Question about Cars & Trucks
What can happen is the vehicles Freon will leak out and reduce the total pressure in the system. Then the low-pressure cut out switch will disengage the compressor when the low side is detected below 25 psi.
This safety feature is to protect the compressor itself. I have seen mechanics bypass the low cut out switch for testing. This should never be done and is not recommended.
The visual presence of oil around a fitting or pressurized line is a strong indication of a refrigerant leak. So my first step in air-conditioning leak diagnosis is to perform a very careful visual inspection of the entire system.
Although this is always my first step for diagnosing Freon leaks it is not always effective in finding the exact problem. In fact, this visual inspection will only uncover large to extremely large leaks. A more common air-conditioning problem would be small leaks that allow Freon to escape over long periods of time. So to follow will be some methods to detect these small leaks.
- The Robinair leak detector is a hand held battery operated electronic leak sniffer. The test probe on the end of the leak detector is moved about 1 inch per second in the areas of suspected leaks. The Robin air leak detector has an alarm that will go off when it detects the presence of a Freon leak. Note on some other models they may have flashing lights or a buzzer. Also some leak detectors are specialized to detect only certain freons (example: 134a) but they all are designed to alert you when they sniff the refrigerant.
- To find refrigerant leaks using the fluorescent tracer system, you first have to install the fluorescent dye into the cars air-conditioning system. Always follow the instructions and do not install too much dye! Too much can reduce the cooling efficiency of the system. Different refrigerant dye leak detectors will accomplish this in different ways. The system we use at work has a device that looks like a caulking gun, and a hose that connects to the low side fitting. Then you actually push the dye into the low side with the engine running and the compressor engaged. Next you run the air-conditioning system for several minutes to distribute the dye evenly. Then you put on your yellow glasses and examine the system with a fluorescent light.
The fluorescent dye shows up easily wearing the yellow glasses.
A very popular selling item is Refrigerant with leak sealer. This item will only seal very small leaks. I have used the stuff pictured to the right "super seal pro" and it does work in some situations.
The Freon leak sealer works best when you have low side system leaks. And if you happen to have a small leak from an O-ring on the low side this stuff works well. If you have a leak on the high-pressure side chances are this sealer will not work for you.
Hope this helps; also keep in mind that your feedback is important and I`ll appreciate your time and consideration if you leave some testimonial comment about this answer.
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Posted on Feb 15, 2012
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Posted on Jan 02, 2017
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