Question about 1987 Subaru Gl 4WD

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1987 Subaru GL Wagon windshield wipers are inop in all modes.

This is a multi-level problem because I have already replaced an inoperative motor assembly and the problem is still not solved. I have power to the motor, no fuses were blown and I can hear the intermittent module clicking at regular intervals with no result at the windshield. Neither low or high speed works either. According to the wiring diagram this motor grounds at the case and this checks out as a good ground. With the plug connected to the motor, three of the four leads give me a voltage readout of battery voltage (just under 12 volts) and I suspect the fourth lead is to give the intermittent module a position indication. I am not sure of my test results because I do not have correct information from my limited repair manual to properly interpret the testing I have completed. I need more specific test information in order to complete my repair.

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Bad wiper motor ground, clean where it meets the body panels.

Posted on Nov 16, 2009

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1 Answer

When I turn the switch to my 2006 Cadillac DeVille CTS windshield wiper it does nothing no sound no movement what is wrong


Hard to say what's wrong without testing thing's . Is there B+ voltage to the wiper switch ? B + voltage to the wiper motor ? Do you know how to use a voltmeter ? How to test electrical circuits ?
Here is a factory service manual list of componets involved .
Wiper/Washer System Components
The Wiper/Washer System consists of the following electrical components:
• Accessory relay
• Heated washer nozzles w/XA7
• WASH NOZ 10A fuse
• Windshield washer fluid level switch
• Windshield washer pump motor
• Windshield wiper motor
• Windshield wiper motor module
• Windshield wiper/washer switch
• Wiper/washer switch 10A fuse
• Wiper motor 30A fuse

Do you know how the wipers work ?
Windshield Wiper Motor Wiring Tutorial
Wipers Inoperative - All Modes ?????
Wiper Motor Switch Troubleshooting

Sep 05, 2017 | Cadillac Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Wiper control module location on a 2000 f250


Did you check the wiper relay's in the under hood fuse box ? There are two ,wiper run/park relay & wiper high low relay ! Also ,did you check fuse's ? fuse # 11 - 30amp location cental juction box . The wiper switch is a input to the GEM module . Generic electronic module . The module in most cases isn't the problem ! Learning how to test these electronic systems is , people do not know how to test so they just replace parts . What they should do is take the vehicle to ford certified Technician who has the knowledge and testing equipment to find an fix it .

The generic electronic module (GEM) receives inputs from the following:
  • multifunction switch
  • anti-lock brake control module (vehicle speed signal [VSS])
  • ignition switch
The GEM uses these inputs to control the outputs to the following:
  • windshield wiper high/low relay
  • windshield wiper run/park relay
  • windshield washer relay
  • rear wiper motor relay
  • rear window washer relay

  • GEM Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Index DTC Description Source Action B1240 Wiper Washer Rear Pump Relay Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test K . B1241 Wiper Washer Rear Pump Relay Circuit Short to Battery + GEM GO to Pinpoint Test K . B1342 ECU is Defective GEM CLEAR the DTCs. REPEAT the GEM self-test. If DTC B1342 is retrieved, INSTALL a new GEM. REFER to Section 419-10 . B1431 Wiper Brake/Run Relay Circuit Failure GEM If the windshield wipers are inoperative, GO to Pinpoint Test B .
    If the windshield wipers stay on continuously, GO to Pinpoint Test C . B1432 Wiper Brake/Run Relay Circuit Short to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test B . B1434 Wiper Hi/Low Speed Relay Coil Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test D . B1436 Wiper Hi/Low Speed Relay Coil Circuit Short to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test D . B1438 Wiper Mode Select Switch Circuit Failure GEM If the windshield wipers are inoperative, GO to Pinpoint Test B .
    If both the windshield and rear window wipers are inoperative, GO to Pinpoint Test L . B1441 Wiper Mode Select Switch Circuit Short to Ground GEM GO to Pinpoint Test C . B1446 Wiper Park Sense Circuit Failure GEM If the intermittent windshield wiper speed does not operate correctly, GO to Pinpoint Test E .
    If the speed dependent interval mode does not operate correctly, GO to Pinpoint Test G .
    If both windshield and rear wipers are inoperative, GO to Pinpoint Test L . B1450 Wiper Wash/Delay Switch Circuit Failure GEM If the intermittent windshield wiper speed does not operate correctly, GO to Pinpoint Test E .
    If the wash and wipe function does not operate correctly, GO to Pinpoint Test F .
    If both the windshield and rear wipers are inoperative, GO to Pinpoint Test L . B1453 Wiper Wash/Delay Switch Circuit Short to Ground GEM If the windshield wipers stay on continuously, GO to Pinpoint Test C .
    If the wash and wipe function does not operate correctly, GO to Pinpoint Test F . B1458 Wiper Washer Pump Motor Relay Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test F . B1460 Wiper Washer Pump Motor Relay Coil Circuit Short to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test F . B1473 Wiper Low Speed Circuit Motor Failure GEM If the windshield wipers are inoperative, GO to Pinpoint Test B .
    If the windshield wipers do not operate at high or low speed correctly, GO to Pinpoint Test D .
    If the intermittent windshield wiper speed does not operate correctly, GO to Pinpoint Test E . B1475 Accessory Delay Relay Contact Short to Battery GEM REFER to Section 501-11 . B1476 Wiper High Speed Circuit Motor Failure GEM If the windshield wipers are inoperative, GO to Pinpoint Test B .
    If the windshield wipers do not operate at high or low speed correctly, GO to Pinpoint Test D .
    If the intermittent windshield wiper does not operate correctly, GO to Pinpoint Test E . B1611 Rear Wiper Mode Switch Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test H . B1614 Rear Wiper Mode Switch Circuit Short to Ground GEM GO to Pinpoint Test I . B1820 Rear Wiper Motor Up Relay Circuit Short to Battery + GEM GO to Pinpoint Test H . B1839 Rear Wiper Motor Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test H . - All other DTCs. GEM REFER to Section 419-10

Jun 06, 2017 | Ford F-250 Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

99 f350 super duty, wipers would only come on sometimes. I changed wiper motor now they still don't work


The generic electronic module (GEM) responds to the windshield wiper control commands by interpreting inputs from the steering column multi-function switch. The speed dependent wipers will compensate for the extra moisture that accumulates on the windshield at higher speeds, except when the multi-function switch is in the INT 1 position. At higher speeds, the speed dependent feature shortens the delay between wipes when using the variable interval wipers. Delays will automatically adjust at speeds between 16 and 105 km/h (10 and 65 mph).
Testing should be done before replacing any parts . And if you don't know about (GEM) Control module controlled system's your best bet , take it to a qualified repair shop . The first place to start trouble shooting these systems is with a scan tool that can read GEM module codes .

B1840 Wiper Front Power Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test B . B1476 Wiper High Speed Circuit Motor Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test B . B1473 Wiper Low Speed Circuit Motor Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test B .
B1431 Wiper Brake/Run Relay Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test B . B1432 Wiper Brake/Run Relay Circuit Short to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test B . B1434 Wiper Hi/Low Speed Relay Coil Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test D . B1436 Wiper Hi/Low Speed Relay Coil Circuit Short to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test D . B1438 Wiper Mode Select Switch Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test B . B1441 Wiper Mode Select Switch Circuit Short to Ground GEM GO to Pinpoint Test C . B1446 Wiper Park Sense Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test B . B1450 Wiper Wash/Delay Switch Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test E . B1453 Wiper Wash/Delay Switch Circuit Short to Ground GEM GO to Pinpoint Test C . B1458 Wiper Washer Pump Motor Relay Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test F . B1460 Wiper Washer Pump Motor Relay Coil Circuit Short to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test F .
If no codes are stored then you go here .
  • The Wipers Are Inoperative
  • Fuse(s).
  • Circuitry.
  • GEM.
  • Multi-function switch (13K359) (wiper/washer switch).
  • Windshield wiper run/park relay.
  • Windshield wiper HI/LO relay.
  • Windshield wiper motor (17508).
  • GO to Pinpoint Test B .

Your best bet , take it to a qualified repair shop that knows how to trouble shoot problems like this . This is no easy diagnose's .

Feb 07, 2017 | Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Where is fuse for 1997 mercury wagon for windshield wipers


1997 mercury wagon ? Sable ? VISUAL INSPECTION CHART-WINDSHIELD WIPER AND WASHER SYSTEMS Mechanical Electrical
  • Windshield wiper blade missing or damaged.
  • Binding windshield wiper pivot arm.
  • Binding windshield wiper mounting arm and pivot shaft.
  • Empty windshield washer reservoir.
  • Kinked or broken windshield washer hoses.
  • Open fuse junction panel Fuses:
    • 8 (5A)
    • 12 (5A)
    • 20 (5A)
    • 23 (5A)
  • Damaged windshield wiper motor.
  • Damaged windshield washer pump.
  • Open connectors.
  • Corroded connectors.
  • Inoperative multi-function switch.
  • Open thermal breaker internal to the wiper motor

Which are not working , front , back or all ?

I/P Fuse Panel C225
Under left corner of instrument cluster

Feb 05, 2017 | Mercury Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Winsheild wiper will not work


The wiper control module is probably at fault ,without test that is just a guess . The wiper/washer switch is a input to the wiper control module. Do you know anything about automotive electronics an electrical systems ?
  • The Wipers are Inoperative
  • Fuse.
  • Wiper motor.
  • Multi-function switch.
  • Circuitry.
  • Wiper control module.
  • GO to Pinpoint Test B .

Voltage drop testing the power an ground circuits for the wiper control module would be a good place to start . Do you know how to test electrical circuits with a volt meter ?
PINPOINT TEST B: THE WIPERS ARE INOPERATIVE CONDITIONS DETAILS/RESULTS/ACTIONS B1 CHECK FUSE JUNCTION PANEL FUSE 16 (30A)
Fuse 16 (30A)

  • Is the fuse OK?
Yes GO to B2 .

No REPLACE the fuse. TEST the system for normal operation. If the fuse fails again, CHECK for a short to ground. REPAIR as necessary. B2 CHECK FOR VOLTAGE TO THE WIPER CONTROL MODULE - CIRCUIT 65 (DG)
Wiper Control Module C294
Measure the voltage between wiper control module C294-2, circuit 65 (DG), and ground; and between wiper control module C294-11, circuit 65 (DG), and ground.
  • Is the voltage greater than 10 volts?
Yes GO to B3 .

No REPAIR circuit 65 (DG). TEST the system for normal operation. B3 CHECK CIRCUIT 57 (BK) FOR OPEN Measure the resistance between wiper control module C294-3, circuit 57 (BK), and ground; and between wiper control module C294-5, circuit 57 (BK), and ground.
  • Are the resistances less than 5 ohms?
Yes GO to B4 .

No REPAIR circuit 57 (BK). TEST the system for normal operation. B4 CHECK THE MULTI-FUNCTION SWITCH
Multi-Function Switch
Check the multi-function switch; refer to Section 211-05 .
  • Is the multi-function switch OK?
Yes GO to B5 .

No REPLACE the multi-function switch; REFER to Section 211-05 . TEST the system for normal operation. B5 CHECK CIRCUIT 993 (BR/W) FOR OPEN Measure the resistance between multi-function switch C269-4, circuit 993 (BR/W), and wiper control module C294-7, circuit 993 (BR/W).
  • Is the resistance less than 5 ohms?
Yes GO to B6 .

No REPAIR circuit 993 (BR/W). TEST the system for normal operation. B6 CHECK CIRCUIT 589 (O) FOR OPEN Measure the resistance between multi-function switch C269-1, circuit 589 (O), and wiper control module C294-1, circuit 589 (O).
  • Is the resistance less than 5 ohms?
Yes GO to B7 .

No REPAIR circuit 589 (O). TEST the system for normal operation. B7 CHECK THE WIPER CONTROL MODULE OUTPUT FOR VOLTAGE
Wiper Control Module C294

Wiper Motor C152
Turn the multi-function switch to the HI position. Measure the voltage between wiper motor C152-4, circuit 57 (BK), and wiper motor C152-3, circuit 56 (DB/O).
  • Is the voltage greater than 10 volts?
Yes REPLACE the wiper motor; REFER to Motor-Windshield Wiper . TEST the system for normal operation.

No GO to B8 . B8 CHECK CIRCUIT 57 (BK) FOR OPEN Measure the resistance between wiper motor C152-4, circuit 57 (BK), and ground.
  • Is the resistance less than 5 ohms?
Yes REPLACE the wiper control module; REFER to Module-Windshield Wiper . TEST the system for normal operation.

No REPAIR circuit 57 (BK). TEST the system for normal operation.

Jun 29, 2017 | 2002 Lincoln Town Car

2 Answers

2003 subaru outback wagon. 3ltr engine. wipers stall on windshield.they lack power and will resart again for a few strokes with a push. not sticky windshield. wiper motor?


if you can get to it try to lube the drive mechanism with a little wd-40.. if does not work have the wiper motor replaced..good luck..

Nov 15, 2009 | 2003 Subaru Outback

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