Tip & How-To about Mercedes-Benz E-Class

Throttle Position Sensors on engines

1.3) TPS - Throttle Position Sensor

What is it? This is an electrical device that detects the position of the throttle plate.

Where is it located? The TPS is found on the exterior of the throttle body on the opposite end of the throttle shaft to the accelerator linkage arm. It usually consists of a small black plastic unit with an electrical connector attached to it.

How does it work? The TPS is a variable resistor madeup of an arc shaped carbon track with an applied voltage of 0 to 5 volts along its length and a sliding contact that picks up the voltage at any point along it. The device has three electrical connections, two provide the voltage range along the carbon track and the third (most often the middle connection) sends a voltage to the ECU in accord with the position of the sliding contact point on the arc. This siding contact arm is attached to the end of the throttle shaft. As the throttleshaft rotates, opening and closing the throttle plate, the sliding contact sweeps up and down the carbon track providing voltage readings to the ECU; 0 volts for closed to 5 volts for fully open.
When the engine is at idle the TPS output should signal the ECU that the throttle is closed (low volts) and therefore the ECU should either open the Idle Air Control (IAC) valve or (on some engines) engage the idle speed control motor to maintain the engine idle speed. Sometimes a micro contact switch on the throttle body exterior associated with the throttle shaft is used to detect and confirm when the throttle plate is fully closed.


NEXT 1.3b) TPS faults and how to fix

Posted by on

Cars & Trucks Logo

Related Topics:

Related Questions:

1 Answer

2003 sta fe hyundai give code 121


P0121 HYUNDAI - Throttle/Pedal Position Sensor/Switch 'A' Circuit Range/Performance

Possible causes - Faulty throttle position sensor - Throttle position sensor harness is open or shorted - Throttle position sensor circuit poor electrical connection - Faulty Engine Control Module (ECM) What does this mean? When is the code detected? Malfunction is detected when an excessively low or high voltage from the sensor is sent to ECM. Possible symptoms - Engine Light ON (or Service Engine Soon Warning Light) P0121 Hyundai Description The throttle position sensor (TPS) responds to the accelerator pedal movement. This sensor is a kind of potentiometer which transforms the throttle position into output voltage, and emits the voltage signal to the Engine Control Module (ECM). In addition, the sensor detects the opening and closing speed of the throttle valve and feeds the voltage signal to the ECM. Idle position of the throttle valve is determined by the ECM receiving the signal from the throttle position sensor. This sensor controls engine operation such as fuel cut. On the other hand, the Wide open and closed throttle position switch, which is built into the throttle position sensor unit, is not used for engine control.

Nov 20, 2016 | Hyundai Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

engine code p0122 keeps coming on


P0122 ACURA - Throttle Position Sensor 'A' Circuit Low Voltage.Possible causes- Faulty throttle position sensor.
- Throttle position sensor harness is open or shorted
- Throttle position sensor circuit poor electrical connection When is the code detected?An excessively low voltage from the Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) is sent to Engine Control Module (ECM).

Dec 21, 2012 | 1998 Plymouth Grand Voyager

1 Answer

tps location


The Throttle Position sensor (TPS) is a potentiometer that provides a voltage signal to the PCM that is directly proportional to the throttle plate position. The sensor is mounted on the side of the throttle body and is connected to the throttle plate shaft. The TPS monitors throttle plate movement and position, and transmits an appropriate electrical signal to the PCM. These signals are used by the PCM to adjust the air/fuel mixture, spark timing and EGR operation according to engine load at idle, part throttle, or full throttle. The TPS is not adjustable.

82169ae.jpg

Fig. TPS location on the throttle body-typical


Hope thios helps (remember rated this).


Aug 03, 2010 | 1999 Dodge Ram 2500 4WD

1 Answer

still looking idea on WOT relay. Cuts power to A/C compressor, controlled by PCM


Wide open throttle signal goes to PCM from the TPS, throttle position sensor. mounted on throtle body

eg.
Throttle Position Sensor The throttle position (TP) sensor (Figure 39) is a rotary potentiometer or Hall-effect sensor that provides a signal to the PCM that is linearly proportional to the throttle plate/shaft position. The sensor housing has a three-blade electrical connector that may be gold plated. The gold plating increases corrosion resistance on terminals and increases connector durability. The TP sensor is mounted on the throttle body. As the TP sensor is rotated by the throttle shaft, four operating conditions are determined by the PCM from the TP. Those conditions are closed throttle (includes idle or deceleration), part throttle (includes cruise or moderate acceleration), wide open throttle (includes maximum acceleration or de-choke on crank), and throttle angle rate.

Jul 02, 2009 | Lincoln Town Car Cars & Trucks

Not finding what you are looking for?

1,160 people viewed this tip

Ask a Question

Usually answered in minutes!

Top Mercedes-Benz Experts

Colin Stickland
Colin Stickland

Level 3 Expert

22156 Answers

yadayada
yadayada

Level 3 Expert

76164 Answers

Michael Contreras
Michael Contreras

Level 2 Expert

166 Answers

Are you a Mercedes-Benz Expert? Answer questions, earn points and help others

Answer questions

Loading...