Question about 1991 Volvo 240

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Fuel delivery problem

Where is the fuel pump relay switch?

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The fuel pump relay is under the felt panel on the front passenger side, under the felt panel, under the glovebox. It is a white relay, 6 pin. When it is plugged in, you can stick a 12v test light on the heavy red wire, this should be 12v supplied by the smaller wire/fuse located by the battery under the hood of the car. If you have voltage from that wire, stick your test light into the backside of the red/yellow heavy wire. It should light the light while cranking the car over. Another tip. you need to make sure you have spark before the fuel system will work. If no spark, possible engine rpm speed sensor or power stage/amplifier.

Posted on Oct 28, 2008

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No power after 4000 rpms


This sounds like a fuel pump or fuel filter problem.
The 1988 Jetta has two fuel pumps. The "main" one under the car directly in front of the gas tank on the right hand side. The other fuel pum is in the tank. You can access that fuel pum by removing the round access panel in the trunk towards the back seat.

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FUEL DELIVERY & SYSTEM PRESSURES
System Pressure
Connect Pressure Gauge (VW 1318) between line from fuel distributor to cold start valve and
test port connection on lower chamber of fuel distributor, using Adapter Fittings (VW 1318/5).
Test port is sealed by a threaded plug. Bridge fuel pump relay with Jumper Switch (US 4480/3).
1.
Disconnect wiring from Differential Pressure Regulator (DPR). Open valve on pressure gauge
(points at cold start valve line when open) and activate fuel pump. System pressure must be 75-
82 psi (5.3-5.8 kg/cm2 ). If pressure reading is low and fuel pump delivery quantity is good,
replace pressure regulator.
2.
If pressure reading is high, disconnect fuel tank return line from DPR. Repeat test. If reading is
correct, check for plugged return line. If reading is incorrect with line open, replace DPR.
3.
Differential Control Pressure
Close valve on pressure gauge. Activate fuel pump with jumper switch. Leave DPR
disconnected. DPR reading should be 2.9-7.0 psi (.2-.5 kg/cm2 ) less than system pressure. If
pressure is incorrect, disconnect lower chamber return line and measure volume.
1.
Close open port to diaphragm pressure regulator. Activate fuel pump with jumper switch. Fuel
volume should be .14-.16 qts. (.13-.15L) for period of one minute. If volume is correct, replace
DPR. If volume is incorrect, replace fuel distributor.
2.
Close valve on pressure gauge. Install Test Harness (1315A/1) between DPR and vehicle
harness. Set multimeter to DCA 200 mA scale. Connect multimeter to test harness. Disconnect
wiring to coolant temperature sensor. Connect 15 k/ohm side of Test Resistor (VW 1490) to
sensor wiring.
3.
Turn on ignition and fuel pump. Differential pressure should be 10-17.5 psi (.7-1.2 kg/cm2 )
less than system pressure. DPR current should be 50-80 mA. If pressure is incorrect and current
is correct, replace DPR.
4.
If both pressure and current readings are incorrect, remove test harness from DPR. Ensure
resistance of DPR is 17.5-21.5 ohms. If reading is incorrect, replace DPR.
5.
If reading is correct, check ground from temperature sensor to cold start valve. If ground is
good, check power supply fuse. If fuse is okay, check terminals on ECU connector. If connector
is okay, replace ECU.
6.
Residual Pressure & Internal Leak Testing
Open valve on pressure gauge. Operate fuel pump for 30 seconds. Pressure can drop to a
minimum of 38 psi (2.7 kg/cm2 ) after 10 minutes. If pressure drops below specification, inspect
fuel pump check valve and all fuel fittings for leakage.
1.
NOTE: Pressure and leak testing does not include checking cold start
valve.
FUEL INJECTION SYSTEM - BOSCH CIS-E -1988 Volkswagen Jetta Page 1 of 3
http://www.ondemand5.com/mric/common/asp/printart.aspx 11/25/2011
If there are no leaks, check airflow sensor plate clearance. If plate clearance is correct, replace
diaphragm pressure regulator and repeat leak test. If pressure drop is not within specification,
replace fuel distributor "O" rings.
2.
Transfer Pump Delivery Volume
Check voltage supply to pumps. Connect Jumper Switch (US 4480/3) in place of fuel pump
relay, on relay panel. Remove fuel filler cap. Disconnect and plug off Black fuel line from
sending unit.
1.
Connect hose to sender port and place in measuring container. Turn on fuel pumps. Minimum
transfer pump delivery volume should be .42 qts. (.4L) in 10 seconds. Reconnect fuel line to
sender.
2.
Main Pump Delivery Volume
Check transfer pump (if equipped) and fuel filter. Disconnect fuel return line and place in
measuring container. Switch on fuel pump with jumper switch. Check fuel pump delivery
volume for 30 second period. Delivery rates are given with voltage reading at pump as volume
will change with different voltages.
1.
Minimum delivery volume for Fox, Quantum and Quantum Syncro models is .71 qts. (.68L) for
30 seconds with reading of 11.4 volts at fuel pump. Minimum delivery volume for other models
is .62 qts. (.59L) with 11.4 volts at fuel pump.
2.
Fuel Distributor
Check sensor plate adjusting lever and fuel distributor control piston for smooth operation.
Disconnect fuel injector lines at fuel injectors.
1.
Remove fuel pump relay and bridge fuel pump circuit. Use Jumper Switch (US 4480/3) in place
of fuel pump relay. When pressure has built up, turn off fuel pump. Move sensor plate from rest
position to end of travel.
2.
Uniform resistance should be felt during entire movement. No resistance should be felt on
quick return to rest position. Connect injector lines. Install fuel pump relay.
3.
Injector Quantity Comparison
Remove fuel pump relay, from relay panel, and install Jumper Switch (US 4480/3) in off
position in place of relay. Attach Fuel Quantity Analyzer (US 4480) to bumper and secure in
place. Remove injectors from cylinder head with fuel lines attached. Check and replace fuel
injector "O" rings as necessary.
1.
Check tightness of injector insert (2-piece inserts). If inserts are loose, remove and clean
threads. Use sealing compound when installing upper insert. Replace sealing washer that goes
against cylinder head below lower portion of insert. Lubricate injector "O" rings with gasoline
and install injectors, with fuel lines connected, into fuel quantity analyzer tubes.
2.
Ensure lines are not kinked or bent. Loosen fittings to align fuel lines and retighten. Remove
rubber boot from airflow sensor housing above sensor plate. Turn and lift setting screw and
adjusting slide of Sensor Plate Adjustable Holder (VW 1348/1) into upper position. This
simulates full throttle operation. See Fig. 11 .
3.
FUEL INJECTION SYSTEM - BOSCH CIS-E -1988 Volkswagen Jetta Page 2 of 3
http://www.ondemand5.com/mric/common/asp/printart.aspx 11/25/2011
Fig. 11: Sensor Plate Adjustable Holder (VW 1348/1)
Courtesy of AUDI OF AMERICA, INC.
Place sensor plate adjustable holder on airflow sensor housing with holder centered over plate.
Pointer on edge of holder base must point toward center of fuel distributor. Push adjusting slide
of holder down onto stop.
4.
Turn adjusting screw clockwise until magnetic end touches sensor plate retaining bolt. Activate
fuel pump with jumper switch. Turn adjusting screw of holder counterclockwise until any one
injector starts to deliver fuel. Turn off jumper switch and empty fuel quantity analyzer after
taking sample.
5.
Idle injection quantity is measured first. Lifting adjusting slide of holder to first stop simulates
idle position of sensor plate. Activate fuel pump until fuel level reaches 20 ml on scale of any
tube.
6.
Check that all injectors have identical spray patterns that are even and cone-shaped. If not, raise
sensor plate up quickly to full lift position and release. Repeat idle quantity test. Compare
amounts of fuel delivered by all injectors with analyzer held level. Maximum difference in
delivery quantity between injectors is 3.0 ml of fuel.
7.
If fuel delivery quantity differs between high and low levels by more than 3.0 ml, interchange
injectors and repeat test. If difference of delivery quantity changes with injectors, replace
injectors. If difference of delivery quantity does not change with movement of injectors, either
fuel lines are pinched or fuel distributor is defective.
8.
Measure full throttle injection quantity. Empty analyzer into fuel tank and reinstall injectors in
analyzer. Lift adjusting slide of holder to last stop to simulate full throttle position of sensor
plate. Activate fuel pump with jumper switch until fuel level reaches 80 ml on scale of any tube
of analyzer.
9.
Check that all injectors have identical spray patterns that are even and cone-shaped. If not, raise
sensor plate up quickly to full lift position and release. Repeat full throttle quantity test.
Compare amounts of fuel delivered by all injectors with analyzer held level. Maximum
difference in delivery quantity between injectors is 8.0 ml of fuel.
10.
If fuel delivery quantity differs between high and low levels by more than 8.0 ml, interchange
injectors and repeat test. If difference of delivery quantity changes with injectors, replace
injectors. If difference of delivery quantity does not change with movement of injectors, either
fuel lines are pinched or fuel distributor is defective.
11.
Check fuel injectors for leakage immediately after delivery quantity test is complete. Set sensor
plate in rest position. Activate fuel pump with jumper switch for 2 minutes. Injectors should not
drip. Replace injectors that drip.
See image. Fuel filter is probably located on the frame between the engine and fuel tank.
8_24_2012_11_36_10_pm.jpg8_24_2012_11_36_30_pm.jpg

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1 Answer

Wireing from fuel pump runs into car where


A small but important part of your car's engine fuel delivery assembly, the fuel pump relay is an electrical component that controls the pump. Also known as a relay switch, this car part turns your fuel pump on and off when you start your vehicle and shut it off. Everytime you turn on your ignition, the relay switch lets the electrical current flow to the fuel pump. Once both the pump and your engine are running smoothly, the fuel pump relay automatically shuts off. The fuel pump will then be controlled by the oil pressure unit. In case your pump relay stops working, it's the oil pressure switch that will serve as a back-up power relay for the pump. Because the fuel pump relay is switched on everytime you turn on your ignition, you should hear a distinct sound (it could be like a whistling kettle or a blackboard being scraped) whenever you start your car. If you don't hear that distinct sound and your engine takes longer to crank up, you may have a problem with the relay switch. Fortunately, finding a compatible replacement relay for your vehicle is just a few clicks away at Auto Parts Warehouse. When you buy from our site, you can enjoy our free shipping services, low-price guarantee, and flexible payment options. So, if you need to replace your old relay switch for the fuel pump, buy one only from Auto Parts Warehouse!

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1 Answer

Cant get car to stay running has fuel delivery starts with chem start but wont stay running


replace the fuel pump relay
the priming switch operates fine if starts although after the priming switch does its job the fuel pump relay takes over

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2 Answers

No fuel delivery to eng., no voltage spurratic


Oil pressure switch activates the supply pump. Replace the oil pressure switch.. New & Need good rating please.

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2 Answers

'96 f150,4.9 six,dual fuel tanks,replaced front fuel pump,not starting.could it be the fuel cut-off safety switch or fuel pump relay.need location of both,owners manual missing.does rear tank pump need to...


I have a 1996 f150 and I had the same problem. I finally found out that the rear fuel pump is the main pump, and if it goes out then the front pump will not work either. There is a groud that both pump share on the rear cross member. If you are not getting good connection with the ground the fuel pumps will not work. Also if you replace the rear pump and it still does not work then your problem could be the fuel tank selector switch, it acts as a relay if it goes out then neither pump will work.

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1 Answer

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There is a fuse for the fuel on the firewall inside the cab:



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Fuel Pump The fuel delivery system uses either a high or low-pressure in-line or in-tank electric fuel pump, with some models equipped with both. It is a recirculating system that delivers fuel to a pressure regulating valve in the throttle body and returns excess fuel from the throttle body regulator back to the fuel tank. The electrical system uses two types of control relays, one controlled by a vacuum switch and the other controlled by the powertrain control module (PCM) to provide power to the fuel pump under various operating conditions.

An inertia switch is used as a safety device in the fuel system. The inertia switch is located in the cab, generally under the dashboard on the right side. It is designed to open the fuel pump power circuit in the event of a collision. The switch is reset by pushing each of 2 buttons on the switch simultaneously (some models use switches with only one reset button). The inertia switch should not be reset until the fuel system has been inspected for damage or leaks.
When the ignition switch is ON, it turns the EEC power relay ON. The EEC power relay provides power to the powertrain control module (PCM) and the control side of the fuel pump relay. Power for the fuel pump(s) is supplied through a fuse link or high current fuse attached to the starter solenoid (battery side). From the fuse link or high current fuse, current flows through the fuel pump relay and inertia switch to the fuel pump(s). The fuel pump relay is controlled by the PCM.
When the ignition switch is turned ON, the fuel pump(s) will operate. If the ignition switch is not turned to the START position the PCM will shut the fuel pump(s) OFF after 1 second. The PCM will operate the fuel pump(s) operate the fuel pump(s) when the ignition switch is turn to START position to provide fuel while cranking.
After the engine starts, the PCM will continue to operate the fuel pump(s) unless the engine stops, drops below 120 rpm or the inertia switch is tripped.

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1 Answer

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try replacing the relay switch there is only a short list for fuel delivery with jeeps 1. pcm (computer) 2. relay switch 3. fuel filter. 4. fuel pump

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