Question about 1989 Buick Riviera

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My computer display says it has detected and electrical problem, and I need to find out how to determine what the problem is

My check engine light is on, and on my computer display it says that an electrical problem has been detected, how doi I determine what the problem is.

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  • Buick Master
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Hi Retired, Take the vehicle and have a diagnostic scan carried out. It will identify and pin point any areas of trouble. Regards John

Posted on Dec 09, 2012

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Posted on Jan 02, 2017

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My guages stoped working and transmition seems to be slipping in my 2001 shevy silverado 4.8


Well ronnie do you know how to do automotive electrical testing with a volt meter ? How to read an understand a wiring diagram ? Would think not to be a relay problem because other thing's would not work as well ! More then likely a loose ground or something on that order ! Plus you must mean Ignition . 1 relay , because there isn't a eng.1 relay . Ign. 1 relay powers the PCM - engine computer , fuel injectors , the TAC - electronic throttle control module . Do the instrument cluster lights still work when the gauges quit ? Looking at power distribution diagram I see a engine 1 fuse but has nothing to do with the instrument cluster . Supply's B+ voltage to the maf sensor , EVAP system , CAM sensor , IAT sensor , fuel pump relay ! Could be a communication problem on class 2 data bus . All the modules on the vehicle share information on the class 2 bus . The gauges get thier info from the PCM over this data network !
Engine Coolant Temperature Gauge
The IPC displays the engine coolant temperature as determined by the PCM. The IPC receives a class 2 message from the PCM indicating the engine coolant temperature. The engine coolant temperature gauge defaults to 75°C (160°F) or below when:
• The PCM detects a malfunction in the engine coolant temperature sensor circuit.
• The IPC detects a loss of class 2 communication with the PCM.

Fuel Gauge
The IPC displays the fuel level as determined by the PCM. The IPC receives a class 2 message from the PCM indicating the fuel level percent. The fuel gauge defaults to empty if:
• The PCM detects a malfunction in the fuel level sensor circuit.
• The IPC detects a loss of class 2 communications with the PCM.
When the fuel level is less than a pre-determined value, the low fuel indicator illuminates.
Reviewing the fuel system description will further explain how the system functions. Refer to:

Speedometer
The IPC displays the vehicle speed based on the vehicle speed signal from the PCM. The IPC receives the vehicle speed signal via a discreet wire. The IPC uses the vehicle speed signal circuit (4000 pulses/mile) from the PCM in order to calculate the vehicle speed. The speedometer defaults to 0 km/h (0 mph) if a malfunction in the vehicle speed signal circuit (4000 pulses/mile) exists.

Tachometer
The IPC displays the engine speed based on the engine speed signal from the PCM. The IPC receives the engine speed signal from the PCM via a discreet wire. The IPC uses the engine speed signal circuit (2 pulses/engine revolution) from the PCM in order to calculate the engine speed. The tachometer defaults to 0 rpm if a malfunction in the engine speed signal circuit (2 pulses/engine revolution) exists.
Transmission Temperature Gauge
The IPC displays the transmission temperature as determined by the PCM. The IPC receives a class 2 message from the PCM indicating the transmission temperature. The transmission temperature gauge will default to 40°C (100°F) or below if:
• The PCM detects a malfunction in the transmission temperature sensor circuit.
• The IPC detects a loss of class 2 communications with the PCM.
Voltmeter
The IPC displays the system voltage as detected at the ignition 1 input of the IPC. When the engine is ON, the gauge should be between 10 and 16 volts.

The only one that has a hard wired sensor is the oil pressure gauge.
Engine Oil Pressure Gauge
The IPC uses the engine oil sensor signal to determine the engine oil pressure. The oil pressure sensor signal circuit is hard-wired to the IPC. The engine oil pressure sensor signal to the IPC is a variable resistance ranging from 0-90 ohms. A sensor resistance of 1 ohms will display as 0 psi (0 kPa) and a resistance of 88 ohms will display as 80 psi (550 kPa). The Check Engine Oil Pressure indicator will be displayed in the message center if the IPC detects a low engine oil pressure.

Does this one drop out also ? quit working

I would suggest that you take an have the IPC checked for DTC'S - diagnostic trouble codes , NOT OBD 2 engine codes , these are different an need a professional type scan tool .
You could check G103 for being loose . G103
On the left rear of the engine block . Also pull the instrument cluster out an check connection at the back of IPC . Check power an ground circuits at the PCM as well . You can fine wiring diagrams here
http://www.bbbind.com/free_tsb.html Enter the vehicle info . year , make , model an engine . under system click body an acc. then under subsystem click on instrumentation .Click the search button , then click the blue link . At the top of the diagram it shows B+ power supply , The connectors on the back of IPC , A,B , plus the pin # an color wire .
PCM power and ground testing avi
How To Use Multimeter Test Car Ground Video 3
Intermittent Electrical Diagnostics with Rich Peterson


Apr 10, 2017 | Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Where is the oil pressure switch on a chevy silverodo 2006.


What engine size , because could have come with a few different ones ? Engine oil pressure sensor is a input to the PCM - engine computer . This will turn on check engine light if thier is a problem ! What is the problem your having , oil light on , oil pressure gauge not working ?
Engine Oil Pressure Gage
The instrument panel cluster (IPC) displays the engine oil pressure as determined by the powertrain control module (PCM). The IPC receives a class 2 message from the PCM indicating the engine oil pressure. The engine oil pressure gage defaults to 0 kPa (0 psi) or below if:
• The PCM detects a malfunction in the engine oil pressure sensor circuit.
• The IPC detects a loss of class 2 communications with the PCM.

Jan 24, 2017 | Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

My mph, gas, and temp gauges are not working


That's why you don't let you husband work on your car ! Unless he does it for a living .. For MPH there is a VSS - vehicle speed sensor , for the gas there is a sending unit in the fuel tank, for the temp. gauge there is a temp. sensor located in coolant stream on the engine .You more then likely need to have you instrument cluster repaired . GM had a problem with step motors inside the instrument cluster . A step motor is what controls the individual gauge. The sensors are all inputs to the PCM - powertrain control module (engine computer ) .
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
The IPC displays the engine coolant temperature as determined by the PCM. The IPC receives a class 2 message from the PCM indicating the engine coolant temperature. The engine coolant temperature gage defaults to C or below if:
?€¢
The PCM detects a malfunction in the engine coolant temperature sensor circuit.


?€¢
The IPC detects a loss of class 2 communications with the PCM.

Fuel Gage
The IPC displays the fuel level as determined by the PCM. The IPC receives a class 2 message from the PCM indicating the fuel level percent. The fuel gage defaults to empty if:
?€¢
The PCM detects a malfunction in the fuel level sensor circuit.


?€¢
The IPC detects a loss of class 2 communications with the PCM.

When the fuel level is less than 14% (84ohms), the low fuel indicator illuminates.
Odometer
The IPC contains a season odometer and a trip odometer. Momentarily press the trip select/reset switch in order to toggle between the season odometer and the trip odometer. Press the trip select/reset switch for greater than 1.5 seconds, while the trip odometer is displayed, in order to reset the trip odometer. The IPC displays the vehicle mileage and trip mileage as determined by the IPC. The IPC calculates the mileage based on the vehicle speed information from the PCM. The odometer will display 'error' if an internal IPC memory failure is detected.
PRNDL Display
The IPC displays the selected gear position as determined by the PCM. The IPC receives a class 2 message from the PCM indicating the gear position. The PRNDL display shall flash all gear positions if:
?€¢
The PCM detects a malfunction in the transmission range switch circuit.


?€¢
The IPC detects a loss of class 2 communications with the PCM.

Speedometer
The IPC displays the vehicle speed based on the information from the PCM. The PCM converts the data from the vehicle speed sensor to a 4000 pulses per mile signal. The IPC uses the vehicle speed signal circuit from the PCM in order to calculate the vehicle speed. The speedometer defaults to 0 mph (0 kph) if a malfunction in the vehicle speed sensor circuit exists.
Tachometer
The IPC displays the engine speed as determined by the PCM. The IPC receives a class 2 message from the PCM indicating the engine speed. The tachometer will default to 0 rpm if:
?€¢
The PCM detects a malfunction in the engine speed sensor circuit.


?€¢
The IPC detects a loss of class 2 communications with the PCM.

May 22, 2016 | 2002 Buick Century

1 Answer

I have a 2010 Chevy impala LS instrument cluster and it has a 20 pin plug I'm trying to figure out which wire's on the back of the cluster are for the speed sensor, rpm, gas, and temp wires.


Boy your way off base . All the gauges are inputs from the ECM - engine computer . The VSS - vehicle speed sensor , ETC - engine coolant temp sensor , sending unit in the fuel tank , All this sensors input the engine computer . The PCM then sends this info on the GMLAN serial data bus ,communications network . The Instrument cluster has a microprocessor inside that translates this info an controls the gauges. You probably have an instrument cluster problem or a communication network problem . Your best bet is to take your vehicle to the dealer or some other qualified repair shop. Need to have it checked for DTC'S - diagnostic trouble codes.
Indicators and Warning Messages
Refer to Indicator/Warning Message Description and Operation.
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
The instrument panel cluster (IPC) displays the engine coolant temperature as determined by the engine control module (ECM). The IPC receives a serial data message from the ECM indicating the engine coolant temperature. The IPC receives the coolant temperature information via serial data message from the body control module (BCM). The engine coolant temperature gage defaults to 60?°C (140?°F) or below if:
?€¢
The ECM detects a malfunction in the engine coolant temperature sensor circuit.

?€¢
The IPC detects a loss of serial data communications with the ECM.

?€¢
The IPC detects a loss of serial data communications with the BCM.
Fuel Gage
The instrument panel cluster (IPC) displays the fuel level as determined by the engine control module (ECM). The IPC receives a serial data message from the ECM indicating the fuel level percent. The body control module (BCM) sends the fuel level information from the ECM to the IPC via a serial data message indicating the fuel level percent. The fuel gage defaults to empty if:
?€¢
The ECM detects a malfunction in the fuel level sensor circuit.

?€¢
The IPC detects a loss of serial data communications with the ECM.

?€¢
The IPC detects a loss of serial data communications with the BCM.
When the fuel level is less than a pre-determined value, the low fuel indicator illuminates in the IPC.
Odometer
The vehicle odometer is calculated and stored electronically in the instrument panel cluster (IPC). The IPC contains a season odometer and trip odometer A or B. Momentarily press the trip/fuel button in order to toggle between the season odometer and the trip odometer. Press the set/reset button for greater than 0.25 seconds, while the trip odometer is displayed, in order to reset the trip odometer. The IPC displays the vehicle mileage and trip mileage as determined by the engine control module (ECM). The IPC calculates the mileage based on the serial data vehicle speed information from the ECM. The odometer will display 'error' if an internal IPC memory failure is detected. The odometer displays either miles or kilometers and can be set through the customization menu in the driver information center (DIC).
PRNDL Display
The instrument panel cluster (IPC) displays the selected gear position as determined by the engine control module (ECM). The IPC receives a serial data message from the ECM indicating the gear position. The PRNDL display blanks if:
?€¢
The ECM detects a malfunction in the transmission range switch circuit.

?€¢
The IPC detects a loss of serial data communications with the ECM.

?€¢
The IPC detects a loss of serial data communications with the body control module (BCM).
Speedometer
The instrument panel cluster (IPC) displays the vehicle speed as determined by the engine control module (ECM). The IPC calculates the mileage based on serial data vehicle speed information from the ECM. The IPC receives vehicle speed information from the body control module (BCM) via a serial data message. The speedometer defaults to 0 km/h (0 mph) if the IPC detects a loss of serial data communications with the ECM or BCM.
Tachometer
The instrument panel cluster (IPC) displays the engine speed as determined by the engine control module (ECM). The IPC receives a serial data message from the ECM indicating the engine speed. The IPC receives the engine speed information from the body control module (BCM) via a serial data message. The tachometer will default to 0 RPM if:
?€¢
The ECM detects a malfunction in the engine speed sensor circuit.

?€¢
The IPC detects a loss of serial data communications with the ECM.

?€¢
The IPC detects a loss of serial data communications with the BCM.

How to Diagnose Controller Area Network CAN Suggest you read up on C.A.N.

May 14, 2016 | Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Dtc p1457,0107


P1457 HONDA - Evaporative Emissions Control System Leakage EVAP Canister Systemxicon.jpghttp://engine-codes.com/p1457_honda.htmlForum CodePossible causes- Missing Fuel cap
- Incorrect fuel filler cap used
- Fuel filler cap remains open or fails to close
- Foreign matter caught in fuel filler cap There is a Honda factory service bulletin with information on how to diagnose the P1456 on the following Honda models:
1998 Honda Accord
1999 Honda Accord
2000 Honda Accord
1998-2000 Honda Accord
symptoms- Engine Light ON (or Service Engine Soon Warning Light)
- Possible a noticeable fuel odor caused by the release of fuel vaporsP1457 HONDA Description The evaporative emission (EVAP) control system stores fuel vapor from the fuel tank in the EVAP canister temporarily to prevent it from escaping to the atmosphere and to enable it to be drawn into the engine by intake manifold vacuum and burned. In addition, the onboard refueling vapor recovery system (ORVR) stores fuel vapor generated when refueling in the EVAP canister.

The EVAP control system leak detection method improves the accuracy and frequency of the detection by determining faulty components and vapor leakage for each part. The EVAP control system (from the purge valve to the fuel tank) is divided into two parts. One is the "EVAP Canister Side" (from the EVAP two way valve to the purge valve) and the other is the "Tank Side" (from the EVAP two way valve to the fuel tank). There is 0.04 inch leak detection and 0.02 inch leak detection. If the 0.04 inch leak detection results are OK, the 0.02 inch leak detection runs. The P1457 code is detected when the EVAP system has a very small leak.

P0107 HONDA - Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor Circuit Low Voltagexicon.jpghttp://engine-codes.com/p0107_honda.htmlForum CodePossible causes- Manifold Absolute Pressure harness is open or shorted
- Manifold Absolute Pressure sensor poor electrical circuit connector
- Faulty Manifold Absolute Pressure sensor
- Faulty Engine Control Module (ECM) When is the code detected?An excessively low voltage from the sensor is sent to ECMSymptoms- Engine Light ON (or Service Engine Soon Warning Light)
- Engine rough idle
- Engine hesitation
P0107 HONDA Description The Manifold Absolute Pressure sensor provides instantaneous manifold pressure information to the engine's Engine Control Module. The data is used to calculate air density and determine the engine's air mass flow rate, which in turn determines the required fuel metering for optimum combustion. A fuel-injected engine may alternately use a Mass Air Flow sensor to detect the intake airflow. A typical configuration employs one or the other, but seldom both.


In some vehicles the absolute pressure sensor is built into ECM. HONDA Technical Service Bulletins for P0107 code1999 HONDA ODYSSEY Electrical System 2000 HONDA ODYSSEY Electrical System1998 HONDA ACCORD Electrical System 1999 HONDA ACCORD Electrical System 2000 HONDA ACCORD Electrical System 2001 HONDA ACCORD Electrical System 2002 HONDA ACCORD Electrical System 1996 HONDA CIVIC Electrical System 1997 HONDA CIVIC Electrical System 1998 HONDA CIVIC Electrical System

Jul 25, 2012 | Honda Civic Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Does the check engine light come on when the oil needs to changed


No. The check engine light comes on when the computer detects a problem with the engine. It could be a sensor or otherwise anything else. The light does not come on when the oil needs changing. Go to the nearest auto parts store and have them run a trouble code to determine what the problem is.

Jun 16, 2010 | 2002 Kia Sportage

1 Answer

Engine light on


If the light was flashing when it came on, then it means your engine is misfiring.

A solid light can mean anything from a loose/faulty gas cap to a transmission issue.

This light comes on when the computer detects a fault of some sort in its diagnostic tests. If it keeps detecting this issue, the light will remain on. If the light turns off, then it has detected that the issue may no longer be present.

In order to find out what the exact reason was for your light, You need to have your car computer scanned to retrieve the code that the computer would have stored when the light triggered. Most garages will do this free of charge. The code will tell you what may have caused the light to initially turn on. Until you get this code, it's impossible to determine what parts need to be checked or replaced.

Oct 09, 2009 | 2000 BMW 3 Series

1 Answer

What it means when my check engine light comes on


If the light was flashing when it came on, then it means your engine is misfiring.

A solid light can mean anything from a loose/faulty gas cap to a transmission issue.

This light comes on when the computer detects a fault of some sort in its diagnostic tests. If it keeps detecting this issue, the light will remain on. If the light turns off, then it has detected that the issue may no longer be present.

In order to find out what the exact reason was for your light, You need to have your car computer scanned to retrieve the code that the computer would have stored when the light triggered. Most garages will do this free of charge. The code will tell you what may have caused the light to initially turn on. Until you get this code, it's impossible to determine what parts need to be checked or replaced.

Oct 08, 2009 | 1997 Pontiac Grand Am

1 Answer

Engine runnig rough, check engine lighy on, when going 60 mph light starts flashing.


A solid light can mean anything from a loose/faulty gas cap to a transmission issue. The flashing light means your engine is misfiring and this can cause serious damage to the engine. A misfire can be caused by anything from a bad spark plug, to a bad fuel supply.

This light comes on when the computer detects a fault of some sort in its diagnostic tests. If it keeps detecting this issue, the light will remain on. If the light turns off, then it has detected that the issue may no longer be present.

In order to find out what the exact reason was for your light, You need to have your car computer scanned to retrieve the code that the computer would have stored when the light triggered. Most garages will do this free of charge. The code will tell you what may have caused the light to initially turn on. Until you get this code, it's impossible to determine what parts need to be checked or replaced.

Oct 07, 2009 | 2001 Mercury Mountaineer

1 Answer

Check engine light is on,display says restricted performance


Anything can cause the check engine light to go on from a loose gas cap, to a transmission issue. When the onboard computer detects an issue, it will restrict performance so as to not damage the engine any further. An Oil change won't affect this light. The only way to determine the cause of the light is to have the computer scanned with an OBD-II tool (Autozone does this for free) to determine the codes and cause for the light. You can also clear the light with the OBD-II tool, but if the problem is still there, the light will just come back on

Sep 16, 2009 | 2003 Jaguar S-Type

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