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There are actually three relays , an there are controlled by the BCM - body control module !
When a door lock switch is activated in the lock or unlock position the BCM will receive a voltage signal on either the door lock switch lock or unlock signal circuits.
The BCM, upon receipt of a lock switch lock or unlock signal, will switch the appropriate lock relay control circuits to battery positive voltage. This will energize the appropriate lock or unlock relays. The relay will supply voltage to the door lock actuator lock or unlock control circuits to one side of the lock actuator. Since the opposing side of the lock actuators are connected to ground through the other lock actuator control circuit and the normally closed contacts of the lock or unlock relay, the doors and liftgate will then lock or unlock appropriately.
Three relays are used to operate the locks. DRV DR UNLCK relay, PASS DR UNLOCK and DR LCK relay. This is done to isolate the driver door lock actuator so it can be unlocked by itself using the keyless entry transmitter.
Rear Hatch/Gate Description and Operation
The liftgate can be opened by operating the switch on the instrument panel. Battery voltage is supplied to the liftgate actuator through the body control module (BCM). The BCM will pulse the liftgate actuator when a release input is received through the key fob, or the instrument panel switch.
Door/Lift gate Latch Assembly
Install a 20-A fused jumper wire between the control terminal 3 and 12 volts. Install a jumper wire between the ground terminal 2 and ground.
Verify the actuator turns on & off.
If the function does not perform as specified, replace the applicable door latch.
Gremlins ! HA HA HA sorry ! First off a little bit on how they work an what all is involved in making them work ! There are a few control modules in the mix , switches ,relays etc...
Door Lock System Components
The power door lock system consists of the following components:
The driver door module (DDM)
The passenger door module (PDM)
The body control module (BCM)
The driver information center (DIC)
The rear door lock switch
The door lock relay
The door unlock relay
The liftgate lock relay--utility vehicles with liftgate only
The reversible door lock actuators in each of the doors and liftgate
Door Lock System Controls
The power door lock system can be controlled by any of the following:
A power door lock or unlock switch activation
A keyless entry transmission
An automatic door lock function
A delay lock function
Door lock cylinder switch activation
An airbag deployment
The front power door lock switches are integral components of the driver door module (DDM) and passenger door module (PDM). The switches are two position normally open rocker switches. When placed in either the lock or unlock positions, the switches provide a direct input to the DDM or PDM. The DDM or PDM monitors these inputs and sends a Class 2 message indicating a change in the switch's respective position. Modules which activate the power door lock motors receive the Class 2 message and activate the motor in the appropriate direction to lock or unlock the vehicle's doors and liftgate. The rear door lock switch provides a lock and unlock signal to the body control module (BCM). The BCM upon receipt of a lock or unlock signal will control the rear door lock relays and also send a Class 2 message to the DDM and PDM to perform the appropriate function.
The modules which activate the power lock motors are:
The DDM (driver door lock actuator).
The PDM (passenger front door lock actuator).
The BCM (both rear door lock actuators and cargo door/liftgate).
The DDM and PDM are directly connected to the respective door lock actuator through the door lock motor lock and unlock circuits. Once a door lock or unlock request has been received, the module will supply battery voltage to one side of the actuator and ground the other causing the doors to lock or unlock.
The rear passenger and cargo doors differ slightly in that they use lock and unlock relays. The relays supply and coil sides receive a constant voltage through the battery voltage supply circuit. The normally closed contacts are connected to ground and the control side is connected to the BCM. Once a door lock or unlock request has been received by the BCM, the BCM will ground the control side of the appropriate relay. This energizes the relay and allows voltage to be applied to either the door lock motor lock or unlock circuits. since the other side of the door lock actuator is connected to the normally closed contacts of the opposing relay to ground, the doors lock or unlock.
The first place to start is have a factory or equivalent scan tool hooked up , one that can read BCM DTC'S - diagnostic trouble codes ! This could lead to a fix faster ! Watch these three videos ! Door Locks Go Crazy 1
The door locks are controlled by the vehicle security module (VSM). It gets power from fuses 30, 5, 6, and 40 in the central junction box (CJB). You say you checked these and all are OK. Therefore the problem must be in the door lock actuators, the door lock relays, or the door lock switches. I doubt that all of these are defective, so the VSM may be defective.
The liftgate is controlled by the power liftgate module (PLM), althogh the motor in the liftgate glass actuator is controlled by the VSM. The PLM gets power from fuses 105 and 5 in the CJB. If the PLM is assumed to be OK, the source of the problem could be the liftgate unlatch motor, the liftgate cinching motor, the L/R liftgate obstacle detection strips, the liftgate home position switch, the liftgate fork bolt/detent switch. or the power liftgate open/close switch
#07-08-52-003: Rear Liftgate Glass May Not Lock When Using Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)/Key Fob Transmitter/Door Lock Switch, Lifgtate Hatch or Liftgate Glass May Lock/Unlock When Rear Liftgate Glass Button Depressed - (Sep 13, 2007)
Subject: Rear Liftgate Glass May Not Lock When Using Remote Keyless Entry (RKE), Key Fob Transmitter or Door Lock Switch, And/Or Liftgate Hatch Or Liftgate Glass May Lock Then Unlock When Rear Liftgate Glass Button is Depressed (Reposition Lock Cylinder Wave Washer and Adjust Lock Rod)
Models: 2005-2007 Buick Rainier
2005-2008 Chevrolet TrailBlazer, TrailBlazer EXT, TrailBlazer SS
2005-2008 GMC Envoy, Envoy XL, Envoy Denali
2005-2008 Saab 9-7X
Don't Do This
Reposition liftgate lock cylinder wave washer and adjust lock rod.
DO NOT replace the liftgate latch or actuator.
Some customers may comment on one or more of the following conditions:
• The rear liftgate glass may not lock when using the remote keyless entry (RKE), key fob transmitter or door lock switch unless the lock is pressed a second time.
• The rear liftgate or glass locks, but may be unlocked when the rear liftgate lock cylinder button is depressed.
• The rear liftgate locks but the liftgate glass may not lock.
These conditions may be caused by one or all of the following:
• The rear liftgate cylinder lock rod may be out of adjustment.
• The wave washer on the liftgate lock cylinder may be out of position with the cup side down.
• Excessive movement or slack in the lock rods at the liftgate bell crank assembly.
• The liftgate lock cylinder pawl may contact the rear liftgate glass latch when the lock cylinder button is depressed.
Important: Do Not remove the rear liftgate lock cylinder from the vehicle to perform this repair.
Reposition the rear liftgate lock cylinder wave washer and adjust the lock rod using the steps below.
Verify the customer's condition.
Open the liftgate.
Remove the upper liftgate garnish molding.
Remove the rear liftgate trim panel.
Remove the cylinder lock rod from the threaded lock rod retaining clip.
Place the tip of a screwdriver blade into the opening of the C-clip and slowly rotate the screwdriver to pry out the C-clip from the shaft. Then use needle-nose pliers to remove the C-clip.
Remove the C-clip from the rear liftgate lock cylinder push button and remove the wave washer.
Install the wave washer with the cup side up.
Position the wave washer with the curved edges of the wave spring parallel to the tabs on the lock cylinder shaft.
Important: Use needle-nose pliers to slightly squeeze the C-clip back into shape. Make sure the clip seated, you should feel a snap and hear an audible click.
Install the C-clip onto the shaft and in the slot using needle nose pliers. Then rotate the pawl several times to make sure the C-clip does not rotate. If the clip rotates then the clip is not fully seated.
Position the lock cylinder pawl to the full clockwise position.
Pull up on the cylinder lock rod to remove any slack in the bell crank.
Install the cylinder lock rod into the threaded lock rod retaining clip while removing any slack from the lock rod linkage.
Close the lock rod retainer clip.
Close the liftgate assembly.
Open the liftgate glass while keeping the liftgate closed.
Use the key fob to cycle the liftgate to the lock and unlock position while inspecting the rear liftgate pawl. The lock cylinder pawl should have clearance between the latch as shown above. If the pawl is contacting the latch, readjust the cylinder lock rod.
Verify that the customer's condition has been corrected.
To unlock the liftgate, press the unlock button on the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter twice or use the power door lock switch. To lock the liftgate, press the lock button on the RKE transmitter or use the power door lock switch. The liftgate does not have a key lock cylinder. To open the liftgate, pull up on the handle located in the center of the liftgate. When closing the liftgate, use the molded handles to pull the liftgate down. Push the liftgate closed until it latches.
The liftgate consists of the following components:
liftgate door lock actuator
liftgate lock cylinder (if equipped)
liftgate window glass
liftgate window latch/ajar switch
liftgate window glass release handle
liftgate latch remote control which consists of the following component:
liftgate release handle
liftgate latch, which consist of the following component:
liftgate latch door ajar switch
Liftgate Latch Actuator
Removal and Installation
Remove the liftgate latch remote control. For additional information, refer to Liftgate Latch Remote Control in this section.
SECTION 501-14: Handles, Locks, Latches and Entry Systems
2001 Escape Workshop Manual
REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION
Removal and Installation
Remove the liftgate trim panel.
Disconnect the liftgate ajar switch electrical connector.
Disconnect the liftgate latch actuating rod.
Open the clip.
Disconnect the actuating rod.
Remove and discard the liftgate latch bolts.
Remove the liftgate latch.
NOTE: Make sure the liftgate latch release rod is not preloading the latch. It should be clipped in a relaxed state with no slack. NOTE: Position the liftgate latch release rod by pushing outboard to remove the slack.
The 2006 Vibe no longer has that feature. It was discontinued after 2005. I have the 2005 so I know how to change it. If your 2006 is able to change then here are the directions from my 2005.
If you have an automatic transaxle, your vehicle is equipped with an auto door lock/unlock feature which enables you to program your power door locks.
Your vehicle left the factory programmed to Mode 4.
The following is a list of the available programming options:
Mode 1: All doors and liftgate lock when the shift lever is moved out of PARK (P) with the ignition on and all doors and liftgate closed. There is no automatic door unlocking.
Mode 2: No automatic door locking or unlocking.
Mode 3: All doors and liftgate lock when the shift lever is moved out of PARK (P) with the ignition on and all doors and liftgate closed. All doors and liftgate unlock when the shift lever is moved to PARK (P) with the ignition on.
Mode 4: All doors and liftgate lock when the shift lever is moved out of PARK (P) with the ignition on and all doors and liftgate closed. All doors and liftgate unlock when the ignition switch is turned from ON to ACC or to LOCK. To change the mode you are in, do the following:
1. Set the interior lamp control dial to the door position.
See Interior Lamps Control on page 3-16.
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) and close all doors and liftgate.
3. Turn the ignition to ON.
4. Within five seconds after the ignition is turned to ON, press and hold the power door lock switch in
the lock position for about five seconds.
5. The interior lamp will flash to indicate that the mode has been changed. For example, if the lamp flashes once, the function has been changed to Mode 1.
If the battery is disconnected or run down, the mode is changed to the initial mode which is Mode 4.