Question about 1992 GMC Sierra K1500

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What is tps sensor - 1992 GMC Sierra K1500

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  • michael Feb 10, 2012

    how do i fix it

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TPS is the Throttle Position Sensor, Usually located on the side of your throttle body (carburator) It works with your idle air control valve to regulate the air flow into the intake at idle

Posted on Feb 10, 2012

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I have 1995 Chev S10 with a 2.2L. It stubles from stop bad. I have replaced fuel filters and tuned it up,no help.


Test the tps using procedure below.


Throttle Position Sensor (TPS)
The Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) is connected to the throttle shaft on the throttle body. It is a potentiometer with one end connected to 5 volts from the VCM and the other to ground. A third wire is connected to the VCM to measure the voltage from the TPS. As the throttle valve angle is changed (accelerator pedal moved), the output of the TPS also changes. At a closed throttle position, the output of the TPS is low (approximately 0.5 volts). As the throttle valve opens, the output increases so that, at wide-open throttle, the output voltage should be approximately 4.5 volts. By monitoring the output voltage from the TPS, the VCM can determine fuel delivery based on throttle valve angle (driver demand).

TESTING


See Figures 1, 2 and 3

Backprobe with a high impedance voltmeter at TPS ground terminal and 5 volt reference signal terminal.
With the key ON and engine off, the voltmeter reading should be approximately 5.0 volts.
If the voltage is not as specified, either the wiring to the TPS or the VCM may be faulty. Correct any wiring or VCM faults before continuing test.
Backprobe with a high impedance voltmeter at the TP signal terminal and the sensor ground terminal.
With the key ON and engine off and the throttle closed, the TPS voltage should be approximately 0.5-1.2 volts.
Verify that the TPS voltage increases or decreases smoothly as the throttle is opened or closed. Make sure to open and close the throttle very slowly in order to detect any abnormalities in the TPS voltage reading.
If the sensor voltage is not as specified, replace the sensor.


0996b43f8021e0ea-j1axptdruxmkgupulmd503d3-5-0.gif

Fig. Fig. 1: Common Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) wiring diagram (wire color, terminal identification/location may vary on certain models)



0996b43f80232a38-j1axptdruxmkgupulmd503d3-5-2.gif

Fig. Fig. 2: Using jumper wires and high impedance voltmeter, test between the sensor ground and reference terminals, the voltage should be approximately 5 volts




0996b43f80232a38-j1axptdruxmkgupulmd503d3-5-5.jpg

Fig. Fig. 3: Next test between the sensor signal and ground terminals, verify that the TPS voltage increases or decreases smoothly as the throttle is opened or closed.


REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

Except 1998-99 2.2L Engines
See Figure 4



0996b43f8021e0e9-j1axptdruxmkgupulmd503d3-5-9.gif


Fig. Fig. 4: Common Throttle Position Sensor (TPS)
Disconnect the negative battery cable and remove the air cleaner and if equipped, the gasket and bracket.
Disengage the electrical connector.
Unfasten the two TPS attaching screw assemblies.
Remove the TPS from the throttle body assembly.
Remove the TPS seal.

To install:
Install the TPS seal over the throttle shaft.
With the throttle valve closed, install the TPS on the throttle shaft.
Rotate it counterclockwise, to align the mounting holes.
Install the two TPS attaching screws.
Tighten the screws to 18 inch lbs. (2 Nm).
Engage the electrical connector.
If equipped, install the bracket and gasket air cleaner and gasket.Connect the negative battery cable.

1998-99 2.2L Engines
Disconnect the negative battery cable and remove the air cleaner outlet resonator.Remove the throttle body assembly.Unfasten the two TPS attaching screw assemblies.Remove the TPS from the throttle body assembly. To install:
With the throttle valve closed, install the TPS on the throttle body.Install the two TPS attaching screws. Tighten the screws to 27 inch lbs. (3 Nm).Install the throttle body.Install the air cleaner outlet resonator.Connect the negative battery cable.

Aug 20, 2017 | Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Engine trouble code P1295


- Faulty Throttle Position Sensor (TPS)
- Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) harness is open or shorted
- Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) circuit poor electrical connection
- Faulty Powertrain Control Module (PCM)
- Faulty Mass Air Flow (MAF) sensor
- Faulty Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) sensor

Jan 28, 2015 | 2007 Hyundai Entourage Limited Minivan

1 Answer

How to replace the TPS.


no engine option stated, and is key fact to know here.
eg:
The 5.7L V8 engine does not use a separate Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) on the throttle body.

remove old TPS, and bolt on new.
its like 2 or 3 screws. no big deal.
but needs to be calibrated per fsm.
ill take a wild guess, 3.7L
3.7L Engine and 4.7.
  1. Remove air resonator tube at throttle body.
  2. Disconnect TPS electrical connector.
  3. Remove two TPS mounting screws.
  4. Remove TPS.
install
The throttle shaft end of throttle body slides into a socket in TPS. The TPS must be installed so that it can be rotated a few degrees. (If sensor will not rotate, install sensor with throttle shaft on other side of socket tangs). The TPS will be under slight tension when rotated.
  1. Install TPS and retaining screws.
  2. Tighten screws to 60 inch lbs. (7 Nm) torque.
  3. Connect TPS electrical connector to TPS.
  4. Manually operate throttle (by hand) to check for any TPS binding before starting engine.
  5. Install air cleaner tube to throttle body.
some TPS need calibration
to see what yours needs, read the FSM
or at alldata.com
or here. I think all engines here, are TPS PCM autocalibrated.

read WJ car here
http://www.jeep4x4center.com/knowledge-base/index.htm?utm_source=cj#service

May 24, 2014 | 2005 Jeep Grand Cherokee

1 Answer

What is a throttle position sensor/switch d or e on a saturn


tps sensor is a sensor consist of a variable resistor which tps sensor is mounted externally on the throttle body. when throttle open wider when accelerating the tps sensor richen fuel mixture to maintain proper air fuel ratio.and tps sensor controls transmission shifting.

Jun 21, 2013 | Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Where is the TPS sensor located,2004 Nissan Titan 5.6 v-8


The 2004 nissan titan is drive by wire, meaning there is no cable to control the gas pedal to throttle.
This system is computer controlled with a motor at throttle body and pedal sensors.

the TPS throttle position sensor is located inside the throttlebody . on most of these the complete throttle body must be replaced as there is no sperate tps sensor it is complete,
i would check and make sure this is the problem . GM started making TPS replacement sensors for there throttle bodies.

Jan 06, 2013 | Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Where is the thorttleposition sensor on 2001jeep cherokee


The 3 wire Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) is mounted on the throttle body and is connected to the throttle blade.
The TPS is a 3wire variable resistor that provides the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) with an input signal (voltage) that represents the throttle blade position of the throttle body. The sensor is connected to the throttle blade shaft. As the position of the throttle blade changes, the resistance (output voltage) of the TPS changes.
The PCM supplies approximately 5 volts to the TPS. The TPS output voltage (input signal to the PCM) represents the throttle blade position. The PCM receives an input signal voltage from the TPS. This will vary in an approximate range of from .26 volts at minimum throttle opening (idle), to 4.49 volts at wide-open throttle. Along with inputs from other sensors, the PCM uses the TPS input to determine current engine operating conditions. In response to engine operating conditions, the PCM will adjust fuel injector pulse width and ignition timing.
The PCM needs to identify the actions and position of the throttle blade at all times. This information is needed to assist in performing the following calculations:

selectachapter.gif

Cherokee, Grand Cherokee, 1999-2005
Throttle Position Sensor

Print


Operation

The 3 wire Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) is mounted on the throttle body and is connected to the throttle blade.
The TPS is a 3wire variable resistor that provides the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) with an input signal (voltage) that represents the throttle blade position of the throttle body. The sensor is connected to the throttle blade shaft. As the position of the throttle blade changes, the resistance (output voltage) of the TPS changes.
The PCM supplies approximately 5 volts to the TPS. The TPS output voltage (input signal to the PCM) represents the throttle blade position. The PCM receives an input signal voltage from the TPS. This will vary in an approximate range of from .26 volts at minimum throttle opening (idle), to 4.49 volts at wide-open throttle. Along with inputs from other sensors, the PCM uses the TPS input to determine current engine operating conditions. In response to engine operating conditions, the PCM will adjust fuel injector pulse width and ignition timing.
The PCM needs to identify the actions and position of the throttle blade at all times. This information is needed to assist in performing the following calculations:


Ignition timing advance Fuel injection pulse-width Idle (learned value or minimum TPS) Off-idle (0.06 volt) Wide Open Throttle (WOT) open loop (2.608 volts above learned idle voltage) Deceleration fuel lean out Fuel cutoff during cranking at WOT (2.608 volts above learned idle voltage) A/C WOT cutoff (certain automatic transmissions only)


Removal & Installation

3.7L & 4.0L

  1. Disconnect TPS electrical connector.
  2. Remove TPS mounting screws.
  3. Remove TPS.

To Install:
The TPS is mounted to the throttle body. The throttle shaft end of throttle body slides into a socket in the TPS. The TPS must be installed so that it can be rotated a few degrees. (If sensor will not rotate, install sensor with throttle shaft on other side of socket tangs). The TPS will be under slight tension when rotated.
  1. Install TPS and retaining screws.
  2. Tighten screws to 7 Nm (60 inch lbs.) torque.
  3. Connect TPS electrical connector to TPS.
  4. Manually operate throttle (by hand) to check for any TPS binding before starting engine.

4.7L
  1. Remove air duct and air resonator box at throttle body.
  2. Disconnect TPS electrical connector.
  3. Remove two TPS mounting bolts (screws).
  4. Remove TPS from throttle body.

To Install:
The throttle shaft end of throttle body slides into a socket in TPS. The TPS must be installed so that it can be rotated a few degrees. If sensor will not rotate, install sensor with throttle shaft on other side of socket tangs. The TPS will be under slight tension when rotated.
  1. Install TPS and two retaining bolts.
  2. Tighten bolts to 7 Nm (60 inch lbs.) torque.
  3. Manually operate throttle control lever by hand to check for any binding of TPS.
  4. Connect TPS electrical connector to TPS.
  5. Install air duct/air box to throttle body.

Hope this helps

Dec 31, 2011 | 2001 Jeep Grand Cherokee

1 Answer

Where is the throttle positions sensor located


The Throttle Position Sensor, or TPS is connected to the throttle shaft on the throttle body.

zjlimited_2070.jpg

Fig. 2: Disengage the Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) wiring harness connector

According with the Grand Cherokee Repair Manual, check this removal & installation procedure...
(see Figures 5 and 6)
  1. Remove the air intake tube at the throttle body.
  2. Disengage the TPS wiring connector and remove the two mounting screws.
  3. Carefully remove the TPS from the throttle body.
To install:
  1. The throttle shaft end has a tang that can be fitted into the TPS two different ways. Only one of the installed positions is correct. When correctly positioned, the TPS can be rotated a few degrees. To determine correct positioning, place the TPS onto the throttle body with the throttle shaft tang on one side of the TPS socket. Verify that the TPS can be rotated. If the TPS cannot be rotated, place the TPS on the throttle body with the throttle shaft tang on the other side.
  2. Tighten the two TPS mounting bolts to 60 inch lbs. (7 Nm) and engage the wiring connector.
  3. Manually operate the throttle and check for any binding.
  4. Install the air intake tube.
zjlimited_2071.jpg

Fig. 5: Remove the throttle position sensor retainers...

zjlimited_2072.jpg

Fig. 6: ...then, remove the throttle position sensor

Additionally, its possible that you are interesting in some section about this repair manual: Jeep Grand Cherokee 1993-1998 (ZJ Series).

Hope this helps; just keep in mind that your feedback is important and I'll appreciate your time and consideration if you leave some testimonial comment. Thank you for using FixYa.

Jose.

Oct 20, 2011 | 1997 Jeep Grand Cherokee

1 Answer

I replaced the tps on my 05 sonata 4 cyl. still get p0122 code HELP


HAVE VECHICLE HOOK TO CODE SCANNER WHILE OPERATING THE THROTTLE POSITION SENSOR.WITH CODE SCANNER HOOKED UP IN VECHICLE WHILE WATCHING TPS SENSOR VOLTAGE VARATION WITH TPS SENSOR CLOSED VOLTS ON SCANNER SHOULD BE 0.2 TO 0.8 VOLTS TPS SENSOR CLOSED AS YOU PRESS ACCELERATOR PEDAL TPS SENSOR VOLTS SHOULD INCREASE TO 4.3 - 4.8 VOLTS WIDE OPEN THROTTLE IF VOLTS DONT CHANGE WHILE PRESSING ACCELERATOR PEDAL EITHER TPS SENSOR WIRING IS OPEN OR SHORTED TO GROUND OR THE ECM FAILED.

Oct 01, 2011 | 2005 Hyundai Sonata

2 Answers

Code p0122 and p0123 after changing computer


Hi.

The problem is regarding TPS (throttle position sensor located in throttle body). Both codes are TPS voltage out of range (low and high) If you get both codes at once, then :

TPS may be defective,
wiring to TPS may be shorted to ground.
There may be a problem in the +5V circuit powering the TPS.
There may be a problem with ECU connector.

Jan 20, 2011 | 1996 Dodge Caravan

1 Answer

Getting the following codes from a 1997 Pontiac Grand Am....... PO121 TPS / Pedal Position Sensor A CKT Range / Perf Also, PO341 Camshaft Position Sensor A - Bank 1 CKT Range/Perf. Any thoughts on the


po121 means that there is a problem with the throttle position sensor ( tps). or in the wiring or connector, most likely its the tps that is bad. first remove connection from tps, heres how to test. use an ohms meter and hook a lead to top or bottom terminal of tps. use other probe on center terminal of tps. move throttle plate slowly, if the needle on meter does not move at a smooth pace, then tps is bad. good-luck!!

Apr 27, 2009 | 1997 Pontiac Grand Am

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