Tip & How-To about Chevrolet Camaro

Engine no starts with clicking/clunking noise from starter area.

Many late model cars built since the early 90's both foriegn and domestic models have gear reduction starters that are copies of or made by Nippon Denso electric of Japan, when the starter just clicks or clunks then the starter solenoids heavy electrical contacts are burned and the solenoid must be replaced.

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truck will not start, wanted to check starting celinoid1995 niss pick up


Solenoid Replacement
  1. Remove the starter.
  2. Unscrew the two solenoid switch (magnetic switch) retaining screws.
  3. Remove the solenoid. In order to unhook the solenoid from the starter drive lever, lift it up at the same time that you are pulling it out of the starter housing.
  4. Installation is in the reverse order of removal. Make sure that the solenoid switch is properly engaged with the drive lever before tightening the mounting screws.
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Fig. 4: Exploded view of S114-605, 606B, 607 and 608SA type starters-1989-95 models (click image for zoom)




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Fig. 5: Exploded view of M3T38482 type starter-1989-95 models




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Fig. 7: Exploded view of S114-527A type starter-1989-95 models


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Fig. 8: Exploded view of M1T60281 type starter-1989-95 models


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Fig. 9: Exploded view of S114-703A type starter-1989-95 models




Brush Replacement
NON-REDUCTION GEAR TYPE

  1. Remove the starter.
  2. Remove the solenoid (magnetic switch).
  3. Unfasten the two end frame cap mounting bolts and remove the end frame cap.
  4. Remove the O-ring and lock plate from the armature shaft groove, then slide the shims off the shaft.
  5. Unfasten the two long housing screws (at the front of the starter) and carefully pull off the end plate.
  6. Using a screwdriver, separate the brushes from the brush holder.
  7. Slide the brush holder off of the armature shaft.
  8. Crush the old brushes off of the copper braid and file away any remaining solder.
  9. Fit the new brushes to the braid and spread the braid slightly.
Use a soldering iron of at least 250 watts.
  1. Using a light-grade solder, solder the brush to the braid. Grip the copper braid with flat pliers to prevent the solder from flowing down its length.
  2. File off any extra solder and then repeat the procedure for the remaining three brushes.
  3. Installation is in the reverse order of removal.

When installing the brush holder, make sure that the brushes line up properly.
REDUCTION GEAR TYPE
  1. Remove the starter and the solenoid.
  2. Remove the through-bolts and the rear cover. The rear cover can be pried off with a small prytool, but be careful not to damage the O-ring.
  3. Separate the starter housing, armature, and brush holder from the center housing. They can be removed as an assembly.
  4. Remove the positive side brush from its holder. The positive brush is insulated from the brush holder, and its lead wire is connected to the field coil.
  5. Carefully lift the negative brush from the commutator and remove it from the holder.
  6. Installation is in the reverse order of removal.

Starter Drive Replacement
NON-REDUCTION GEAR TYPE
  1. With the starter motor removed from the vehicle, separate the solenoid from the starter.
  2. Remove the two through-bolts and separate the gear case from the yoke housing.
  3. Remove the pinion stopper clip and the pinion stopper.
  4. Slide the starter drive off the armature shaft.
  5. Install the starter drive and reassemble the starter in the reverse order of removal.

REDUCTION GEAR TYPE
  1. Remove the starter.
  2. Unfasten the solenoid and the shift lever.
  3. Remove the bolts securing the center housing to the front cover and separate the parts.
  4. Remove the gears and starter drive.
  5. Installation is in the reverse order of removal.

Hope this helps (remember to rating this answer and leave a testimonial comment) Thank you for using Fixya.


Oct 12, 2011 | 1995 Nissan Pickup

1 Answer

how to get to the starter


STARTING SYSTEM Starter REMOVAL & INSTALLATION Fig. 1: Disconnect the wiring from the starter motor 88162p10.jpg
Fig. 2: After unbolting the starter, remove it from the vehicle 88162p11.jpg
In 1978, a gear reduction starter was introduced on some Canadian and United States models. The differences between the gear reduction and conventional starters are: the gear reduction starter has a set of ratio reduction gears while the conventional starter does not. The extra gears on the gear reduction starter make the starter pinion gear turn at about half the speed of the starter, giving the starter twice the turning power of a conventional starter.
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable from the battery.
  2. Tag and disconnect the wiring at the starter, taking note of the positions for correct reinstallation.
  3. Remove the bolts attaching the starter to the engine and remove the starter from the vehicle.
  4. Install the starter in the reverse order of removal.
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Jan 08, 2011 | 1998 Nissan Sentra

1 Answer

what type of starter does my 86 toyota tercel have? Does it have a direct drive or gear reduction starter?


Take off old starter and match it up. They could have either one on that year model.

Dec 29, 2010 | 1986 Toyota Tercel

1 Answer

where is the starter located on 1985 Honda Civic?


The starter is located on the firewall side of the engine block, adjacent to the flywheel or torque converter housing. Early models, use a direct drive type starter, while the later models use a gear reduction starter. Otherwise, the two units are similar in operation and service. Both starters are 4-pole, series wound, DC units to which an outboard solenoid is mounted. When the ignition switch is turned to the start position, the solenoid armature is drawn in, engaging the starter pinion with the flywheel. When the starter pinion and flywheel are fully engaged, the solenoid armature closes the main contacts for the starter, causing the starter to crank the engine. When the engine starts, the increased speed of the flywheel causes the gear to overrun the starter clutch and rotor. The gear continues in full mesh until the ignition is switched from the start to the on position, interrupting the starter current. The shift lever spring then returns the gear to its neutral position.

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Begin the starter removal by first disconnecting the wires leading to it

Hope helps (remember rated this).

Jul 14, 2010 | 1985 Honda Civic

1 Answer

what is the phone button for on the stereo panel? Nothing in instruction book. Can I get my phone hooked up to it?


On certain models of cars both foriegn and domestic they have a OnStar button, it may be Mazda's answer to OnStar, I would call the Mazda dealership and ask for the service center, and ask them what that button is for.........Hope this helps.

Jun 27, 2009 | 2008 Mazda Tribute

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