Question about 1998 Ford Explorer

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According to OBDII i have a large leak in my evaporative emissions control system

I cant find the canister to start my check. 98' explorer

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I will assume you have the code? anyway the first thing to test is the gas cap, that is the usual cause of leaking evap system.

Posted on Nov 08, 2008

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What hoses do I check for check engine light code Po455


DTC P0455 Evaporative Emissions (EVAP) System Large Leak
The control module tests the evaporative emission (EVAP) system for a large leak. The control module monitors the fuel tank pressure (FTP) sensor signal to determine the EVAP system vacuum level. When the conditions for running are met, the control module commands the EVAP canister purge solenoid valve OPEN and the EVAP canister vent solenoid valve CLOSED . This allows engine vacuum to enter the EVAP system. At a calibrated time, or vacuum level, the control module commands the EVAP canister purge solenoid valve closed, sealing the system, and monitors the FTP sensor input in order to determine the EVAP system vacuum level. If the system is unable to achieve the calibrated vacuum level, or the vacuum level decreases too rapidly, this DTC sets.
There's more to it that just checking a hose ! Smoke testing the EVAP system is the best way to find leaks .
  1. Inspect the Evaporative Emission (EVAP) System for the following conditions:
  2. ?€¢
    A loose, missing, or damaged service port schrader valve


    ?€¢
    A loose, incorrect, missing, or damaged fuel fill cap


    ?€¢
    A damaged EVAP canister purge solenoid valve

  3. Raise the vehicle on a hoist. Refer to Lifting and Jacking the Vehicle in General Information.
  4. Inspect the EVAP system for the following conditions:
?€¢
Any disconnected, improperly routed, kinked, or damaged EVAP pipes and hoses


?€¢
A damaged EVAP canister vent solenoid valve or EVAP canister

Your best bet is take your vehicle to a ASE certified repair shop or the dealer , where they have the tools an knowledge .

Apr 16, 2016 | 2005 Chevrolet Chevrolet Classic Base

1 Answer

PO442


code p0442 refers to evaporative emission (EVAP) system--small leak detected====causes hose connection/s---intake leak--EVAP canister---EVAP canister purge valve
it also refers to evaporative emission system --large leak detected (fuel cap loose/ off)===causes---mechanical fault--hose connection/s--EVAP pressure sensor.

Jun 14, 2014 | 2003 Toyota ECHO

1 Answer

Toyota echo won't start code 440 441 446


Error Code: P0440
Fault Location:
Evaporative Emission (EVAP) System - Malfunction
Possible Cause:
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) active.
Soution:
Check Evaporative Emission (EVAP) System Sealing.
Check Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Canister Purge Regulator Valve .
Check Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Canister Purge Solenoid Valve .

Error Code: P0441
Fault Location:
Evaporative Emission (EVAP) System - Incorrect Flow Detected
Possible Solutions:
Check Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Canister Purge Regulator Valve .
Perform Output Test.
Check Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Canister Purge Solenoid Valve .
Check Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Canister.
Perform Basic Setting.
Check Pipes between Tank Breathing and Throttle Body.

Error Code: P0446
Fault Location:
Evaporative Emission (EVAP) System, Vent Control - Circuit Malfunction
Possible Cause:
Wiring harness.
Evaporative emission (EVAP) canister purge valve.
Engine control module (ECM).

Feb 25, 2013 | 2002 Toyota ECHO

1 Answer

Have OBD codes P2A00, P0441, P0442, P0446 on my 2003 Highlander. Selling the car in a few months. Does this really need to be repaired before trade-in? Can I just erase the codes?


NOPE CANT ERASE CODES UNTIL THE PROBLEM IS FIXED OR THE SERVICE ENGINE LIGHT SOON WILL STAY ON. CODE PO441 - EVAPORATIVE EMISSION EVAP SYSTEM INCORRECT FLOW DETECTED.CHECK INTAKE VACUUM HOSE CONNECTIONS AT THE EVAP CANISTER PURGE VALVE.IF ALL IS GOOD.THE EVAP CANISTER PURGE VALVE COULD BE BAD. CODE PO 442 - EVAPORATIVE EMISSION EVAP SYSTEM SMALL LEAK DETECTED. EVAPORATIVE EMISSION SYSTEM LARGE LEAK DETECTED FUEL CAP LOOSE OR OFF MISSING. CODE PO 446 - EVAPORATIVE EMISSION EVAP SYSTEM VENT CONTROL CIRCUIT MALFUNCTION.

May 21, 2011 | Toyota Highlander Cars & Trucks

2 Answers

Code says evaporator purge solenoid


Which code specifically? Do not assume you need a new solenoid. Our recommendation will depend on the specific code and some troubleshooting results. I usually recommend checking over all the EVAP vacuum lines and the gas cap too whenever there is a purge valve code. Check the vacuum lines at the cannister in the left rear bumper. I will paste info on the purge solenoid below.

P0440 Evaporative emission (EVAP) system - malfunction

Possible causes: Hose connection(s), intake leak, EVAP canister purge valve


P0441 Evaporative emission (EVAP) system - incorrect flow detected

Possible causes: Hose connection(s), intake leak, EVAP canister purge valve


P0442 Evaporative emission (EVAP) system - small leak detected

Possible causes: Hose connection(s), intake leak, EVAP canister, EVAP canister purge valve


P0443 Evaporative emission (EVAP) canister purge valve - circuit malfunction

Possible causes: Wiring, EVAP canister purge valve, ECM


P0444 Evaporative emission (EVAP) canister purge valve -open circuit

Possible causes: Wiring open circuit, EVAP canister purge valve, ECM


P0445 Evaporative emission (EVAP) canister purge valve -short circuit

Possible causes: Wiring short circuit, EVAP canister purge valve, ECM


P0450 Evaporative emission (EVAP) pressure sensor - circuit malfunction

Possible causes: Wiring, EVAP pressure sensor, ECM


P0455 Evaporative emission (EVAP) system - large leak detected

Possible causes: Hose connection(s), intake leak, EVAP canister, EVAP canister purge valve


P0456 Evaporative emission system - very small leak detected

Possible causes: Mechanical fault, hose connection(s), EVAP pressure "sensor


P0457 Evaporative emission system - leak detected (fuel cap loose/off)

Possible causes: Mechanical fault, hose connection(s), EVAP pressure sensor


P0458 Evaporative emission system, purge control valve -circuit low

Possible causes: Wiring short to earth, EVAP valve


P0459 Evaporative emission system, purge control valve -circuit high
Possible causes: Wiring short to positive, EVAP valve


Evaporative Emission Purge Solenoid

Description & Operation
The duty cycle EVAP canister purge solenoid (DCP) regulates the rate of vapor flow from the EVAP canister to the intake manifold. The Powertrain Control Module (PCM) operates the solenoid.
During the cold start warm-up period and the hot start time delay, the PCM does not energize the solenoid. When de-energized, no vapors are purged. The PCM de-energizes the solenoid during open loop operation.
The engine enters closed loop operation after it reaches a specified temperature and the time delay ends. During closed loop operation, the PCM cycles (energizes and de-energizes) the solenoid 5 or 10 times per second, depending upon operating conditions. The PCM varies the vapor flow rate by changing solenoid pulse width. Pulse width is the amount of time that the solenoid is energized. The PCM adjusts solenoid pulse width based on engine operating condition.
Removal & Installation
The duty cycle evaporative (EVAP) canister purge solenoid is located in the engine compartment near the brake master cylinder.

  1. Disconnect electrical connector at solenoid.
  2. Disconnect vacuum lines at solenoid.
  3. Lift solenoid slot from mounting bracket for Removal & Installation.

To Install:
  1. Position solenoid slot to mounting bracket.
  2. Connect vacuum lines to solenoid. Be sure vacuum lines are firmly connected and not leaking or damaged. If leaking, a Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) may be set with certain emission packages.
  3. Connect electrical connector to solenoid.
Purge solenoid location:

jturcotte_65.gif
EVAP cannister location:
jturcotte_66.gif

Nov 05, 2010 | 2000 Jeep Grand Cherokee

2 Answers

What does po440 on a 2003 saturn vue mean with a service engine soon light on


That is a problem in the evaporative emission control system.
Could be anything causing it
Clogged filter in the charcoal canister
A leak in one of the vacuum lines
The purge valve not working,,,etc.
The best thing is to take it and have it checked out, they might have to do a smoke test to find the problem.
All they do is inject smoke into the system, if there is a leak the smoke will come out of it. All it takes is a pin hole in these emission systems to screw it all up.

Aug 13, 2010 | 2003 Saturn VUE

2 Answers

I checked the codes and one comes up its po446. i dont under stand what it mean so i cant fix it to get the light to go out.


P0446 Evaporative Emission System Vent Control Circuit.
The following are descriptions of all Evaporative possible codes:

P0441 Evaporative Emission System Incorrect Purge Flow
P0442 Evaporative Emission System Leak Detected (small leak)
P0443 Evaporative Emission System Purge Control Valve Circuit
P0444 Evaporative Emission System Purge Control Valve Circuit Open
P0445 Evaporative Emission System Purge Control Valve Circuit Shorted
P0446 Evaporative Emission System Vent Control Circuit
P0447 Evaporative Emission System Vent Control Circuit Open
P0448 Evaporative Emission System Vent Control Circuit Shorted
P0449 Evaporative Emission System Vent Valve/Solenoid Circuit
P0450 Evaporative Emission System Pressure Sensor/Switch
P0451 Evaporative Emission System Pressure Sensor/Switch Range/Performance
P0452 Evaporative Emission System Pressure Sensor/Switch Low
P0453 Evaporative Emission System Pressure Sensor/Switch High
P0454 Evaporative Emission System Pressure Sensor/Switch Intermittent
P0455 Evaporative Emission System Leak Detected (large leak)
P0456 Evaporative Emission System Leak Detected (very small leak)
P0457 Evaporative Emission System Leak Detected (fuel cap loose/off)
P0458 Evaporative Emission System Purge Control Valve Circuit Low
P0459 Evaporative Emission System Purge Control Valve Circuit High
---
At least the cap isn't loose for the gas tank.

I would clear the code with an OBD-II Scanner 'erase code' button, and see how long it takes for it to come back.

Aug 06, 2010 | 1996 GMC Jimmy

1 Answer

OBDII CODE PO446. WHAT NEEDS TO BE REPLACED


The vapor pressure sensor, VSV for canister closed valve (CCV), VSV for pressure switching valve are used
to detect abnormalities in the evaporative emission control system.
The ECM decides whether there is an abnormality in the evaporative emission control system by the vapor
pressure sensor signal.
DTCs P0441 and P0446 are recorded by the ECM when evaporative emissions leak from the components
when there is a malfunction anywhere in the VSV for EVAP, the VSV
for pressure switching valve, or in the vapor pressure sensor itself.

checked basic , gas cap.

More than likely you need to take to a garage , rec. dealership
will have to perform a smoke check to see if there is a leak somewhere or wether there is a malfunction with a vac. solinoid valve(vsv)

Apr 17, 2010 | 2001 Toyota Camry Solara

2 Answers

P0441 EVAP Control System Incorrect Purge Flow


Error Code: P0441
Fault Location:
Evaporative Emission (EVAP) System - Incorrect Flow Detected
Possible Cause:
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) active.
Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Canister Purge Regulator Valve faulty/jammed.
Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Canister Purge Solenoid Valve faulty/jammed.
Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Canister Sealing faulty.
Pipes between Tank Breathing and Throttle Body leaky/blocked.
Hose connection(s).
Intake leak.
Possible Solutions:
Check Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Canister Purge Regulator Valve .
Perform Output Test.
Check Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Canister Purge Solenoid Valve.
Check Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Canister.
Perform Basic Setting.
Check Pipes between Tank Breathing and Throttle Body.
VSV connector near air filter box disconnected.

Jun 15, 2009 | 1996 Chevrolet Monte Carlo

1 Answer

Check engine light is on for emission evaporator failure-large


P0455 - EVAP Control System Leak Detected (No Purge Flow or Large Leak) The PCM monitors the complete EVAP control system for no purge flow, the presence of a large fuel vapor leak or multiple small fuel vapor leaks. The system failure occurs when no purge flow (attributed to fuel vapor blockages or restrictions), a large fuel vapor leak or multiple fuel vapor leaks are detected by the EVAP running loss monitor test with the engine running (but not at idle).
  • After-market EVAP hardware (such as fuel filler cap) non-conforming to required specifications
  • Disconnected or cracked fuel EVAP canister tube, EVAP canister purge outlet tube or EVAP return tube
  • EVAP canister purge valve stuck closed
  • Damaged EVAP canister
  • Damaged or missing fuel filler cap
  • Insufficient fuel filler cap installation
  • Loose fuel vapor hose/tube connections to EVAP system components
  • Blockages or restrictions in fuel vapor hoses/tubes (items also listed under disconnections or cracks)
  • Fuel vapor control valve tube assembly or fuel vapor vent valve assembly blocked
  • Canister vent (CV) solenoid stuck open
  • Mechanically inoperative fuel tank pressure (FTP) sensor
Check for audible vacuum noise or significant fuel odor in the engine compartment or near the EVAP canister and fuel tank. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- HX43 DTC P0457: CHECK FOR MISSING OR LEAKING FUEL FILLER CAP
  • Check for missing fuel filler cap.
  • Check for loose fuel filler cap.
  • Check for possible cross-thread fuel filler cap condition.
Is a fault present concerning the proper installation of the fuel filler cap? Yes No REPLACE cross-threaded or damaged fuel filler cap. RECONNECT and TIGHTEN the fuel filler cap only one eighth turn so that the cap initially clicks by sound or touch. CLEAR Continuous Memory DTCs. COMPLETE an Evaporative Emission Running Loss Monitor Repair Verification Drive Cycle (refer to Section 2 , Drive Cycles). RERUN Quick Test . If DTC P0455 or P0457 is present, Go to HX44 . CLEAR Continuous Memory DTCs. COMPLETE an Evaporative Emission Running Loss Monitor Repair Verification Drive Cycle (refer to Section 2 , Drive Cycles). RERUN Quick Test .

For DTC P0455 still present: Go to HX44 .

Otherwise, INFORM the vehicle owner that it is important and necessary to immediately install the fuel filler cap after every refueling event. HX44 DTC P0455: VISUAL INSPECTION FOR SUBSTANTIAL EVAPORATIVE EMISSION SYSTEM LEAKS
  • Check for missing fuel filler cap. If the cap is loose DO NOT DISTURB EVAP system.
  • Verify that both the input port vacuum hose and EVAP return tube are attached to the EVAP canister purge valve. Note: If the EVAP canister-CV solenoid assembly is not accessible during this pinpoint test step, GO to Evaporative Emissions, Section 303-13 in the Workshop Manual for removal and installation instructions.
  • Verify that the CV solenoid is properly seated on the EVAP canister (if possible).
  • Visually inspect for disconnected or cracked fuel vapor hoses/tubes between the intake manifold, the EVAP canister purge valve, the EVAP canister, the fuel vapor vent valve assembly and if applicable the fuel vapor control valve tube assembly.
  • Check for damage to the fuel filler pipe and the fuel tank.
Is a fault indicated? Yes No CONNECT or REPLACE fuel vapor hoses/tubes as required. REPLACE damaged EVAP system components (fuel filler pipe, fuel vapor vent valve assembly, fuel vapor control valve tube assembly, EVAP canister purge valve, FTP sensor and EVAP canister-CV solenoid assembly) as necessary. REFER to Evaporative Emissions, Section 303-13 in the Workshop Manual for removal and installation instructions. GO to HX45 . GO to HX45 . HX45 DTC P1443 and P0455: CHECK FOR EVAPORATIVE EMISSION SYSTEM LEAKS
    Note: When checking for leaks or blockages in the EVAP system, energize (close) the canister vent (CV) solenoid through the scan tool for a maximum of nine minutes per pinpoint test step. Then de-energize the CV solenoid prior to performing the subsequent pinpoint test step. This is done to assure proper closing of the solenoid.
  • Disconnect and plug the EVAP return tube (EVAP canister purge valve to intake manifold) at the intake manifold vacuum source.
  • Connect scan tool.
  • Key on, engine off.
  • Access VPWR PID. If the voltage is not 12 volts or greater, GO to HX61 .
  • Locate evaporative test port [marked EVAPORATIVE SERVICE PORT DO NOT USE UNREGULATED PRESSURE ABOVE 6.89 kPa (1 PSI)] near EVAP canister purge valve or EVAP canister.
  • If vehicle is not equipped with the evaporative test port, GO to HX50 .
  • Install the Rotunda Evaporative Emission System Leak Tester 310-F007 (134-00056) or equivalent at the evaporative test port.
  • Close CV solenoid by accessing Output Test Mode on the scan tool.
  • Select ALL OFF mode and push START button.
  • Regulate the nitrogen or argon gas pressure on the tester to 3.48 kPa (14 in-H 2 O).
  • Follow the instructions that come with the EVAP System Leak Tester and pressurize the EVAP system.
  • Perform the EVAP system leak test.
Does the pressure on the EVAP system stay above 1.99 kPa (8 in-H 2 O) and pass the leak test? Yes No GO to HX46 . REMOVE the EVAP System Leak Tester from the evaporative test port and REINSTALL the test port cap. GO to HX50 .

Apr 15, 2009 | 1999 Lincoln Town Car

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