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Re: timing with belt
The proper position is achieved using a camshaft alignment bar, by not using this tool, you run HIGH chance of improper timing. You will also need the TDC tool for the crank, you pull out the plug in the block and place this peg in and rotate crank until it stops. I bought both tools for less than 20 bucks and are available on ebay. Attempting to use anything else will be a timing nightmare. Note: The slots in the cams are offset from center and should be to the top.
By the way, on 98 ZX2 there are NO usable timing marks on crank pulley or the cams. Those were on the 1.9L and others...NOT the 2.0L DOHC
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ford escort/ focus engine 2.0 l spi sohc 1997-2004 has been identified as an intereference engine and that means very likely valve to piston damage
( auto data timing belt information )
note-- up to 2002 year Ford has not recommended a timing belt interval for changing
Ford has however recommended a replacement every 120.000 miles using the service history as a guide
however good professional trade practice recommends every 60.000 miles ( 100.00klms) and the replacement work should include replacement of the crank and cam shaft seals and idler pulleys involved ( the biggest destroyer of belts is oil)
recommended labor time is 2 hours
if the belt has broken then head removal and valve work will add up to 5 hours to that time
This is a non-interference engine. Anyone saying anything different is using an old book. Some Ford dealers might even tell you it is interference. There are reliefs cut into the top of the pistons to clear the valves if the belt breaks. There is a how-to posted here and on Team ZX2 .com
Call a Ford parts dept and ask them if you can get a routing diagram they can fax or pick it up thats the best way label take weeks to get in so do that and keep the copy in your car file Please rate my response thank you very much
cam shaft timing marks on back of cams ,two slots ,use a flat piece of metal to align .remove no1 spark plug and drop long thin screwdriver down it to bring piston just below tdc,then align cams so both cams are on the rock (valves closed) with knob on back cam aligning with pick up sensor left side between lobes.then bring piston up to tdc and fit belt.turn engine over twice with socket on bottom pulley to make sure no valves clear pistons.Remember to remove flat edge from back of cams i didnt last time and bent my home made tool