WWhen looking at the starter you will notice the solinoid mouted on top of it, the solinoid has one ten mm stud sticking out the rear of it with a short cable running down to another short stud sticking out of the rear of the starter motor. Connect the main battery lead to the stud on the solinoid before you reconnect the battery
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place the starter in a good vice or clamp it securely to a bench
attach the ground wire from the battery to the mounting flange of the starter body
attach the positive terminal to the positive terminal big terminal post that has no wire going inside the housing
touch the very small terminal to the positive terminal post to energize the solenoid and spin the starter
the body has to be firmly clamped or the motor will spin off the bench
There are three posts on the starter solenoid. Two large ones, and one small one. One of the large ones has a braided wire going into the starter. leave this one alone. On the other large ones, you will connect the positive battery cable as well as the large red wire coming from the alternator. The small purple wire connects to the small post on the solenoid. Lastly, on the engine block pointing the opposite way (towards the drivers side) is another stud and you will connect the negative battery cable to it.
Make sure that none of the wires can touch the other posts coming out of the solenoid.
4: Negative Battery Cable
6: Purple Starter actuator wire - 12V when key turned to start.
9: Positive Battery Cable
10: Positive Cable from Alternator
it sounds like the bendix on starter is going bad. and it will not kick all the way into fly wheel when starting.remove starter and see if it works properly. Test the starter. Mount the starter in a large vise. Using jumper cables, attach the ground cable from a battery to the starter body and a positive cable to the starter positive post, where the main battery cable attaches. Attach a jumper wire from the solenoid-activator connection. Carefully jumper this wire directly to the starter positive post. The starter should spin firmly, and the starter drive-gear forcefully extend. good-day!
IF STARTER RELAY BAD THE STARTER WONT MAKE NO NOISE AT ALL HEADLIGHTS WONT DIM.IF YOU CLICKING NOISE BATTERY VOLTAGE TOO LOW. MAKE SURE BATTERY VOLTS ARE 12.6 VOLTS AND USE TEST LIGHT TO SEE IF STARTER GETTING POWER.COULD HAVE BLOWED IGNITION FUSE OR FAULTY IGNITION SWITCH. TO CHECK STARTER SOLENOID FIRST TURN OFF RADIO THEN REMOVE NEGATIVE BATTERY CABLE AND POSITIVE BATTERY CABLE.THEN REMOVE STARTER BUY A REMOTE SWITCH.YOU NEED BATTERY JUMPER CABLES HOOK BATTERY JUMPER CABLES TO BATTERY PUT POSITIVE CABLE ON POSITIVE BATTERY POST THEN PUT NEGATIVE BATTERY CABLE ON NEGATIVE POST. HOOK BATTERY CABLES TO STARTER USE NEGATIVE CABLE GROUND STARTER BODY AND PUT POSITIVE BATTERY CABLE ON THE LARGE POSITIVE POST ON STARTER SOLENOID. NOW TAKE REMOTE SWITCH HOOK RED WIRE TO STARTER SOLENOID POSITIVE POST THEN HOOK BLACK WIRE TO REMOTE SWITCH TO STARTER SOLENOID SWITCH TERMINAL WITH LETTER S THEN PRESS REMOTE IF STARTER SPINS STRONG WITH A GOOD KICK STARTER GOOD.YOUR PROBLEM COULD BE CORRODED WORN BATTERY CABLES. WEAK BATTERY FAULTY IGNITION SWITCH. IF STARTER DONT WORK WHEN YOU PRESS THE REMOTE SWITCH STARTER SOLNOID BAD OR STARTER ITSELF BAD.IF ALL IS GOOD. CODE SCAN CAR FOR THEFT SECURITY FAULT CODE.
Yes, there should be a second power wire that runs from the positive terminal post down to the starter itself. You might also have a Starter Relay, which means that from the positive terminal post of the battery it runs to a relay usually connected to the fender well that then has a wire that runs down to the starter.
LOOKING AT STARTER WIRES.BATTERY CABLE POSITIVE CABLE GOES TO STARTER SOLENOID POSITIVE POST TERMINAL THAT IS THE LARGE STUD IN THE STARTER SOLENOID.. THE OTHER TWO RED WIRES WITH LARGE RING TERMINALS ALSO GOES TO THE STARTER SOLENOID POSITIVE POST TERMINAL.THE PURPLE WIRE WITH SMALL RING TERMINAL GOES TO S OR SWITCH POST TERMINAL.ON STARTER SOLENOID LOOK AT THE STARTER SOLENOID YOU WILL SEE LETTERS R AND S ON SOLENOID THE PURPLE WIRES WITH SMALL RING TERMINAL GOES TO S STUD TERMINAL ON STARTER SOLENOID.
You should have a total of four wires,The heavy wire with a big eye connector goes to battery positive.A smaller wire with a big eye connector goes behing the big battery positive wire,on the big post of the starter.A light purple wire goes on the post of the starter away from the engine,it goes to the ignition switch and is hot when you turn the key to the start position,the last wire is optional it is the small wire and connects to the little post on the starter closest to the engine.It goes to the ignition switch and is hot when you turn the key on.
Some starter solenoids are mounted on the fender near the battery and some are on the starter itself.
Typically the ones mounted on the fender have two larger posts and one smaller post. For the larger posts: One connects strait to the positive post on the battery. The other connects strait to the starter. The smaller post connects to the neutral safety switch which connects to the start position of the ignition switch. Here is a diagram. Make sure the solenoid is grounded good.
For the solenoid that is mounted on the starter: Connect the positive post of the battery to the large post on the starter. Connect smaller neutral safety switch/ignition switch wire to the smaller post.
Turn you healights on. Turn the car on. If the headlights burn bright, the battery is good. If the engine does not turn over, the problem is probably the starter bendix. The starter bendix is a part of the starter. Have your starter checked at starter repair shop or where you buy your car parts. (You have to unhook the battery terminal from the negative battery post before taking off the starter.)
If the lights did not burn bright, and the engine doesn't turn over. You could have a bad connection. On the Volvo, it has a positive wire and 3 wires that attach to the positive battey post. I clean the battery post with a battery post brush. I clean the terminal ends of the other 3 wires that attach to the positive battery terminal. I use a wire brush to clean the 3 wire terminals. I spray the wire terminals with a electrical motor cleaner (or electrical cleaner) that I pick up at the automotive parts store. Don't spray it on the paint of the car. I put wires on one side of the positive battery terminal. I put a nut on the battery bolt. I tighten another bolt to it. I tighten it tight. I put the positve battery terminal on the positive battery post and tighten (don't tighten this to tight). The positve terminal should be tight enough not to move (but don't tighten it to tight.)
If you clean the positive battery post and negative battery post, you should have bright front headlights when the car is turned on. If not, you have a battery or alternator problem or both.