Question about Hyundai Motor 2002 Sonata
Dash battery light came on. Checked battery and belt which are good. My charger says no alternator output. Installed new alternator. Still not charging. Don't know where to go from here.
I don't know if your car has an integrated regulator or not; some house the regulator in a section of the alternator case, others mount it remote from it.
The regulator monitors the load and battery voltag,e primitively but effectively, and controls the current flowing through the field winding of the alternator to ground, changing the magnetic field intensity and consequently the voltage output of the alternator.
The 'hot' end of the field is internally connected to the + output, the 'cold' end is controlled by a transistor inside the regulator which, in turn, is controlled by circuitry monitoring the system voltage.
Some alternators can be tested by sticking a wire through a specified opening, actually shorting the controlled end of the field to ground briefly, while monitoring the voltage across the battery, doing this though for seconds only.
This essentially bypasses a suspected defective regulator; this causes the output voltage to rise instantly to its maximum of ~17 volts if the alternator is OK.
I don't recommend poking a wire at random into an available opening so having a service manual (Haynes-Chilton) would be nearly mandatory.
Posted on Oct 03, 2008
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