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Service engine light is on

Where is my EVAP canister? Or purge or solenoid vent?

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  • Dodge Master
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Look around the inside lower part of your passenger fender, under hood. They used to look like an old tomato juice can, but not sure on yours, but will have vacuum lines running to it, and at least one of those lines will run up to a switch on the side of fender area, which is usually your purge solenoid.

Posted on Sep 09, 2008

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Where is purge valve solenoid located?


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Dec 11, 2015 | 2003 Saturn VUE

1 Answer

2007. What are the probable causes of DTC P0446?


DTC P0446: Evaporative Emissions (EVAP) Vent System Performance
Circuit/System Description
This DTC tests the evaporative emission (EVAP) system for a restricted or blocked EVAP vent path. The control module commands the EVAP canister purge solenoid valve Open and the EVAP canister vent solenoid valve Closed. This allows vacuum to be applied to the EVAP system. Once a calibrated vacuum level has been reached, the control module commands the EVAP canister purge solenoid valve Closed and the EVAP canister vent solenoid valve Open. The control module monitors the fuel tank pressure (FTP) sensor for a decrease in vacuum. If the vacuum does not decrease to near 0 inch H2O in a calibrated time, this DTC sets.
Diagnostic Aids
?€¢
An intermittent condition could be caused by a damaged EVAP vent housing, a temporary blockage at the EVAP canister vent solenoid valve inlet, or a pinched vent hose. A blockage in the vent system will also cause a poor fuel fill problem.


?€¢
An EVAP canister, vent hose, or vent solenoid valve that has restricted flow may cause this DTC to set. Using a purge solenoid command with a scan tool will allow vacuum to be applied to the system instead of pressure. With the engine running, the EVAP canister vent solenoid valve open, and the EVAP canister purge solenoid valve commanded to 100 percent, the fuel tank vacuum should not increase to more than 5 inches H2O.


?€¢
An EVAP canister filter that is restricted can cause this DTC to set. Refer to Evaporative Emission Canister Replacement .


?€¢
Disconnecting one component at a time while the EVAP system is under flow will help to pinpoint a restriction in the system


Do you have a scan tool that reads data PID'S ?
Your FTP - fuel tank pressure sensor could be at fault !

    Ignition ON and fuel cap removed, verify that the FTP sensor parameter is between 1.3-1.7 volts. ?‡'
    If not within the specified range, go to the FTP sensor section in Circuit/System Testing.

  1. Install the fuel cap.
  2. With the engine running, the EVAP canister vent solenoid valve open, and the EVAP canister purge solenoid valve commanded to 100 percent, the fuel tank vacuum should not increase to more than 12 inches H2O.
?‡'
If the fuel tank vacuum is greater than the specified range, go to the restriction section in Circuit/System Testing.



If

Sep 06, 2015 | Chevrolet Impala Cars & Trucks

2 Answers

Obd code p0457 fuel cap replaced mil reset defect not cleared connection checked ok


The code is for a large leak in the EVAP system such as a loose or missing gas cap. But it could also mean a loose or missing hose to the canister or other leak in the tank.
The computer vents the tank several times an hour while the engine is running, and it checks the system by pressurizing the gas tank. If the tank will not hold pressure the code is set.
You may have to check the top of the tank where the fuel pump gasket is, as well as the vent lines to the front of the car.
A mechanic would perform a smoke test to look for leaks.

Jul 23, 2012 | Honda Accord Cars & Trucks

3 Answers

2000 Ford Expedition My Expedition (4.6L V-9 2WD) has had an intermittent problem of cutting out. The Check Engine light was not coming on - so I figured it is not a misfire. It drove just like it had...


Continuous Memory Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) P0446 or P1450 indicates that Self-Test has detected the Evaporative Emission Control System has excessive fuel tank vacuum. Also, a DTC P0446 indicates a vent control malfunction.

Possible causes:

EVAP canister purge outlet tube (EVAP canister purge valve to EVAP canister) blockages or kinks.

EVAP canister tube (fuel tank to EVAP canister) blockages or kinks.

Fuel vapor elbow on EVAP canister contaminated.

Restricted EVAP canister.

Canister vent (CV) solenoid stuck closed (partially or fully).

Plugged or contaminated CV solenoid filter.

EVAP canister purge valve stuck open.

Fuel filler cap stuck closed (no vacuum relief).

VREF circuit open in fuel tank pressure (FTP) sensor.

Damaged FTP sensor. (fuel tank pressure)

Check for kinks or bends in the fuel vapor hoses/tubes (EVAP canister purge outlet tube and EVAP canister tube).

Visually inspect EVAP canister inlet port, CV solenoid filter and canister vent hose assembly for contamination or debris.

Check CV solenoid filter for blockage or contamination.

The common things I've seen are are mud in the canister and the canister vent solenoid being shot or the wiring to the canister vent solenoid being torn off. The resistance of the solenoid should be 48-65 ohms..
Pick up a Chiltons book and will give you a diagram of where exactly you find the canister. They are like $15 at any auto store. Good luck

May 22, 2011 | 2000 Ford Expedition

2 Answers

P1443 code problem. How do I fix this?


P1446 - EVAP Canister Vent Control Valve Close
EVAP canister vent control valve remains closed under specified driving conditions.

This solenoid valve responds to signals from the ECM. When the ECM sends an ON signal, the coil in the solenoid valve is energized. A plunger will then move to seal the canister vent. The ability to seal the vent is necessary for the on board diagnosis of other evaporative emission control system components.

This solenoid valve is used only for diagnosis, and usually remains opened. When the vent is closed, under normal purge conditions, the evaporative emission control system is depressurized and allows EVAP Control System (Small Leak) diagnosis.

The EVAP canister vent control valve is located on the EVAP canister and is used to seal the canister vent.

Symptoms:
- Engine Light ON (or Service Engine Soon Warning Light)

About the possible causes that your must solved:
- EVAP control system pressure sensor and the circuit
- Blocked rubber tube to EVAP canister vent control valve
- EVAP canister vent control valve
- Water separator
- EVAP canister is saturated with water


Hope this helps.

Apr 27, 2011 | Mercury Cougar Cars & Trucks

3 Answers

What is evaporation control system malfuction mean? The code is P0440


Hi, the computer has sensed through the fuel tank pressure sensor that the vapor cannister is not evacuating properly. I have pasted details on the EVAP system below. Check the purge valve on top of the engine as shown below (#1 in picture). Make sure the electrical connector is on the valve, that the wires are not damaged, and check the hose for kinks. If all looks good, I recommend you replace the valve. A new valve is $23 at autozone. Please let me know if you have more questions and thanks for using FixYa.

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Description & Operation
EVAP Canister
The canister is filled with carbon pellets used to absorb and store fuel vapors. Fuel vapor is stored in the canister until the control module determines that the vapor can be consumed in the normal combustion process.
EVAP Control System
The evaporative emission (EVAP) control system limits fuel vapors from escaping into the atmosphere. Fuel tank vapors are allowed to move from the fuel tank, due to pressure in the tank, through the vapor pipe, into the EVAP canister. Carbon in the canister absorbs and stores the fuel vapors. Excess pressure is vented through the vent line and EVAP vent solenoid to atmosphere.
The EVAP canister stores the fuel vapors until the engine is able to use them. At an appropriate time, the control module will command the EVAP purge solenoid ON, open, allowing engine vacuum to be applied to the EVAP canister. With the EVAP vent solenoid OFF, open, fresh air will be drawn through the solenoid and vent line to the EVAP canister. Fresh air is drawn through the canister, pulling fuel vapors from the carbon.
The air/fuel vapor mixture continues through the EVAP purge pipe and EVAP purge solenoid into the intake manifold to be consumed during normal combustion. The control module uses several tests to determine if the EVAP system is leaking.
The EVAP system consists of the following components:
EVAP Purge Solenoid
The EVAP purge solenoid controls the flow of vapors from the EVAP system to the intake manifold. This normally closed solenoid is pulse width modulated (PWM) by the control module to precisely control the flow of fuel vapor to the engine. The solenoid will also be opened during some portions of the EVAP testing, allowing engine vacuum to enter the EVAP system.
EVAP Service Port
The EVAP service port is located in the EVAP purge pipe between the EVAP purge solenoid and the EVAP canister. The service port is identified by a green colored cap.
EVAP Vent Solenoid
The EVAP vent solenoid controls fresh airflow into the EVAP canister. The solenoid is normally open. The control module will command the solenoid closed during some EVAP tests, allowing the system to be tested for leaks.
Fuel Tank Pressure Sensor
The FTP sensor measures the difference between the pressure or vacuum in the fuel tank and outside air pressure. The control module provides a 5-volt reference and a ground to the FTP sensor. The FTP sensor provides a signal voltage back to the control module that can vary between 0.1-4.9 volts. As FTP increases, FTP sensor voltage decreases, high pressure = low voltage. As FTP decreases, FTP voltage increases, low pressure or vacuum = high voltage.

Feb 10, 2011 | 2002 Chevrolet TrailBlazer

2 Answers

Codigo p1440


EVAP System Vent Circuit Malfunction

This diagnosis detects leaks in the Evaporative Emission (EVAP) purge line using of vapor pressure in the fuel tank. The EVAP canister vent control valve is closed to shut the EVAP purge line. The vacuum cut valve bypass valve will then be opened to clear the line between the fuel tank and the EVAP canister purge volume control solenoid valve. The EVAP control system pressure sensor can now monitor the pressure inside the fuel tank. If pressure increases, the Engine Control Module (ECM) will check for leaks in the line between the vacuum cut valve and EVAP canister purge volume control solenoid valve.

Possible causes
- Incorrect fuel tank vacuum relief valve
- Incorrect fuel filler cap used
- Fuel filler cap remains open or fails to close
- Foreign matter caught in fuel filler cap
- Leak is in line between intake manifold and EVAP canister purge volume control solenoid valve
- Foreign matter caught in EVAP canister vent control valve
- EVAP canister or fuel tank leaks
- EVAP purge line (pipe and rubber tube) leaks
- EVAP purge line rubber tube bent
- Blocked or bent rubber tube to EVAP control system pressure sensor
- Loose or disconnected rubber tube
- EVAP canister vent control valve and the circuit
- O-ring of EVAP canister vent control valve is missing or damaged
- EVAP canister is saturated with water
- EVAP control system pressure sensor
- Absolute pressure sensor

Possible solution
- Loose fuel filler cap
- Leaking fuel filler cap


Hope helps (remember to rate this answer).

Jan 05, 2011 | 2000 Hyundai Sonata

3 Answers

Po446 evap vent code where is the evap vent located


Some might have an ses p0446, evap emissions vent circuit low. If you take it to the dealer they want 300-400.00 to fix the problem. GM has a service bulletin on this condition and have the updated part for 180.00, thats suppose to eliminate this issue.

Basically the problem is, the evap purge vent valve gets clogged with dirt, especially if the truck is used in dirty conditions. Well I figured there had to be a cheaper way to cure this problem.

Here it is:
1) find the location of the vent valve; its under the truck, locate the charcoal canister on the front of the gas tank and trace the vent line to the vent valve.
2) Take the bracket loose with a 5/8 wrench.
3) Spin the valve around so the side with the hole is facing you.
4) Take an air compressor and blow the vent valve out.
5) reinstall and clear the code and it's fixed.

Now I know the updated part from gm is supposed to keep the valve from clogging ever again, but why spend the money when all you have to do is blow out the vent valve every 50k-100kmi and save your $$$!

Subject: DTC P0446 (Restricted/Blocked EVAP Vent Path) Set, Service Engine Soon (SES) Lamp Illuminated (Replace Hose/Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Canister Vent Asm) #02-06-04-037A - (02/02/2005)
Models:
- 1999-2003 Chevrolet Silverado Models
- 1999-2003 GMC Sierra Models
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This bulletin is being revised to add model years. Please discard Corporate Bulletin Number 02-06-04-037 (Section 06 -- Engine/Propulsion System).
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Condition
Some customers whose vehicles are operated in dusty type environments, such as farming or mining off-road type applications, may comment about the illumination of the instrument panel SES light, with a DTC of P0446 (Restricted/Blocked EVAP Vent Path) being set.

Cause
Dirt and dust intrusion into the EVAP canister vent hose assembly, resulting in restricted air flow, may cause this condition.

Part Number 15086429 Hose Asm-Evap Emis Cnstr Vent


Removal & Installation
Purge Solenoid Valve-2.2L (L61) Engine
  1. Disconnect the evaporative emission (EVAP) canister purge valve harness connector.
  2. Disconnect the vacuum pipe from the EVAP canister purge valve.
  3. Disconnect the purge pipe from the EVAP canister purge valve.
  4. Remove the EVAP canister purge valve and bracket.
  5. Remove the EVAP canister purge valve from the purge bracket.
  6. Inspect for carbon release in the EVAP canister purge valve ports.
To install:
  1. Install the EVAP canister purge valve on to the purge bracket.
  2. Install the EVAP canister purge valve and bracket. Tighten the purge bracket nut to 71 inch lbs. (8 Nm).
  3. Connect the purge pipe to the EVAP canister purge valve.
  4. Connect the vacuum pipe to the EVAP canister purge valve.
  5. Connect the EVAP canister purge valve harness connector.
  6. Remove the air cleaner outlet resonator.
  7. Disconnect the EVAP canister purge valve harness connector.
  8. Disconnect the engine purge pipe from the EVAP canister purge valve.
  9. Disconnect the engine vacuum pipe from the EVAP canister purge valve.
  10. Remove the EVAP canister purge valve mounting bracket attaching bolt.
  11. Remove the EVAP canister purge valve along with the mounting bracket.
  12. Installation is the reverse of the removal procedure. Tighten the bracket bolts to 71 inch lbs. (8 Nm).

Purge Solenoid Valve-2.4L Engines
  1. Remove the front purge pipe from the evaporative emission (EVAP) canister purge valve.
  2. Remove the rear purge pipe from the EVAP canister purge valve.
    NOTE The EVAP canister may have released carbon particles, which caused this part to fail, and may cause damage to other components. Check the EVAP canister for loose carbon before returning the vehicle to service.
  3. Disconnect the EVAP canister purge valve electrical connector.
  4. Insert a screwdriver between the EVAP canister purge valve and the mounting bracket in order to release the lock tab.
  5. Remove the EVAP canister purge valve mounting bracket attaching nut, if replacing the bracket.
  6. Remove the bracket.
To install:
  1. Install the mounting bracket and the attaching nut for the EVAP canister purge valve. Tighten the nut to 71 inch lbs. (8 Nm).
  2. Slide the EVAP canister purge valve onto the mounting bracket. Make sure the lock tab locks the valve in place.
  3. Connect the EVAP canister purge valve electrical connector.
  4. Connect the rear purge pipe to the EVAP canister purge valve.
  5. Connect the front purge pipe to the EVAP canister purge valve.

Vent Solenoid Valve-2.2L & 2.4L Engines
  1. Raise the vehicle
  2. Loosen the EVAP canister vent valve hose clamp and slide the clamp down the hose away from the EVAP vent valve hose connection.
  3. Remove the hose from the EVAP canister vent valve.
  4. Remove the EVAP canister vent valve by placing a pry bar between the valve and mounting surface, and moving the valve forward.
  5. Remove the clip from the EVAP canister vent valve harness connector
  6. Disconnect the EVAP canister vent valve harness connector.
To install:
  1. Connect the EVAP canister vent valve harness connector
  2. Install the clip into the EVAP canister vent valve harness connector.
  3. Install the EVAP canister vent valve by pushing the mounts into the original holes.
  4. Lubricate the hose end with lubricant.
  5. Install the hose to the EVAP canister vent valve.
  6. Slide the EVAP canister vent valve hose clamp down on to the hose connection at the EVAP canister vent valve.
  7. Lower the vehicle.

Hope this help (remember commetn and rated this).

Apr 21, 2010 | 2000 GMC Jimmy

2 Answers

Where is the evaporative fuel solenoid on a 1998 sw2 saturn? i have 2 monitors that with not reset on is the solenoid and the other evap system. i have already changed the gas cap. i do not have a service...


Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Canister Purge Soleno Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Canister Purge Solenoid Valve is on top of the fuel tank.

Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Canister Vent Solenoid Valve is at the upper end of the fuel filler pipe.
id Valve is on top of the fuel tank.

Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Canister Vent Solenoid Valve is at the upper end of the fuel filler pipe.

Oct 07, 2009 | 1998 Saturn SC

1 Answer

My taurus failed due to code p0442 ecap emiss ctl sys leak detected (small leak)


    Continuous Memory Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) P0442 indicates that a fuel vapor leak has been detected [as small as 0.10 cm (0.04 inch)] in the Evaporative Emission (EVAP) system.
    Note: Prior to performing the following diagnosis inspect the Canister Vent Solenoid (CV) for contamination. A situation may exist where contamination holds open the Canister Vent (CV) solenoid enough to set DTC P0442 and also plugs the port to atmosphere enough to keep system from being vented quickly.
    • After market parts and accessories nonconforming to the EVAP system specifications.
    • Damaged, cross threaded or loosely installed fuel filler cap.
    • Small holes or cuts in fuel vapor hoses/tubes (EVAP canister tube, EVAP canister outlet tube or EVAP return tube) in the EVAP system.
    • Loose fuel vapor hose/tube connections to EVAP system components.
    • EVAP system component [EVAP canister purge valve, fuel tank pressure (FTP) sensor, canister vent (CV) solenoid, fuel vapor control valve tube assembly or fuel vapor vent valve assembly] seals leaking.
    • CV solenoid partially open when commanded closed.
    • EVAP canister leaking.
  • Check for presence of fuel filler cap.
  • Verify that the CV solenoid is properly seated on the EVAP canister (if possible).
  • Visually inspect for cut or loose connections to fuel vapor hoses/tubes in following locations:
    • EVAP canister to EVAP canister purge valve.
    • EVAP canister to fuel vapor vent valve assembly.
    • fuel vapor control valve tube assembly to fuel tank (if applicable).

Jun 26, 2008 | 1997 Ford Taurus

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