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Re: add transmission fluid
On 91 vehicles there's a 17mm allen screw on the side towards the left front wheel. Open it add the oil there on a level surface and fill till oil reaches the hole and starts coming out. DO NOT FILL OIL FROM THE TOP where what seems to be a plug. It's actually the timing marks and houses the clutch. Put oil there and you'll need a new clutch.
There is a fill plug on the side (end) of the transmission. Remove the plug, fluid should just light seep out if it's at the correct level, if not slowy add the correct fluid using a pump and hose until fluid drips out.
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in the absence of car manual, fill initially with one liter/qrt of transmission fluid. check for leaks and start engine. with transmission in park, slowly add transmission fluid with engine at idle. constantly monitor transmission fluid level with vehicle on level position until fluid level in "cold", then drive vehicle approximately for one mile until fluid is warmed up or hot. recheck fluid level with engine idling and on park. Add if necessary until fluid level in Hot position in dip stick. then your done. write down how much fluid you added for future reference.
Connect a scan tool to the vehicle to read ATF temperature. ATF checking temperature should be 95° - 113°F (35° - 45°C).
Start the engine.
Raise and safely support the vehicle.
Place a drain pan under the transmission.
Allow the ATF temperature to reach 95° - 113°F (35° - 45°C).
Automatic transmission fluid inspection plug
Remove the inspection plug from the transmission housing. Fluid is pipe will run out. If fluid continues to drip out, no additional fluid is needed. If only the fluid in the overflow pipe runs out, additional fluid is needed.
Automatic transmission fluid filler pipe
Pry the cap from the filler pipe. The cap locking device will be destroyed during removal.
Pull the plug from the filler pipe.
Add fluid slowly with VAG 1924 or equivalent until fluid runs out of the inspection hole. Install the inspection hole plug.
Install the plug in the filler pipe and secure with a new cap.
Raise the car with a jack and support the vehicle with jack stands sufficiently rated to safely support the weight of the vehicle.
Place a large drip pan under the transmission.
Remove the transmission fluid drain bolt with a wrench. The drain bolt is located at the bottom of the transmission facing the pan. The pan is the large flat plate that covers the very bottom of the transmission.
Drain the transmission fluid into the drip pan.
Reinstall the transmission fluid drain bolt with the same wrench used to remove the bolt.
Lower the vehicle to the ground after removing the jack stands.
Open the hood and remove the transmission dipstick from the filler tube by pulling the dipstick. The end of the dipstick will be curved into a circle to allow a finger to slide into the circle to withdraw the dipstick.
Place a funnel into the dipstick tube and fill the transmission with new fluid by pouring the fluid into the dipstick tube.
Remove the funnel and check the fluid level with the dipstick until the fluid reaches the "Full" mark on the tip of the dipstick.
Start and allow the engine to run for a few minutes.
Move the transmission gear selector through all of the gears while depressing the brake pedal.
Turn the engine off and check the fluid level on the dipstick. Add transmission fluid if necessary.
You will need a floor jack and two jack stands. Raise the vehicle high enough to give you plenty of working room. Place the jac sstandsuner the frame rails on each side of the vehicle and lower the floor jack to let the vehicle rfest on the jack stands. Place a large drain pan ujnder the transmission and rmove the front an side mounting bolts. Loosen, but do not remove the rear mounting bolts. Pry the front of the transmission pan loose and pull it down to allow the fluid to drain into the drain pan. The drain pan should be large enough to hold at least 5 quarts of fluid. Now remove the remaining bolts, and the pan and gasket.Clean all traces of gasket and sealant from the mating surface of the transmission. Drain the remaining fluid from he trans.pan and clean with solvent. Remove any gasket material or sealantfrom he gssket mounting surface. Remove the old filter from the transmission. If the seal didn't come out with the filter, remove it from the transmission . The new seal can be driven into place with an appropriate size socket. Make sure it goes in square.Install the new filter.Install the new gasket on the pan and install the pan on the transmission. Tighten the bolts a little at a time to make sure the pan goes on straight. Don't over tighten the bolts or it will distort the pan and cause a leak. Lower the vehicle. Add 3 1/2 quarts of transmission fluid. See the owners manual for the correct fluid. If you put the wrong fluid in, the transmission will malfunction. Start the engine with thetransmission in park and fast idle it but do not rev it up. Move the gear shift lever through the gears and back to park. Check the fluid level on the dipstick. It should reach the cold mark. Check for leaks. Your ready to drive. Keep a close eye on the fluid level for the first few trips and add a little fluid as necessary.
Transmission Temperature light only comes on when the transmission has reached the operating limits and tells the temp sender to send a warning. The OD light is the Over Drive light. There may be several reasons causing the Trans. Temp light to come on. The first would be if the transmission is low on transmission fluid. Place you vehicle on a level surface. You can check this by letting the vehicle warm up to normal operating temperature, then open the hood and remove the transmission dipstick and wipe it clean with a paper towel or shop rag. Then reinsert it and remove it again, holding it horizontal look at the end of the dipstick. You will see a level mark and a add mark. If it's on the add mark then you need to add transmission fluid. Do not add more then 8 ounces at a time, before rechecking the level. If the fluid is full, smell the fluid on the dipstick, does it have a burnt smell? If the fluid has a burnt smell or it's a dark brown color then you will need to change the transmission fluid and filter. The Overdrive light is on due to high transmission temp or because the Overdrive button has been pushed. ( If equipped with a manual overdrive button) When the transmission is hot it will turn the overdrive off to increase the speed and pressure of the transmission fluid to help cool the transmission. So this problem will go hand in hand if you find a problem with the transmission fluid. You can also take you vehicle to you local auto parts store and have them check the engine codes. There may be another problem causing this issue.
Same place you check the fluid level on an A/T equipped vehicle. On a manual transmission equipped vehicle there is a plug on the upper side of the transmission that must be removed the check the level and add lube.
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Automatic Transaxle (Transmission)
Drive the vehicle long enough for the transmission
to reach normal operating temperature.
Park the vehicle on a flat surface.
Let the engine idle with the transmission in park.
Locate the automatic transmission dipstick. It will
be in the front of the engine compartment attached to the transaxle assembly.
Remove the dipstick and read the fluid level it
should be between the MIN and MAX mark.
Add automatic transmission fluid if the level is
low. Place a funnel in the dipstick tube and add as much fluid as need. Do not
fill over the MAX mark. Manual Transaxle
Park the car on a level surface and wait until the
engine is cold.
Lift the vehicle according to instructions listed
in the owner's manual and support with jack stands.
Remove the belly pan from underneath the
engine/transaxle by removing the screws on the rear edge and disconnecting the
hooks in the front.
Locate the check/fill plug on the side of the transaxle.
Clean the area around the check/fill plug.
Remove the check/fill plug
Use a hand pump attached to a manual transmission
fluid bottle to pump fluid into the check/fill plug hole, until fluid begins to
seep out of the hole.
Reinstall the check/ fill plug.
Reinstall the belly pan. Insert the hooks on the
front edge of the belly pan into the holes on the vehicle's frame. Then
reinstall the screws that support the rear edge of the belly pan.
If this is for a 2002 and up explorer with the 4.6, there isn't a dipstick. It is a complicated deal. The vehicle has to be running much like the old ones, but a plug must be removed from the pan. Behind the plug is a upwards tube that you, believe it or not, squirt oil up into until it runs generously back at you. then it is full.