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Re: hoses are leaking
One at a time. after you install them make sure you turn the car on and move the steering wheel left to right several times to let the fluid circulate into the pump. you hear a strange noise but it will go away
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You need to first diagnose what is leaking. Most power steering leaks are in the pressure hose but not always. Pressure hoses will have screw on fittings and return hoses will usually just have spring clamps or screw type clamps on the end of the hose. Pressure hose most likely, return hoses 2nd, failing rack and pinion assy 3rd and pressure pump last. If its leaking from the bellows on the end of the rack and pinion the you will need a reman unit. Presure pumps are also remanufactured if thats what you need. hoses are replaced with new hoses or standard return hose for the return line.
If you are certain it is a bad pump, replacements are available at most auto parts stores, or a wrecking yard. I assume you've checked fluid level, belt and pulleys, hoses; as well as the condition of the steering box, or rack and pinion. There is a forum for rangers with "how to" for your pump: http://www.ranger-forums.com/engine-drivetrain-122/how-change-power-steering-pump-104580/
I hope this helps you. If you're going to be doing much work on your Ford, I suggest you buy a service manual for it. They make life much easier; though we are glad to help.
Not that easy to change. You may need a crow's foot wrench on the fitting where the PS hose connects to the rack and pinion-on the car frame member behind the transaxle. Raise the driver front of car on stands, remove wheel. PS hoses, the pressure line and the return line, both connect at about the same place on the rack and pinion unit. See if you can get a regular wrench on the hose in question, and loosen it. If you can, (use rags or a can to catch leaks), then take off the hose in question up top on the PS pump, or on the PS reservoir. The pressure hose comes from the pump. The return hose goes to the reservoir-or some just both go to the pump and reservoir, if it's a single unit. Suction out the fluid from reservoir before removing hose, or you will have a big mess to clean up afterward. If loosened from top and bottom, there should be a hose holding bracket on the backside of engine or transmission. Good luck.
its not a very big job and there is no need for any special tools,but you need to identify the hose,loosen the bottom hose and let the fluid out,then replace the hose that is leaking ,tighten everything up and refill the fluid holder ,turn the steering both ways a couple of times to expell all air out of the system and away you go.adrian,,,
Sounds like you need a new power steering hose. To verify this, I would dry up any wet areas on the hose and pump with a towel, get a flashlight and start the vehicle and try to determine the exact site of the leak which is usually at the ends of the hoses. Good luck!
For the leaking power steering it could be a pinhole in the hose, the sound in your left wheel sounds like a bearing is going down, or, the brake caliper is malfunctioning and holding pressure against the rotor while it is turning.
The problem could be anything from a power steering hose has leaked out all the power steering fluid or the steering rack could be leaking fluid. Has the car made any strange noises when turning the steering wheel? A car that is loosing power steering fluid will at some point lose so much fluid as to make the power steering pump cavitate (starve for fluid) and the pump will make a high pitched noise when it has too little fluid in it. I can't remember if the 1996 ranger had only one belt on the engine or if the power steering has it own seperate belt. The belt being gone would prevent the power steering from working but if you only have one belt the car would also overheat.
The power steering pressure switch as its called threads in to the power steering pressure hose most of the time it is close to the power steering pump, I have also seen them at the lower point of the pressure hose close to the rack and pinion.
I would look for a vacuum leak. If you stand outside the car with the hood open while the car is running you might be able to hear which vacuum hose is leaking. Considering the age of that car I would have a very good look at any vacuum hose or the hose going to the power brake booster (if the truck has power brakes)