    7. Transfer the outer tie rods if replacing the power steering gear.
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    1. Install or connect the following:
      • Rack and pinion assembly through the left wheel opening and tighten the bolts to 70 ft. lbs. (95 Nm)
      • Electrical connector, if equipped
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      • Heat shield and bolts. Tighten the bolts to 7 ft. Lbs. (10 N)
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    5. Install the outer tie rods retaining nuts. torque the nuts to 22ft.lbs(30 Nm) plus an additional 180 degrees.
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    tecnovative_120.gif
    Steering gear mounting bolts--Aurora



    tecnovative_121.gif
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    2. Remove or disconnect the following:
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    tecnovative_122.gif

    Feb 11, 2011 | 2001 Oldsmobile Aurora

    1 Answer

    Occasional bumping feeling in the steering column


    I can think of one of two things:
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    But more likely it's your intermediate shaft. This shaft looks like a mini drive shaft with two miniture u-joints. It's located at the end of the steering column and passes thru the firwall. It's about 12 inches long. It has a slip spline that starts to not-slip, and you will feel a light thump in the steering wheel when turning. Sometimes thumps a little, sometimes alot.

    There are several articles at the forum at: http://www.naioa.com/v2/modules.php?name=Forums

    I decided to just pull my steering column on my 2002 Impala and lubricate the spline with regular grease.

    Jan 02, 2011 | 2003 Chevrolet Impala

    1 Answer

    Hi, this is about my moms grand cherokee 93. The


    Is the steering wheel its self coming up or the shaft were it connects in the floor coming up. This would help me solve your problem . If its the wheel there is a 18mm nut behind the air bag that holds the steering to shaft.
    2ND If it is in the floor shaft there should be a bolt holding the two shafts together, you might have to pull carpet back to see if bolt is in the slot that holds the two shafts together.
    If i can be any help just repost. Thanks, dodge tec

    Jan 01, 2011 | 1993 Jeep Grand Cherokee

    1 Answer

    1997 S-10 Pickup location of horn relay, horn not working. I found 3 relays in club compartment which one is it?


    I would check the horn to see if it gets power with a testlight, and try to ground out one of the leads to see if it sounds. It should have power at all times and the button on the steering wheel controls the ground. That can be a source of the problem as well, the button on the steering wheel may not be grounding out the wire to the horn.

    Can also take apart the steering wheel until you get down to the horn switch contact and try to ground it out with a screwdriver or test light to see if sounds the horn.

    May have to remove the air bag first, though.

    ---
    The following talks about the steering wheel disassembly:

    Steering Wheel Removal & Installation Except Models With Air Bag To Remove:
    1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
    2. Center the steering wheel so that the front wheels are straight.
    3. If equipped, remove the horn cap from the center of the steering wheel. NOTE: If the horn cap or shroud is equipped with an electrical connector it must be unplugged in order to remove the cap/shroud from the steering column.
      Exploded view of a steering wheel mounting 85388063.gif

      Steering wheel alignment and installation 85388064.gif

    4. Remove the steering wheel-to-steering shaft retainer clip (snapring), then loosen and remove the nut. NOTE: Since the steering column is designed to collapse upon impact, NEVER hammer on it!
    5. Matchmark the relationship of the steering wheel to the steering shaft. Some models may already be equipped with one or more alignment marks. If not, make your own using a permanent marker.
    6. Using a suitable steering wheel puller, such as No. J-1859-03 or equivalent, carefully draw the wheel from the steering column.
    To Install:
    NOTE: Before installing the steering wheel, be sure that the turn signal switch is in the Neutral position. DO NOT mis-align the steering wheel more than 0.8 in. (20mm) from the horizontal centerline.
    1. Align the match marks and carefully fit the wheel onto the steering shaft splines.
    2. Install the retaining nut and tighten to 30 ft. lbs. (40 Nm).
    3. If equipped, install the horn pad.
    4. Connect the negative battery cable. Remove the horn pad 88458p19.gif

      Unplug the horn wire 88458p20.gif

      Loosen and remove the wheel retaining nut 88458p21.gif

      Use a suitable threaded puller to loosen the steering wheel from the shaft 88458p22.gif

      Remove the steering wheel 88458p23.gif

      Matchmark the relationship of the steering wheel to the steering shaft 88458p24.gif

    Models With Air Bag To Remove:
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    These models are equipped with a Supplemental Restraint System (SRS), which uses an air bag. Whenever working near any of the SRS components, such as the impact sensors, the air bag module, steering column and instrument panel, disable the SRS, as described in Section 6.
    1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
    2. Disable the Supplemental Inflatable Restraint System (SIR). Refer to Section 6 of this manual for this procedure.
    3. Position the steering wheel so that it is in the horizontal position and the front wheel are straight.
    4. Remove the air bag system inflator module as follows:
      • Make sure the air bag system is disabled and the negative battery disconnected.
      • Turn the steering wheel 90 degrees, this will enable you to gain access to the rear shroud holes-to-inflator module.
      • Insert a prytool and push the leaf spring to release the pin.
      • Turn the steering wheel 180 degrees to access the remaining shroud holes, then repeat the procedure to release the pin using the prytool.
      • Tilt the inflator module rearward from the top to access the module electrical wiring, then disengage the wiring from the module and the steering wheel.
      • Unplug the Connector Position Assurance (CPA) and retainer from the module.
    5. Remove the steering wheel retaining nut and the horn plunger contact. NOTE: Since the steering column is designed to collapse upon impact, NEVER hammer on it!
    6. Matchmark the relationship of the steering wheel to the steering shaft. Some models may already be equipped with one or more alignment marks. If not, make your own using a permanent marker.
    7. Using a suitable steering wheel puller, such as No. J-1859-03 or equivalent, carefully draw the wheel from the steering column.
    To Install:
    1. Align the match marks and carefully fit the wheel onto the steering shaft.
    2. Install the retaining nut and tighten to 30 ft. lbs. (40 Nm).
    3. Install the inflator module as follows:
      • Attach the Connector Position Assurance (CPA) and retainer to the module.
      • Attach the inflator module wiring to the steering wheel and to the module.
      • Install the inflator module by pressing it into the steering wheel enough to engage and latch all four notched pins in the leaf spring. Make sure the wires are not pinched.
    4. Connect the negative battery cable.
    5. Enable the air bag system. Refer to Chasis Electrical.
    prev.gif next.gif

    Oct 13, 2010 | Chevrolet S 10 Cars & Trucks

    1 Answer

    I need to put in another steering collum and I dont know how to do it.its a 91 ford F150.hope you can help me.I got another one out of the junk yard for 125,00 is that a good price .thanks for helping my...


    I'd say $125.00 is a good price for a steering column.

    First, have to remove steering wheel (but I don't have instructions for the steering column. For that, maybe try alldata.com, but that will cost):

    STEERING Steering Wheel REMOVAL & INSTALLATION Without Air Bag EXCEPT F-SUPER DUTY STRIPPED CHASSIS MODELS AND MOTOR HOME CHASSIS MODELS Fig. 1: Remove the screws from behind the wheel - F-150 model without air bag 88288p12.jpg
    Fig. 2: Pull away the cover with the wiring still connected 88288p13.jpg
    Fig. 3: Disconnect the wiring at the steering wheel 88288p14.jpg
    Fig. 4: Matchmark the steering wheel 88288p15.jpg
    Fig. 5: Remove the center nut from the steering wheel 88288p16.jpg
    Fig. 6: Use a steering wheel puller to remove the wheel 88288p17.jpg
    Fig. 7: Remove the steering wheel from the shaft 88288p18.jpg
    Fig. 8: Correct steering wheel installation 84928058.gif
    NOTE: The factory recommends that the front wheels be set in the straight-ahead position and you paint or make chalk marks on the column and steering wheel hub for alignment purposes during installation. Of these two safeguards, it is more important to mark the column so even if the column is moved slightly, the steering wheel can still be repositioned in its original position.
    1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
    2. Remove the one screw from the underside of each steering wheel spoke, and lift the horn switch assembly (steering wheel pad) from the steering wheel. On vehicles equipped with the sport steering wheel option, pry the button cover off with a suitable prytool.
    3. Disconnect the horn switch wires at the connector and remove the switch assembly. On trucks equipped with speed control, squeeze the J-clip ground wire terminal firmly and pull it out of the hole in the steering wheel. Don't pull the wire out without squeezing the clip.
    4. Remove the horn switch assembly.
    5. Remove the steering wheel retaining nut and remove the steering wheel with a puller. WARNING
      Never hammer on the wheel or shaft to remove it! Never use a knock-off type puller.
    6. Install the steering wheel in the reverse order of removal. Tighten the shaft nut to 40 ft. lbs. (54 Nm)
    F-SUPER DUTY STRIPPED CHASSIS MOTOR HOME CHASSIS MODELS
    1. Set the front wheel in the straight-ahead position and make chalk marks on the column and steering wheel hub for alignment purposes during installation.
    2. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
    3. Remove the one screw from the underside of each steering wheel spoke, and lift the horn switch assembly (steering wheel pad) from the steering wheel.
    4. Disconnect the horn switch wires at the connector and remove the switch assembly.
    5. Remove the horn switch assembly.
    6. Remove the steering wheel retaining nut and remove the steering wheel with a puller. WARNING
      Never hammer on the wheel or shaft to remove it! Never use a knock-off type puller.
    7. Install the steering wheel in the reverse order of removal. Tighten the shaft nut to 30-42 ft. lbs. (41-57 Nm).
    With Air Bag Fig. 9: Remove the air bag module and disconnect the wiring harnesses 88288g00.gif
    CAUTION
    Read the air bag service precautions in Section 6 prior to doing work involving an air bag equipped steering column component. Always wear safety glasses when servicing an air bag vehicle and handling the air bag to avoid possible injury.
    1. Turn the front wheels to the straight-ahead position.
    2. Disconnect the battery-to-starter relay cable for at least one minute to let the air bag back-up power supply discharge.
    3. Remove the air bag module from the steering wheel (refer to Section 6).
    4. Disconnect the horn/speed control wiring from the steering wheel.
    5. Remove the steering wheel retaining bolt.
    6. Install the Differential Bearing Cone Remover/Replacer, No. T77F-4220B1, or equivalent, and remove the steering wheel. Route the contact assembly harnesses through the steering wheel as it is lifted off of the shaft. To install: NOTE: Make sure the front wheels are still in the straight-ahead position prior to installation.
    7. Route the air bag sliding contact wiring through the steering wheel at the 3 o'clock position. Position the steering wheel on the shaft an align the marks. Make sure not to pinch the contact wire. WARNING
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    8. Install a new steering wheel retaining bolt, then tighten to 23-33 ft. lbs. (31-45 Nm).
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    10. Connect the battery to starter cable. Verify the air bag warning indicator light on the instrument panel.
    prev.gif next.gif

    Sep 24, 2010 | 1991 Ford F150

    1 Answer

    I want to know what is the name of the part that is connected to the steering rack and runs up and connects to my steering wheel. It looks like it has a yoke and universal joints on both ends.When I turn...


    some parts stores and dealerships just call it the steering shaft,and some call it a sector shaft even though it really isn't,if there is a clicking noise it maybe the bearing assembly in the end of the steering column where the steering column exits the firewall & just after the auto transmission shift linkage connects to the arm on the column there is a bearing in there and it can get a build up of grime in it sometimes you can spray it with wd-40 while someone rotates the steering wheel back and fourth and after that spray a little bit of chain lube in it.If that is not it have the air bag "Clock Spring"and components checked out hope this helps point you in the right direction

    Jun 19, 2010 | 2002 Dodge Durango

    1 Answer

    How to take off steering wheel.


    1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
    If necessary for access or service remove the steering wheel. Except for on 1967-69 simulated wood wheels, be sure to use a steering wheel puller.
    1. Remove the nut/bolt from the upper intermediate shaft coupling, then separate the coupling from the lower end of the steering column.
    2. If equipped with a column mounted shifter, disconnect the transmission control linkage from the column shift tube levers.
    3. If equipped with a floor shifter, disconnect the backdrive linkage.
    4. Disengage all of the electrical connectors from the steering column assembly.
    5. Remove the floor pan cover-to-floor screws, the floor seal, and the cover.
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    1. Remove the column from the vehicle.
    To install:
    1. Position the steering column in the vehicle. If equipped with an automatic transmission, connect the shift position indicator pointer.
    2. Raise the column into position, then install the column bracket-to-instrument panel nuts and tighten to 25 ft. lbs. (34 Nm).
    3. Install the floor pan seal and cover, then secure using the retaining screws.
    4. Engage all of the electrical connectors to the steering column assembly.
    5. If equipped with a floor shifter, connect the backdrive linkage.
    6. If equipped with a column mounted shifter, connect the transmission control linkage to the column shift tube levers.
    7. Connect the intermediate shaft coupling to the lower end of the steering column, then secure using the nut/bolt.
    8. If removed for access or service, align the matchmarks and install the steering wheel.
    9. Connect the negative battery cable.

    Good luck..

    Nov 23, 2008 | 1986 Chevrolet El Camino

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