Question about 1998 Ford Escort
A socket wrench without any socket attachment will fit in the hole. It's a square hole on the top of what looks like a pully directly above/behind the alternator. Fit the wrench in snugly, and pull forward until the belt is loose. Remove the belt from the alternator and release the tension back to taught. This should allow enough room to get a wrench in to remove the bolts holding in your alternator. Repeat the process in order to replace the belt to the new alternator.
Posted on Oct 04, 2008
You may have a self tensioner which applies belt tension with a spring.
Look for a spot to put a 1/'2"drive breaker bar on it and release the belt tension, then slide the belt off and install new belt. You may need a helper to remove the belt while you hold the tension off,
Its been awhile since I have seen an Escort, i may be wrong!
Posted on Oct 02, 2008
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Posted on Jan 02, 2017
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See Figures 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
Check the condition and tension of all drive belts every 12,000 miles, or at least once a year. Loose drive belts can lead to poor engine cooling and diminished alternator, power steering pump, air conditioning compressor, or emission air pump output. A belt that is too tight places a strain on the bearings in the driven component.
Fig. Fig. 5: Installing too wide a belt can result in serious belt wear and/or breakage
Replace any drive belt that is glazed, worn, cracked, or stretched to the point where correct adjustment tension is impossible. If two belts are used to drive a component, always replace both belts when replacement is necessary. After installing a new belt, run the engine for ten minutes, shut OFF the engine and recheck the belt tension. Readjust if necessary.
Fig. Fig. 10: Engine belt tension chart-1994-95 models
Two popular methods of checking drive belt adjustment are; the Belt Tension Gauge Method and the Belt Deflection Method. The former requires a special gauge and the latter requires a straight edge and scale or just a good eye for measurement. The deflection method will be used in the following belt replacement instructions. A rule of thumb for checking belt tension by the deflection method is to determine the midpoint between two pulleys of the drive belt and press down at that point with moderate thumb pressure. The belt should deflect to the measurement indicated in the following installation procedures. Adjustment is necessary if the belt is either too loose or too tight.
WARNING A belt adjustment which is either too loose or too tight will eventually damage the accessory that belt is driving. A too loose adjustment allows free-play in the belt which could transfer a whipping motion or shock to the accessory drive pulley. Similarly, a belt which is too tight will preload the accessory bearings, leading to early failure.
Fig. Fig. 14: Removing the A/C compressor drive belt from under the vehicle
Fig. Fig. 16: Loosening the locking screw for alternator drive belt removal
If removal of the alternator belt is required, the A/C belt must first be removed.
Fig. Fig. 17: Air pump belt adjustment-2.2L engines
When servicing the air pump, use the square holes provided in the pulley to prevent camshaft rotation.
Fig. Fig. 18: Drive belt adjustment points-2.5L engines
Fig. Fig. 19: Drive belt adjustment points-2.6L engines
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Inspect the drive belt(s) every 30,000 miles or 24 months. Determine the belt tension at a point halfway between the pulleys by pressing on the belt with moderate thumb pressure. If the deflection is found to be too much or too little, perform the tension adjustments.
On some Acura models it will be necessary to work from beneath the vehicle when servicing the accessory drive belts.
Before adjusting, inspect the belt to see that it is not cracked or worn. Be sure that its surfaces are free of grease and oil. If contamination is present, belt replacement is recommended.
Fig. Fig. 13: Belt routing and alternator belt adjustment-2.5L engine
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Fig. Fig. 6: Loosen the pivot bolt ...
Fig. Fig. 8: ... slip the old belt off and install a new one
Fig. Fig. 9: Pull outwards to tension the belt
Fig. Fig. 10: Belt routing on the 20R, 22R and 22R-EC engines
Fig. Fig. 11: Belt routing on the 4ME, 5ME and 5MG-E engines
To adjust the tension of the alternator drive belt on all models, loosen the pivot and mounting bolts on the alternator. Using a wooden hammer handle, a broomstick or your hand, move the alternator one way or the other until the proper tension is achieved.
WARNING Do not use a screwdriver or any other metal device (such as a prybar) as a lever.
Tighten the mounting bolts securely. If a new belt has been installed, recheck the tension after about 200 miles (480 km) of driving.
Air Conditioning Compressor
A/C compressor belt tension can be adjusted by turning the tension adjusting bolt which is located on the compressor tensioner bracket. Turn the bolt clockwise to tighten the belt and counterclockwise to loosen it.
See Figures 12
To adjust the tension of the air pump drive belt, loosen the adjusting lever bolt and the pivot bolt. Move the pump in or out until the desired tension is felt.
The tension should be checked between the air pump and the crankshaft pulley on cars without air conditioning. On cars with A/C, the tension should be checked between the A/C compressor and the crankshaft pulley.
Fig. Fig. 12: Moving the air pump to tension the drive belt
Power Steering Pump
Tension on the power steering belt is adjusted by means of an idler pulley. Turn the adjusting bolt on the idler pulley until the desired tension is felt and then retighten the lockbolt.
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Fig. Fig. 5: 3.8L belt schematic-1993 shown
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