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Re: wheel studs or bolts
Hello Miguel Thank you for using FixYa.com my name is David I hope this Helps you out.
Studs often get damaged from overtightening or from cross threading a nut on the threads. A damaged stud is replaced by unscrewing it from the part and installing a new one of the exact same size.
Stud replacement can be difficult because the stud has often been in place for a long period of time. There has been constant heating and cooling, corrosion, and rust buildup between the stud threads and the internal threads of the part. These factors combine to make some studs very difficult to remove.
The first step in stud removal is to use penetrating fluid to remove the corrosion to free the stud from its mating threads. Soak the area of the threads with penetrating fluid. Allowing the fluid to soak into the threads overnight will make it easier to remove the stud.
Before removing the old stud, measure the distance it sticks up from the surface. This measurement will be needed later when installing the new stud. Use a 6-inch scale to measure from the part surface to the top of the stud. Write the measurement down so it can be referred to later.
A stud remove is used to remove studs. It is installed over the stud. The jaws on the stud remover grip the outside of the stud. A wrench fits on the stud remover and allows the technician to rotate the stud in a counterclockwise direction to remove the stud.
If a stud remover is not available, a stud can be removed with two nuts. Locate two nuts that are the correct thread size. To thread onto the stud. Start one nut and thread it all the way down to the bottom of the stud. This nut will be the drive nut. Start another nut and thread it down until it contacts the first nut. This is called the jam nut.
Put a wrench on the bottom drive nut and hold it in place. Put another wrench on the jam nut and tighten, or "jam" it against the drive nut. The jam nut will now hold the drive nut in position on the stud.
Now put an open-end wrench on the bottom drive nut. Turn the nut in a counterclockwise direction. Turning the nut in this direction causes it to want to unscrew the stud. Instead the forces cause the stud to unscrew.
When the old stud is out, inspect the internal thread. If it appears rusty or damaged, clean up the thread by running the correct size tap through the threads as previously explained. Compare the new stud with the old one. The studs should be exactly the same thread size and the same length.
Check the vehicle's service manual to determine if the threads of the new stud should be coated. If the stud should be locked in place and not easily removed, you may need to use a threadlocking compound or threadsealing compound. Threadlocking compounds are on studs and other fasteners when vibration might cause them to unscrew. Thread sealants are used when a stud extends where liquids, such as oil or coolant, could get on the fastener.
Antiseize compound is used on the stud threads to prevent the stud from reacting with the metal on the internal threads. If this happens, the stud could stick or seize. Antiseize compound prevents this reaction and makes the stud easier to remove the next time.
After the new stud is properly coated, it can be installed. Start the stud by hand, making sure it enters the threads securely. Turn the stud in as far as possible by hand before using any tools. Then use two nuts as described earlier to drive the stud into the part. Use the depth measurement made on the old stud to be sure it is driven in the correct depth.
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You should be able to remove the tire and wheel assembly and have the rotor exposed. Remove the two bolts that secure the brake caliber and gently slide the caliper assembly off the rotor. The rotor should then come off. The broken wheel studs can be punched out with a 5 pound hand sledge and a good drift pin. Just install the new wheel studs the same way from the back side.
remove the brake caliper and rotor to access the hub. now to remove bad wheel stud. knock old stud out with a hammer and punch or similar. when out, there should be enough room to slide new stud in from back of hub. With the new wheel stud in position through the hole, screw a couple of wheel bolts onto the stud. You'll use these to pull the new stud into place with a wrench or impact wrench. Simply tighten the bolts you put in place until the new wheel stud is fully seated. You can look on the back side of the hub to see when it is fully seated
I am assuming you are talking about a wheel lug stud. The lug studs are pressed in from the inner side of the drum or rotor or axle flange depending on how your vehicle is equipped. You have to remove the wheel and drum or rotor to get access to the back side. Drive the broken stud out from the front after you have removed the drum or rotor and set the new one in from the back and tap it into the hole until set as the rest are. If you cant get it set all the way you can finish setting it by pulling it into place when you tighten the lug nuts on reassembly. The part should be under $10.00
Remove the tire, and the brake drum. With a suitable punch, and safety glasses on, drive the broken stud towards the center of the car. The stud will push away from you, thru the hub, and fall out. Get the new stud, and poke it thru the now existing hole on the hub. Place a flat washer over the stud, and thread a lug nut onto the stud, and tighten the lugnut until the stud is pulled all of the way into the hub. Remove the lug nut and the washer, and refite the drum and the wheel.
Buy a new stud. Make sure you purchase the right size. If you're not sure what size to get, wait until you remove the stud and take it with you to the store.
Check the area of the spare tire in the trunk for the jack and the jack tools since you'll need to raise the car to replace the wheel stud on your Focus. Be sure to block the tire diagonal to the jack.
Use the jack to raise the Focus. Remove the wheel Take off the caliper and either hang it by a mechanics wire or lay it up so it doesn't dangle by the brake line. Remove the rotor. If you're working on back wheels, you have to remove the emergency brake clip first. You could have drum brakes in the rear. If they're drum brakes, remove the drum.
Hunt for an opening behind the hub that allows you to remove the stud. Line the stud up with the hole. You may have to take off the hub and put it in a vise if you can't drive it out the back.
Hit the stud with a mallet and drive it out the back of the hub. Push another stud into the opening. This is tough work, but you only need to push it far enough to thread on a wheel bolt.
Put on a wheel bolt and begin to tighten it. As you do, the stud starts to pull through. Add more bolts as necessary until you seat the stud. Check in the back of the hub. When the head is flush with the stud, you seated it.
Remove the extra bolts and reassemble the parts that you took off to replace the wheel stud on the Ford Focus. Put the wheel back on the vehicle and tighten down the wheel nuts.
The stud has to be hammered out if you don't have the tools to do this then I suggest you take it to a tire shop they don't charge much. depending if it's front wheel or rear wheel drive will determine what has to be done. If it's a rear axle they will remove the tire and drum and knock out the old one with a hammer and punch and replace it with a new one same size, they can hammer it back in our use washers to pull it into place this is the same on the front wheel. You will need to measure the bolt to get the right length and width. tire shop will have the stud you need.
I'll try to help you. If you are having trouble with 3 out of 5 studs on one wheel you may want to go to an autoparts store or Salvage yard to look at the whole hub. Usually a press is used to remove the bolts so you would be taking off the hub anyway. When you pay for 3 bolts and labor you may be better off in a Salvage yard or parts place for a different hub. The rear hub on front wheel drive cars is like a trailer axle. Much simpler to remove mounting bolts and press in new bolt. But if rear has differential(rear wheel drive) it has an axle shaft. Would be easier to grind and drill out broken stud on car. You can draw new bolt into place by placing bolt through a socket and use the wheel nut to draw the bolt into the hub.
You have to remove the tire/wheel assy. remove the brake drum, you will see the spindle with the bolts there. punch out the broken bolts install new buy pushing thru the hole.Find some regular nuts that will fit over the stud, put your new nuts on and tighten up till flush in back.
1. get new studs and nuts 2.remove wheel 3. remove caliper at bracket to spindle connection(2 18mm bolts?)you may need to remove caliper from bracket,but not always nessacery. Or remove drum,then to #5 4.remove rotor,will need a hammer, tap inbetween studs dont wreck good studs and see if new studs can be installed without removing parking brake shoes. If there is no clearance to get new stud in you will need to remove shoes. 5.Pound out old studs place new stud in hole use a washer on outside then put a nut on and tighten to install stud, A air gun or some type of impact tool will be very helpful. Check to see that stud has enough threds to pull stud all the way thru ,add more washers if nessecary dont let the nut run out of threds it will **** to get back off and wreck new stud. 6. if you dont have air gun or feel comfertable removing brakes bring it to a reputable garage, shouldnt cost more than $70+ parts to get all new studs put in on one wheel.
Yes you can replace the broken wheel stud. The wheel studs are pressed into place, and a vise will work to press it out, and in. You will have to remove the wheel hub, and then use a deep well socket and a bolt or something smaller than the actual stud to remove it with a vise. To replace it, you will need to use the deep well socket on the thread side of the stud, and press the new one in with the vise.
I hope this helps you, and I wish you luck with your repair.