Question about 2000 Ford F350 Super Duty Super Cab

2 Answers

I have no power to my transfer case shift motor

My 2000 F350 will not shift to 4WD, I have tested all fuses,relays and the switch. All fine. Also tested the two plugs to the shift motor, the upper plug has power, i assume this is what tells the computer what gear its in and tells the motor when and how far to move. But the lower plug with two wires has no power. I also reset the computer and all DTC'S. Any help would be great. I dont want to replace the motor if its not the problem. Also theres two feet of snow outside right now and I want to go play in it!!

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  • bjkalma Dec 26, 2008

    Said forget it. Removed the shift motor, shifted to 4 Hi with a wrench manually. Having fun in the snow. Will replace this system with a manual lever when the parts stores are open. Thanks for the help!

  • Anonymous Jan 27, 2009

    I have no power to my transfer case shift motor problem, and notify you when a new solution is offered.

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It could be you have a bad transfer case my suburban did the same this abd it cost me 1100 to repair it

Posted on Dec 25, 2008

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  • 7 Answers

All the relays? How about the one located behind the glove box (on many Ford 4X4's)?
Do you hear it click?

Put a test lamp on the connector, and see if it lights up on engagement of the button to engage 4X4.

Also, If you have an Autozone store nearby, you can purchase the motor, test it, and if that still doesn't work, return it, as long as it is in like new and re-sellable condition!

Posted on Dec 25, 2008

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Posted on Jan 02, 2017

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SOURCE: Replace upper and lower ball joints on a 03 f350

You can rent the tool that pressess the ball joints out at the auto parts store. Looking at the new ones, Remove the lock rings from the old ones remove the cotterpins and then the nuts. The wheel and break have to be removed and out of the way then install the tool and press out the joints. This is a heavy job that takes musel and heavy tools and the parts are heavy. This job is almost always done by a pro. and his helper

Posted on Nov 02, 2009

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1 Answer

1998 chevy blazer four wheel drive not engageing


You replaced all those parts without knowing what is wrong , you like making parts stores rich ? Did you have it checked for DTC'S - diagnostic trouble codes ?
Transfer Case Control Module Description
The TCCM performs the following functions:
• Receives input signals
• Processes the signal information
• Develops output signals
• Sends the output signal in order to control the shifting of the transfer case
The TCCM receives input signals from the following sources:
• The transfer case shift select buttons
• The NSBU switch on the vehicles with automatic transmissions
• The clutch position switch on the vehicles with manual transmissions
• The vehicle sped sensor calibrator module
• The encoder/motor range and the mode feedback signals
• The diagnostic enable
• The front axle mechanical status signal
In order to ensure the electronic shift system is operating properly, the transfer case control module (TCCM) continually performs diagnostics checks on itself and other parts of the electronic shift system when the ignition switch is in the run position. The following are different types of system checks that the TCCM continually performs.

Motor and Relay Voltage Checks
Whenever the electric-shift motor is turned ON or OFF the motor and the electrical circuits are tested both in the de-energized and energized condition. If one or both voltage relays fail to detect the proper voltage after energizing or de-energized and energized condition. If one or both of the voltage relays fail to detect the proper voltage after energizing or de-energizing, the shift is aborted by the TCCM and a DTC of 3 is stored in order to indicate a faulty TCCM motor circuit.
If one or both relays fail to detect the proper voltage after de-energizing, both relays are turned ON by the TCCM, (even with the ignition switch positioned OFF) in order to prevent the motor from running. The TCCM then stores a DTC of 3 in order to indicate a faulty TCCM motor circuit. All of the status lamps blink three times, stop, and repeat the blinking continuously in order to alert the driver that the electronic shift system requires immediate repair. The battery will drain when this condition occurs, regardless of the ignition switch position.

DTC 001
DTC 002
DTC 003
DTC 004

DTC 001
The transfer case shift control module normally has battery voltage supplied to it at all times through the battery positive voltage circuit (CKT 40). When the ignition is ON, the transfer case shift control module conducts a self-test to determine if it retains the same memory it had when the ignition was last turned OFF. This self-test indicates whether the RAM standby power supply to the transfer case shift control module pin C6 was interrupted, which would result in clearing DTC's from memory. If the self-test fails the transfer case shift control module sets DTC 1.
Inspect the CTSY LP fuse for an open.

DTC 002
The transfer case encoder motor is an assembly which houses four separate channels. These channels are used to indicate to the transfer case shift control module the present gear position of the transfer case or if the transfer case is in transition between gears. The encoder motor assembly consists of an electronically conductive inner ground ring in contact with a three legged wiper arm. Each leg's length is such that it makes contact with the conductive regions of the four channels. When any leg of the wiper arm is making contact with the conductive area of any channel, the encoder provides a path to ground to the inner ground ring.
During electronic shifting, the transfer case shift control module monitors the transfer case encoder circuit for the proper operating sequence. If at any time during a shift, the encoder changes from one position to any position other than the next possible position, an error counter in the transfer case shift control module increments by four. After the counter reaches 32, the transfer case shift control module set a DTC 2, a permanent "encoder fault," and reverts to a 2HI to 4LO or a 4LO to 2HI shift pattern only. To guard against a transient, random encoder fault due to vibration, dirt, electrical noise, etc., the fault counter reduces by one each time the transfer case shift control module detects a valid encoder value. The encoder must intermittently fail 25 percent of the time for the transfer case shift control module to consider it faulty and store DTC 2.

DTC 003
Circuit Description
The transfer case encoder motor has a bi-directional, permanent magnet, D.C. motor. When energized, (through Motor Control A or Motor Control B, the ground is provided by the opposing motor control circuit and then grounded through the transfer case shift control module ground circuit), the motor, through a series of gears, rotates a shaft which moves the mode and range forks to shift the transfer case between 4H, 2HI, and 4L ranges.
This DTC detects a short or open in the battery positive voltage circuit (CKT 1640), ground circuit, an internal short in the motor windings and related circuitry, or an internal transfer case shift control module failure.
Action Taken When the DTC Sets
In the event that one of the motor control circuits is energized (battery voltage is applied) the transfer case shift control module will energize the other motor control circuit to keep the motor from running. All switch indicator lamps will flash continuously to prompt the driver that service is required. The transfer case system will be disabled and the transfer case shift control module will remain energized even with the ignition in the OFF position.
Conditions for Clearing the DTC
The condition for setting the DTC is no longer present and a momentary loss of battery power at the battery positive voltage circuit (CKT 40).
Diagnostic Aids
When the vehicle is equipped with a manual transmission the clutch pedal must be depressed and working correctly in order for the transfer case to shift to the 4 low position. In order to confirm that it is operating correctly go the engine data 1 screen under the engine data display and observe the clutch pedal switch parameter.
Test Description
The numbers below refer to the step numbers on the diagnostic table.
This step tests the battery positive voltage circuit (CKT 1640) for an open or high resistance.
This step inspects the ATC fuse for an open.
This step tests the ground circuit.
This step tests the Motor Control A and B circuits.
DTC 3 -- TCCM Motor Circuit Step
Action
Value(s)
Yes
No
1
Important: Check the transfer case shift control module for DTCs. The transfer case shift control module is not a class 2 device. DTCs are displayed on the transfer case shift control switch. Use the following four steps to obtain DTCs.
Turn OFF the ignition for 10 seconds.
Connect PIN 13 on the data link cable (DLC) to a ground. The DLC is located in the cab under the instrument panel on the driver's side.
Turn ON the ignition, with the engine OFF.
Observe the transfer case shift control switch select buttons for flashing codes.
Did you perform A Diagnostic System Check - Transfer Case?
--
Go to Step 2
Go to Diagnostic System Check
2
Turn ON the ignition, with the engine OFF.
Backprobe and measure battery positive voltage (CKT 1640) at the transfer case shift control module.
Does the voltage measure near the specified value?
B+
Go to Step 6
Go to Step 3
3
Inspect the ATC Fuse 20A.
Is the fuse blown?
--
Go to Step 5
Go to Step 4
4
Repair the battery positive voltage circuit (CKT 1640) for an open or high resistance. Refer to General Electrical Diagnosis and Wiring Repairs in Wiring Systems.
Did you complete the repair?
--
Go to Step 11
--
5
Repair the battery positive voltage circuit (CKT 1640) for a short to voltage or short to ground. Refer to General Electrical Diagnosis and Wiring Repairs in Wiring Systems.
Replace the ATC Fuse.
Did you complete the repair?
--
Go to Step 11
--
6
Connect a test lamp from the battery positive voltage circuit (CKT 1640) to the ground circuit at the transfer case shift control module.
Does the test lamp illuminate?
--
Go to Step 8
Go to Step 7
7
Repair the ground circuit for an open or high resistance. Refer to General Electrical Diagnosis and Wiring Repairs in Wiring Systems.
Did you complete the repair?
--
Go to Step 11
--
8
Backprobe and measure voltage at the transfer case shift control module between the transfer case motor control A circuit and the transfer case motor control B circuit.
Press the 4HI then 4LO on the shift control switch.
The DMM should read +12V in one direction and -12V in the other direction.
Does the voltage measure near the specified value?
+12V/-12V
Go to Step 9
Go to Step 10
9
Repair the open or high resistance in the transfer case motor control A or B circuits. Refer to General Electrical Diagnosis and Wiring Repairs in Wiring Systems. If OK, replace the transfer case encoder motor. Refer to Motor/Encoder Replacement .
Did you complete the repair?
--
Go to Step 11
--
10
Replace the transfer case shift control module. Refer to Transfer Case Shift Control Module Replacement .
Did you complete the replacement?
--
Go to Step 11
--
11
Clear all DTCs from memory. Refer to Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Clearing .
Operate the vehicle while pressing each of the buttons on the transfer case shift control switch.
Does the DTC reset?
--
Go to Step 2
System OK

There is a bit more to it then just replacing parts ! Your best bet - Take it to a qualified repair shop .

Feb 07, 2017 | Chevrolet Blazer Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

How do I repair the four wheel drive on a 1999 Ford Ranger XLT?


It depends on what is wrong , is the 4x4 light flashing ? Are you aware of the complexity of the 4x4 system ? Has a electronic control module , has the ability to set an store DTC'S - diagnostic trouble codes !
Transfer Case The four wheel drive system is an electronic shift 4X4 system that allows the operator to choose between three different modes. The operator can switch 4X4 HIGH modes at any speed. To engage or disengage 4X4 LOW the vehicle speed must be less than 5 kph (3 mph), the brake depressed, and the transmission must be in NEUTRAL.
The shift motor sense plate, an integral part of the electronic shift motor, informs the generic electronic module (GEM) of the transfer case shift motor and contact plates A, B, C and D position.
The digital transmission range (TR) sensor is located on the LH side of the transmission, and informs the GEM when the transmission is in the NEUTRAL position.
The electronic shift motor is mounted externally at the rear of the transfer case. It drives a rotary cam which moves the mode fork and range fork within the transfer case between the 4X4 HIGH, 4X4 LOW and 2WD range positions.
When the GEM verifies the completion of the transfer case shift from 2WD to 4X4 HIGH (reading the contact plate positions), the GEM will then energize both pulse vacuum hublock (PVH) solenoids (supplying ground for 45 seconds). The PVH solenoid will allow a HIGH flow of intake manifold vacuum to the "wheel end hublocks", engaging the wheel end hubs to the front differential and transfer case to achieve four wheel drive.
Here are just a few DTC'S the system can set an store in the module !
P1804 4WD High Indicator Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test C . P1806 4WD High Indicator Short to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test C . P1808 4WD Low Indicator Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test C . P1810 4WD Low Indicator Short to Power GEM GO to Pinpoint Test C . P1812 4WD Mode Select Switch Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1815 4WD Mode Select Switch Circuit Short to Ground GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1820 Transfer Case CW Shift Relay Circuit - Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1822 Transfer Case CW Shift Relay Coil Short to Power GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1824 4WD Electric Clutch Relay Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1826 4WD Low Clutch Relay Short to Power GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1828 Transfer Case CCW Shift Relay Coil Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1830 Transfer Case CCW Shift Relay Coil Short to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1838 Transfer Case Shift Motor Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1846 Transfer Case CONTACT PLATE "A" Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . Now are you sure you really want to mess with this ? You would need a factory diagnostic scan tool to check this out before you start replacing parts !
Here

May 30, 2015 | Ford Ranger Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

4x4 low light on car will not move


The electronic module (located behind the glove compartment) controls the operation of the transfer case in response to inputs from the electric shift motor, 4x4 mode switch, CPP switch, BPP switch, DTR sensor, throttle position output from the PCM, front and rear OSS sensors, and the VSS. Do you know what DTC'S Are ? Diagnostic trouble codes !

P1804 4WD High Indicator Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test C . P1806 4WD High Indicator Short to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test C . P1808 4WD Low Indicator Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test C . P1810 4WD Low Indicator Short Circuit to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test C . P1812 4WD Mode Select Circuit Failure GEM GO to Symptom Chart. P1815 4WD Mode Select Short Circuit to Ground GEM GO to Symptom Chart. P1820 Transfer Case CW Shift Relay Coil Circuit Open or Short to Ground GEM GO to Pinpoint Test B . P1822 Transfer Case CW Shift Relay Coil Short to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test B . P1824 4WD Electric Clutch Relay Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1826 4WD Electric Clutch Relay Short to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1828 Transfer Case CCW Shift Relay Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test B . P1830 Transfer Case CCW Shift Relay Coil Short to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test B . P1836 Transfer Case Front Shaft Speed Sensor Circuit Failure GEM GO to Symptom Chart. P1837 Transfer Case Rear Shaft Speed Sensor Circuit Failure GEM GO to Symptom Chart. P1838 Transfer Case Shift Motor Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test B . P1846 Transfer Case CONTACT PLATE "A" Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test B . P1850 Transfer Case CONTACT PLATE "B" Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test B .

P1854 Transfer Case CONTACT PLATE "C" Circuit Failure (GEM Only) GEM GO to Pinpoint Test B . P1858 Transfer Case CONTACT PLATE "D" Circuit Failure (GEM Only) GEM GO to Pinpoint Test B . P1866 Transfer Case Maintenance Required (GEM Only) (4-wheel drive operation can be restored by clearing the DTC and cycling the ignition.) GEM GO to Pinpoint Test B . P1867 Transfer Case Contact Plate General Circuit Failure (GEM Only) GEM GO to Pinpoint Test B . P1874 Automatic Hall Effect Sensor Power Circuit Failure GEM GO to Symptom Chart. P1875 Automatic Hall Effect Sensor Power Circuit Short to Battery (GEM Only) GEM GO to Symptom Chart. P1891 Transfer Case Contact Plate Ground Return Open Circuit GEM GO to Pinpoint Test B Your best bet , take it to a qualified repair shop

Apr 04, 2017 | 2002 Ford Explorer

1 Answer

2002 f150 4wd drive not not working,


Transfer Case - Electronic Shift on the Fly (ESOF) Features A rotary switch allows the vehicle operator to choose between 2WD, 4H, and 4L modes of 4x4 operation.
The generic electronic module (GEM) controls the operation of the 4x4 system.
The output shaft speed (OSS), mounted in the rear of the transfer case, informs the GEM of the vehicle speed.
The shift motor sense plate, an integral part of the electronic shift motor, informs the GEM to the positions of the transfer case (go to Table 4).
The transmission range sensor is located on the LH side of the transmission; this sensor informs the GEM when the transmission is in the NEUTRAL position.
The electronic shift motor, mounted externally at the rear of the transfer case, drives a rotary cam which moves the mode fork and range fork within the transfer case to select between the 2WD, 4H, and 4L positions.
The 4x4/4x2 vacuum solenoids are attached to the upper RH side of the engine compartment, and alternately route vacuum to the vacuum motor which engages/disengages the center axle disconnect collar in the front axle assembly.
The 4x4 shift motor relay is a module containing two relays. Under the control of the GEM, the 4x4 shift motor relay shifts the transfer case shift motor between the 2WD, 4H, and 4L modes.
The transfer case clutch relay is an electromechanical relay used to activate the transfer case clutch within the transfer case.


Your best bet , take it to a qualified repair shop !

P1804 Transmission 4-Wheel Drive High Indicator Circuit Failure GEM REFER to Section 413-01A . P1806 Transmission 4-Wheel Drive High Indicator Short Circuit to Battery GEM REFER to Section 413-01A . P1812 Transmission 4-Wheel Drive Mode Select Circuit Failure GEM REFER to the Symptom Chart. P1815 Transmission 4-Wheel Drive Mode Select Short Circuit to Ground GEM REFER to the Symptom Chart. P1820 Transmission Transfer Case Clockwise Shift Relay Coil Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1822 Transmission Transfer Case Clockwise Shift Relay Coil Short Circuit to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1824 Transmission 4-Wheel Drive Clutch Relay Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test E . P1826 Transmission 4-Wheel Drive Low Clutch Relay Short Circuit to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test E . P1828 Transmission Transfer Case Counter Clockwise Shift Relay Coil Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1830 Transmission Transfer Case Counter Clockwise Shift Relay Coil Short Circuit to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1832 Transmission Transfer Case Differential Lock-Up Solenoid Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test C . P1834 Transmission Transfer Case Differential Lock-Up Solenoid Short Circuit to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test C . P1838 Transmission Transfer Case Shift Motor Circuit Failure GEM REFER to the Symptom Chart. P1846 Transmission Transfer Case Contact Plate 'A' Circuit Failure GEM REFER to the Symptom Chart. P1850 Transmission Transfer Case Contact Plate 'B' Circuit Failure GEM REFER to the Symptom Chart. P1854 Transmission Transfer Case Contact Plate 'C' Circuit Failure GEM REFER to the Symptom Chart. P1858 Transmission Transfer Case Contact Plate 'D' Circuit Failure GEM REFER to the Symptom Chart. P1866 Transmission Transfer Case System Concern - Servicing Required GEM REFER to the Symptom Chart. P1867 Transmission Transfer Case Contact Plate General Circuit Failure GEM REFER to the Symptom Chart. P1876 Transmission Transfer Case 2-Wheel Drive Solenoid Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test C . P1877 Transmission Transfer Case 2-Wheel Drive Solenoid Circuit Short to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test C . P1891 Transmission Transfer Case Contact Plate Ground Return Open Circuit GEM REFER to the Symptom Chart.

Nov 26, 2017 | 2003 Ford F150 Regular Cab

1 Answer

99 ford f150 4wd won't engage, clicks but does not engage


Without knowing how the 4X4 works you don't have much chance of finding the problem , (tapping on stuff ) ? There is an electronic control module that makes this system work . Could have DTC'S - diagnostic trouble code's stored in the (GEM)
Transfer Case -Electronic Shift on the Fly (ESOF) Operation The electronic shift on the fly (ESOF) system is an electronic shift 4x4 system that allows the operator to choose between two different 4x4 modes as well as 2-wheel drive. The operator can switch between 2WD and 4H mode at speeds up to 88 km/h (55 mph). To engage or disengage 4L range, the vehicle speed must be less than 5 km/h (3 mph), the brake pedal depressed, and the transmission must be in NEUTRAL.
The transfer case is equipped with an electromagnetic clutch which is located inside the case. This clutch is used to spin up the front driveline when shifting from 2WD to 4H mode at speed. When the control switch on the instrument panel is turned, the generic electronic module (GEM) recognizes that a shift has been requested and activates the electromagnetic clutch and the relays which power the transfer case shift motor. When the shift motor reaches the desired position, as determined by the contact plate position inputs to the GEM, power to the shift relays and motors will be removed. When the transfer case front and rear output shafts are synchronized, the spring loaded lockup collar mechanically engages the mainshaft hub to the drive sprocket. Finally, the front axle collar is engaged and the electromagnetic clutch is deactivated.
Shifts between 2WD and 4H can be made at any speed up to 88 km/h (55 mph). Listed below are the inputs and outputs needed by the GEM to execute a change between any of these modes.
Feature Inputs:
  • 4WD mode switch (various resistances; go to Table 1).
  • Contact plate position inputs A, B, C, D (grounded when closed, open circuit when open; go to Table 4).
Feature Outputs:
  • 4x4 shift motor relay outputs (go to Table 2).
  • Transfer case clutch relay (grounded when relay is activated, open circuit when relay is deactivated).
  • 4x2/4x4 vacuum solenoid (grounded when activated, open circuit when deactivated).
  • Cluster indicators (ground when activated, open circuit when deactivated).
When shifting into or out of 4L, the GEM requires that the vehicle speed be less than 5 km/h (3 mph), the brake is applied, and the transmission is in NEUTRAL.

Feature Inputs:
  • 4WD Mode Switch (various resistances; go to Table 1).
  • Contact Plate Position Inputs A, B, C, D (grounded when closed, open circuit when open; go to Table 4).
  • Output Speed Shaft (OSS) Sensor (Sinusoid Signal: 0.7V-20V, 2.2 Hz/mph).
  • Brake Input (battery voltage when brake is depressed, open circuit when not activated).
  • Transmission Range Sensor (grounded when transmission is in NEUTRAL, open circuit otherwise).
  • Start/Clutch Depressed Input (go to Table 3).
Feature Outputs:
  • 4x4 Shift Motor Relay Outputs (go to Table 2).
  • 4x2/4x4 Vacuum Solenoid (grounded when activated, open circuit when deactivated).
  • Cluster Indicators (grounded when activated, open circuit when deactivated).
  • P1804 Transmission 4-Wheel Drive High Indicator Circuit Failure GEM REFER to Section 413-01A . P1806 Transmission 4-Wheel Drive High Indicator Short Circuit to Battery GEM REFER to Section 413-01A . P1812 Transmission 4-Wheel Drive Mode Select Circuit Failure GEM REFER to the Symptom Chart. P1815 Transmission 4-Wheel Drive Mode Select Short Circuit to Ground GEM REFER to the Symptom Chart. P1820 Transmission Transfer Case Clockwise Shift Relay Coil Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1822 Transmission Transfer Case Clockwise Shift Relay Coil Short Circuit to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1824 Transmission 4-Wheel Drive Clutch Relay Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test E . P1826 Transmission 4-Wheel Drive Low Clutch Relay Short Circuit to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test E . P1828 Transmission Transfer Case Counter Clockwise Shift Relay Coil Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1830 Transmission Transfer Case Counter Clockwise Shift Relay Coil Short Circuit to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1832 Transmission Transfer Case Differential Lock-Up Solenoid Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test C . P1834 Transmission Transfer Case Differential Lock-Up Solenoid Short Circuit to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test C . P1838 Transmission Transfer Case Shift Motor Circuit Failure GEM REFER to the Symptom Chart. P1846 Transmission Transfer Case Contact Plate 'A' Circuit Failure GEM REFER to the Symptom Chart. P1850 Transmission Transfer Case Contact Plate 'B' Circuit Failure GEM REFER to the Symptom Chart. P1854 Transmission Transfer Case Contact Plate 'C' Circuit Failure GEM REFER to the Symptom Chart. P1858 Transmission Transfer Case Contact Plate 'D' Circuit Failure GEM REFER to the Symptom Chart. P1866 Transmission Transfer Case System Concern - Servicing Required GEM REFER to the Symptom Chart. P1867 Transmission Transfer Case Contact Plate General Circuit Failure GEM REFER to the Symptom Chart. P1876 Transmission Transfer Case 2-Wheel Drive Solenoid Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test C . P1877 Transmission Transfer Case 2-Wheel Drive Solenoid Circuit Short to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test C . P1891 Transmission Transfer Case Contact Plate Ground Return Open Circuit GEM REFER to the Symptom Chart. Your best bet , take it to a qualified repair shop. Tapping on thing's isn't the way to diagnose

Jan 10, 2018 | Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

My 98 f150 was in 4WD Hi this morning when I started it. Selector switch is in 2WD position. 4WD Hi light is on, hubs (or front differential) is engaged and transfer case engage. (Feel front wheel hop...


If the switch was in the 2WD position and the transfer case was locked in a 4WD range, my 2 SWAGs would be bad switch or the connector to the shift motor is damaged / corroded or the fuse to the transfer case shift relay module is blown ( fuse # 17 ) / problem with the transfer case shift relay module.

This is without knowing if the truck was used in 4WD the night prior, and shifted out just before turning off. If this is the case, the shift motor might be stuck, and a few hits with a dead blow hammer to the transfer case might jar it free again ( do not use a metal hammer, it could damage the transfer case ).

The vacuum shift solenoids on the firewall are controlled by the GEM ( Generic Electronic Module ) which is grounding either the 2WD or 4WD solenoid, depending on the shift plate contacts in the transfer case. ( when in 4 or 4H, the contact switch plate signals the GEM, which in turn grounds the correct solenoid ).

Pulling the switch will not cause the transfer case to go back to a default position, the switch has a resistance level for each mode, and needs that value to operate the shift motor.

The resistance values for the switch between the 2 dark blue wires:
2WD - 4100 to 3700 ohms
4H - 1050 to 1150 ohms
4L - 380 to 340 ohms
- find the wire locations on the switch, mark them and remove the connector to test the resistance.

Just my opinion on the order :

1. Check the fuses for the shift motor
2. Try the old school shift method, back up ~ 50' put into park or neutral, and shift from 4WD to 2WD.
2.1. This is to see if the transfer case shift motor is bound up, and reversing might release it
3. Try hammering the transfer case with a dead blow hammer while someone shifts from 2WD to 4WD. You only need the key in the run position, if it happens quick enough after running the engine, the vacuum reservoir will still have enough vac to operate the solenoids. Don't chance running yourself over.
3.1. If this frees up the shift motor and the vacuum has bled off, you can try starting the truck and shifting into 4H then back to 2WD to get the front axle to disconnect or manually vacuum operate the front disconnect motor by applying vacuum to the pink vacuum line on the shift motor on the front axle.

Mar 05, 2011 | 1998 Ford F150 Regular Cab

1 Answer

4x4 transfer case motor stops between 4h and 2 h just like it is


The axel disconnect solenoid could be the problem. But first check the fuse for the solenoid, in the fuse junction box under the left side of the dash.
It's fuse # 23 10amp. Also there is a fuse for the transfer case shift module, in the power dist. box under the hood on the left fender. It's fuse#17 30amp.
Check these first before moving on to the t/c shift
module, behind the ctr.of the dash. And the shift mode selector switch,in the dash. There have been
some issues with the selector sw. Hope this helps.

Mar 31, 2010 | 1997 Ford F150 Regular Cab

2 Answers

1998 f150 4x4 not working


Check BJB ( aka Battery Junction Box, Engine Compartment fuse panel ) Fuse #17. This is the power to the Transfer Case shift relay, which powers the Shift motor in the Transfer case and power to the magnetic clutch coil ( via the transfer case relay ).

The other fuse to check is the CJB ( aka Central Junction Box, cab fuse panel ) Fuse #23.

If both fuses check good, time to check for power on the connector for the shift relay and the shift motor. The power from BJB Fuse # 17 is the Dark Green w/ Light Green stripe ( this is hot at all times ).
The old school test is to lightly hit the back of the transfer case, to see if the shift motor is hung up.
Here are the diagrams, so you can see what I am talking about.
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Dec 18, 2009 | 1998 Ford F150 Regular Cab

1 Answer

1993 FORD EXPLORER,AUOTMATIC 4.0 XLT , PUSH BUTTON 4X4 = I HAVE CHECKED THE TEST MODULE IN THE REAR ABOVE DRIVER'S SIDE FENDER WELL UNDER PLASTIC COVER,UNPLUGGED THE 2 CONNECTION'S AND THE LIGHT FLASHED 4...


there is a neutral switch tied into the transmission, the transfer case will not shift into 4 hi unless the trans is in neutral or park, and 4low only if the trans is in Neutral and the transfer case is in 4hi. CHECK- transmission neutral switch, transfercase feedback switches.

Sep 22, 2009 | 1993 Ford Explorer Limited

1 Answer

Ford 2005 4x4 problem.


2-Speed Torque-On-Demand (TOD) Operation
The automatic 4-wheel drive (A4WD) system is a 2-speed torque-on-demand (TOD) operation that utilizes the following components:
  • Transfer case
  • 4-wheel drive (4WD) control module (integral to the powertrain control module [PCM])
  • Mode select switch (MSS)
  • Gearmotor encoder assembly (part of the transfer case shift motor)
  • Transfer case shift motor
  • Shift motor sense plate (part of the gearmotor encoder assembly)
Principles of Operation
Transfer Case Shift Motor The externally mounted transfer case shift motor, located at the rear of the transfer case, turns the shift cam assembly. As the shift cam assembly turns, it positions the reduction shift fork for desired transfer case operation. An integral position sensor in the shift motor provides shift motor position information to the 4WD control module.
Mode Select Switch (MSS) The push button MSS, mounted on the instrument panel, allows the operator to select the 4x4 Auto, 4x4 High, and 4x4 Low transfer case operating modes. The indicator light, on the instrument cluster push button, will illuminate only when the 4x4 Low position is engaged.
Visual Inspection Chart Mechanical Electrical
  • Axle shafts and CV joints
  • Driveshaft and universal joints
  • Fluid leaks
  • Matching tire sizes
  • Transfer case shift motor
  • Battery junction box (BJB) fuses:
    • 8 (30A)
    • 17 (5A)
    • 18 (20A)
  • Central junction box (CJB) fuses:
    • 12 (5A)
    • 24 (15A)
  • 4x4 module (PCM)
  • Wiring harness
  • Gearmotor encoder contact plate
  • Connector(s)
  • Circuitry
  • Mode indication switch (MSS)

  1. If an obvious cause for an observed or reported concern is found, correct the cause (if possible) before proceeding to the next step.
  1. If the concern is not visually evident, connect the diagnostic tool to the data link connector and select the vehicle to be tested from the diagnostic tool menu. If the diagnostic tool does not communicate with the vehicle:
    • check that the program card is correctly installed.
    • check the connections to the vehicle.
    • check the ignition switch position.
  1. If the diagnostic tool still does not communicate with the vehicle, refer to the diagnostic tool operating manual.
  1. Carry out the diagnostic tool data link test. If the diagnostic tool responds with:
    • CAN circuit fault; all electronic control units no response/not equipped, refer to Section 418-00 .
    • No response/not equipped for 4WD module (PCM), Go To Pinpoint Test G .
    • System passed, retrieve and record the continuous diagnostic trouble codes (DTCs), erase the continuous DTCs and carry out the 4WD module (PCM) self test.
  1. If the DTCs retrieved are related to the concern, go to the 4WD Control Module (PCM) Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Index to continue diagnostics. 4WD Control Module (PCM) Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Index
    DTC Description Source Action B1317 Battery Voltage HIGH 4WD Module (PCM) REFER to Section 414-00 . B1318 Battery Voltage LOW 4WD Module (PCM) REFER to Section 414-00 . B1319 Driver Door Ajar Circuit Failure 4WD Module (PCM) Go To Pinpoint Test M . B1322 Driver Door Ajar Circuit Short To Ground 4WD Module (PCM) Go To Pinpoint Test M . B1342 ECU is Defective 4WD Module (PCM) CLEAR the DTCs. REPEAT the 4x4 module (PCM) self test. If DTC B1342 is retrieved, INSTALL a new 4x4 module (PCM). REFER to Section 303-14 . CLEAR the DTCs. REPEAT the self test. B1483 Brake Pedal Input Circuit Failure 4WD Module (PCM) Go To Pinpoint Test M . B1485 Brake Pedal Input Short to Battery 4WD Module (PCM) Go To Pinpoint Test M . C1729 Transfer Case Unable to Transition Between 4H and 4L 4WD Module (PCM) Go To Pinpoint Test K . C1970 4WD Low Mode Switch LED Short to Battery 4WD Module (PCM) Go To Pinpoint Test K . C1971 4WD Low Mode Switch LED Circuit Failure 4WD Module (PCM) Go To Pinpoint Test K . P1707 Transfer Case NEUTRAL or PARK/NEUTRAL Indication Circuit 4WD Module (PCM) Go To Pinpoint Test M . P1812 Transmission 4-Wheel Drive Mode Select Circuit Failure 4WD Module (PCM) Go To Pinpoint Test K . P1815 Transmission 4-Wheel Drive Mode Select Short Circuit to Ground 4WD Module (PCM) Go To Pinpoint Test K . P1816 Transmission NEUTRAL Safety Switch Circuit Failure 4WD Module (PCM) Go To Pinpoint Test M . P1819 Transmission NEUTRAL Safety Switch Circuit Short to Ground 4WD Module (PCM) Go To Pinpoint Test M . P1820 Transfer Case Clockwise Shift Relay Coil Circuit Failure 4WD Module (PCM) Go To Pinpoint Test K . P1822 Transfer Case Clockwise Shift Relay Coil Circuit Short To Battery 4WD Module (PCM) Go To Pinpoint Test K . P1824 4-Wheel Drive Clutch Relay Circuit Failure 4WD Module (PCM) Go To Pinpoint Test H . P1826 4-Wheel Drive Low Clutch Relay Short Circuit to Battery 4WD Module (PCM) Go To Pinpoint Test H . P1827 4-Wheel Drive Low Clutch Relay Short Circuit to Ground 4WD Module (PCM) Go To Pinpoint Test H . P1828 Transfer Case Counterclockwise Shift Relay Coil Circuit Failure 4WD Module (PCM) Go To Pinpoint Test K . P1830 Transfer Case Counterclockwise Shift Relay Coil Circuit Short To Battery 4WD Module (PCM) Go To Pinpoint Test K . P1849 Transfer Case Contact Plate A Short Circuit to Ground 4WD Module (PCM) Go To Pinpoint Test K . P1853 Transfer Case Contact Plate B Short Circuit to Ground 4WD Module (PCM) Go To Pinpoint Test K . P1857 Transfer Case Contact Plate C Short Circuit to Ground 4WD Module (PCM) Go To Pinpoint Test K . P1861 Transfer Case Contact Plate D Short Circuit to Ground 4WD Module (PCM) Go To Pinpoint Test K . P1867 Transfer Case Contact Plate General Circuit Failure 4WD Module (PCM) Go To Pinpoint Test K . P1891 Transfer Case Contact Plate Ground Return Open Circuit 4WD Module (PCM) Go To Pinpoint Test K . U1900 CAN Communication BUS Fault 4WD Module (PCM) REFER to Section 418-00 . U2023 External Node Fault 4WD Module (PCM) REFER to Section 418-00 . U2051 One Or More Calibration Files Missing/Corrupt 4WD Module (PCM) Reprogram/Reflash the 4x4 module. REFER to Section 418-00 . - For All Other DTCs 4WD Module (PCM) REFER to Section 418-00 .
  2. Your best bet mite be to take it to a qualified repair shop !

May 30, 2017 | 2005 Ford Explorer

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