Question about 1998 Land Rover Discovery

2 Answers

Passengerside front wheel locking up on reversing 1998 Discovery

I recently purchased a 1998 Discovery Series 1. For roadworthyness front axles seals required replacing and now I have noticed that when reversing LHS front wheel only will lock up.
Note if reversing with accelleration no lock up will occur, but with free rolling(also being in nuetral) it will travel approx. 3-5 metres then lock up.
I am not sure if this has anything to with how the the axle shaft has been put back in or not.
There are not problems in travelling in a forward direction.
Further info-1998 Series1-3.9V8i-Manual Transmission-No bearing noises(Differential/Gearbox).Would really appreciate some feedback on this problem

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  • brenmere_par Nov 17, 2008

    Thanks guys. You have hit the head of the nail.It looks like a top calipper bolt had been left off on re-assembly.It has all been fixed now. Much appreciated, regards

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Make sure that the brake caliper bolts are tight and check for a scraping sound before the wheel locks up , if so the caliper could be jamming against the rim.While rolling backward turn the steering and note the effect.If this changes then the c.v. joint has been assembled incorrectly.Check if the diff-lock has been disengaged properly.

Posted on Nov 16, 2008

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Hi, one posibility is that your brake calipper can be locking up ,you can check it by lifting the vehicle from that side and have someone to apply and release the brake it should roll free as soon as the brake is released......good luck......

Posted on Nov 16, 2008

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SECTION 205-02: Rear Drive Axle/Differential - Ford 8.8-Inch Ring Gear 1998 Explorer/Mountaineer Workshop Manual
IN-VEHICLE REPAIR Rear Wheel Bearing and Axle Shaft Oil Seal -4.0L SOHC and 4.0L EI, Conventional
Special Tool(s) swn~us~en~file=st1514a.gif~gen~ref.gif Axle Seal Replacer
T83T-1175-A swn~us~en~file=st1283a.gif~gen~ref.gif Axle Wheel Bearing Puller
T83T-1225-A swn~us~en~file=st1322a.gif~gen~ref.gif Axle Wheel Bearing Replacer
T83T-1225-B swn~us~en~file=st1326a.gif~gen~ref.gif Driver Handle
T80T-4000-W swn~us~en~file=st1185a.gif~gen~ref.gif Impact Slide Hammer
T50T-100-A
Removal
  1. Remove the axle shaft; refer to Axle Shaft in this section.
Axle Shaft Removal
  1. swn~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif CAUTION: Do not use heat to loosen a seized lug nut. Heat can damage the wheel (1007) and the rear wheel bearings (1225).
    Loosen the lug nuts (1012).
    1. Remove the center cap.
    1. With the weight of the vehicle on the wheels, loosen the lug nuts.
  1. Raise and support the vehicle.
  1. Remove the wheel and tire assembly.
    1. Remove the lug nuts.
    1. Remove the wheel and tire assembly.
  1. Remove the axle housing cover (4033).
    1. Loosen the axle housing cover bolts (4346) and drain the rear axle (4001).
    1. Remove the axle housing cover bolts.
    1. Remove the axle housing cover.
  1. Remove the rear disc brake rotors (2C026); refer to Section 206-04 .
  1. swn~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif CAUTION: Once the differential pinion shaft (4211) has been removed, turning the differential case (4204) or an axle shaft (4234) will cause the differential pinion gears (4215) to fall out of the assembly. This could result in chipped or damaged components.
    Remove the differential pinion shaft.
    1. Remove the differential pinion shaft lock bolt.
    1. Remove the differential pinion shaft.
  1. swn~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif CAUTION: Do not damage the rubber O-rings in the U-washer grooves.
    Remove the U-washers (4N237).
    1. Push the axle shafts inboard.
    1. Remove the U-washers.
  1. Reinstall the differential pinion shaft.
    1. Install the differential pinion shaft.
    1. Install the differential pinion shaft lock bolt finger-tight.
  1. swn~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif CAUTION: Do not damage the inner wheel bearing oil seal (1177).
    Remove the two axle shafts.
Installation
  1. Lubricate the lip of the inner wheel bearing oil seal.
    • Use Premium Long-Life Grease XG-1-C or equivalent meeting Ford specification ESA-M1C75-B.
  1. swn~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif CAUTION: Once the differential pinion shaft has been removed, turning the differential case or an axle shaft will cause the differential pinion gears to fall out of the assembly. This could result in chipped or damaged components.
    Remove the differential pinion shaft.
    1. Remove the differential pinion shaft lock bolt.
    1. Remove the differential pinion shaft.
  1. swn~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif CAUTION: Do not damage the inner wheel bearing oil seal.
    Install the two axle shafts.
  1. swn~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif CAUTION: Do not damage the rubber O-rings in the U-washer grooves.
    Install the U-washers.
    1. Position the two U-washers on the button end of the axle shafts.
    1. Pull the axle shafts outward.
  1. Install the differential pinion shaft.
    1. Align the hole in the differential pinion shaft with the differential pinion shaft lock bolt hole.
    1. Install the differential pinion shaft lock bolt.
  1. Install the rear disc brake rotors; refer to Section 206-04 .
  1. Install the axle housing cover and fill the rear axle housing (4010) with 2.4 liters (5.5 pints) of specified lubricant; refer to Axle Housing Cover in this section.
  1. swn~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif WARNING: Always remove any corrosion, dirt or foreign material that may be present on the mounting surfaces of the wheel or the surface of the wheel hub or rear disc brake rotor that contacts the wheel. Installing wheels without proper metal-to-metal contact at the wheel mounting surfaces can cause the lug nut to loosen and the wheel to come off while the vehicle is in motion, causing loss of control.
    Clean the wheel hub and mounting surfaces.
  1. Install the tire and wheel assembly.
    1. Position the tire and wheel assembly.
    1. Install the lug nuts and lower the vehicle.
    1. Tighten the lug nuts.
    1. Install the center cap.


  1. swn~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif CAUTION: Never remove the axle shaft oil seal by itself. Always remove the rear wheel bearing and the axle shaft oil seal at the same time.
    NOTE: If the axle shaft oil seal is leaking, the axle housing vent may be plugged with debris.
    Use Impact Slide Hammer and Axle Wheel Bearing Puller to remove the rear wheel bearing and the axle shaft oil seal.
Installation
  1. Lubricate the new rear wheel bearing.
    1. Use Thermally Stable Rear Axle Lubricant XY-80W90-QL or equivalent meeting Ford specification WSP-M2C197-A.
  1. Use Axle Wheel Bearing Replacer with Driver Handle to install the rear wheel bearing.
  1. Lubricate the lip of the new axle shaft oil seal.
    • Use Premium Long-Life Grease XG-1-C or equivalent meeting Ford specification ESA-M1C75-B.
  1. Use Axle Seal Replacer with Driver Handle to install the axle shaft oil seal.
  1. Install the axle shaft; refer to Axle Shaft in this section.

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1 Answer

How do you change a wheel seal on a mercury mountaneer 1998 rear end


Axle Vent
NOTE: If the vent cannot be cleared, it must be installed new.
A plugged vent will cause excessive seal lip wear due to internal pressure buildup. If a leak occurs, check the vent. Make sure the vent hose is not kinked. Remove the hose from the vent nipple and clear the hose of any foreign material. While the hose is removed, pass a length of mechanics wire or a small diameter Allen wrench in and out of the vent to clean it. Connect the hose when done. The vent is located on the drivers side top of axle housing.
If you plan on doing most repairs yourself I would suggest buying a Haynes or Chilton manual for your particular vehicle. Or there are some data disks on e.bay($12-$15) For a cost of under $25, you can almost do any repair yourself with these manuals.Also there are online manuals like the site called ALLDATA where guides can be viewed for a fee. All these solutions will save you time and money, and give peace of mind over correct repairs. I can post you some procedures here also.
  1. CAUTION: Do not use heat to loosen a seized lug nut. Heat can damage the wheel (1007) and the rear wheel bearings (1225).
  2. Loosen the lug nuts (1012).
  3. Remove the center cap.
  4. With the weight of the vehicle on the wheels, loosen the lug nuts Raise and support the vehicle. .Remove the wheel and tire assembly.
  5. Remove the lug nuts.
  6. Remove the wheel and tire assembly. Remove the axle housing cover (4033).
    1. Loosen the axle housing cover bolts (4346) and drain the rear axle (4001).
    1. Remove the axle housing cover bolts.
    1. Remove the axle housing cover.
    2. a167554.gif
7.Remove the rear disc brake rotors You will have to remove the brake caliper to get rotor off.
8. CAUTION: Once the differential pinion shaft (4211) has been removed, turning the differential case (4204) or an axle shaft (4234) will cause the differential pinion gears (4215) to fall out of the assembly. This could result in chipped or damaged components.
9.
1.Remove the differential pinion shaft lock bolt. 2.Remove the differential pinion shaft. 4fd1df0.gif 10.CAUTION: Do not damage the rubber O-rings in the U-washer grooves. Remove the U-washers (4N237).
  1. Push the axle shafts inboard.
  2. Remove the U-washers.
  3. 9499075.gif
    11.Reinstall the differential pinion shaft.
    1. Install the differential pinion shaft.
    1. Install the differential pinion shaft lock bolt finger-tight.
    2. 91fc782.gif
      12.CAUTION: Do not damage the inner wheel bearing oil seal (1177). Remove the two axle shafts. 1848771.gif
CAUTION: Never remove the axle shaft oil seal by itself. Always remove the rear wheel bearing and the axle shaft oil seal at the same time. NOTE: If the axle shaft oil seal is leaking, the axle housing vent may be plugged with debris. Use Impact Slide Hammer and Axle Wheel Bearing Puller to remove the rear wheel bearing and the axle shaft oil seal.

0ffed5b.gifAxle bearing puller end..
Installation
Lubricate the lip of the inner wheel bearing oil seal.
Use Premium Long-Life Grease XG-1-C or equivalent meeting Ford specification ESA-M1C75-B.
  1. CAUTION: Once the differential pinion shaft has been removed, turning the differential case or an axle shaft will cause the differential pinion gears to fall out of the assembly. This could result in chipped or damaged components.
  2. Remove the differential pinion shaft.
  3. Remove the differential pinion shaft lock bolt.
  4. Remove the differential pinion shaft.
  5. 5a472e0.gif
    CAUTION: Do not damage the inner wheel bearing oil seal. Install the two axle shafts. CAUTION: Do not damage the rubber O-rings in the U-washer grooves. Install the U-washers.
    1. Position the two U-washers on the button end of the axle shafts.
    1. Pull the axle shafts outward.
    2. 345272a.gif
      Install the differential pinion shaft.
      1. Align the hole in the differential pinion shaft with the differential pinion shaft lock bolt hole.
      1. Install the differential pinion shaft lock bolt.
      2. 49e064a.gif
                                                            Install the rear disc brake rotors; Install the axle housing cover and fill the rear axle housing (4010) with 2.4 liters (5.5 pints) of specified lubricant
                                                            WARNING: Always remove any corrosion, dirt or foreign material that may be present on the mounting surfaces of the wheel or the surface of the wheel hub or rear disc brake rotor that contacts the wheel. Installing wheels without proper metal-to-metal contact at the wheel mounting surfaces can cause the lug nut to loosen and the wheel to come off while the vehicle is in motion, causing loss of control. Clean the wheel hub and mounting surfaces. Install the tire and wheel assembly.
                                                            Position the tire and wheel assembly. Install the lug nuts and lower the vehicle. Tighten the lug nuts. Install the center cap. 6a78fd6.gif WHEW Hope this can help you

                                                            Mar 21, 2010 | 1998 Mercury Mountaineer

                                                            1 Answer

                                                            1996 Jeep Grand Cherokee Laredo 4X4 4.0L. Just recently bought and there's a popping noise in the front and when turning sharply it's like the wheels lock and the jeep refuses to move and it's also...


                                                            sounds like a bad cv joint in one (or both) of the front axles. is the popping sound more prevalent when in reverse, with the wheel turned? if so, i'd assume that it is a bad cv joint and one or both front axles will need to be replaced.

                                                            Feb 05, 2010 | 1996 Jeep Grand Cherokee

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                                                            How to adjust parking brake on a GMC Sierra 2500 HD Duramax 4wd?


                                                            The adjuster is just like on a car with drum brakes. It can be adjusted with the wheels still on the truck, but if yours is out enough that it doesn't work, an inspection is warranted. Axle seal failure is common and will soak the shoes.

                                                            Jacked both rear wheels off ground, and while slowly spinning wheel, tighten the star-wheel adjuster until you just hear and feel brake drums rubbing, then loosened slightly.
                                                            There's a plastic dust cover about 1/4" X 1" that you remove, and use a drum brake adjuster tool.

                                                            The driverside access hole is below axle, easily accessable. To tighten driver side rear parking brake, turn star-wheel adjuster down.


                                                            The passengerside access hole is found above axle, and difficult to see. Removed pass side wheel and used an inspection mirror.
                                                            To tighten passenger side rear parking brake, turn star-wheel adjuster up.

                                                            Good luck and hope this helps. Oh and the other thing to is that if you do smell axle fluid around the wheels and see oil leaking from the drum area. Then you have a axle wheel seal and or bearing gone bad too.

                                                            Apr 13, 2009 | 2002 GMC Sierra 2500HD

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                                                            Rear wheel bearing


                                                            SECTION 205-02B: Rear Drive Axle/Differential — Ford 8.8-Inch Ring Gear 2003 Mustang Workshop Manual IN-VEHICLE REPAIR Axle Shaft Removal
                                                            1. Raise and support the vehicle. For additional information, refer to Section 100-02 .
                                                            1. Remove the wheel and tire assembly. For additional information, refer to Section 204-04 .
                                                            1. Remove the rear brake disc (2C026). For additional information, refer to Section 206-04 .
                                                            1. Remove the differential housing cover (4033) and drain the lubricant. For additional information, refer to Differential Housing Cover in this section.
                                                            1. Remove the differential pinion shaft (4211).
                                                              1. Remove the differential pinion shaft lock bolt (4241).
                                                              1. Remove the differential pinion shaft.
                                                            1. s3b~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif CAUTION: Do not damage the rubber O-ring in the axle shaft groove.
                                                              Remove the U-washer (4N237).
                                                              1. Push the axle shafts (4234) inboard.
                                                              1. Remove the U-washer.
                                                            1. s3b~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif CAUTION: Damage to the rear brake anti-lock sensor (2C190) may occur if it is not removed before the axle shaft.
                                                              Carefully remove the rear brake anti-lock sensor. For additional information, refer to Section 206-09A .
                                                            1. s3b~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif CAUTION: Do not damage the wheel bearing oil seal.
                                                              Remove the axle shaft.
                                                            --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Rear Wheel Bearing and Axle Shaft Oil Seal Removal
                                                            1. Remove the axle shaft (4234). For additional information, refer to Axle Shaft in this section.
                                                            1. NOTE: If the wheel bearing oil seal is leaking, the axle housing vent may be plugged.
                                                              Using the special tools, remove the rear wheel bearing and wheel bearing oil seal.
                                                            Installation
                                                            1. Lubricate the new rear wheel bearing with the specified lubricant.
                                                            1. Using the special tools, install the new rear wheel bearing.
                                                            1. Lubricate the lip of the new wheel bearing oil seal.
                                                              • Use Premium Long-Life Grease XG-1-C or equivalent meeting Ford specification ESA-M1C75-B.
                                                            1. Using the special tools, install the new wheel bearing oil seal.
                                                            1. Install the axle shaft. For additional information, refer to Axle Shaft in this section.

                                                            -------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Installation
                                                            1. Lubricate the lip of the wheel bearing oil seal
                                                              • Use Premium Long-Life Grease XG-1-C or equivalent meeting Ford specification ESA-M1C75-B.
                                                            1. s3b~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif CAUTION: Do not damage the wheel bearing oil seal.
                                                              Install the two axle shafts.
                                                            1. s3b~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif CAUTION: Do not damage the rubber O-ring in the axle shaft groove.
                                                              Install the U-washer.
                                                              1. Position the two U-washers on the button end of the axle shaft.
                                                              1. Pull the axle shaft outward.
                                                            1. NOTE: If a new pinion shaft lock bolt is unavailable, coat the threads with Threadlock and Sealer EOAZ-19554-AA or equivalent meeting Ford specification WSK-M2G351-A5 prior to installation.
                                                              Install the differential pinion shaft.
                                                              1. Align the hole in the differential pinion shaft with the case lock bolt hole.
                                                              1. Install a new differential pinion shaft lock bolt.
                                                            1. Install the differential housing cover and fill the rear axle with the specified lubrication. For additional information, refer to Differential Housing Cover in this section.
                                                            1. Install the rear brake anti-lock sensor. For additional information, refer to Section 206-09A .
                                                            1. Install the rear brakes. For additional information, refer to Section 206-04 .
                                                            1. Install the tire and wheel assembly. For additional information, refer to Section 204-04 .
                                                            1. Lower the vehicle.

                                                            Apr 10, 2009 | 2004 Ford GT

                                                            1 Answer

                                                            I have a Disco II and the wheel hub bearing went and i'm tryign to change it but i cant seem to get the hub off, can any one help with a step to step guide or something, thanks.


                                                            RAVE says the following:
                                                            1) Release ABS Sensor harness grommet from inner wing valance and disconnect multi plug.
                                                            2) Raise front of vehicle.
                                                            3) Remove road wheel.
                                                            4) Pull ABS Sensor harness through aperture into wheel arch.
                                                            5) Release harness from brackets on inner wing valance, suspension turret and front hub.
                                                            6) Release stake from drive shaft nut
                                                            7) Remove drive shaft nut with assistance & discard.
                                                            8) Remove front brake disk (Remove calliper, pad holder, screw and tap to remove)
                                                            9) Remove 4 bolts securing wheel hub to steering knuckle.
                                                            10) Release wheel hub from steering knuckle then remove wheel hub and drive shaft assembly from axle. DO NOT REMOVE ABS SENSOR FROM HUB. HUB AND SENSOR ARE SUPPLIED AS AN ASSEMBLY.
                                                            11) Position the wheel hub and drive shaft on a press, place supports beneath the wheel studs and press the drive shaft from the wheel hub.
                                                            12) Remove drive shaft oil seal from axle casing.

                                                            Refit is mostly the reverse, you need to take care to lubricate things in the right places and put loctite on the drive shaft and locate the loom and torque everything right.

                                                            Mar 24, 2009 | 1999 Land Rover Discovery

                                                            1 Answer

                                                            What is the procedure to replace the drivers side axle (CV joints)on a 1999 Chevy Cavalier. I have the new axle just need the remove and replace procedure


                                                            You don't need the special tools that they use in this procedure, you can use a hammer and a block of wood to get the axle out of the hub and you can use a pry bar to get the axle out of the transmisson.



                                                            Notice: Care must be exercised to prevent the constant-velocity joints from being over-extended. When either end of the drive axle is disconnected, over-extension of the joint could result in separation of internal components and possible joint failure. Drive axle joints and seals should be protected any time service is performed on or near the drive axles. Failure to observe this can result in interior joint or seal damage and possible joint failure.
                                                            Notice: Prior to removal of drive axle assembly, cover all sharp edges in the area of the drive axle with shop towels so that the seal is not damaged during removal.
                                                            Removal Procedure
                                                            1. Raise and suitably support the vehicle. Refer to Lifting and Jacking the Vehicle in General Information.
                                                            2. Remove the tire and the wheel assembly. Refer to Tire and Wheel Removal and Installation in Tires and Wheels.
                                                            3. Place shop towels underneath the outer joint to protect from any sharp edges.

                                                            4. 141983.gif
                                                              tif.gif
                                                            5. Insert a drift (1) into the caliper and the rotor to prevent the rotor from turning.
                                                            6. Remove the drive axle nut (2) and the washer.
                                                            7. Remove the lower ball join from the steering knuckle. Refer to Lower Control Arm Ball Joint Replacement in Front Suspension. If you remove the right axle, turn the wheel to the left. If you remove the left axle, turn the wheel to the right.
                                                            8. Disconnect the wheel speed speed sensor harness. Refer to Wheel Speed Sensor Replacement in Antilock Brake System.
                                                            9. Disconnect the stabilizer link from the lower control arm. Refer to Stabilizer Shaft Link Replacement in Front Suspension.

                                                            10. 442393.gif
                                                              tif.gif
                                                            11. Use the J 28733-B in order to disengage the axle from the hub and the bearing.
                                                            12. Separate the hub and the bearing assembly from the drive axle. Move the strut and the knuckle assembly rearward.

                                                            13. 500285.gif
                                                              tif.gif
                                                            14. Remove the inner joint from the transaxle using J 33008 attached to J 29794 and J 2619-01 for the intermediate shaft, if equipped.
                                                            Installation Procedure Notice: Prior to installation of drive axle assembly, cover all sharp edges in the area of the drive axle with shop towels so that the seal is not damaged during installation.
                                                            Any time the front halfshaft is removed, the transmission (the halfshaft male and female shank) and the knuckle sealing surfaces should be inspected for debris or corrosion.
                                                            If debris or corrosion are present on the sealing surfaces, clean them with a 320 grit cloth or equivalent. Transmission fluid may be used to clean off any of the remaining debris. The surface should be wiped dry, and the halfshaft should be reinstalled free of any debris or corrosion buildup.

                                                              189013.gif
                                                              tif.gif
                                                            1. Install the drive axle (2) into the transaxle (1). Place a non-ferrous drift into the groove on the joint housing and then tap until the drift is seated. Be careful not to damage the axle seal or dislodge the seal garter spring when you install the axle.

                                                            2. 442471.gif
                                                              tif.gif
                                                              Important: Verify that the drive axle is seated by grasping on the inner joint housing and pulling outboard.
                                                            3. Install the drive axle (1) into the hub and bearing assembly (2).
                                                            4. Install the stabilizer link. Refer to Stabilizer Shaft Link Replacement in Front Suspension.
                                                            5. Connect the wheel speed sensor harness. Refer to Wheel Speed Sensor Replacement in Antilock Brake System.
                                                            6. Install the lower ball joint to the steering knuckle. Refer to Lower Control Arm Ball Joint Replacement in Front Suspension.

                                                            7. 141983.gif
                                                              tif.gif
                                                              Notice: Use the correct fastener in the correct location. Replacement fasteners must be the correct part number for that application. Fasteners requiring replacement or fasteners requiring the use of thread locking compound or sealant are identified in the service procedure. Do not use paints, lubricants, or corrosion inhibitors on fasteners or fastener joint surfaces unless specified. These coatings affect fastener torque and joint clamping force and may damage the fastener. Use the correct tightening sequence and specifications when installing fasteners in order to avoid damage to parts and systems.
                                                            8. Install the washer and the new drive axle nut (2).
                                                            9. Insert a drift (1) into the caliper and the rotor in order to prevent the rotor from turning.
                                                              Tighten
                                                              Tighten the drive axle nut to 200 N·m (144 lb ft).
                                                            10. Install the tire and the wheel assembly. Refer to Tire and Wheel Removal and Installation in Tires and Wheels.
                                                            11. Lower the vehicle

                                                            Aug 02, 2008 | 1998 Chevrolet Cavalier

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