Question about 1998 Ford Escort

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Alternator Replacement I can't figure out how to loosen the belt. It seems like one of the pulleys should adjust but I can't locate the belt.

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A socket wrench without any socket attachment will fit in the hole. It's a square hole on the top of what looks like a pully directly above/behind the alternator. Fit the wrench in snugly, and pull forward until the belt is loose. Remove the belt from the alternator and release the tension back to taught. This should allow enough room to get a wrench in to remove the bolts holding in your alternator. Repeat the process in order to replace the belt to the new alternator.

Posted on Oct 04, 2008

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You may have a self tensioner which applies belt tension with a spring.

Look for a spot to put a 1/'2"drive breaker bar on it and release the belt tension, then slide the belt off and install new belt. You may need a helper to remove the belt while you hold the tension off,
Its been awhile since I have seen an Escort, i may be wrong!

Posted on Oct 02, 2008

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How to remove belts from 1994 dodge caravan 2.5 liter


Drive Belts

Print


INSPECTION

See Figures 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
Check the condition and tension of all drive belts every 12,000 miles, or at least once a year. Loose drive belts can lead to poor engine cooling and diminished alternator, power steering pump, air conditioning compressor, or emission air pump output. A belt that is too tight places a strain on the bearings in the driven component.


0900c15280215ae4.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

Fig. Fig. 1: There are typically 3 types of accessory drive belts found on vehicles today


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Fig. Fig. 2: An example of a healthy drive belt


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Fig. Fig. 3: Deep cracks in this belt will cause flex, building up heat that will eventually lead to belt failure


0900c15280215ae7.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

Fig. Fig. 4: The cover of this belt is worn, exposing the critical reinforcing cords to excessive wear


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Fig. Fig. 5: Installing too wide a belt can result in serious belt wear and/or breakage
Replace any drive belt that is glazed, worn, cracked, or stretched to the point where correct adjustment tension is impossible. If two belts are used to drive a component, always replace both belts when replacement is necessary. After installing a new belt, run the engine for ten minutes, shut OFF the engine and recheck the belt tension. Readjust if necessary.


ADJUSTMENT

See Figures 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10


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Fig. Fig. 6: Engine belt tension chart-2.2L engines


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Fig. Fig. 7: Engine belt tension chart-1987-89 2.5L engines


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Fig. Fig. 8: Engine belt tension chart-2.6L engines


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Fig. Fig. 9: Engine belt tension chart-1990-93 models


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Fig. Fig. 10: Engine belt tension chart-1994-95 models
Two popular methods of checking drive belt adjustment are; the Belt Tension Gauge Method and the Belt Deflection Method. The former requires a special gauge and the latter requires a straight edge and scale or just a good eye for measurement. The deflection method will be used in the following belt replacement instructions. A rule of thumb for checking belt tension by the deflection method is to determine the midpoint between two pulleys of the drive belt and press down at that point with moderate thumb pressure. The belt should deflect to the measurement indicated in the following installation procedures. Adjustment is necessary if the belt is either too loose or too tight.

WARNING A belt adjustment which is either too loose or too tight will eventually damage the accessory that belt is driving. A too loose adjustment allows free-play in the belt which could transfer a whipping motion or shock to the accessory drive pulley. Similarly, a belt which is too tight will preload the accessory bearings, leading to early failure.


REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

See Figure 11
Raise the front of the vehicle, support on jackstands and remove the lower splash shield if access is hampered due to space limitations when changing drive belts.


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Fig. Fig. 11: Support the vehicle, then remove the lower right side splash shield for access to the drive belts
2.2L Engines
A/C COMPRESSOR DRIVE BELT
See Figures 12, 13 and 14


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Fig. Fig. 12: A/C compressor drive belt adjusting points-2.2L engines


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Fig. Fig. 13: Loosening the locking screws for A/C compressor drive belt removal


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Fig. Fig. 14: Removing the A/C compressor drive belt from under the vehicle

  1. Loosen the idler pulley bracket pivot screw and the locking screw.
  2. Remove the belt and install a replacement.
  3. Using a breaker bar and socket apply torque to the welded nut provided on the mounted bracket to obtain proper tension.
  4. Tighten the locking screw first, followed by pivot screw. Tighten to 40 ft. lbs. (55 Nm).

ALTERNATOR DRIVE BELT (CHRYSLER TYPE)
See Figures 15 and 16


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Fig. Fig. 15: Alternator belt adjustment-2.2L engine


0900c15280215af3.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

Fig. Fig. 16: Loosening the locking screw for alternator drive belt removal
If removal of the alternator belt is required, the A/C belt must first be removed.

  1. Loosen the pivot nut, locking screw, and the adjusting screw.
  2. Remove the belt and install a replacement.
  3. Adjust to specification by tightening the adjusting screw.
  4. Tighten the locking screw to 25 ft. lbs. (34 Nm).
  5. Tighten the pivot nut to 30 ft. lbs. (41 Nm).

ALTERNATOR DRIVE BELT (BOSCH TYPE)
If removal of the alternator belt is required, the A/C belt must first be removed.
  1. Loosen the pivot nut, locking nut, and adjusting screw.
  2. Remove the belt and install a replacement.
  3. Adjust to specification by tightening the adjusting screw.
  4. Tighten the locking nut to 25 ft. lbs. (34 Nm).
  5. Tighten the pivot nut to 30 ft. lbs. (41 Nm).

POWER STEERING BELT
If removal of the power steering belt is required, the A/C and alternator belts must first be removed.
  1. Loosen the locking screw, and pivot screw.
  2. Remove the belt and install a replacement.
  3. Install a 1 / 2 in. breaker bar into the pump bracket slot, apply pressure with the breaker bar and adjust the belt to specification.
  4. Tighten the locking screw first, then the pivot screw. Tighten to 40 ft. lbs. (55 Nm).

AIR PUMP DRIVE BELT
See Figure 17


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Fig. Fig. 17: Air pump belt adjustment-2.2L engines
When servicing the air pump, use the square holes provided in the pulley to prevent camshaft rotation.

  1. Remove the nuts and bolts retaining the drive pulley cover.
  2. Remove the locking bolt and pivot bolt from the pump bracket, then remove the pump.
  3. Remove the belt and install a replacement.
  4. Position the pump, then install the locking bolt and pivot bolt finger-tight.
  5. Install a 1 / 2 in. breaker bar into the bracket assembly (block the drive pulley to prevent camshaft rotation), and adjust the belt to specification.
  6. Tighten locking bolt and pivot bolt to 25 ft. lbs. (35 Nm).

2.5L Engines
AIR CONDITIONING COMPRESSOR
See Figure 18


0900c15280215af8.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

Fig. Fig. 18: Drive belt adjustment points-2.5L engines

  1. Loosen the idler bracket pivot screw and the locking screws to replace, or adjust belt.
  2. Remove the belt and install a replacement.
  3. Adjust the belt to specification by applying torque to weld nut on the idler bracket.
  4. Tighten locking screw first, followed by the pivot screw. Tighten to 40 ft. lbs. (55 Nm).

ALTERNATOR BELT
See Figure 18
If replacement of the alternator belt is required, the A/C drive belt must first be removed.
  1. Loosen the pivot nut, locking nut, and adjusting screw.
  2. Remove the belt and install a replacement.
  3. Adjust the belt to specification by tightening the adjusting screw.
  4. Tighten the locking nut to 25 ft. lbs. (35 Nm).
  5. Tighten the pivot nut to 30 ft. lbs. (40 Nm).

POWER STEERING PUMP
See Figure 18
If replacement of the power steering belt is required, the A/C and alternator belts must first be remove.
  1. Loosen the locking screw and pivot screw to replace, or adjust the belt.
  2. Remove the belt and install a replacement.
  3. Using a 1 / 2 in. breaker bar positioned in adjusting bracket slot, adjust the belt to specification.
  4. Tighten the locking screw followed by the pivot screw. Tighten to 40 ft. lbs. (55 Nm).

2.6L Engines
ALTERNATOR/AIR CONDITIONING COMPRESSOR BELT
See Figure 19


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Fig. Fig. 19: Drive belt adjustment points-2.6L engines

  1. Loosen the locking screw, jam nut, and pivot nut.
  2. Loosen the adjusting screw.
  3. Remove the belt and install a replacement.
  4. Adjust the belt to specification by tightening the adjusting screw.
  5. Tighten the locking screw followed by the pivot nut. Tighten to 16 ft. lbs. (22 Nm).
  6. Tighten the jam nut to 21 ft. lbs. (28 Nm).

POWER STEERING PUMP BELT
See Figure 19
If replacement of the power steering belt is required, the alternator and A/C belt must first be remove.
  1. Loosen the pivot screw, and the locking screw.
  2. Remove the timing pickup.
  3. Remove the belt and install a replacement.
  4. Install a 1 / 2 in. breaker bar in the adjusting bracket slot, torque to specification.
  5. Tighten the locking screw, followed by the pivot screw. Tighten to 40 ft. lbs. (55 Nm).
  6. Install the timing pick-up, and tighten to 160 inch lbs. (18 Nm).

Jul 26, 2012 | 1994 Dodge Grand Caravan

1 Answer

Tensioner location on 97 chrysler sebring 2.5L 6 cyl


The tensioner pulley looks like an idler pulley, only with an adjusting bolt protruding out about 2 inches from just behind the pulley. Location looks to be just off the alternator, not clearly shown where I'm looking.
To loosen belt, you loosen the tensioner pulley nut, and then turn the adjusting bolt in to relieve tension. When putting the belt back on, adjust tension with adjustment bolt, then tighten the pulley nut. This is for Sebring Coupe, Convertible is different. Good luck.

Jun 22, 2012 | Chrysler Sebring Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Ac Belt diagram for a 1997 Acura intrega



ADJUSTMENT

Inspect the drive belt(s) every 30,000 miles or 24 months. Determine the belt tension at a point halfway between the pulleys by pressing on the belt with moderate thumb pressure. If the deflection is found to be too much or too little, perform the tension adjustments.
On some Acura models it will be necessary to work from beneath the vehicle when servicing the accessory drive belts.
Before adjusting, inspect the belt to see that it is not cracked or worn. Be sure that its surfaces are free of grease and oil. If contamination is present, belt replacement is recommended.

  1. Push down on the belt halfway between pulleys with a force of about 20 lbs. The belt should deflect: 0.16-0.41 in. (4-11mm)-on Integra and 0.22-0.45 in. (5.5-11.5mm) on all other models.
  2. Adjust the belt tension by loosening the adjusting bolts.
  3. Next loosen any mounting bolts and/or nuts that may hinder adjustment.

3.0CL models have automatic tensioners therefore no belt adjustment is required.
  1. To adjust the alternator belt tension on Integra, loosen the adjustment lock bolt and move the alternator with a prybar positioned against the front of the alternator housing.


WARNING Do not apply pressure to any other part of the alternator or damage may occur.
  1. To adjust the tension on all other accessory drive belts (all Acura models except 3.0CL), loosen the adjustment lock bolt and turn the adjusting bolt (if applicable) as required.

Do not over tighten any of the belts. Damage to the pulley's bearings may result.
  1. After obtaining the proper tension, tighten the adjustment lock bolt.
  2. Tighten all other bolts and/or nuts that were loosened in the adjustment process.

See Figures 6 through 13

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Fig. Fig. 6: Location of adjusting mechanism for the A/C belt on the Integra's 1.8L engine


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Fig. Fig. 7: Alternator belt adjustment-Integra


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Fig. Fig. 8: Power steering belt adjustment-Integra


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Fig. Fig. 9: A/C compressor belt adjustment-Integra


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Fig. Fig. 10: Alternator belt adjustment-3.2L engine


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Fig. Fig. 11: Power steering belt adjustment-3.2L engine


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Fig. Fig. 12: A/C compressor belt adjustment-3.2L engine


0900c1528008b9f4.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

Fig. Fig. 13: Belt routing and alternator belt adjustment-2.5L engine


REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

Many Acura models are equipped with a theft deterrent audio system. Make sure you have the necessary code before disconnecting the battery.

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2. Loosen the driven accessory's pivot and mounting bolts.

If removing the alternator belt on a 3.0CL, pull back on the belt tensioner with a commercially available tool.
  1. Remove the belt.
  2. Install the belt by moving the accessory toward or away from the engine until the tension is correct. You can use a wooden hammer handle, or broomstick, as a lever, but do not use anything metallic, such as a prybar. Certain models may utilize an adjusting bolt to do this work for you. Simply loosen the mounting bolt and turn the adjuster.

On 3.0CL pull back on the tensioner to install the belt, the tension is automatically set.
  1. Tighten the bolts and recheck the tension. If new belts have been installed, run the engine for a few minutes, then recheck and readjust as necessary

May 05, 2012 | Cars & Trucks

2 Answers

I am trying to hange the serpentine belt on my 09 lancer rallyart and it keeps slipping off


Locate the two belts on the left side (passenger side) of your Mitsubishi Lancer. The outer belt is a serpentine belt, operating four pulleys and the inner belt is your alternator belt.

  • 2 Follow the serpentine (outer) belt to the three pulleys lined up vertically near the front of the engine compartment. Locate the middle pulley, which is the tension pulley for the belt.
  • 3 Loosen the bolt on the middle pulley with a socket wrench by turning counter-clockwise. Do not remove the bolt, just turn it a couple of times. Loosen the tensioner bolt on the side of the of the pulley, facing the front of the vehicle.
  • 4 Remove the serpentine belt and then loosen the bolt on the alternator. With the alternator loose, move it forward so that the alternator belt loosens up and then remove belt from the pulleys.
  • 5 Install the new alternator belt by placing it over both inside pulleys. Tighten the tension on the alternator belt by moving the alternator back and keeping tension on it by holding it back with a long screwdriver. While the alternator belt is tight, use a socket wrench to tighten up the bolt on the alternator.
  • 6 Place the serpentine belt back on the pulleys and then use a socket wrench on the bolt on the front of the tension pulley. Once the serpentine belt is tight, tighten up the bolt in the middle of the tension pulley.
  • 7 Start the Mitsubishi Lancer's engine to test the alternator belt and make sure it is working properly. Once you have verified it is working, turn the engine off.
  • Oct 25, 2011 | 2008 Mitsubishi Lancer GTS CVT Sedan

    1 Answer

    I NEED A DIAGRAM ON HOW TO INSTALL A NEW ALTERNATOR BELT ON A 1982 TOYOTA CELICA GT WITH A/C.


    Hi, it appears there are other belts in front of the alternator belt. In this case, the other belts have to come off first. There are adjusting mechanisms on each the air pump, compressor, and alternator to loosen and tighten the belts. The power steering belt is adjusted by sliding the idler pulley. Please follow the instructions below and let me know if you have any questions.

    ADJUSTING

    See Figures 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11

    jturcotte_2216.gif

    Fig. Fig. 6: Loosen the pivot bolt ...

    jturcotte_2217.gif

    Fig. Fig. 7: ... push the component inwards ...


    0900c1528007c5d3.jpg

    Fig. Fig. 8: ... slip the old belt off and install a new one

    jturcotte_2218.gif

    Fig. Fig. 9: Pull outwards to tension the belt

    jturcotte_2219.gif

    Fig. Fig. 10: Belt routing on the 20R, 22R and 22R-EC engines

    jturcotte_2220.gif

    Fig. Fig. 11: Belt routing on the 4ME, 5ME and 5MG-E engines

    Alternator

    To adjust the tension of the alternator drive belt on all models, loosen the pivot and mounting bolts on the alternator. Using a wooden hammer handle, a broomstick or your hand, move the alternator one way or the other until the proper tension is achieved.

    WARNING Do not use a screwdriver or any other metal device (such as a prybar) as a lever.
    Tighten the mounting bolts securely. If a new belt has been installed, recheck the tension after about 200 miles (480 km) of driving.

    Air Conditioning Compressor

    A/C compressor belt tension can be adjusted by turning the tension adjusting bolt which is located on the compressor tensioner bracket. Turn the bolt clockwise to tighten the belt and counterclockwise to loosen it.

    Air Pump

    See Figures 12
    To adjust the tension of the air pump drive belt, loosen the adjusting lever bolt and the pivot bolt. Move the pump in or out until the desired tension is felt.
    The tension should be checked between the air pump and the crankshaft pulley on cars without air conditioning. On cars with A/C, the tension should be checked between the A/C compressor and the crankshaft pulley.

    jturcotte_2221.gif

    Fig. Fig. 12: Moving the air pump to tension the drive belt

    Power Steering Pump

    Tension on the power steering belt is adjusted by means of an idler pulley. Turn the adjusting bolt on the idler pulley until the desired tension is felt and then retighten the lockbolt.

    Sep 11, 2011 | Toyota Celica Cars & Trucks

    1 Answer

    How to change alternator belt


    Hi there,

    Lift the car hood and disconnect the ground cable from the battery´s negative terminal. In the engine compartment, locate the alternator. On top of the alternator you will see a pivot bolt. Use a socket wrench to loosen this bolt, but do not remove it completely.

    Locate the alternator belt and loosen it from its pulleys by applying pressure to the alternator and moving it in the direction of the engine. Once the alternator belt is loosened, pull it off from its pulleys.

    Install the new alternator belt. It must run around the alternator pulley, the water pump pulley and the alternator pulley. With the new alternator belt in place, adjust it over the pulleys by bringing the alternator back to its original position, away from the engine. Make sure the belt is tight around the pulleys, then tighten the pivot bolt on top of the alternator.

    Re-attach the ground cable to the battery and close the car hood.

    Hope this helps...

    Jan 24, 2011 | 2002 Kia Spectra

    1 Answer

    I need a diagram to see were my tension-er is


    I don't have the figure for your car, but the below figure shows how to remove the A/C belt.
    the other belts should have a simple slot in the bracket for adjusting. If you have more questions, let us know.

    6f92dc6.jpg
    3.0L SOHC Diamante
    1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
    2. Loosen the lockbolt on the face of the A/C tensioner pulley.
    3. Turn the adjusting bolt of the A/C tensioner pulley to loosen the tension of the A/C belt.
    4. Remove the A/C compressor belt.
    5. Loosen the locknut on the face of the power steering/alternator tensioner pulley.
    6. Turn the adjusting bolt of the tensioner pulley to loosen the tension of the belt.
    7. Remove the power steering/alternator belt.
    To install:
    1. Install the power steering/alternator belt first and then the A/C compressor drive belt.
    2. Adjust the belts to the proper tension by turning the adjusting bolts and tighten pulley fixing nut/bolt.
    3. Tighten the mounting nut of the power steering/alternator tensioner pulley to 36 ft. lbs. (50 Nm).

    NOTE The manufacturer does not provide a torque specification for the bolt that secures A/C tensioner pulley.
    1. Connect the negative battery cable.

    Oct 06, 2010 | 1994 Mitsubishi Diamante

    1 Answer

    How to change the power steering belt on a 2004 mitsubishi galant


    The power steering belt is on the front of the motor and is driven by the crankshaft. Below the steering pump is an adjuster bolt. It moves a pulley underneath the pump. To adjust the belt tension located the nut that tightens the adjuster pulley the the pump bracket . It is on the right side of the bracket , the pulley is on the left facing the back of the car. Loosen the pulley mount nut . You can now turn the adjuster bolt to move the pulley to tighten and loosen the belt for replacement. I recommend replacing the alternator belt at the same time. To do this , Unhook the negative battery cable, loosen the bolt holding block to the slide arm, reach under the alternator and loosen the lower mount bolt, not you can adjust the position of the alternator using the adjuster bolt.

    Oct 02, 2010 | 2004 Mitsubishi Galant

    1 Answer

    Where is the tension pully on a 1993 ford taurus 3.0 motor


    there is no spring tensioner on some of the 3.0 engines. See instructions below. I will paste a pic on the version that DOES have a tensioner at the bottom of this post.

    3.0L Engine-Except SHO
    ALTERNATOR BELT WITHOUT AUTOMATIC TENSIONER

    1. Loosen the adjusting arm and pivot bolts.
    2. Turn the alternator belt adjusting screw counterclockwise until the old belt can be removed.
    3. Remove the belt.

    To install:
    1. Install the new belt over the pulleys. Check that all the V-grooves make proper contact with the pulleys.
    2. Adjust the belt tension, then tighten the adjusting arm and pivot bolts.

    3.0L SHO Engine
    ALTERNATOR BELT
    See Figure 2
    1. Loosen the nut in the center of the idler pulley.
    2. Loosen the idler adjusting screw until the old belt can be removed, then remove the belt.

    To install:
    1. Install the new belt over the pulleys in proper contact with the pulleys.
    2. Adjust the new belt to specifications as follows: Turn the idler pulley nut to the right to tighten the belt to a specification of 220-265 lbs. (980-1180 N). Torque the idler pulley nut to 25-37 ft. lbs. (34-50 Nm).

    POWER STEERING AND AIR CONDITIONING BELT
    See Figure 2
    1. Remove the alternator belt.
    2. Loosen the nut on the tensioner pulley.
    3. Turn the belt adjusting screw on the tensioner counterclockwise until the belt can be removed, then remove the belt.

    To install:
    1. Position the new belt over the proper pulleys, making sure the V-grooves are properly seated.
    2. Install the alternator belt.
    3. Adjust the power steering and air conditioning belt to a specification of 154-198 lbs. (690-980 N) with a belt tension gauge.
    4. Adjust the alternator belt.
    3.0L Engine (Except SHO) and 3.8L Engine
    VEHICLES THROUGH 1993 WITH AUTOMATIC TENSIONER

    See Figures 4 and 5
    1. Insert a 1 / 2 in. breaker bar into the square hole in the tensioner.

    On the 3.8L engine, the tensioner has a1/2in. square hole cast into the rear of the tension arm directly behind the pulley. On the 3.0L engine, the1/2in. square hole is cast into the spring housing on the front of the tensioner.
    1. Rotate the tensioner clockwise and remove the belt.

    e31142e.gif

    Fig. Fig. 5: 3.8L belt schematic-1993 shown


    To install:

    1. Install the drive belt over all the pulleys, except for the alternator pulley on the 3.0L engine for vehicles through 1992, or the idler pulley for 1993 3.0L vehicles.
    2. Rotate tensioner counterclockwise and install the belt over the alternator pulley. Make sure that all the V-grooves make proper contact with the pulleys.
    3. On the 3.0L engine, install the alternator belt for vehicles through 1992.
    4. For 1993 3.0L vehicles, install the drive belt over the idler pulley.

    Oct 01, 2010 | 1993 Ford Taurus

    2 Answers

    Alternator replacement: How do I release tension


    there is a tensioner pully located in the belt path this part has a pulley on it... but it is flexable just put a socket on a breaker bar and put the socket on the pulley bolt and move the pulley the opposet way of the belt.... the tensioner can generlly move only one way reroute the belt on the motor

    Mar 01, 2010 | 2002 Ford SVT Focus

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