Question about 1991 Peugeot 405

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Where can i get an ACAV vacuum diaphragm unit from??

ACAV (variable acoustic characteristic induction). An inlet manifold with a variable inlet tract system.

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I would try the dealer, even though this car is over 10 years old...accordianman

Posted on Dec 15, 2008

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1991Buick skylark stall when hitting brakes


Check the brake booster. It is connected to the inlet manifold as it uses the vacuum coming from the inlet manifold. A leaking diaphragm might cause to much air entering the inlet manifold. Start the engine and let it idle - check that it doesn\'t idle to low, if so adjust first - step hard on the brake pedal as during an emergency stop. If the engines stalls it is the brake booster.

May 09, 2014 | Cars & Trucks

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IMR - Inlet Manifold Runner valve


1.10) IMR- Inlet Manifold Runner valve (actuator)

What is it? The inlet manifold consists of a plenum chamber onto the front of which is mounted the throttle . Extending from the plenum is a series of moulded pipes called 'runners' curve round to the intake ports on the cylinder head. In some instances there are two intake ports for each cylinder fed by slightly different lengths of runner. When the engine is at low revs the longer pipe works well. However at higher speeds the shorter length of the alternative runner is better suited. To cater for this the shorter port, which is normally shut off at low engine speeds by a plate (very similar in operation to the throttle plate), is opened by a motor or solenoid. The shorter runner is usually opened in addition to the longer runner and not as a substitute. The opening of this additional shorter runner is done by the IMR.


Where is it located? The IMR valves are located in the throat of each inlet port and the controlling motor is located at the end of the interconnecting shaft.

How does it work? At a predetermined engine speed (>3000rpm) the ECU sends a voltage to the IMR that snaps open the additional inlet portsto boost power output. It does this by either a) directly with an electrical motor or b) it opens a solenoid valve and allows vacuum, sourced from the inlet manifold, to act on a diaphragm to rotate the valve shafts.

Symptoms of a faulty IMR
Associated OBD2 error codes DTCs: P1500 - P1599

  • Power reduction - If the IMR fails to open in the upper rev range the engine will seem to lack any (power) 'head-room'. The engine will still operate but the usual additional power boost in the upper rev range will be absent.

How to Check? Visually check the action of the action of the actuator in response to increasing engine speed.

How to Fix? Check the wires and connections. If the device uses a vacuum, check the tubing for leaks. If the IMR unit is faulty replace it.


NEXT 1.11) EVAP - Fuel Vapour Evaporative Control System

on Jul 22, 2011 | Mercedes-Benz E-Class Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

WHEN STARTING JAGUAR XTYPE 2.1 LITRE 2004 MODEL STARTS CHUGGING ENGINE FLASHING AT LOW REVS FELLS ITS GOING TO STALL.


air leak in induction system check around inlet manifold also the oil seperator under the inlet manifold the rubber hose goes soggy and draws air check for fault codes using scan tool

Apr 15, 2013 | 2002 Jaguar X-Type

1 Answer

P1131


Fuel/air ratio is correcting rich for an overly lean condition.
Possible Causes:
Fuel System---Exessive fuel presser, Leaking fuel injector(s), Leaking pressure regulator, Low fuel pressure or Contaminated injector(s).
Induction System--Air leaks after the MAF, Vacuum leaks, Restricted air inlet, PVC system, Fuel purge system or Improperly seated dip stick.
EGR--Leaking gasket, Stuck open EGR valve or Leaking diaphragm.
Base Engine--Oil overfill, Cam timing, Cylinder compression, Exhaust leaksbefore or near the HO2Ss.
CHECK AIR FILTER, AIR FILTER HOUSING FOR BLOCKAGE.
VERIFY INTEGRITY OF THE PCV SYSTEM.
CHECK FOR VACUUM LEAKS.
HOPE THIS HELPS YOU ??

Jul 06, 2011 | 1996 Ford Escort 4 Door

1 Answer

The car won't idle and is sluggish when in motion,when I step on the accelorator,the motor hesitates and wants to stall.


hi.
it sounds like a prolem on the vacuum pipes going to the inlet manifold.
a split in one of these vacuum pipes would result in too much air going into the engine, resulting in the exact symptoms you are describing.

check each pipe for any signs of damage or collapsing or holes. make sure that they fit tightly at the ends and at any junction points.

also remove the pipe going into the brake servo unit and blow into it. you should feel some resistance, and when the pressure is released, you should feel the air blowing back a little.
if you can keep blowing into this pipe with no resistance the diaphragm in the servo unit has a hole in it which will also let air into the manifold.

Apr 06, 2011 | Oldsmobile Alero Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

, apower brakes have no pressure when pedal pushed, no brake line leaks, pushes hard when engine turned off acts like power assist is leaking thru


I would check the medium sized rubber hose that goes to the brake booster from the inlet manifold as it can swell internally and prevent vacuum getting to the power booster. Replace if necessary. I would also check all those pesky little rubber vacuum hoses that are used for pollution control. They tend to go hard and split where they connect to the metal piping if they are over 10 years old, allowing air / vacuum leaks into the inlet manifold. It could also mean that the rubber diaphragm inside the brake booster has developed a leak and causing loss of power assistance.

Sep 21, 2010 | 1992 Buick Roadmaster

1 Answer

Truck stop running after running for a while. Stop let truck rest a little start right back up and runs for a little while then repeat the same process over and over with in dash screen says service brake...


In relation to the brake booster, try looking at the vacuum hose that runs from the inlet manifold to the brake booster. It could have become hard and brittle and split causing a bad air/vacuum leak.
Sometimes in older vehicles the rubber diaphragm inside the brake booster can perish and split allowing excessive air through the booster into the inlet manifold

Aug 19, 2010 | GMC Yukon XL Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

How to replace knock sensor on 1994 Lexus ES300


Hi,

This is a big job, you will need to remove the intake manifold and various other intake components to get to the knock sensor, which is sitting in the V gulley of the engine.

But basically you need to remove all inlet tract components, and the top cooling system components, then remove inlet manifold and there you will see the knock sensor.

Good Luck

Thanks

Jason

Aug 18, 2010 | Lexus ES 300 Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Egr valve when does it operate


The EGR (exhaust gas recirculation) valve

What is it? This is a device that reduces engine emissions of nitric oxides by allowing a measured amount of exhaust gas to re-enter the intake manifold and mix with the air prior to entering the cylinders. The EGR can be vacuum or electrically driven or a combination of both.

Where is it located? The EGR is most often associated with the intake manifold. The EGR will be sited at a point of contact with both the exhaust and intake manifolds. If the exhaust manifold is remote, for example on the other side of the engine to the intake manifold, there will often be an exhaust feed pipe leading from the exhaust manifold to the EGR sited on the intake manifold.

How does it work? Generally intake manifold vacuum acting on a diaphragm draws up on a valve to open a connection between an entry port from the exhaust gases and an exit port to the intake manifold. An open EGR port makes starting difficult so the valve operation is often impeded by an electrical over-ride until the engine has warmed up, as signaled to the ECU by the coolant temperature sender. In some cases, a differential pressure feedback exhaust (DPFE) sensor fed by pipes from the exhaust feed to the EGR informs the ECU when and by how much the EGR should be open.

Symptoms of faulty EGR

The EGR has two possible fault modes either it is a) open when it should be closed or b) closed when it should be open. (some EGR faults are in fact more likely to be DPFE related)
  • Poor idling: ‘hunts’ at idle and generally rough engine performance. This is due to the air ingress through the split diaphragm or the EGR valve being left open, either event compromises the intake manifold vacuum and in turn this interferes with the ECU’s ability to deliver accurate fuel to air ratio for a given engine speed.
  • Misfire and ‘pinking’: if the EGR is jammed closed or the exhaust feed pipe is blocked (e.g. gummed up with baked carbon) the engine ignition runs lean and very hot, so hot in fact that the fuel air mix can spontaneously ignite causing a misfire. The misfire if pronounced can, in turn, be detected by the engine knock sensors and this gives the appropriate on board diagnostic error codes along with the check engine light. Due to the diesel engines creating more soot in the exhaust a blocked EGR is a much more common complaint in diesels than petrol cars.
  • Surging: A sticking EGR valve can lead to an effect of rhythmic surging a bit like the MAF fault, especially in turbo charged engines. Normally on a warmed up engine the vacuum from the inlet manifold opens the EGR. If the EGR fails to open promptly the turbo can be subject to a slight boost. Extra fuel/air mix is pushed into the inlet manifold as a result, increasing pressure (decreasing the vacuum). Without vacuum in the inlet manifold the EGR closes again but if sticky does so only slowly. This may allow inlet gases to flow through the EGR into the exhaust manifold for a split second. There is a time lag in the sequence of these events leading the engine to surge in cyclical manner.


How to check? With the engine running it may be possible to force the EGR valve open by pressing on the diaphragm with one’s fingers. Failing that pulling off the vacuum line to the EGR, blocking the pipe on the inlet manifold and applying vacuum to the EGR to monitor function will determine if the diaphragm is split. Removal of the EGR assembly and examination of the ports and valve mechanism will reveal any carbon build up.

How to fix? If the diaphragm is split then the EGR needs to be replaced. Most EGR problems are linked to carbon soot build up and this can be cleaned using a cloth, brush and carburetor choke cleaner spray. If the exhaust feeder pipe is blocked this can be cleaned using a piece of frayed hand brake cable as an internal brush. This makeshift brush can be further enhanced by mounting it in a drill to sweep dirt from the interior of lengths of pipe. Some cars (Hondas are a good example) have an elaborate passage way system to provide exhaust gas to each inlet pipe runner. The only way to clean these out is by removing the blanking plugs (no easy task) and then using the makeshift rotary wire brush and carburetor choke spray. New blanking plugs have to be reinstated to make good the passage ways assembly.




Jul 14, 2010 | 1992 Ford Explorer

1 Answer

I DID A HEAD GASKET CHANGE AND I REMOVED THE TOP


Section 03-04A: Fuel Charging and Controls—2.0L 1995 Contour/Mystique Workshop Manual DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION Fuel Pressure Regulator The fuel pressure regulator (9C968):
  • Is mounted to the fuel injection supply manifold (9F792) downstream of the fuel injectors (9F593) .
  • Regulates the fuel pressure supplied to the fuel injectors .
  • Is a diaphragm-operated relief valve in which one side of the diaphragm senses fuel pressure and the other side is subjected to intake manifold vacuum. Nominal fuel pressure is established by a spring preload applied to the diaphragm.
  • Balances one side of the diaphragm with manifold pressure to maintain a constant fuel pressure drop across the fuel injectors .
  • Bypasses and returns excess fuel to the fuel tank (9002) .


Fuel Pressure Regulator


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Item Part Number Description 1 — Engine Vacuum Reference Tube (Part of 9C968) 2 — Ball Seat (Part of 9C968) 3 — Spring (Part of 9C968) 4 — Upper Housing (Part of 9C968) 5 — Diaphragm (Part of 9C968) 6 — Lower Housing (Part of 9C968) 7 — Fuel Outlet (Return) Tube (Part of 9C968) 8 — Fuel Inlet (Supply) Tube (Part of 9C968) 9 — O-Ring Grooves (Part of 9C968) 10 — Mounting Plate (Part of 9C968) 11 — Fuel Filter Screen (Part of 9C968) 12 — Spring Seat (Part of 9C968) 13 — Valve Assembly (Part of 9C968) 2010&c18=modelyear&c35=wsm%2cfuel%20pressure%20regulator%2cssp%2c03-04a%2cdescription%20and%20operation&s=1600x900&c=32&j=1.3&v=y&k=y&bw=1171&bh=582&ct=lan&hp=n&[aqe]

Apr 06, 2010 | 1995 Ford Explorer

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