Question about 1991 Ford Escort

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Had the belts break and come off engine, top center pulley damage

1991 ford escort gt 1.8L
the pulley from the engine that turns the alternator/belt is damaged and came off. what is that one called, and after replacing that how difficult
is it to replace the drive belts? engine sits sideways under hood so belts run front to back on the passenger side of vehicle.

thank you

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The belt that turns the alternator is called the serpentine belt. this also usually runs your fan and is sometimes also called an "accessory belt"

If you look down at the belt area, you will see a pully toward the front of the car that looks like it's attached to an arm. That is the tensioner pully. The tensioner is spring loaded. If you look at the arm of the tensioner there should be a square hole in it to insert a socket wrench or a breaker bar/pull handle to use as a lever to remove the tension from the belt. If there is no hle, then use a wrench(possibly 15mm) on the bolt head of the pully itself as your lever. As you hold the tensioner out of the way, unloop the old belt. Pay attention to the routing, so you can reinstall the new one correctly. Then, you route the new one in and again use your lever to move the tensioner so you can get the belt over the last pully. I usually put it over the alternator last. Use a light to make sure the belt is fully on all 5 grooves of every single pulley before you start the car.
You can also go to chilton.com and look at your cars manual

Posted on Jan 05, 2009

  • Ambrosia Williams
    Ambrosia Williams Jan 05, 2009

    By the way... Sorry to hear that your car broke down, that sucks. I hope that you get it fixed soon and it doesnt set you back too long, and casue too much frusteration. Good Luck : )

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Ford Escort/Tracer 1991-1999 Repair Guide

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION 1.8L Engine

(see Figures 1, 2, 3 and 4)
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2. Remove the timing belt covers.
  3. Rotate the crankshaft and align the timing marks located on the camshaft pulleys and the seal plate.
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Fig. 1: Timing marks are located on the camshaft pulleys as shown-1.8L engines

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Fig. 2: Make sure that the crankshaft sprocket (timing belt pulley) and oil pump timing marks are aligned-1.8L engines

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Fig. 3: Align the timing belt pulley mark with the tension set mark, at approximately the 10 o'clock position-1.8L engines

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Fig. 4: Check the timing belt deflection at the location shown-1.8L engines

  1. Make sure the camshaft pulley marks are aligned with the seal plate marks.
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