Tip & How-To about Ford Escort

Rear Brake Drum Service, 3rd Generation Escort, including ZX2.

A video version can be viewed HERE.

The parts for the drum brakes are very cheap. You can get lifetime shoes and the spring kit for $20-25. For some reason, shops will charge you $100 or more (much more) to do this exact service. Flip them the bird and do it yourself for next to nothing. Overall, this is an intimidating job. Once you take the drums off it looks like a mess back there. Believe it or not, it is a very simple mess. Don't let all the springs scare you. Just put both sides of the car on jackstands and take the drums off both sides. Do one side at a time so that if you get lost or think you messed up, you can look at the other side for reference. Good luck.

Tools
Pliers
Flat-head screwdriver
Phillip-head screwdriver
BFH (big ******* hammer)
Needle-nose pliers
Brake spring kit
Brake shoe kit (if replacing the shoes, not pictured)
Brake parts cleaner (any part store carries it, not pictured)
White lithium grease or equivalent brake safe grease (not pictured)
Safety glasses Wear these unless you want to lose your eye!


GETTING STARTED
I can only assume you know how to use a jack and jackstands. If you do not have jackstands, then you need something strong enough to suppport the car. DO NOT work under or around a car that is supported only by a jack. You cannot trust jacks. I've personally (in my lifetime) have seen 6 jacks fail. Two of them were engine lifts I was using, 3 were hydrolic floor jacks (one was holding my engine up during a tranny swap), and one was a mechanical jack that failed and trapped my brother under a car. So, put the rear of the car up on jackstands (or equivalent), remove the tires, and get ready to work.

1. If equipped, remove the drum screws. Not all cars will have these if a previous owner removed them. If you can't remove them with a screwdriver, borrow or buy an impact driver ($10 at Auto Zone). If that doesn't work (probably won't) then just drill them out. The only purpose they serve is to ease installation of the drums. When you put the wheel back on, it'll seat the drum anyway. You do not have to worry about replacing or fixing them if you have to drill them out.


2. To remove the drum from the hub, a BFH comes in handy. This might take awhile because corrosion builds up and causes the drum to stick. Just beat around on the flat end and on the outside edge to loosen it up.


3. Another way to remove the drum (after beating it with a hammer doesn't work) is to use a thick flat-head screwdriver between the drum edge and outer lip of the backplate. Just insert it and hammer it in. Repeat this all the way around the drum and it should walk off the hub at this point.


4. After you remove the drum you'll want to inspect it. You are looking for deep grooves cut into the surface. Also, check the brake shoes. If there appears to be less then 2mm of material left, replace them. If the surface of the drum is smooth, then you don't have to replace or resurface it. It is always a good idea to do so anyway, but it will still work if you don't, as long as it isn't damaged. Any machine shop can resurface the drums ($10-15) but if they are too thin (from use or previous machine work) then they will have to be replaced. Replacements typically run $20-30 each.


If you have some brake parts cleaner, now would be a great time to spray the assembly. You don't want to breathe in that brake dust.

5. The springs are going to be coated with brake dust and rust. The two yellow springs are the upper and lower shoe returns, the white spring (the driver-side is black) is one of the parking brake return springs, and the small black one (behind the upper yellow spring) is the self-adjuster tension spring. Before you proceed, check the wheel cylinder for leaks. It is the part that the two upper portions of the shoes rest in. It has a brake line coming in from the back. Just run your finger around where the rubber ends meet the metal and check for brake fluid.


6. Remove the lower shoe return spring. You can use the pliers to do this. Be careful, the spring can get away from you and go flying.


7. Remove the upper shoe return spring.


8. Remove the parking brake spring.


9. Remove the lower shoe retainer. This little part consist of a stud and spring clip. Just squeeze the clip together with the large pliers and use the needle-nose to rotate the stud so that it'll pass through the groove in the spring clip.


10. Remove the upper shoe retainer.

Close-up of the retainer so you can see the groove that the stud passes through.


11. Remove the lower shoe. You'll have to pull it out of the adjuster.


12. Remove the upper shoe. You'll have to pull it out of the parking brake lever.


13. After you take the shoes out, you'll be able to easily see the adjuster spring. Go ahead and remove it and replace it with a new one from the kit.


14. Grease the contact points on the back plate. There are 6 points where the shoes contact the plate. You can see them marked in red in the picture below.


15. Now you'll need to push the adjuster all the way back so that you can get the shoes in and the drum on.


16. Install the shoes, starting with the upper shoe and retainer. Install the parking brake return spring (use a new one from the kit) and then install the new yellow upper and lower shoe return springs. Make certain your shoes are seated in the wheel cylinder and the lower brace being pointed to with the screwdriver in the picture below. Also, be certain your adjuster is pushed all the way back or you won't be able to get the drum back on or it will drag. Go ahead and install the drum (and screws if you still have them) and move on to the next step.


17. There is another parking brake return spring on the outside of drum. Go ahead and replace that.


You are done with the labor part of it. Put your wheels back on and put the car on the ground. IMPORTANT! Before you drive the car you need to seat the brakes. The car will not stop the first 1-3 times you push the brakes so do not drive it until you seat the brakes. Just start the car and pump the brakes until you feel them build up pressure. Now you can drive the car. It may take several trips to get the rear brakes completely adjusted out. You can speed this up by finding a safe place to reverse 10-15 mph and then apply the brakes heavily. This will load them and cause them to seat faster. Now you are done. Take the money you saved and buy me a gift.

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How to remove and clean and replace the rear brakes on a 2008Toyota yaris


REMOVING REAR BRAKE DRUM SUB-ASSEMBLY
1. Release the parking brake and remove the rear
brake drum.
If the rear brake drum cannot be removed easily,
do the following:-
2.Remove the hole rubber and insert a screwdriver
through the hole into the backing plate, and hold the
automatic adjust lever away from the adjuster.
3.Using another screwdriver, contract the brake shoe
by turning the adjuster.
4. Take out the brake drum from the flange.
5. remove the shoe hold down spring cup, shoe hold down spring, pin and front side brake shoe.
6. Remove the tension spring. Remove the shoe return spring from the rear brake shoe and remove the parking brake shoe strut set.
7. Remove the shoe holding spring cup, shoe hold spring, pin and rear brake shoe.
8. separate the parking brake cable.
9. Remove the automatic adjust lever tension spring and remove the automatic adjust lever.
10. remove the C-washer and remove the parking brake shoe lever.
NOTE: Do not use any solvent like gasoline to wash the brake parts.
Always wear safety goggles and mask before using compressed air.



Dec 28, 2013 | Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

why do my rear brakes over tighten on me? i just put new drums and shoes in and new spring kit,


this happens if you do not use genuine parts
the camber on the shoe inclined to hit drum in spots
makesure you back off adjuster to accomadate new shoes goodluck

Jan 31, 2011 | 1998 Chevrolet K1500

1 Answer

remove replace rear brakes on ford t bird 1996


1989-97 Vehicles Drum Brakes (Let me know if you need the Disc Brake Instructions)

  1. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  2. Remove the rear wheel and tire assemblies, then remove the brake drum.





    Fig. 4: View of the drum brake assembly with the drum removed
    88189p14.jpg





    Fig. 5: Use a commercially available brake spray to clean the
    components before removal
    88189p15.jpg


  3. Install Brake Cylinder Clamp D81L-1103-B or equivalent, over the ends of the
    rear wheel cylinder.
  4. Disconnect the parking brake cable from the parking brake lever.





    Fig. 6: Detach the parking brake cable and conduit from the
    parking brake lever
    88189g31.gif


  5. Remove the 2 brake shoe hold-down retainers, springs and pins.
  6. Spread the brake shoes over the piston shoe guide slots. Lift the brake
    shoes, springs and adjuster off the backing plate as an assembly. Be careful not
    to bend the adjusting lever.





    Fig. 7: Lift the brake shoes, springs and adjuster off the
    backing plate as an assembly
    88189p16.jpg


  7. Remove the adjuster spring. To separate the shoes, remove the retracting
    springs.
  8. Remove the parking brake lever retaining clip and spring washer. Remove the
    lever from the pin.





    Fig. 8: Drum brake components - 1995 vehicle shown
    88189g32.gif






    Fig. 9: Exploded view of the drum brake components, removed
    from the vehicle
    88189p17.jpg
    To install:

  9. Apply a light coating of caliper slide grease to the backing plate brake
    shoe contact areas.
  10. Apply a light coat of lubricant to the threaded areas of the adjuster screw
    and socket. Assemble the brake adjuster with the stainless steel washer. Turn
    the socket all the way down on the screw, then back off 1?2 turn.
  11. Install the parking brake lever to the trailing shoe with the spring washer
    and a new retaining clip. Crimp the clip to securely retain the lever.
  12. Position the trailing shoe on the backing plate and attach the parking brake
    cable. Position the leading shoe on the backing plate and attach the lower
    retracting spring to the brake shoes.
  13. Install the adjuster assembly to the slots in the brake shoes. The socket
    end must fit into the wider slot in the leading shoe. The slot in the adjuster
    nut must fit into the slots in the trailing shoe and parking brake lever.





    Fig. 10: Install the adjuster assembly in the slots in the
    brake shoes
    88189g33.gif



  14. Install the adjuster lever on the pin on the leading shoe and to the slot in
    the adjuster socket.
  15. Install the upper retracting spring in the slot on the trailing shoe and the
    slot in the adjuster lever. The adjuster lever should contact the star and
    adjuster assembly.
  16. Install the brake shoe anchor pins, springs and retainers. Remove the brake
    cylinder clamp tool
  17. Install the brake drum, wheel and tire assemblies and lower the vehicle.
  18. Apply the brakes several times while backing up the vehicle. After each
    stop, the vehicle must be moved forward.

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Oct 07, 2010 | 1996 Ford Thunderbird LX

2 Answers

parking brake cable stretched beyond adjustment how do you replace


Rear Brake Shoes- You'll need to know how to remove the rear brake shoes to remove the parking brake cable. REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION Amigo and Rodeo
  1. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  2. Remove the rear wheels.
  3. Remove the brake drums.
  4. Remove the brake return springs.
  5. Remove the leading shoe holding pin and spring, and then the leading shoe.
  6. Remove the self-adjuster and the adjuster lever.
  7. Remove the trailing shoe holding pin and spring.
  8. Disconnect the parking brake cable from the trailing shoe and remove the trailing shoe. Remove the parking brake lever from the trailing shoe. To install:
  9. Attach the parking brake lever to the trailing shoe.
  10. Connect the parking brake cable to the parking brake lever.
  11. Apply a thin coat of high temperature grease to the shoe contact points on the brake backing plate (locations A and C in the accompanying illustration), piston contact surface (B), and self-adjuster (D). Fig. 1: Exploded view of the rear drum brakes — Amigo and Rodeo 93026g56.gif

  12. Position the trailing shoe on the backing plate and install the hold-down pin, spring, and retainer. Don't stretch the return spring when fitting the shoes onto the backing plate.
  13. Connect the upper return spring and the leading shoe to the trailing shoe and position the leading brake shoe on the backing plate.
  14. Install the adjuster assembly and the hold-down pin, spring, and retainer.
  15. Use a brake spring tool to install the lower return spring.
  16. Install the self-adjuster lever and adjuster spring.
  17. Adjust the shoe-to-drum clearance to 0.0098–0.0157 in. (0.25–0.40mm) and install the brake drum.
  18. Check the brake drum for scoring or other wear. Machine or replace as necessary. Check the maximum brake drum diameter specification when machining.
  19. Install the rear wheels. Lower the vehicle.
  20. Road-test the vehicle.
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Aug 17, 2010 | 1997 Isuzu Rodeo

2 Answers

Need a parts diagram or assembly diagram for rear brakes on my 2000 k3500 classic truck, where can i find it? I need to know how they are correctly supposed to be assembled, which shoe is to be the thick shoe, spring, clip, rods, bars, etc. arrangements and placements.


brake-drum-remove.jpg Step 1. Remove the the brake drum from the vehicle. brake-drum-brakes-removed.jpg Step 2. Once you have the drum removed, it is a good idea to clean the area of dust with compressed air or brake wash spray. brake-drum-brakes-spring-removal.jpg Step 3. Disconnect the Springs, removing the outer one first using the brake spring removal tool. brake-drum-spring-removal.jpg Step 4. Remove the two springs from the brake shoes. brake-drum-adjuster-cable.jpg Step 5. Lift up on the Auto-adjuster and disconnect the adjuster cable. brake-drum-adjuster-cable-remove.jpg Step 6. Remove the Auto Adjuster Cable From the upper retainer and remove. brake-drum-spring-retainer-remove.jpg Step 7. Remove the two Spring Loaded Brake Shoe Retainers. brake-drum-adjuster-arm-remove.jpg Step 8. Remove the Auto Adjuster Arm by sliding it forward and pulling outward. Remove the Spring and arm as one piece. brake-drum-shoes-remove.jpg Step 9. Pull the shoes outward and forward from around the drive axle assembly.
brake-drum-shoes-colapse.jpg Step 10. Allow the shoes to colapse together so you can now remove the lower spring and adjuster with ease. brake-drum-park-brake-lock-ring.jpg Step 11. You are now left with one shoe still attached to the Park Brake arm assembly by one lock ring.. brake-drum-park-brake-lock-ring-removal.jpg Step 12. Use a flat screwdriver and twist to open the ring. Then pry up on one end and this will allow it to release and be removed. brake-drum-clean.jpg Step 13. Use brake wash and clean the all surfaces. brake-drum-lubricate.jpg Step 14. It is important to lubricate the 6 points that the shoes slide on to prevent any noise. Non-drying silicon brake lubricant works well for this. brake-drum-park-brake-lock-ring-install.jpg Step 165 Insert park brake arm pin in New brake shoe and install lock ring. brake-drum-shoes-assemble.jpg Step 16. Install the brake adjuster and lower sping. Pull apart and slide the assembly over the drive axle. brake-drum-shoes-install.jpg Step 17. Install Spring Loaded Retainers to hold shoes in place so you can install the adjuster arm/spring and adjuster cable. brake-drum-spring-install.jpg Step 18. Install the Brake Shoe Springs.
brake-drum-adjuster-arm-install.jpg

Step 19. Install the the adjuster arm and spring and attach cable.
brake-drum-install.jpg

Step 20. Install brake Drum.
Go to FreeAutoMechanic.Com

Jul 21, 2010 | 1998 Chevrolet K3500

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